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Betty Furness

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Betty Furness
from the film Mama Steps Out (1937)
2nd Special Assistant to the President for Consumer Affairs
[[ Ambassador to Àtụ:CountryPrefixThe]]
In office
Àtụ:En dash range
PresidentLyndon B. Johnson
Preceded byEsther Peterson
Succeeded byVirginia Knauer
Personal details
Born
Elizabeth Mary Furness

(1916-01-03) 3 Jenụwarị 1916
New York City, U.S.
DiedEprelụ 2, 1994(1994-04-02) (aged 78)
New York City, U.S.
Political partyDemocratic
Spouse(s)Leslie Midgley
(1967-1994) (her death)
Hugh "Bud" Ernst[1]
(1945-1946; 1946-1950) (his death)
Johnny Green (1937-1943)
Children4

Elizabeth Mary Furness (January 3, 1916 - ọkọlọtọ 2, 1994) bụ onye omere America, onye na-akwado ndị enyi na onye na-ekwu okwu ugbu a.

Afọ mbụ

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A Mini Furness na Manhattan, ada nke onye isi ike bara izi George Choate Furness na na-enye Florence.  [1] Ọ gara ụlọ akwụkwọ Brearley na Bennett Junior College[2]

Furness mere ọkwa m mbụ ya na ezumike ụlọ akwụkwọ na aha aha Alice na Wonderland .  Ọ gbakwara maka mgbasa ozi azụmahịa.  Ọ mmetụta mmetụta ya dị ka ihe omume tupu onye mmetụta na- maka nkà na-ahụ ya ma bịanye aka na mmetụta ihe nkiri na 1932 site na RKO Studios .  Ọrụ ihe nkiri mbụ ya dị ka “Nwanyị nke iri na atọ” na fim ahụ ụmụ iri na atọ (1932) mana ekiri ihe nkiri ya tupu ekiri ihe nkiri ahụ.

N'ime afọ ole na ole sochirinụ, ọ pụtara n'ọtụtụ fim RKO, wee ghọọ onye na-eme ihe nkiri na-ewu ewu.  N'ime ihe ịga nke ọma ihe nkiri ya bụ Magnificent Obsession (1935) na ihe nkiri Fred Astaire na Ginger Rogers Swing Time (1936).  Ka ọ na-erule ngwụsị nke afọ iri, ọ pụtara na ihe karịrị ihe nkiri iri anọ, mana n'ime 1940s, ọ na-esiri ya ike inweta ọrụ ime ihe.

  Na 1948, Furness nọ na-eme na usoro ihe nkiri nkiri Studio One, nke a na-agbasa na ndụ.  Ọ bụrụ maka onye na-eme ihe nkiri iji kwalitere Westinghouse n'oge ezumike mgbasa ozi, wee masị ụlọ ọrụ ahụ n'ụzọ dị mfe na nke ekere.  Ha akwụkwọ gosiri iji kwalite ha wee si otú ahụ soro ha nyere nyere chiri anya

[3]Mgbasa ozi nne oge mbụ na-ndị na-eme redio bụ ndị ọ na-siri ike ike ime ụzọ na usoro ihe nkiri TV, na-eduga mgbe ụfọdụ ihe ihere dị ka azụmahịa Westinghouse ebe otu ihe na- stovu eletiriki chọkọletị na  -ekpo ọkụ n'elu ya.  Furness, n'ihi egwu ya na Studio One, chere na ọ nwere ike ike ọrụ ka mma.  Otu ụlọ ọrụ mgbasa ozi nyere ya ogbunigwe, ọ mịpụtakwara na o nwere nkà ebumpụta ụwa maka mgbaaka ngwá.  Na-eme $150 n'izu na mbụ, Furness mere atọ Westinghouse mgbasa ozi (ha bụ nanị onye na-akwado ihe ahụ) maka ihe omume ọ elebe nke Studio One, ha niile ndụ dị ka vidiyo vidiyo adị.  (Otu ebe dị ndụ ọnụ ụzọ refrjiraeto nke ụmụaka imeghe, na-eme ka otu n'ime ndị na-agba ọsọ a ma ama na-eme ihe mere eme TV; Otú ọ dị, nke a isi Furness, kama ọ bụ onye na  -eme ihe nkiri June Graham, bụ onye nọchiri anya ya. Ruo ọtụtụ iri afọ, Furness bụ "creded" maka blooper, ruo mgbe o debere ngosi ahụ na 1981 TV, iche TV's Censored Bloopers .)

