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Akamai Technologies

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Akamai technology headquarters in cambridge

 

AAkamai Teknụzụ, Inc. bụ akpara àgwà America [1] (CDN), cybersecurity, na ụlọ ọrụ igwe ojii, na-enye ọrụ nchekwa na ịntanetị.  [2] [3] Ndị na-arụ ọrụ ahụ na-arụ ọrụ nke sava n'ụwa nile ma na-agbazinye ikike nke sava ahụ n'enye ndị ọrụ ikike iche nke site na iji sava Akamai dị nso na onye ọrụ.  Mgbe onye ọrụ na-agagharị na URL nke onye Akamai, usoro ngalaba aha Akamai na-eduzi ihe nchọgharị ha na sava [4] nso nke nwere ike ị chọrọ.  Sistemụ mfe Akamai [5] na-ekenye onye ọrụ ọkụ na sava ihu nso site na iji algọridim ọkaibe [6] dị ka matching kwụpụta na hashing na-agbanwe agbanwe, na-eme ka download webụ enyo obi yana ngwa ngwa.  Ọzọkwa, Akamai na-arụ ọrụ mbelata DDoS na ọrụ nchekwa ndị ọzọ [7] n'elu ikpo okwu nkesa ya.

Akụkọ ihe mere eme[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

[1]Akpọrọ aha ụlọ ọrụ ahụ akamai, nke 'amamihe' ma ọ bụ ụfọdụ okwu ọnụ, 'dị egwu' na Hawaiian, nke Lewin orụ na akwụkwọ ọkọwa okwu Hawaii-Bekee mgbe ntụnye onye ọrụ ibe ya nchebe

. [2]kamai Teknụzụ batara 1998 MIT $50K nwere ikike iche dabere na nchacha ha na hashing na-agbanwe agbanwe, [1] wee họrọ ya dị ka otu n'ime ndị ikpeazụ.  [2] Site n'August 1998, ha chọtala ụdị ọrụ, na site n'ibu Jonathan Seelig na Randall Kaplan, ha gosiri ime ihe iji tinye ụlọ ọrụ.  [3] Ewebatara Akamai Teknụzụ na Ọgọst 20, 1998.

. [3]N'ọgwụgwụ 1998 na akpa 1999, otu ndị na-azụ ahịa na ndị na-akpọ ngwá agha sonyeere ndị otu ntọala.  ẹkọ, Paul Sagan, onye bụbu onye isi oche nke New Media for Time Inc., na George Conrades, onye bụbu onye isi oche na onye isi oche nke BBN Corp. na onye isi osote onye isi oche nke ọrụ US maka IBM .  Conrades onye isi ọrụ nke Akamai n'April 1999. [1] [2] [3] ndị ọrụ ahụ ọrụ azụmahịa ya n'April 1999 wee depụta ya na NASDAQ Stock Market site na October 29, 1999.

[4]Na Julaị 1, 2001, e gbakwụnye Akamai na Russell 3000 Index na Russell 2000 Index.

. [5]Na September 11, 2001, onye na-arụkọ ọrụ Daniel M. Lewin gburu na September 11 mgbe ọ dị afọ 31 mgbe otu n'ime ndị na-agba ọsọ ọrụ ya mma.  Ọ nọ ọdụ kacha nso na ndị ojide a ma nwaa mgbasa ntọrọ ahụ n'oge ụgbọ elu ya n'akpaelu American Airlines Flight 11, ụgbọ elu mbụ dabara n'ebe a na-azụ ahihia ụwa .

N'afọ 2005, a họpụtara Paul Sagan onye isi ọrụ nke Akamai, na-eweghara Conrades. Sagan rụrụ ọrụ iji kewaa Akamai na ndị asọmpi ya site n'ịgbasawanye ọrụ ụlọ ọrụ ahụ. [6] N'okpuru nduzi ya, ụlọ ọrụ ahụ toro na $ 1.37 ijeri ego ha nwetara. [7]

Na Febụwarị 9, 2021, Akamai kwupụtara na ọ ga-ahazigharị ụzọ abụọ dị n'ime: Teknụzụ nchekwa na teknụzụ Edge. Ụlọ ọrụ ahụ weghachikwara ọrụ nke onye isi ọrụ teknụzụ, ma kpọọ Robert Blumofe ka ọ rụọ ọrụ ahụ. [8] Onye isi nchekwa ogologo oge (CSO) Andy Ellis kwupụtara na ọ ga-apụ na Machị 2021.

