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Angela Merici

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Angela Merici

Angela Merici ma ọ bụ Angela nke Merici (//mə'riːtʃi// mə-REE-chee,   [ˈandʒela (de) meˈriːtʃi]; 21 Machị 1474 - 27 Jenụwarị 1540) bụ onye nkuzi okpukpe Itali nke Chọọchị Katọlik na-asọpụrụ dị ka onye nsọ.  O guzobere ụlọ ọrụ St. Ursula na 1535 na Brescia, ebe ụmụ nwanyị raara ndụ ha nye ozi nke ụka site na agụmakwụkwọ ụmụ agbọghọ. Site na nzukọ a, ndị mọnk nke Saint Ursula mechara pụta, ndị nọn ya guzobere ebe ekpere na mmụta na Europe niile na, mgbe e mesịrị, n'ụwa niile, karịsịa na North America.

Ndụ[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

A mụrụ Merici na 1474 n'ugbo dị nso na Desenzano del Garda, obere obodo dị n'ụsọ oké osimiri ndịda ọdịda anyanwụ nke Ọdọ Mmiri Garda na Lombardy, Ịtali. [1] na nwanne ya nwanyị nke okenye, Giana Maria, bụ ụmụ mgbei mgbe ọ dị afọ iri. Ha gara soro nwanne nna ha biri n'obodo Salò. Angela na-eto eto nwere nnukwu nsogbu mgbe nwanne ya nwanyị nwụrụ na mberede n'enwetaghị emume ikpeazụ nke ụka ma kpee ekpere ka mkpụrụ obi nwanne ya nwanyị zuru ike n'udo. [2] na-ekwu na n'ọhụụ ọ natara nzaghachi na nwanne ya nwanyị nọ n'eluigwe na ndị senti. Ọ sonyeere Order nke Atọ nke St. Francis n'oge ahụ. Ndị mmadụ malitere ịhụ ịma mma Angela na ọkachasị iji nwee mmasị na ntutu isi ya. Dị ka o kwere Chineke nkwa, ma chọọ izere nlebara anya ụwa, o ji ájá tee ntutu isi ya.

Nwanne nna Merici nwụrụ mgbe ọ dị afọ iri abụọ wee laghachi n'ụlọ ya na Desenzano, ma soro ụmụnne ya biri, [3] n'ihe onwunwe nke ya, nke e nyere ya n'ọnọdụ onyinye nke gaara abụ nke ya ma ọ bụrụ na ọ lụọ di. O mechara nwee ọhụụ ọzọ nke kpughere ya na ọ ga-achọta njikọ nke ụmụ agbọghọ na-amaghị nwoke ndị ga-enyefe ndụ ha na ọzụzụ okpukpe nke ụmụ agbọghọ. [4] [2] nwere ihe ịga nke ọma ma kpọọ ya ka ọ malite ụlọ akwụkwọ ọzọ n'obodo Brescia dị nso.

St. Angela Merici (narị afọ nke iri na asaa)

Dị ka akụkọ ifo si kwuo, na 1524, mgbe ọ na-aga Ala Nsọ, Merici kpuru ìsì na mberede mgbe ọ nọ n'àgwàetiti Krit. [2]'agbanyeghị nke a, ọ gara n'ihu na njem ya gaa n'Ala Nsọ ma bụrụ onye a gwọrọ maka ìsì ya mgbe ọ lọtara, ka ọ na-ekpe ekpere n'ihu obe, n'otu ebe ahụ e kpuru ya ìsì izu ole na ole tupu mgbe ahụ. N'afọ 1525, ọ gara Rom iji nweta indulgences nke Afọ Jubilee nke a na-eme ememe mgbe ahụ. Popu Clement nke Asaa, onye nụrụ banyere omume ọma ya na ihe ịga nke ọma ya n'ụlọ akwụkwọ ya, kpọrọ ya ka ọ nọrọ na Rom. Merici enweghị mmasị n'ịbụ onye a ma ama, n'oge na-adịghị anya, ọ laghachiri Brescia.