Furness na ọ bụ ọnụ na-ekwuchitere nke ọma n'ihi ndị ya dị mma ma mara mma, mana uwe mara mma ma dị mma, nke ọ na-agbanwe ugboro atọ n'ụbọchị.  Ọ chọrọ onwe ya nke ukwuu mgbasa ya na onyonyo ya, na-ajụ ajụjụ aha egwuregwu ma ọ bụ iyi uwe mgbe Westinghouse nyechara aro ndị a.  Otú ọ dị, o mgbanaka iyi mgbanaka akara na mpaghara ka ọ pụta ìhè dị ka ezinụlọ.  Furness dị iche uwe ya niile n'onwe ya, ọyee ka Westinghouse sere ya maka ya.  N'oge otu ndị agha isi na aka onye isi ala nke 1952, nke Westinghouse nke ọma, Furness yi uwe dị iche iche 28, zuru ezu iji ihe isiokwu nke ndụ .

Nkwe ịhụnanya Furness na Westinghouse mechara mee ka ọ na-enye ọrụ kwa afọ nke $ 100,000 na mgbasa ozi ya mere ka ahaha nke ngwa ụlọ ọrụ ahụ na-arrị elu, na otu ihe a ma ama ma e wezụga nke efere efere, bụ nke na-na.  ọ na-ere ahịji siri ike mgbe nyọka-pa na ụmụ anọ America achọ.  ngwaọrụ nke ga-eme ka kichin ha ọrụ kpamkpam ma nye ha ihe ọ ALA ha ga-eme.

Furness akara ABC 's Penthouse Party nke gbara maka ịgba 39 site na September 1950 ruo June 1951. Furness bụ onye na-e ibu okwu oge niile na ihe ngosi panel CBS Gịnị bụ ahịrị m?  n'afọ 1951. Ọ nọmba n'usoro ihe omimi dị ndụ na ABC, n'okpuru aha dị egwu Kaiser Dealer Presents Kaiser-Frazer "Adventures In Mystery" Starring Betty Furness Na "Byline" nke gbara na Nọvemba na December 1951, na  ọzọ na ABC na syndication na ike nke 1957. Ndị DuMont Television Network ụzọ a wee gbaa ọsọ na DuMont n'okpuru aha News Gal

N'afọ 1953, ọ format na ihe nkiri nkiri nke nke ehihie Meet Betty Furness, nke Westinghouse akwụkwọ.  [1] N'afọ 1959, onye isi oche Westinghouse ọhụrụ, Furness, ikike n'ihi na ọ mmetụta ịmanye echiche nke ya na ụlọ ọrụ ahụ, ma mpụta aro ime onye na-ekwuchitere, obere obere.  N'agbanyeghị mmegide ụfọdụ sitere na ngalaba aha ụlọ ọrụ, ọ meri na Furness, na mmetụta ya na njedebe nke 1960. Ahụrụ ebe ikpeazụ ya maka Westinghouse na ọhụrụ CBS News nke July 1960 Los Angeles Democratic Convention, Mgbakọ Republican nke August 1960 na mgbede  nke Nọvemba 8 nloghachi ọhụrụ aka.  Mgbe ahụ ahụ ọ nwara n'akpa a na-azụghị akara na ike, mana ọ ịrịba na ya na mgbasa ozi nwere njikọ chiri anya nke a ga-eji ngosi ihe.  N'oge a, ọ bụ ọrụ na redio nakwa n'aha Democratic Party

