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A na-adịghịzi n'ọhịa

Shí Wikipedia, njikotá édémédé nke onyobulạ
E depụtara oke Hawaiian dị ka nke na-adịghịzi adị n'ọhịa kemgbe afọ 2004
Guam kingfisher adịkwaghị n'ọhịa kemgbe afọ 1986
A na-adịghịzi n'ọhịa
Ọnọdụ nchekwa

Otu ụdị nke na adịghịzi n'ọhịa (EW) bụ nke International Union for Conservation of Nature kewara dị ka nke a maara naanị site n'aka ndị dị ndụ nọ n'agbụ ma ọ bụ dị ka ndị mmadụ na abụghị ndị akụkọ ihe mere eme ya n'ihi nnukwu mbibi ebe obibi.[1]

Ihe Nlereanya[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Scimitar oryx (Oryx dammah) bụ ihe atụ nke ụdị nke na-adịghịzi n'ọhịa.

Ihe atụ nke ụdị na subspecies ndị na adịghịzi n'ọhịa gụnyere:

  • Alagoas curassow (last unconfirmed sighting reported in the late 1980s, listed extinct in the wild since 1994)
  • Beloribitsa
  • Cachorrito de charco palmal (last seen in 1994, listed extinct in the wild since 1996)
  • Christmas Island blue-tailed skink (listed extinct in the wild since 2014)
  • Dabry's sturgeon (listed extinct in the wild since 2022)
  • Escarpment cycad (listed extinct in the wild since 2006)
  • Franklinia (last seen in 1803, listed extinct in the wild since 1998)
  • Golden skiffia (listed extinct in the wild since 1996)
  • Guam kingfisher (listed extinct in the wild since 1986)
  • Hawaiian crow or ʻalalā (last seen in 2002, listed as extinct in the wild since 2004) Small groups have since been released in 2017[2][3] and 2018.[4]
  • Kihansi spray toad (listed extinct in the wild since 2009)
  • Lister's gecko (listed extinct in the wild since 2014)
  • Oahu deceptor bush cricket (listed extinct in the wild since 1996)
  • Panamanian golden frog (possibly extinct in the wild)[5]
  • Père David's deer (listed extinct in the wild since 2008. However, reintroduction from captive populations began in 1985, with 53 wild herds of varying sizes being recorded in 2003)[6]
  • Scimitar oryx (listed extinct in the wild since 2000. A herd of 21 was successfully released into the wild in Chad in 2016, producing the first offspring born in the wild in over 20 years in 2017)[7]
  • Socorro dove (listed extinct in the wild since 1994)
  • Socorro isopod (last seen in 1988, listed as extinct in the wild since August 1996)
  • South China tiger (since 2008 IUCN Red List lists as critically endangered; possibly extinct in the wild)[8]
  • Spix's macaw (listed extinct in the wild since June 2019)
  • Wyoming toad (listed extinct in the wild since 1991, although 853 have been released into the wild since 1995, leading to a population of around 1,500 in 2017)[9]

Pinta Island tortoise (Geochelone nigra abingdoni) nwere naanị otu onye dị ndụ, aha ya bụ Lonesome George, ruo mgbe ọ nwụrụ na June 2012.[10] E kwenyere na mbe ahụ agwụla n'etiti narị afọ nke 20, ruo mgbe onye Hungary na ahụ maka malacologist József Vágvölgyi hụrụ Lonesome George na agwaetiti Galapagos nke Pinta na 1 Disemba 1971. Kemgbe ahụ, Lonesome George abụwo ihe nnọchianya dị ike maka mbọ nchekwa n'ozuzu na maka agwaetiti Galapagos karịsịa.[11] Site n'ọnwụ ya na 24 Junnu 2012, a kwenyere na ụdị ahụ agwụla.[12] Site na nchọpụta nke 17 ngwakọ Pinta mbe dị na Wolf Volcano dị nso, e mere atụmatụ ịnwa ime ka ụdịdị laghachi n'ọnọdụ dị ọcha.[13]

Ọ bụghị ụdị EW niile dị ụkọ. Ihe atụ bụ ezinụlọ Brugmansia, ebe a na akụ ụdị asaa niile n'ọtụtụ ebe mana ọ dịghị nke a na ahụ n'ọhịa.[14] N'ikpeazụ, ebumnuche nke ichekwa ụdị dị iche iche bụ iji nọgide na arụ ọrụ gburugburu ebe obibi yabụ mgbe otu ụdị dị naanị n'ụlọ mkpọrọ, ọ na apụ n'anya.