. [9]Isi ụlọ ọrụ Akamai dị na Kendall Square .  Akamai nkiri na Teknụzụ Square wee ruo ruo ọtụtụ ụlọ na Cambridge Center .  Ha chị ụgbọ mmiri ha n'iche e wuru mmepụta na 145 Broadway na Disemba 2019

Teknụzụ[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Akamai Intelligent Edge Platform[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Akamai nwere ọgụgụ isi Platform bụ ikpo okwu igwe ojii na-ekesa na-arụ ọrụ n'ụwa niile. Ọ bụ netwọk nke ihe karịrị ihe nkesa 365,000 ebugara na mba 135 karịa. [10] Sava ndị a na-ebi ihe dị ka 1,350 nke netwọkụ ụwa na-achịkọta ozi ozugbo gbasara okporo ụzọ, mkpọkọ na ebe nsogbu. [10] Ihe nkesa Akamai nke ọ bụla nwere sọftụwia nke na-eji algọridim dị mgbagwoju anya hazie arịrịọ sitere n'aka ndị ọrụ nọ nso wee nye ọdịnaya achọrọ. [11]

[12]Akamai na-ebuga ngwaọrụ webụ n'elu Platformta isi ya site n'igosipụta ihe ndị dị ka HTML, CSS, nbudata na mgbasa ozi sitere na sava ndị ọrụ.  A na-akpa ihe nkesa Akamai na-ama aka dabere n'ụdị ihe yana ebe egwu onye ọrụ.  Sava kwuru dị na mba na egwuregwu 200. [1] Ịnata site sitere na ihe nkesa Akamai, dị nso onye ọrụ na-enye nhọrọ ngwa ngwa yana obere esere ike na ike .  Akamai na-ekwu na ọ na-enye scalability ka mma site na ibuga mgbochi n'ime kilomita ikpeazụ site na sava dị nso na ndị ọrụ njedebe, na-ezere mkpirisi ịntanetị dị n'etiti mile .  [2] Ahịrị ihe nbudata nbudata na-agụnye HTTP maka nnukwu ihe ike ike ndị, ngwa a na-hazi maka ndị na-azụ ahụhụ, yana ngwaọrụ ihe nwere metrik na-egosi ma na-akọ na nbudata ahụ.  [3]

Na mgbakwunye na iji sava Akamai nke akamai, Akamai na-ebuga ụfọdụ ọdịnaya sitere na kọmpụta ndị ọrụ njedebe ndị ọzọ, n'ụdị ịkparịta ụka n'ọgbọ-na-ọgbọ . [13] [14]

Ụlọ Ọrụ Iwu Network[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

A na-eji Akamai's Network Operations Command Center (NOCC) maka nleba anya na nchọpụta nsogbu nke sava niile na netwọk Akamai zuru ụwa ọnụ. [15] NOCC na-enye ọnụ ọgụgụ dị adị nke okporo ụzọ webụ Akamai. Metiris okporo ụzọ na-emelite na akpaghị aka wee nye nlele ọnọdụ okporo ụzọ ịntanetị na sava Akamai na webụsaịtị ndị ahịa. [16]

Ileta ịntanetị anya[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Ngwa nhụta data Akamai na-egosipụta ka data si aga n'ofe ịntanetị ozugbo. Ndị na-ekiri ya nwere ike ịhụ ọnọdụ weebụ zuru ụwa ọnụ, okporo ụzọ mwakpo ọjọọ, yana njikọ ịntanetị. [17] Na mgbakwunye, ntụle ojiji netwọk na-enyocha oriri akụkọ zuru ụwa ọnụ, okporo ụzọ ụlọ ọrụ akọwapụtara, na usoro mkpanaka. [18] Akamai na-enyekwa ngwa nlegharị anya ịntanetị, nke na-enye ndị ọrụ ohere ịlele data ozugbo na ngwaọrụ mkpanaka ha. [19]