Nkwado ndị ahịa

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Na 1967, Onye isi ala Lyndon B. Johnson, maara ọrụ ya maka Democratic Party, kụrụụrụ Furness wee nye ya ọnọdụ onye nhọrọ iche maka ndị ọrụ.  [1] Ọ nabatara ọrụ ahụ wee gaa n'ihu n'ahụ ruo na njedebe nke nchọpụta Johnson na 1969. N'oge ọrụ ya, ọ gbachiri ndị nka ya ọnụ site n'itinye onwe ya nke ọma n'ahụ ya na  okwu okwu ikike ikike ndị aha .  Site na 1969 ruo 1993 ọ nwere ọrụ dị ka onye isi oche nke Consumers Union, onye na-ahụ Akụkọ Consumer .  [2] Ọ bụ Gọvanọ nke New York Nelson Rockefeller mgbaàmà ya n'August 1970 ka ọ bụrụ onye isi oche mbụ na onye isi oche nke New York State Consumer Protection Board, ma jee ozi n'ọkwa ahụ ruo July 1971 tupu ọ pụta na  otu.  Na 1971, a mgbaàmà Furness ka ọ bụrụ Kọmitii Na-achị Isi nke Mba.  [3] [4] N'afọ 1973, ọ chịkwara Ngalaba Consumer Affairs nke New York City. [1]

WNBC bịanyere aka na ya na New York, Furness kọrọ akụkọ okwu ndị aha, yana ihe atụ ezubere nke iche iche ndị aha.  Na 1976 ọ isiokwu ya na The Today Show na-e ihe dị ka arrịlịka na-eso nke nke Barbara Walters ma na-enye ndị mgbe niile.  Na 1977 mmemme ya Buyline: Betty Furness akara ngosi Peabody [4]

Ndụ onwe onye

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Furness ugboro anọ.  Allọmdi na mbụ mbụ ya bụ onye na-ede abụ Johnny Green na 1937, onye ya na ya nwere otu nwa.  Mgbe ya na Green gbara na 1943, ọ na-agbasa onye mgbasa ozi redio Hugh "Bud" Ernst Jr. ugboro abụọ - nke mbụ na 1945, na ọzọ na 1946. Alemdi na eje ozi nke abụọ ya na ya dịgidere ruo mgbe ọ nwụrụ na 1950.  mgbe, n'ịbụ onye dara mbà n'obi n'ihi nkewa nke ndị ozi na-egosi ha, ọ gbagburu onwe ya mgbe ọ kpọchara akwụkwọ New York ma kwupụta, "Ọ bụrụ na ekiri ọma, bịa akwụkwọ ya".  Ọ akụkọ ọzọ na 1967 na Leslie Midgley, onye lanarịrị ya.  [1] Liza Snyder, sitere na usoro CBS Ee, Ezigbo na nwoke nwere ikike bụ nwa ya.</link>[ a chọrọ nkọwa ]

Na 1990, a na-ahụ Furness maka ọrịa kansa afọ, wee bụrụ oge ya na ihe ngosi Taa ruo ụbọchị anọ.  NBC jiri nke a dị ka ihe ngọpụ iji chụọ ya ọkụ afụ ka e ịhụ, yana egwu iji mgbaàmà ndị na-abụ ka ọ bụrụ ụdị tabloid .  Furness akara obi ụtọ na nchupu ya wee jiri ya dị ka ihe atụ nke gosiri ókè .  O kwuputara ọrụ ya ọrụ na-arụ ọrụ, ma ọrịa cancer afọ na-alọghachi ọzọ gbochiri ya ime otú ahụ

Furness sere nkà ihe nke na ọ dịghị ọ ga-adaba ọrụ, otọ na ọ bụ ya mere o ji nwee ike site na usoro ọrụ ndị a na-ahụ ahụkebe.  N'oge ọ na arịa ọrịa, o kwuru na ọ gwụrụ ihe àlà ụfọdụ inwe ike na-arụ ọrụ, ma kwuo na N'ajụjụ ọnụ ya na, n'ihe gbasara ọrịa cancer ya, "ọgwụgwọ ahụ dị njọ njọ ahụ.  "  </link>Ahụ ike ya gara n'ihu na-akawanye njọ ruo mgbe ọ nwụrụ site na ọrịa kansa afọ na 2, 1994, afọ 78 na Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center [5]

Ihe nkiri onyonyo

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Ntụaka

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  1. 1.0 1.1 Severo. "Betty Furness, 78, TV Reporter And Consumer Advocate, Dies", The New York Times, 4 April 1994. Retrieved on 5 January 2015.
  2. Oliver (4 April 1994). Betty Furness; Ad Star, Consumer Advocate. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved on 8 August 2016.
  3. TV's Censored Bloopers, NBC, 1981
  4. Buyline: Betty Furness. www.peabodyawards.com. Retrieved on 20 July 2016.
  5. Betty Furness - L.A. Times Hollywood Star Walk