Asụsụ Malagasy

Shí Wikipedia, njikotá édémédé nke onyobulạ
Nwanyị na-asụ Malagasy
Asụsụ Malagasy
asụsụ, ISO 639-3 macrolanguage, modern language
subclass nkeEast Barito Dezie
akara alaFiteny malagasy Dezie
aha mkpirisiмалагасийский, малагасійська Dezie
mba/obodoMadagascar Dezie
ụdị asụsụverb–object–subject Dezie
usoro ederedeLatin script, Sorabe alphabet Dezie
ụmụ amaala kaMalagasy people Dezie
ngalaba maka ihe nkiri n'asụsụ aCategory:Malagasy-language films Dezie
ụdị metụtaraCategory:Malagasy pronunciation Dezie
Koodu asụsụ Wikimediamg Dezie

Malagasy (/mæləˈɡæsi/; pronunciation Malagasy: ) bụ asụsụ Austronesian na asụsụ mba nke ndi Madagascar.[1] Malagasy bụ asụsụ Malayo-Polynesian kachasị n'ebe ọdịda anyanwụ, nke ndị Austronesian si n'àgwàetiti Sunda wetaara Madagascar na narị afọ nke ise AD. Asụsụ Malagasy bụ otu n'ime asụsụ nke ndi Barito ma nwee njikọ chiri anya na asụsụ Ma'anyan, nke a ka na-asụ na Borneo ruo taa taa. Malagasy gụnyekwara ọtụtụ okwu ndị Malay na Javanese, site n'oge mmalite nke ndị Austronesian na azụmaahịa n'etiti Madagascar na Sunda Islands.[2] Mgbe c. 1000 AD gasịrị, Malagasy tinyere ọtụtụ okwu ndị Bantu na Arabic, nke ndị ahịa na ndị ọhụrụ bi na ya wetara.

Ihe dị ka nde mmadụ iri abụọ na ise na-asụ Malagasy na Madagascar na Comoros. Ọtụtụ ndị mmadụ na Madagascar na-asụ ya dị ka asụsụ mbụ nke ha, dị ka ụfọdụ ndị si Madagascar n'ebe ndị ọzọ. A na-ekewa Malagasy n'etiti ìgwè asụsụ abụọ; Ọwụwa Anyanwụ na Ọdịda Anyanwụ. Ala dị larịị nke agwaetiti ahụ, ebe isi obodo Antananarivo na etiti ochie nke Alaeze Merina dị, na-asụ asụsụ nke Merina. Asụsụ Merina bụ ntọala nke Standard Malagasy, nke gọọmentị na mgbasa ozi na Madagascar na-eji. Standard Malagasy bụ otu n'ime asụsụ abụọ gọọmentị nke Madagascar n'akụkụ French na asu, na iwu 2010 nke Republic nke anọ nke Madagascar.

E dere Malagasy na edemede Latin nke ndị ozi ala ọzọ nke ọdịda anyanwụ webatara na mmalite narị afọ nke 19. N'oge gara aga, e ji edemede Sorabe mee ihe, mmepe mpaghara nke edemede Arabic.

Nchịkọta[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Asụsụ Malagasy bụ onye kachasị n'ebe ọdịda anyanwụ nke alaka Malayo-Polynesian nke ezinụlọ asụsụ Austronesian, otu nke gụnyere asụsụ sitere na Indonesia, Malaysia, na Philippines.[3] N'ezie, ndị ọkà mmụta oge ochie ahụlarị mmekọrịta Malagasy na asụsụ Austronesian ndị ọzọ, dị ka onye ọkà mmụta Dutch Adriaan Reland na 1708.[4][5]

  1. Laurie Bauer, 2007, The Linguistics Student’s Handbook, Edinburgh
  2. Otto Chr. Dahl, Malgache et Maanjan: une comparaison linguistique, Egede-Instituttet Avhandlinger, no. 3 (Oslo: Egede-Instituttet, 1951), p. 13.
  3. Malagasy's family tree on Ethnologue
  4. Blench (2007). "New Palaeozoogeographical Evidence for the Settlement of Madagascar". Azania: Archaeological Research in Africa 42 (1): 69–82. DOI:10.1080/00672700709480451. 
  5. Relandus (1708). Dissertationum Miscellanearum, Pars Tertia et Ultima (in la). Trajecti ad Rhenum: Gulielmi Broedelet, 137–138. “Haec omnia satis evincunt (quod in initio hujus dissertationis monuimus) longe lateque diffundi usum linguae Malaïcae, quae non tantum in Chersoneso Malaeorum & insulis Sumatra, Java, Bomeo, Moluccis sed & aliis magis ad orientem sitis usurpatur. Quibus cum si conferamus illud quod linguae Insulae Madagascar plurima vocabula Malaïca sint permixta, magis adhuc stupebimus linguam unam, qualis Malaïca est, vestigia sua reliquisse in tam dissitis terrarum spatiis qualia sunt insula Madagascar ad litus Africae & insula Cocos in mari inter Asiam & Americam interjecto. Lubet hic laterculum addere vocum Madagascaricarum, ut dicta nostra confirmemus.”