Ọgwụ mgbochi maka meninjaitis

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Ọgwụ mgbochi maka meninjaitis bụ nke ọbụla emere iji gbochie ọria ụbụrụ nke Neiserịa meninjaitis.[1] Onwere ụdị dị iche iche nke n’arụ ọrụ ka okwesịrị: A,C, W135 na Y. Ọ na-arụ ọrụ ruo afọ abụọ site na pasent 85 ruo 100. Ọ na-ebelata ịrị elu ya ebe ọdị nnukwu ruo afọ abụọ.[2][3] A na-eji ntụtụ agbanye ya mmadụ n’ime ahụ.[1]

Mba ụwa n’ahụ maka ahụike bụ Wold Helt Oganaịzeshọn nyere ntụziaka ka akụkụ uwa ndị nwere ya gbalịa n’agba ọgwụ a site na mgbe ruo na mgbe.[1][4] Ha nyekwara ntuziaka ka ndị bi na mba ọdịghị nnụkwụ gbakwa ọgwụ a.[1] Na mba Afrịka a na-eme mgbalị ịhụ na onye ọbụla dị site n’afọ ndụ nke 1 ruo afo 30 gbara ọgwụ a.[4] Na mba Kanada na Unaịted Steeti, a na agbalị n’agbara onye ọbụla ụdị ọgwụ anọ a.[1] Okwesịkwara ka ndị n’aga Meka maka Haji kwesịrị ịgba ya.[1]

Mgbochi dị nnukwu mkpa.[1] Onye dị ime ga-agbakwa ya.[4] Mgbe Ufọdụ agbasirị ya, ọ na-egosi ọbara ebe agbara ya, ma n’egbukwa mgbu. Naanị otu onye n’ime otu nde mmadụ gbara ya n’egosi ihe ndịọzọ n’esochi.[1]

Emepụtara ọgwụ maka ya nke mbụ  n’afọ ndị 1970.[5] Ótú mba ụwa akpọrọ Wọld Helt Ọganaịzeshọn ji ya mee ihe dịka ọgwụ ha ga-eji eme ihe nke kasị mkpa maka nlekọta ahụike.[6] Ọnụegọ maka onye chọrọ ịzụ ọtụtụ bụ dọla 3.23 na 10.77 maka otu n’afọ 2014.[7] Na mba Unaịted Steeti ọnụego ya bụ site na dọla 100 na 200 maka otu.[8]

Njikọ[mèzi | mèzi mkpụrụ]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 "Meningococcal vaccines: WHO position paper" (PDF). Weekly epidemiological record. 47 (86): 521-540. Nov 2011. PMID 22128384.
  2. Patel, M; Lee, CK (25 January 2005). "Polysaccharide vaccines for preventing serogroup A meningococcal meningitis". The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (1): CD001093. PMID 15674874.
  3. Conterno, LO; Silva Filho, CR; Rüggeberg, JU; Heath, PT (19 July 2006). "Conjugate vaccines for preventing meningococcal C meningitis and septicaemia". The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (3): CD001834. PMID 16855979.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 "Meningococcal A conjugate vaccine: updated guidance, February 2015" (PDF). Weekly epidemiological record. 8 (90): 57-68. 20 Feb 2015. PMID 25702330.
  5. Barrett, Alan D.T. (2015). Vaccinology : an essential guide. p. 168. ISBN 9780470656167.
  6. "WHO Model List of EssentialMedicines" (PDF). World Health Organization. October 2013. Retrieved 22 April 2014.
  7. "Vaccine, Meningococcal". International Drug Price Indicator Guide. Retrieved 6 December 2015.
  8. Hamilton, Richart (2015). Tarascon Pocket Pharmacopoeia 2015 Deluxe Lab-Coat Edition. Jones & Bartlett Learning. p. 315. ISBN 9781284057560.