Fakhr-un-Nisa

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Fakhr-un-Nisa
Mmádu
ụdịekerenwanyị Dezie
mba o sịAbbasid Caliphate Dezie
ụbọchị ọmụmụ ya1092 Dezie
Ebe ọmụmụDinavar District Dezie
Ụbọchị ọnwụ ya1178 Dezie
Ebe ọ nwụrụBaghdad, Basra Dezie
Dị/nwunyeAbu al-Hassan al-Duraini Dezie
Ọrụ ọ na-arụọkà mmụta sayensị, 'ālim, muhaddith, scribe, calligrapher Dezie
nwa akwụkwọIlyas ibn Jami' of Irbil Dezie
okpukpere chi/echiche ụwaOkpukpere Alakụba Dezie

  Fakhr-un-Nisa Shuhdah Umm Muhammad al-Baghdadiyyah ma ọ bụ Shuhdah al-Bagdadadiyyah (nwụrụ n'afọ 1112) bụ onye ọkà mmụta Kurdish, Muhaddith na onye na-ede akwụkwọ. [1] na-akpọ Shuhdha "onye na-ede akwụkwọ, mpako nke ịbụ nwanyị, Muhaddithah (nwaanyị nke muhaddith) nke Iraq nwere Isnad dị elu".

Aha ya[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Aha ya zuru oke bụ Fakhr-un-Nisa Shuhdah Umm Muhammad bint Abu Nasr. Fakhr-un-Nisa, na Arabic pụtara "Glory of Womanhood". A kpọrọ ya Shuhdah al-Baghdad ma ọ bụ "Onye edemede nke Baghdad" na al Katibah, ma ọ bụ nwanyị odeakwụkwọ.

Mbido ndụ na agụmakwụkwọ[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

A mụrụ Fakhr-un-Nisa Shuhdah na mmalite narị afọ nke iri na otu n'obodo Dinawar nke Iran n'aka Abu Nasr Ahmad ibn al-Faraj al-Dinawari (d.574).[1][2] Nna nna ya bụ onye na-ere agịga, wee si otú a nweta soubriquet al-Ibri. Mana ọ bụ nna ya nwetara mmasị maka hadith, ma nwee ike ịmụ ya na ọtụtụ ndị ọkachamara n'isiokwu ahụ. [2]'ịnọ na Sunnah, ya onwe ya nyere nwa ya nwanyị agụmakwụkwọ dị mma, na-ahụ na ọ gụrụ akwụkwọ n'okpuru ọtụtụ ndị na-akwado ọdịnala nke aha ọma.

Fakhr-un-Nisa wee soro ndị nkuzi a ma ama nke Baghdad mụọ hadith: Triad ibn Muhammad al-Zaynabi, Ibn Talhah al-Ni'ali, Anu I"Hasan ibn Ayyub, Abu I-Khattab ibn Batir, Ahmad ibn 'Abd al-Qadir ibn Yusuf, na ndị ọzọ. Ọ natakwara nkuzi Hadith ma mụọ alaka ndị ọzọ nke ihe ọmụma n'okpuru nduzi nke ndị ọkà mmụta a ma ama dị ka Abu 'Abdullah Hasan ibn Ahmad Nomani, Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn Ahmad-As-Shashi, na Abu-Al-Husayni.   [citation needed]

N'oge ahụ, ụmụ nwanyị ga-amalite ọmụmụ ha na ndị ikom na ndị inyom maara ihe n'ime ezinụlọ. Mgbe ahụ, ha ga-aga n'ihu na ndị nkuzi obodo na-abụghị ndị ezinụlọ. Ọ bụrụ na ha chọrọ ịga n'ihu na agụmakwụkwọ, ha ga-aga ndị nkuzi n'obodo na obodo ndị ọzọ.[discuss]

Mmụta na onyinye[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Akwụkwọ Hadith[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Al-Muwatta: Ọrụ a ma ama nke Imam Malik, Al-Muutta bụ nchịkọta mbụ e dere ede nke hadith nke gụnyere isiokwu nke iwu ndị Alakụba, nke Imam, Malik ibn Anas chịkọtara ma dezie. Al-Muwatta nwere ihe dịka hadith 1,720. Shuhdah [3] Baghdadiyyah mụrụ ha niile.

Al-Mashyakhat: Nke a bụ ndokwa nke hadith site na shaykhs ma ọ bụ ndị nkuzi nke hadith ndị ahụ. Shuhdah l-Baghdadiyyah mụrụ Mashayakhah nke ibn Sahdhan na Abu Ghalib Muhammad ibn al-Hasan al-Baqillani.

