Bobotie

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Bobotie
Bobotie-01.jpg
dish
mba osiSouth Africa Dezie
Ihe ejị mee yaminced meat Dezie
Bobotie

 

Nkwupụta nke "Bobotie".

Bobotie (Afrikaans: ) bụ nri a ma ama na MBA South Africa nke nwere anụ a pịrị apị nke e ji àkwá mee.[1][2]

Mmalite nke aha na ntụziaka ya[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Bobotie yiri ka ọ bụ ụdị Patinam ex lacte, nri nke onye edemede Rom oge ochie Apicius dere, anụ e siri esi, mkpụrụ osisi pine, ma jiri ose, mkpụrụ celery na asafoetida mee ka ọ dị ụtọ. A na-esi ihe ndị a ruo mgbe ụtọ ndị ahụ gwakọtara, mgbe a gbakwunyere àkwá na mmiri ara ehi n'elu. Mgbe nke ikpeazụ setịpụrụ, nri ahụ dị njikere maka inye ya.[3] C. Louis Leipoldt, onye edemede South Africa na onye na-eri nri, dere na a maara usoro nri ahụ na Europe na narị afọ nke iri na asaa.[4]

Mmalite nke okwu bobotie bụ arụmụka. Akwụkwọ ọkọwa okwu Afrikaans na-ekwu na o yikarịrị ka mmalite ya bụ okwu Malay boemboe, nke pụtara ihe na-esi ísì ụtọ curry.[5] Ndị ọzọ na-eche na ọ sitere na bobotok, nri nke mba Indonesian nke nwere ihe dị iche iche.[6][7] Nchịkọta mbụ maka bobotie pụtara n'akwụkwọ nri Dutch na afọ 1609. [nkwado dị mkpa] Mgbe nke ahụ gasịrị, a kpọgara ya South Africa ma nabata ya na obodo Cape Malay.[7][2] A na-ejikwa ntụ curry mee ya, na-ahapụ ya na obere "tang".[8] A na-ejikarị sambal eme ya.[9] A maara nri ahụ na Cape of Good Hope kemgbe narị afọ nke iri na asaa, mgbe ejiri ngwakọta atụrụ na anụ ezì mee ya.[10]

Nkwadebe ya[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Bobotie, dị njikere n'ime efere
Bobotie, nke nwere ngwakọta achịcha na mmiri ara ehi, nke e ji turmeric mee. Almonds maka topping, unere, chutney, akị bekee na osikapa n'akụkụ.

Taa, o yikarịrị ka a ga-eji anụ ehi ma ọ bụ nwa atụrụ mee bobotie, ọ bụ ezie na a pụkwara iji anụ ezì mee ihe. Nchịkọta mbụ gụnyere ginger, marjoram na akpụkpọ lemon; iwebata ntụ curry emeela ka usoro nri ahụ dị mfe mana echiche bụ isi ka bụ otu. Nchịkọta ụfọdụ na-akpọkwa maka yabasị na almọnd a pịrị apị ka a gbakwunye ya na ngwakọta ahụ. Dị ka omenala si dị, bobotie na-etinye mkpụrụ osisi kpọrọ nkụ dị ka mkpụrụ vaịn ma ọ bụ sultanas. A na-ejikarị akwụkwọ bay, walnuts, chutney na unere chọọ ya mma.[11] Ọ bụ ezie na ọ bụghị ihe na-esi ísì ụtọ nke ukwu, nri ahụ nwere ụdị dị iche iche nke nwere ike ịgbakwunye mgbagwoju anya. Dịka ọmụmaatụ, mkpụrụ osisi a mịrị amị (nke na-abụkarị apricots na mkpụrụ vaịn / sultanas) na-emegide ụtọ curry. Ọdịdị nke efere ahụ dịkwa mgbagwoju anya, ngwakọta àkwá a na-eme ka achịcha a na-etinye mmiri ara ehi nke na-agbakwunye mmiri na efere ahụ. A na-ejikarị "osikapa na-acha odo odo", nke bụ osikapa e ji turmeric sie.