N'abalị iri abụọ na ise n'ọnwa Nọvemba n'afọ 1535, Merici kpọkọtara ụmụ agbọghọ iri na abụọ sonyeere ọrụ ya n'otu obere ụlọ dị na Brescia dị nso na Chọọchị St. Afra, ebe ha niile tinyere onwe ha n'ịtọ ntọala ụlọ ọrụ St. Ursula, nke e debere n'okpuru nchebe nke onye nlekọta nke mahadum oge ochie. Ebumnuche ya bụ ibuli ndụ ezinụlọ site na agụmakwụkwọ Ndị Kraịst nke ndị nwunye na ndị nne ga-abịa n'ọdịnihu. Ha bụ usoro izizi mbụ nke ụmụ nwanyị okpukpe. [5]

Afọ anọ [6] e mesịrị, ìgwè ahụ etoola ruo 28. Merici kụziiri ndị enyi ya ijere Chineke ozi, mana ịnọgide n'ụwa, na-akụziri ụmụ agbọghọ nọ n'ógbè ha, na ibi ndụ okpukpe n'ụlọ ha.[lower-alpha 1] Ndị otu ahụ anaghị eyi uwe pụrụ iche ma ghara ikwe Nkwa okpukpe. Merici dere Iwu nke Ndụ maka otu ahụ, nke kọwapụtara omume nke Ịlụ di ma ọ bụ nwunye, ịda ogbenye na nrubeisi n'ụlọ ha. Ndị Ursuline meghere ogige ụmụ mgbei na ụlọ akwụkwọ. Na 18 Machị 1537, a họpụtara ya "Nne na Nwanyị" nke otu ahụ. [7]Popu Paul nke Atọ kwadoro Iwu ahụ o dere na 1544. [1]

Mgbe Merici nwụrụ na Brescia na 27 Jenụwarị 1540, [1] e nwere obodo 24 nke Company of St. Ursula na-eje ozi na Chọọchị Katọlik site na mpaghara ahụ. [8] E yi uwe elu nke Franciscan tertiary ma lie ya na Chọọchị Sant'Afra.

Echiche ọdịnala bụ na Merici kwenyere na agụmakwụkwọ Ndị Kraịst ka mma dị mkpa maka ụmụ agbọghọ na ụmụ agbọghọ, nke ọ raara ndụ ya nye. Querciolo Mazzonis na-ekwu na e bughị ụlọ ọrụ St. Ursula dị ka otu ọrụ ebere lekwasịrị anya na agụmakwụkwọ ụmụ agbọghọ dara ogbenye, mana na ntụziaka a malitere mgbe ọ nwụsịrị na 1540, oge ụfọdụ mgbe ọ natara nkwado iwu na 1546. [9]

Okpukpe[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Ozu na-adịghị emerụ emerụ emerụrụ ahụ nke Saint Angela Merici na Brescia, Ịtali

N'oge ndụ ya, Merici na-ekpegbu ekpere n'ili nke ndị nwụrụ n'ihi okwukwe ha na Chọọchị St. Afra na Brescia. Ọ biri na obere ọnụ ụlọ ndị dị n'akụkụ ebe obibi nke Canons Regular nke Lateran. Dị ka ọchịchọ ya si dị, mgbe ọ nwụsịrị, e liri ya na Chọọchị St Afra ka ọ nọrọ nso n'ozu ndị nwụrụ n'ihi okwukwe ha. N'ebe ahụ, ozu ya nọgidere ruo mgbe e bibiri ụlọ ụka a na mpaghara ya gburugburu site na bọmbụ ndị agha n'oge Agha Ụwa nke Abụọ, na 2 Machị 1945, ebe onye ụkọchukwu parish na ọtụtụ ndị obodo nwụrụ. E mechara wughachi ụlọ ụka ahụ na ụlọ ndị yiri ya, ma meghee ya ọzọ na 10 Eprel 1954. [10] raara chọọchị ahụ nye na 27 Jenụwarị 1956, na nraranye ọhụrụ nye Saint Angela Merici, ebe a na-ebufe Parish nke St. Afra na Chọọchị St. Eufemia dị nso.

Popu Clement nke Iri na Atọ mere Merici onye nsọ na Rom na 30 Eprel 1768. Popu Pius nke Asaa mechara mee ya ka ọ bụrụ onye nsọ na 24 Mee 1807.

Ụbọchị oriri[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Merici esoghị na Kalenda Tridentine nke 1570 nke Popu Pius V n'ihi na emeghị ya ka ọ bụrụ onye nsọ ruo 1807. N'afọ 1861, a gụnyere ụbọchị oriri ya na Kalenda Rom - ọ bụghị n'ụbọchị ọ nwụrụ, 27 Jenụwarị, ebe ọ bụ na ụbọchị oriri nke Saint John Chrysostom, kama na 31 Mee. N'afọ 1955, Popu Pius XII nyere ụbọchị a oriri ọhụrụ nke Queenship nke Mary, wee bufee oriri Merici na 1 June. A na-eme emume ahụ dị ka okpukpu abụọ ruo n'afọ 1960, mgbe Popu John XXIII nyere ya ọkwa ya na nke atọ. [11]'ikpeazụ, na nnukwu mgbanwe nke liturgy nke afọ 1969, Popu Paul VI kwagara ememe ahụ, nke a na-ahọrọ dị ka Ihe Ncheta, n'ụbọchị ọnwụ onye nsọ ahụ, 27 Jenụwarị.

