Paswan

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Paswan
Dosadh man in bengal 1860.jpg
caste, conflation
Asụsụ ọ na-asụ, na-ede ma ọ bụ were na-ebinye akaHindi, Bhojpuri Dezie
mba/obodoNdia Dezie
Okpukpere chi/echiche ụwaOkpukpe Hindu Dezie

Paswan, nke a makwaara dị ka Dusadh, bụ obodo ndị Dalit si ọwụwa anyanwụ India . [1] A na-ahụkarị ha na steeti Bihar, [2] Uttar Pradesh na Jharkhand . The Urdu okwu Paswan pụtara nche ma ọ bụ "onye na-agbachitere". Isi mmalite nke okwu a, site na nkwenye nke obodo, bụ na nsonye ha na ọgụ ahụ megide Siraj-ud-daulah, Nawab nke Bengal na iwu ụlọ ọrụ British East India, mgbe nke a gasịrị, ha kwụrụ ụgwọ site na ọkwa nke Chowkidars na onye isi ego na-achikota ndi Zamindars . Ha na-agbaso ụfọdụ omenala dị ka ịgagharị n'ọkụ iji gosipụta ike ha. [3]

Etymology[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Ndị Paswans na-ekwu na mbido ha sitere na ọtụtụ akụkọ ọdịnala na ndị epic iji chọọ mbuli na ọnọdụ ha. Pasfọdụ Paswan kwenyere na ha sitere na Rahu, onye karịrị mmadụ na otu n'ime mbara ala dị na akụkọ ọdịnala ndị Hindu, ebe ndị ọzọ na-ekwu na ha sitere na Dushasana, otu n'ime ndị isi Kaurava. Nkwupụta sitere na "Gahlot Kshatriya" na-adịgidekwa n'etiti ụfọdụ ndị na-eme ihe ngosi, mana ndị ọzọ na-ele nkwupụta dị otú ahụ anya nlelị, ebe ha achọghị ka ha na Rajputs na-akpakọrịta

O doola ụfọdụ ndị Bhumihars anya na ha bụ ụmụ nke alụm di na nwunye n'etiti ụmụ nwoke na ụmụ nwanyị nwere ọkwa abụọ. Agbanyeghị, obodo Paswan jụrụ echiche ndị a ma na-arụ ụka na mmalite aha 'Dusadh' dị na Dusadh, nke pụtara "o siri ike imeri".

Akụkọ ihe mere eme[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

E weere ha dịka obodo a na-apụghị imetụ aka. [4] Na Bihar, ha bụ ndị ọrụ na-enweghị ọrụ, ndị ọrụ ugbo na akụkọ ihe mere eme kemgbe, ha bụ ndị nche obodo na ndị ozi. Tupu 1900, ha na-azụkwa ezì karịsịa na Uttar Pradesh na Bihar. Ndị Paswans na-agbachitere ọrụ nke ịzụ ezì site n'ikwu ya dị ka atụmatụ iji gbochie ndị Alakụba . Ha na-ekwusi ike na, iji chebe onwe ha pụọ n’aka ndị Alakụba, ụmụ agbọghọ Paswan na-eyi ọtụmọkpọ sitere n’ọkpụ ézì ma debe ézì n’ọnụ ụzọ ha, n’ihi ibu iro nke ndị Alakụba na ezì. Ebe ọ bụ na Rajputs nke Rajasthan zụlitere yana anụ ọhịa a na-achụ nta, a na-eji eziokwu a agbachitere ọrụ a nke na-egosi na mgbe ngwụcha usoro Zamindari, ọrụ ọdịnala nke ije ozi dị ka ndị nche enweghị ike ịnye nri ha.

Ndị Paswans ejikọkwawokwa na akụkọ ihe mere eme na ọgụ na ọtụtụ lụrụ ọgụ maka behalflọ Ọrụ East India n'oge narị afọ 18 na Bengal Army. [5] Na ọnụọgụgụ 2011 nke India maka Uttar Pradesh gosipụtara ndị Paswan, bụ nke a na-ahazi dị ka Oge Ezubere, dị ka 230,593. [6] Otu ọnụ ọgụgụ ahụ gosipụtara ọnụ ọgụgụ ndị bi na 4,945,165 na Bihar. [7]

Ntughari[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

  1. Mendelsohn (1998). The Untouchables: Subordination, Poverty and the State in Modern India. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-52155-671-2. 
  2. Tewary. "Hemraj Paswan: A 'centenarian' voter shows political acuity", The Hindu, 2019-03-27. Retrieved on 2019-04-06. (in en-IN)
  3. Who are the Paswans? 'Upwardly mobile, powerful' Dalit group at centre of Bihar polls buzz. The Print. Archived from the original on 30 November 2020. Retrieved on 2020-11-30.
  4. Mendelsohn (1998). The Untouchables: Subordination, Poverty and the State in Modern India. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-52155-671-2. 
  5. (2006) in Markovits: Society and Circulation: Mobile People and Itinerant Cultures in South Asia, 1750-1950. Anthem Press. ISBN 978-1-843312-31-4. 
  6. A-10 Individual Scheduled Caste Primary Census Abstract Data and its Appendix - Uttar Pradesh. Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved on 2017-02-06.
  7. DATA HIGHLIGHTS : THE SCHEDULED CASTES Census of India 2001. censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved on 8 March 2014.