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Maachị

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(Dupụ̀rụ̀ sì March)
Maachị

Maachị bu onwa nke ato na afo na kalenda Julian na Gregorian. Ọ bụ nke abụọ n'ime ọnwa asaa iji nwee ogologo ụbọchị iri atọ na otu. Na Northern Hemisphere, mmalite meteorological nke oge opupu ihe ubi na-eme n'ụbọchị mbụ nke March. Equinox nke Maachị na 20 ma ọ bụ 21 na-aka akara mmalite nke mbara igwe nke oge opupu ihe ubi na Northern Hemisphere na mmalite nke mgbụsị akwụkwọ na Southern Hemisphere, ebe Septemba bụ oge oge nke Northern Hemisphere's March.

Mmalite[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Aha March sitere na Martius, ọnwa mbụ nke kalenda ndị Rom mbụ. Aha ya bụ Mars, chi agha ndị Rom, na nna ochie nke ndị Rom site n'aka ụmụ ya nwoke Romulus na Remus. Ọnwa ya Martius bụ mmalite nke oge maka agha, [1] na ememme ndị a na-eme maka nsọpụrụ ya n'ọnwa ahụ bụ ndị ọzọ gosipụtara na October, mgbe oge maka ihe omume ndị a bịara na njedebe.[2]. Martius nọgidere n'ọnwa mbụ nke afọ kalenda ndị Rom ikekwe n'ikpeazụ dị ka 153 BC, [3] na ọtụtụ ememe okpukpe na ọkara mbụ nke ọnwa bụ ememme afọ ọhụrụ. Ọbụna n'oge ochie, mosaics Roman na-ese onyinyo ọnwa mgbe ụfọdụ ka na-ebute March mbụ.[5].[1][2].[3][4][5]

Machị bụ ọnwa mbụ nke oge opupu ihe ubi na Northern Hemisphere (North America, Europe, Asia na akụkụ nke Africa) na ọnwa mbụ nke ọdịda ma ọ bụ oge mgbụsị akwụkwọ na Southern Hemisphere.

Ememe ndị Rom oge ochie a na-eme na Machị gụnyere Agonium Martiale, nke a na-ememe na Maachị 1, Machị 14, na Machị 17, Matronalia, nke a-eme na March 1, Junonalia, nke e na-eme ememe na Mahadum 7, Equirria, nke a ga-eme na Matchị 14, Mamuralia, nke ememe na March 14 ma ọ bụ 15, Hilaria na Machị 15 wee ruo Machị 22-28, Argei, nke a ma ama na Machị 16-17, Liberalia na Bacchanalia, nke A na-eme Machị 17, nke a na Machị 19-23, na Tubilustrium. Ụbọchị ndị a adabaghị na kalenda Gregorian nke oge a.

Ihe a na-akwagharị akwagharị[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

March equinox: c. March 20[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

  • Nowruz, Afọ Ọhụrụ nke Iran. (N'ụwa nile)
  • Chunfen (Ebe Ọwụwa Anyanwụ Eshia)
  • Dísablót (ụfọdụ ìgwè ndị Asatru)
  • Ụbọchị Equinox nke Ụwa
  • Equinox nke Chi / Afọ Ọhụrụ (Thelema)
  • Higan (Japan)
  • Ụbọchị Mba Nile nke Ịkụ Ndị Dị na Ụzọ
  • Mabon (Southern Hemisphere) (Neo-paganism)
  • Ostara (Northern Hemisphere) (Neo-paganism)
  • Shunbun no Hi (Japan)
  • Sigrblót (The Troth)
  • Nchọgharị Oge Ọchịchị (Asatru Free Assembly)
  • Ụbọchị Anyanwụ Ụwa (United States)
  • Vernal Equinox Day/Kōreisai (Japan)
  • Ụbọchị Akụkọ Ụwa
  1. Mary Beard, John North, and Simon Price, Religions of Rome (Cambridge University Press, 1998), pp. 47–48 and 53.
  2. Michael Lipka, Roman Gods: A Conceptual Approach (Brill, 2009), p. 37. The views of Georg Wissowa on the festivals of Mars framing the military campaigning season are summarized by C. Bennett Pascal, "October Horse," Harvard Studies in Classical Philology 85 (1981), p. 264, with bibliography.
  3. H.H. Scullard, Festivals and Ceremonies of the Roman Republic (Cornell University Press, 1981), p. 84; Gary Forsythe, Time in Roman Religion: One Thousand Years of Religious History (Routledge, 2012), p. 14 (on the uncertainty of when the change occurred).
  4. Scullard, Festivals and Ceremonies of the Roman Republic, p. 85ff.
  5. Aïcha Ben Abed, Tunisian Mosaics: Treasures from Roman Africa (Getty Publications, 2006), p. 113.

Njikọ mpụga[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Àtụ:Months