OPEN mmalite[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

N'October 9, 2013, Akamai kwuputara Open Initiative na Nzukọ Akamai Edge 2013. OPEN na-enye ndị ahịa na ndị mmekọ aka ịzụlite na hazie otu ha si emekọrịta na Akamai Intelligent Platform. Akụkụ ndị dị mkpa nke OPEN gụnyere sistemụ na njikọta arụmọrụ mmepe, ntinye data buru ibu n'ezie, yana interface onye ọrụ otu ebe. [20]

  • Na February 10, 2000, Akamai nwetara Network24 Communications [21] maka mbak 621,000 nke ngwaahịa nkịtị yana $12.5 nde ego. [22]
  • Na Eprel 20, 2000, [22] Akamai nwetara InterVU Inc. [23] maka 10.0 nde mbak nke ngwaahịa nkịtị.
  • Na Julaị 25, 2000, Akamai nwetara CallTheShots, Inc., maka ọnụ ahịa azụta mkpokọta nke $3,700,000. [22]
  • Na June 10, 2005, Akamai nwetara Speedera Networks, Inc. maka 10.6 nde mbak nke Akamai nkịtị na nhọrọ ịzụta 1.7 nde mbak Akamai nkịtị ngwaahịa. [24]
  • Na Disemba 13, 2006, Akamai nwetara Nine Systems, Inc., [25] maka ọnụ ahịa azụta mkpokọta nke $157,500,000. [26]
  • Na Maachị 13, 2007, Akamai nwetara Netli Inc. (Netli), [27] maka ọnụ ahịa azụta mkpokọta nke $154,400,000.
  • Na Eprel 12, 2007, Akamai nwetara Red Swoosh Inc. [28] maka ọnụ ahịa azụta mkpokọta nke $18,700,000. [29]
  • Na Nọvemba 3, 2008, Akamai nwetara aCerno Inc., [29] maka ọnụ ahịa azụta mkpokọta nke $90,800,000. [30]
  • Na June 10, 2010, Akamai nwetara Velocitude LLC, [31] maka ọnụ ahịa azụta mkpokọta nke $12,000,000. [32]
  • Na Febụwarị 7, 2012, Akamai nwetara Blaze Software, Inc., [33] maka ọnụ ahịa azụta mkpokọta nke $19,300,000. [34]
  • Na Maachị 6, 2012, Akamai nwetara Cotendo, Inc., [33] maka ọnụ ahịa azụta mkpokọta nke $278,900,000. [35]
  • Na Septemba 13, 2012, Akamai nwetara FastSoft, Inc., [33] maka ọnụ ahịa azụta mkpokọta nke $14,400,000. [36]
  • Na Disemba 4, 2012, Akamai nwetara Verivue, Inc., [33] maka ọnụ ahịa azụta mkpokọta nke $30,900,000. [37]
  • Na Nọvemba 8, 2013, Akamai nwetara Velocius Networks [38] maka ọnụ ahịa azụta mkpokọta nke $4,300,000. [39]
  • Na Febụwarị 2014, Akamai nwetara onye na-ahụ maka nchekwa cyber, Prolexic Teknụzụ [38] maka ọnụ ahịa azụta mkpokọta nke $390,000,000. [40]
  • Na Febụwarị 2015, Akamai nwetara Xerocole Inc., ụlọ ọrụ teknụzụ sistemụ aha ngalaba. [41]
  • Na Eprel 6, 2015, Akamai nwetara igwe ojii OTT IPTV onye na-eweta ọrụ Octoshape, [42] maka ego akọwapụtaghị. [43]
  • Na Nọvemba 2, 2015, Akamai nwetara Bloxx, onye na-eweta teknụzụ Secure Web Gateway (SWG), [44] maka ego akọwapụtaghị. [45]
  • Na Septemba 28, 2016, Akamai nwetara Concord Systems, onye na-eweta teknụzụ maka nhazi arụmọrụ dị elu nke data n'ogo, [46] maka ego akọwapụtaghị. [47]
  • Na Ọktoba 4, 2016, Akamai nwetara Soha Systems, ohere ụlọ ọrụ echekwara dị ka onye na-eweta ọrụ, [48] maka ego akọwapụtaghị. [49]
  • Na Disemba 19, 2016, Akamai nwetara Cyberfend, onye na-eweta ihe ngwọta bot na automation, [50] maka ego akọwapụtaghị. [51]
  • Na March 29, 2017, Akamai nwetara SOASTA, ụlọ ọrụ njikwa arụmọrụ dijitalụ nke dabeere na Mountain View, CA, maka ego ego niile na-akọwaghị. [52]
  • Na October 11, 2017, Akamai nwetara Nominum, onye na-enye ọkwa DNS na DHCP na otu n'ime ndị isi egwuregwu na ịmepụta DNS nke oge a, maka ego ego niile na-akọwaghị. [53]
  • N'Ọktoba 2019, Akamai nwetara chameleonX na-eweta ngwanrọ nchekwa maka $20 nde. [54] [55]
  • Na Jenụwarị 24, 2019, Akamai nwetara onye na-eweta CIAM Janrain . [56]
  • Na Ọktọba 27, 2020, Akamai nwetara IoT na onye na-eweta nchekwa ekwentị Asavie. [57]
  • Na Febụwarị 1, 2021, Akamai nwetara Inverse Inc. ụlọ ọrụ nchekwa nke Montreal Canada na-eme ihe mepere emepe Network Access Controller (NAC) akpọrọ PacketFence . [58]
  • Na Septemba 29, 2021 Akamai Teknụzụ nwetara Guardicore maka nde $600. [59]
  • Na Febụwarị 15, 2022 Akamai nwetara Linode maka nde $900. [60]