Ntụziaka Leipoldt ya[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Akwụkwọ ntụziaka Leipoldt bipụtara na afọ 1933 na-akpọ maka anụ a pịrị apị, achịcha, mmiri ara ehi, yabasị na bọta na ofe curry nke e ji ihe na-esi ísì ụtọ, shuga, mmiri lemon, ose chilliper na vinegar mee. A na-eme nke a na akwa na mmiri ara ehi.[12]

Ntụziaka Tulleken[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Nchịkọta nri nke 1923 nke Mrs S. van H. Tulleken na-eji atụrụ, almond, ihe na-egbu egbu, yabasị, bọta, achịcha, curry powder, mmiri lemon, àkwá na shuga, nke e ji àkwá na mmiri ara ehi mee.[13]

Bobotie n'ebe ndị ọzọ na mpahara Afrika kwa[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Ndị bi na South Africa buuru usoro nri Bobotie gaa n'akụkụ ndị ọzọ nke Africa. Taa, enwere ike ịchọta ntụziaka maka ya nke sitere na obodo ndị Afrikaner na Botswana, Kenya, Zambia na Zimbabwe. E nwere ọdịiche nke na-ewu ewu n'etiti ndị Boer 7,000 bi na ndagwurugwu Chubut River na Argentina na mmalite narị afọ nke 20, ebe a na-etinye ngwakọta bobotie n'ime nnukwu pumpkin, nke a na-emezi ruo mgbe ọ dị nro.

Na omenala ya[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Augusta National Champions Dinner nke afọ 2008[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Onye mmeri golf Masters nke afọ 2008 na onye South Africa bụ Trevor Immelman họpụtara Bobotie dị ka ihe ngosi maka "Champions Dinner" nke Augusta National kwa afọ n'ọnwa Eprel afọ 2009. Kwa afọ, onye mmeri na-achị na asọmpi golf Masters, nke a na-eme kwa afọ na Augusta, Georgia, na-akwado nnọkọ ahụ ma na-emepụta menu na-egosi nri dị ụtọ site na mpaghara ya.[14]

Epcot International Food and Wine Festival nke afọ 2014[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

bobotie South Africa bụ otu n'ime ihe ndị a gosipụtara na menu; a na-ejikwa turkey na mushrooms. E depụtara ya dị ka gluten-free. Ọ dịkwa na menu kwa ụbọchị na ụlọ oriri na ọṅụṅụ buffet Boma na Disney's Animal Kingdom Lodge.[15]

Hụkwa nka[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

 

  • Cook and Enjoy It, akwụkwọ nri nke S.J.A. de Villiers dere
  • Ndepụta nri ndị Afrịka
  • Ndepụta nri anụ

ebensidee[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

  1. Crais (2013). The South Africa Reader: History, Culture, Politics, The World Readers. Duke University Press. ISBN 978-0-8223-7745-0. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Bobotie" – Times Live
  3. Claassens, H.W., Die Geskiedenis van Boerekos 1652-1806, unpublished D.Phil. thesis, University of Pretoria, 2003, pp. 195–6.
  4. C. Louis Leipoldt, Leipoldt's Cape Cookery, Cape Town, 1976, p. 16.
  5. Etimologiewoordeboek van Afrikaans, WAT, 2003, p. 58.
  6. Theodora Hurustiati. "Bobotie's melting pot", The Jakarta Post, 10 November 2013. Retrieved on 12 May 2015.
  7. 7.0 7.1 Smit, S., and Fulton, M. (1983) The South African Encyclopedia of Food and Cookery. Cape Town; C Struik.
  8. "Bobotie Is South African Favorite" – The Hartford Courant
  9. "Sampling South Africa Cooks Meld Far Flung Cuisines to Create a Flavor for a Nation" – Richmond Times
  10. "Bobotie, South Africa's Indigenous Cuisine" – New York Times
  11. "Bobotie, a local and international winner" – Independent Online
  12. Leipoldt, C. Louis, Kos vir die Kenner, Human & Rossouw, 2011, p. 253.
  13. Tulleken, S. van H., The Practical Cookery Book for South Africa, 22nd edition, 1947, p. 133.
  14. "On the Menu: The Champions Dinner at The Masters" – About.com
  15. AFRICA – 2014 EPCOT INTERNATIONAL FOOD & WINE FESTIVAL MENU. GuideWDW.com. Archived from the original on 14 October 2014. Retrieved on 27 September 2014.

Njikọ mpụga ya[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

  • Nchịkọta Bobotie sitere na Laurens van der Post
  • Nchịkọta Bobotie (onye mmeri nke ihe omume) [njikọ nwụrụ anwụ] na ITV's There's No Taste Like Home
  • Nchịkọta Bobotie sitere na Boma na Disney's Animal Kingdom Lodge

Àtụ:African cuisineÀtụ:South African cuisine