AgustaWestland AW109

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AgustaWestland AW109
aircraft family
obere ụdị nkeutility helicopter Dezie
mba osiItaly Dezie
service entry1976 Dezie
Onye mmepụtaLeonardo Dezie
ụgbọ elu mbụ4 Ọgọọst 1971 Dezie
military designationH-109 Dezie
onye mmepụta iheAgustaWestland Dezie
Onye ọrụBangladesh, Belgium Dezie

AgustaWestland AW109, nke mbụ Agusta A109, bụ igwe ejima ejima, helikopta nwere ọtụtụ ebumnuche nwere oche asatọ nke ndị nrụpụta rotorcraft Italy rụpụtara Agusta.  Ọ bụ helikopta mbụ niile nke Itali mere n'ọtụtụ ebe.[1]  Ndị ụlọ ọrụ nọchiri anya Agusta gara n'ihu na-emepụta ya, ugbu a Leonardo S.p.A.  (nke bụbu AgustaWestland, jikọtara na Finmeccanica ọhụrụ kemgbe 2016).[2]

Na-esochi njikọ nke Agusta na Westland Helicopters iji guzobe AgustaWestland, A109 ka emegharịrị ka AW1.  A gbasokwara itinye aka na mba ụwa na mmemme;  Ụlọ ọrụ ahụ ewepụtala ahịrị mgbakọ ikpeazụ na saịtị na Italy na US.  Ọzọkwa, ụlọ ọrụ Polish aerospace PZL-Świdnik arụpụtarala ọtụtụ narị fuselages AW109 kemgbe etiti 1990s.  AgustaWestland guzobere njikọ aka ya na Changhe Aircraft Industries Corporation na 2004 nke na-emepụta ma na-akwado AW109, gụnyere ahịrị mgbakọ ikpeazụ, na China.  AW109 anọwo na-emepụta ihe na-aga n'ihu ruo afọ 40.  AgustaWestland AW119 bụ ihe nrụpụta nke AW109, isi ihe dị bụ na a na-akwado ya site na otu injin ma nweichee ụgbọ ala edobere.

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Agusta A109 K2 of the Rega over Mount Pilatus

.Ọrụ na ihe ga-abụ AW109 malitere n'oge njedebe 1960 na ndị na-emepụta helikopta Ịtali Agusta, bụ ndị chọrọ ịmepụta rotorcraft nke ụmụ amaala kwesịrị ekwesị maka ọrụ azụmahịa.  Amara dị ka A109, atụmatụ mbụ bụ nke helikopta nwere otu injin.[1]  Otú ọ dị, ndị otu imewe bịara ghọta na ahịa ahụ chọtara rotorcraft ejima ejima ka ọ mara mma karị, ya mere a na-emegharị ọrụ ahụ iji mezuo nke a na 1969, na-ahọrọ iji ụgbọ ala turboshaft Allison 250-C14 mee ya.  Ọ bụ ezie na echerela echiche mbụ maka ụdị militarized, nke ụlọ ọrụ ahụ na-ezo aka dị ka A109B, Agusta kpachapụrụ anya tinye obere mkpa na ọrụ maka ụdị a dị iche iche maka mpaghara ahịa ndị ọzọ.  Karịsịa, mbọ imewe gbadoro ụkwụ na ụdị A109C nke nwere oche asatọ.[2]

.A kpọgharịrị A109 AW109 n'ihi nchikota Julaị 2000 nke Finmeccanica S.p.A.  yana GKN plc nke ndị enyemaka helikopta Agusta na Westland ga-etolite AgustaWestland.  Na June 2006, ụlọ ọrụ Polish aerospace PZL-Świdnik weputara fuselage 500th, na-egosi afọ 10 nke nkwado na AW109 n'etiti ụlọ ọrụ abụọ ahụ.[1]  Na 2004, AgustaWestland guzobere njikọ aka ya na Changhe Aircraft Industries Corporation maka nkwado na mmepụta nke AW109 na China;  Ka ọ na-erule 2009, a na-akọ na njikọ aka ahụ nwere ike ịme mgbakọ ikpeazụ nke AW109 na mgbakwunye na ịmepụta ngalaba ndị nwere onwe ha, dị ka fuselage.[2]