Otu n'ime patent Akamai na-ekpuchi ibufe data eletrọnịkị site na iji CDN. Ndị nwe webụsaịtị ịntanetị (ndị na-eweta ọdịnaya) na Akamai na-enye nkwekọrịta ibugara ndị ọrụ ịntanetị ọ bụla ọdịnaya saịtị ha. Usoro ikike ikike na-enye ohere ịchekwa nnukwu faịlụ, dị ka vidiyo ma ọ bụ faịlụ egwu, na sava Akamai wee nweta site na sava ndị ahụ site n'aka ndị ọrụ ịntanetị. Nke a na-abawanye ọsọ nke ndị ọrụ ịntanetị na-enweta ọdịnaya sitere na weebụsaịtị webụ. [ nke na-abụghị isi mmalite achọrọ ]

Akamai tụfuru ikpe ahụ na mbụ, ọbụna buru ya gaa n'Ụlọikpe Kasị Elu. Ụlọikpe Kasị Elu weghachiri ikpe ahụ na Ụlọikpe Mkpegharị Mkpegharị nke United States maka Federal Circuit, Otú ọ dị, na ịkpọ òkù ka ọ nyochaaghachi iwu ya, ma ọ bụrụ na ọ họọrọ ime ya, na usoro niile nke usoro ga-eme site na a. otu onye na-eme ihe nkiri n'ihi na e nwere mmebi iwu. N'ịbụ onye a kpọchiri, Federal Circuit tụlere okwu ahụ n'en banc (ndị ọka ikpe sekit niile na-arụsi ọrụ ike) wee gbanwee iwu ya. A na-ekwenye ugbu a na a pụkwara imebi patent ozugbo ma ọ bụrụ na "ihe ebubo ebubo imebi iwu na-ekere òkè na mmemme ma ọ bụ nnata nke uru na arụmọrụ nke nzọụkwụ ma ọ bụ usoro nke usoro patent ma guzobe usoro ma ọ bụ oge nke arụmọrụ ahụ". Na ndabere ahụ, Federal Circuit weghachiri $40 ahụ nde juri ikpe. O kwuru na "Akamai gosipụtara nnukwu ihe akaebe na-egosi na Limelight na-edozi ojiji ndị ahịa ya jiri CDN mee ihe n'ịrụ ọrụ nke ndị ahịa ya" usoro Limelight anaghị eme n'onwe ya. Ahụrụla nke a dị ka nnukwu mgbanwe na iwu patent. Okwu a bụ Akamai Techs., Inc. v. Ụlọ ọrụ Limelight Networks, Inc. .

Esemokwu[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

N'afọ 2013, Securities and Exchange Commission boro onye bụbu onye isi na Akamai Teknụzụ maka ịnye ozi na-abụghị nke ọha gbasara nsogbu ego ụlọ ọrụ ahụ n'ụzọ iwu na-akwadoghị dị ka akụkụ nke atụmatụ azụmaahịa nke onye nyocha nke Galleon Management hedge Fund onye guzobere Raj Rajaratnam, na-arụ ọrụ ugbu a. [61]

Ntụaka[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

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