Nraranye[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

  • A raara parishes nye St. Angela Merici na Pacific Grove, California; Brea, California; Metairie, Louisiana; White Oak, Pennsylvania; Fairview Park, Ohio; [12] Windsor, Ontario, Canada; Missouri City, Texas na Youngstown, Ohio.
  • [13] nwere St. Angela Merici Parishes na Schools na Florissant, Missouri, The Bronx, New York; [1] na Missouri City, Texas. [14]

St. Angela Merici Catholic School, Bradford, Ontario, Canada.

St. Angela Merici Catholic School, Windsor, Ontario, Canada.

St. Angela Merici Academy, Obi nke Alene, Idaho, United States.

St. Angela Merici Catholic School, Chatham, Ontario. Canada

Ụlọ akwụkwọ St. Angela Merici Montessori, Dasmariñas, Cavite, Philippines

St. Angela's College, Cork, Ireland.

St. Angela's Ursuline RA School Forest Gate, London, United Kingdom

Merici College, Braddon, ACT, Australia.

Ụlọ akwụkwọ St. Angela Merici, Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada.

Hụkwa[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

  • Ndepụta nke ndị senti Katọlik
  • Enweghị nrụrụ aka
  • Saint Angela Merici, ebe nchekwa ihe ochie

Ihe edeturu[dezie | dezie ebe o si]


Ihe odide[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Angela Merici ma ọ bụ Angela nke Merici (//mə'riːtʃi// mə-REE-chee,   [ˈandʒela (de) meˈriːtʃi]; 21 Machị 1474 - 27 Jenụwarị 1540) bụ onye nkuzi okpukpe Itali nke Chọọchị Katọlik na-asọpụrụ dị ka onye nsọ.  O guzobere ụlọ ọrụ St. Ursula na 1535 na Brescia, ebe ụmụ nwanyị raara ndụ ha nye ozi nke ụka site na agụmakwụkwọ ụmụ agbọghọ. Site na nzukọ a, ndị mọnk nke Saint Ursula mechara pụta, ndị nọn ya guzobere ebe ekpere na mmụta na Europe niile na, mgbe e mesịrị, n'ụwa niile, karịsịa na North America.

Akwụkwọ[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

  • Q. Mazzonis, "Mmetụta nke Renaissance Gender-Related Notions on the Female Experience of the Sacred: The Case of Angela Merici's Ursulines," na Laurence Lux-Sterritt and Carmen Mangion (eds), Gender, Catholicism and Spirituality: Women and the Roman Catholic Church in Britain and Europe, 1200-1900 (Basingstoke, Palgrave Macmillan, 2011),

Njikọ mpụga[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

  1. 1.0 1.1 St. Angela Merici | Christian Apostles.com (en-US). christianapostles.com (11 December 2020). Retrieved on 9 January 2021.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Ott, Michael. "St. Angela Merici." The Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. 1. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1907. 28 May 2013
  3. Coulson, John. The Saints: A concise Biographical Dictionary, Hawthorn Books, Inc. 1960
  4. Pirlo (1997). "St. Angela Merici", My First Book of Saints. Sons of Holy Mary Immaculate – Quality Catholic Publications. ISBN 971-91595-4-5. 
  5. "Angela Merici", Saints Resource, RCL Benziger
  6. Foley, Leonard, OFM. "St. Angela Merici", Saint of the Day: Lives, Lessons and Feast (revised by Pat McCloskey, OFM) Franciscan Media
  7. History. Company of St Ursula-Daughters of St Angela-Brescia.
  8. St. Angela Merici. faith.nd.edu. Retrieved on 9 January 2021.
  9. Peterson, Janine. Review of Mazzonis, Querciolo. Spirituality, Gender, and the Self in Renaissance Italy: Angela Merici and the Company of St. Ursula (1474–1540). H-Italy, H-Net Reviews. February, 2008
  10. The Sanctuary of Saint Angela Merici of Brescia. Company of St Ursula-Daughters of St Angela-Brescia.
  11. Calendarium Romanum (Libreria Editrice Vaticana 1969), pp. 86 and 125
  12. Saint Angela Merici Parish, Fairview Park, Ohio
  13. St. Angela Merici Catholic Church, Houston, Texas
  14. Saint Angela Merici School, Bronx, New York. Archived from the original on 2023-10-26. Retrieved on 2023-11-05.