[1]AW109 bụ helikopta ejima ejima dị fechaa mara maka ọsọ ya, ọmarịcha ọdịdị ya na ịdị mfe njikwa.  Kemgbe ịbanye n'ọrụ azụmahịa, emegharịala ọtụtụ nlegharị anya na ntughari, na-ewebatakarị ụgbọ elu na teknụzụ injin ọhụrụ.  AgustaWestland akwalitela ụdị ahụ maka ike multirole na ọrụ ya.  Ụdị ahụ egosila na ndị ahịa VIP / ụlọ ọrụ na-ewu ewu nke ukwuu;  dị ka AgustaWestland si kwuo, 50% nke ụdị ike AW109 niile ka erere na nhazi ndị dị otú ahụ.  Ọrụ ndị ọzọ maka AW109 gụnyere ọrụ ahụike mberede, ndị mmanye iwu, ndị ọrụ nchekwa ala nna, ọrụ ụgbọ mmiri ụgbọ mmiri, ọchụchọ na nnapụta, ọrụ ụgbọ mmiri, na ojiji agha.[1]  Na 2008, AgustaWestland kwuru na AW109 bụ "otu n'ime helikopta kacha ere ụlọ ọrụ".[1]

[2]Dị ka AgustaWestland si kwuo, ike AW109 na-egosipụta usoro dị iche iche nke avionics dị elu, gụnyere autopilot atọ axis, System Landing Instrument Instrument, GPS Integrated, Ngosipụta Map Moving, Radar weather, and Traffic Alert System.[1]  Emebere usoro ndị a iji belata ibu ọrụ pilot (AW109 nwere ike ịfe n'okpuru iwu ụgbọ elu otu ma ọ bụ abụọ-pilot (IFR)) ma mee ka ojiji nke anya ọhụụ abalị (NVG) na-arụ ọrụ ehihie ma ọ bụ abalị.[2]  AW109 nwere sistemu mkpụbelata mmanye nke enwere ike ịme ngwa ngwa yana họrọ rụọ ọrụ site na onye na-anya ụgbọ elu na-eji ihe mkpalite dị na cyclic na mkpokọta nke na-ejide ntinye njikwa n'ọnọdụ ntọala ikpeazụ ma ọ bụrụ na agbanyere ya.[3][4]  Sistemu niile dị oke egwu na-ama ụma ejighi ọrụ maka arụrụ ọrụ adịghị mma;  sistemu hydraulic, hydraulic actuators, na sistemu eletrịkị bụ ihe eji arụ ọrụ abụọ, ebe ndị inverters na-agbagharị ugboro atọ.[5]  AW109 ebelatawokwa ihe ndị chọrọ nrụzi n'ihi nkwusi ike na ntụkwasị obi n'ofe akụrụngwa eji.[2]

.Ụdị ụfọdụ nke AW109 na-egosipụta "ime ime ngwa ngwa na-agbanwe agbanwe", nhazi ụgbọ mmiri nke e mere ka a na-ahazigharị ya nke ọma iji mee ka rotorcraft mee ngwa ngwa maka ọrụ dị iche iche, dị ka ntinye ma ọ bụ wepụ ihe consoles ozi ma ọ bụ ihe ndọtị ahụike.  Enwere ike itinye ngwa ọrụ akọwapụtara nke ọma n'ime akpa akpa dị iche iche enwere ike ịnweta na mpụga, nke enwere ike ịgbasa na nhọrọ.  Akụrụngwa ụlọ nhọrọ gụnyere mkpuchi ụda, ntụ oyi, na ikpo ọkụ ikuku.[1]  A na-enye nhazi ụlọ ụlọ aftermarket site n'aka ndị ọzọ;  Pininfarina na Versace enyela ndị mmebe ime ụlọ maka AW109, ebe Aerolite Max Bucher ewepụtala ime ụlọ ọrụ ahụike mberede dị fechaa.[2]  Ihe ka ọtụtụ n'ime AW109 na-adaba na ụgbọ okporo ígwè nwere ụkwụ na-emegharị emegharị, na-enye nkasi obi dị ukwuu karịa skids na ikike ịde taxi.[3][4]  Maka ịrụ ọrụ ụgbọ mmiri, a na-eme ka ihe mgbadakwasị ụkwụ nwere ụkwụ siri ike, a na-edozi ebe mgbaba ụgbọ mmiri n'ofe fuselage dị ala, a na-ejikarị nchebe corrosion eme ihe.[5]

  1. Ernie Stephens and James T. McKenna. "Operators’ Report: Fast, Beautiful Flier." Àtụ:Webarchive Rotor & Wing, 1 May 2008.
  2. "AW109 Power: Law Enforcement."Àtụ:Dead link AgustaWestland, Retrieved: 18 October 2015.