Al-Ajza: Al-Ajça bụ ọnụọgụ nke juz ma ọ pụtara akụkụ nke ihe. N'ebe a, ọ na-ezo aka na hadiths nke otu onye ma ọ bụ hadiths anakọtara na otu isiokwu. N'ime narị afọ nke anọ A.H. gaa n'ihu, ụmụ nwanyị gosipụtara mmasị dị ukwuu n'ịmụ ha. Shuhdah mụrụ onye a ma ama, Juz ibn Arafah, na onye na-akọ akụkọ ya kachasị elu Ibn Bayan; Juz Ibn hanbal, na Abu I-Hasan ibn al-Tuyuri; na Juz Hilal al-Haffar na Tirad.

Al-Musalsalat: okwu musalsal na-ezo aka na hadith gburugburu akụkọ nke enwere njikọ ụfọdụ nke ọdịnala ahụ weere dị ka nke kwesịrị ichekwa ya na hadith n'onwe ya. Ọ gụrụ al-Musafahah nke al-Barqani.

Shuhdah kọrọ Mu'jam nke al-Isma'ili na Mashyakhah nke Ibn Shadhan. Nwa akwụkwọ ya Abl al Aziz ibn Mahmud ibn al-Mubarak ibn al-Akhdar chịkọtara Mashayakhah Shuhdah n'oge ndụ ya. O nwere akụkọ 114 ma ọtụtụ n'ime ha bụ hadiths amụma sitere na 27 nke shaykhs ya. Shuhdah nyere iwu aha [3] ukwuu na ọmụmụ nke Hadith.

Ndị na-achọ mmụta si n'ebe dị anya bịa ma were ya dị ka akara mpako ma ọ bụrụ na a hapụrụ ha ka ha sonye na nnọkọ ya nke Dars. A na-ekwu na ọtụtụ ndị ọkà mmụta a ma ama bụ ndị na-ege ntị mgbe niile na tautology ya ma nweta ikike n'aka ya ịkọ akụkọ hadith n'aha ya. Ọ bụghị naanị na o gosipụtara agụmakwụkwọ ya na ọmụmụ Hadith, kamakwa ọ ga-ekwu okwu ndị ọkà mmụta banyere akụkọ ihe mere eme, asụsụ na akwụkwọ, na-ahapụ mmetụta na-adịgide adịgide n'obi na mkpụrụ obi nke ndị na-ege ya ntị.

Ihe odide[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

O nwetara izu oke na nka nke calligraphy, na-amanye onye na-ede calligraph nke oge ya iji nwee ekele maka ya. Ọ bịara nweta utu aha Fakhr-un-Nisa (Pride of the Women) maka agụmakwụkwọ ya, nka calligraphic, na okwu a ma ama.   [citation needed]

Ndụ na ọnwụ[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Di Fakhr-un-Nisa Shuhdha nwụrụ mgbe afọ iri anọ nke alụmdi na nwunye gasịrị. O ji obi ike na ndidi tachie obi ike nke ukwuu ma tinye onwe ya n'ịmụta ihe na izi ihe. Caliph Al-Muqtadi Bi-amr-Allah nyere ya nnukwu ala iji bulie ọrụ agụmakwụkwọ ya. [4], site n'enyemaka nke onyinye guzobere nnukwu ụlọ ọrụ (Darsgah) n'akụkụ osimiri Tigris, ebe ọtụtụ narị ụmụ akwụkwọ gara n'ihu na ọmụmụ ihe ha na FakhrShuhdah n'onwe ya lekọtara mmefu niile.

Ọ nwụrụ na 1112 mgbe ọ dị ihe karịrị afọ 90. E kpere ekpere olili ozu ya na Jama'e Al-Qasr [4] na Baghdad. [4] na-ekwu na ọtụtụ puku mmadụ, gụnyere ndị ọkà mmụta, ụmụ akwụkwọ, na ndị isi ala sonyere n'ememe olili ozu ya.

Ihe Nketa[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Abu'l-Faraj ibn al-Jawzi toro ya maka nsọpụrụ ya, ọrụ calligraphy na ọrụ ebere. [1]Al-Safadi kwuru na ọ maara hadith nke ọma na nsọpụrụ ya, taqwa na obiọma ya.

Ihe odide[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Nadwi (2007). Al Muhaddithat: the women scholars in Islam. London: Interface Publishers.  Kpọpụta njehie: Invalid <ref> tag; name ":0" defined multiple times with different content
  2. 2.0 2.1 Siddiqi (1993). "Hadith Literature Its origin, development and special features: Women Scholars of Hadith". The Islamic Texts Society Cambridge: 117–123. Retrieved on 23 February 2015. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 Nadwi (2007). Al Muhaddithat: the women scholars in Islam. London: Interface Publishers, 131–135. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Ahmed. "Shaykhah Shuhdah, Fakhr-un-Nisa.", Haq Islam, 21 April 2013.

Ịgụ ihe ọzọ[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

  • Heath Jennifer Scimitar na Veil: Ụmụ nwanyị pụrụ iche nke Islam. [Ihe e dere n'ala ala peeji]
  • Khan Mohammad Shabbir Ọnọdụ ụmụ nwanyị na Islam. Haq Islam. APH Publishing 1996.