Ntinyeghachi[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Mweghachi bụ ịkpachara anya tọhapụ ndị mmadụ n'ime ọhịa, site na ndọrọ n'agha ma ọ bụ site na mpaghara ndị ọzọ ebe ụdị ahụ na adị ndụ. Otú ọ dị, ọ nwere ike isi ike iweghachi ụdị EW n'ime ọhịa, ọbụlagodi na e weghachiri ebe obibi ha, n'ihi na usoro ndụ, nke a na enyekarị site n'aka ndị nne na nna gaa n'ụmụ n'oge nne na nna, nwere ike furu efu.

Ihe atụ nke mmeghachi omume nke ọma nke ụdị EW mbụ bụ ịnyịnya Przewalski, nke a na ewere dị ka ụdị dị n'ihe ize ndụ site na 2018, na esote mmeghachi nke malitere na 1990s.[15]

Hụkwa[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

  • IUCN Red List na-adịghịzi adị na ụdị ọhịa maka ndepụta site na taxonomy
  • Ụdị:IUCN Red List na-adịghịzi adị na ụdị ọhịa maka ndepụta mkpụrụ akwụkwọ
  • Mgbukpọ
  • Mgbukpọ nke Obodo
  • Ndepụta nke ụdị ndị na-adịghịzi adị

Ihe odide[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

  1. 2001 IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria: Version 3.1. IUCN. Archived from the original on 21 June 2010. Retrieved on 30 May 2010.
  2. 'ALALĀ RELEASED INTO NATURAL AREA RESERVE. Aliso Laguna News. Archived from the original on 2021-10-24. Retrieved on 2023-04-22.
  3. Rare Hawaiian crows released into native forests of Hawai'i Island. KITV4. Archived from the original on 24 October 2021. Retrieved on 10 February 2020.
  4. Five more alala released into Puu Makaala Forest Reserve. West Hawaii Today (October 2018).
  5. 'Last wave' for wild golden frog. BBC (2 February 2008). Retrieved on 22 February 2015.
  6. Yang, R., Zhang, L., Tan, B. and Zhong, Z. 2003. Investigation on the status of Père David’s deer in China. Chinese Journal of Zoology 38: 76~81.
  7. Scimitar-horned oryx returns to Sahara. Zoological Society of London.
  8. South China Tiger. World Wide Fund for Nature.
  9. Wyoming Toads Begin To Recover As States Seek Endangered Species Act Overhaul. NPR.
  10. Gardner (6 February 2001). Lonesome George faces own Galapagos tortoise curse. Archived from the original on 4 June 2011.
  11. Nicholls (2006). Lonesome George: The Life and Loves of a Conservation Icon. London, England: Macmillan Science. ISBN 1-4039-4576-4. Retrieved on 28 April 2011. 
  12. Last Pinta giant tortoise Lonesome George dies. BBC News (24 June 2012). Retrieved on 25 June 2012.
  13. Scientists: Extinct Galapagos tortoise species could be resurrected. CTV News (22 November 2012). Retrieved on 25 November 2012.
  14. Petruzzello. Extinct in the Wild but Still Around: 5 Plants and Animals Kept Alive by Humans. ENCYCLOPÆDIA BRITANNICA. ENCYCLOPÆDIA BRITANNICA. Retrieved on 16 November 2019.
  15. An extraordinary return from the brink of extinction for worlds last wild horse (2005-12-19). Archived from the original on 2012-02-12. Retrieved on 2018-03-05.

Njikọ mpụga[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

  • Ndepụta nke Extinct na Wild species dị ka IUCN Red List of Threatened Species chọpụtara