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Future generations

Shí Wikipedia, njikotá édémédé nke onyobulạ

 

Ọgbọ n'ọdịnihu
cohort
obere ụdị nkegeneration Dezie
kọwara na URLhttps://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/engineering/future-generation Dezie

 

Ọgbọ ndị ga-abịa n'ihu bụ ndị a na-eche n'echiche a na-amụbeghị. A na-eme ka ọgbọ ndị ga-abịa n'ihu dị iche na ọgbọ ndị dị ugbu a na ndị gara aga, ma kpalie ha iji gbaa ume iche echiche banyere ịkwụwa aka ọtọ n'etiti ọgbọ.[1] A na-arụrịta ụka banyere ndidi omume nke ọgbọ ndị ga-abịa n'ihu n'etiti ndị ọkà ihe ọmụma, a na-echekwa ya dị ka ihe dị mkpa, nke a na-eleghara anya site n'aka ndị obodo dị irè.[2] A na-ejikarị okwu a akọwa nchekwa ma ọ bụ ndozi nke ihe nketa ọdịbendị ma ọ bụ ihe nketa okike.

Ndị na-ahụ maka nkwado na mmegharị ihu igwe anabatala echiche ahụ dị ka ngwá ọrụ maka itinye ụkpụrụ nke echiche ogologo oge n'ime iwu.[3] A na-ejikọkarị echiche ahụ na echiche ụmụ amaala dị ka ụkpụrụ maka omume gburugburu ebe obibi, dị ka echiche ọgbọ asaa nke ọdịnala obodo Iroquois.[4]

Isi mmalite[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Okwu a na-ezo aka na mmetụta nke ọgbọ dị ndụ ugbu a nwere n'ụwa nke ọgbọ ndị ga-abịa n'ihu ga-ebi na ya, ụwa ha ga-eketa n'aka ụmụ mmadụ dị ndụ taa. A na-ezo aka n'echiche a na nkọwa kachasị a hotara nke nkwụsi ike dị ka akụkụ nke echiche mmepe na-adịgide adịgide, bụ nke Brundtland Commission nke United Nations n'ọnwa Machị 20, afọ 1987: “mmepe na-adịgide adịgide bụ mmepe nke na-egbo mkpa nke ugbu a n'emebighị ikike nke ọgbọ ndị ga-abịa n'ihu iji gboo mkpa nke ha.”[5][6]

Ojiji nke ọgbọ ndị ga-abịa n'ihu na iwu mba ụwa bụ akụkụ nke Charter nke United Nations nke na-elekwasị anya n'igbochi "ihe otiti nke agha" na ọgbọ ndị ga-abịa n'ihu.[4] Site na mbipụta nke onye odee nke otu UN a kpọrọ Secretary-General n'asụsụ Bekee bụ ihe nhumaama a kpọrọ Our Common Agenda n'ọnwa Septemba nke afọ 2021, enwere mmasị ọhụrụ na nghọta, ime ihe maka, na ịnọchite anya ọgbọ ndị ga-abịa n'ihu na usoro dị iche iche.[7][8]

Nkwupụta UNESCO[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Page 'Common heritage of mankind' not found

Akụ na ụba[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Ọtụtụ ụzọ ndị isi ala na-eche na ọgbọ ndị ga-abịa n'ihu ga-enwekwu ọganihu.[1] Otú ọ dị, echiche ndị a anaghị egosi - a na-eme ọtụtụ mkpebi akụ na ụba na uru dị mkpirisi n'uche.[3][1]

Ikike iwu nke ọgbọ ndị ga-abịa n'ihu[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Ọtụtụ mmejuputa nke ọgbọ ndị ga-abịa n'ihu na-elekwasị anya n'itinye ikike na mkpa nke ọgbọ ndị ga-abịa n'ihu n'iwu, iji nọchite anya ndị na-enweghị ike ikwupụta mkpa ha.[9]

Ọtụtụ mba anwaala itinye ọrụ nye ọgbọ ndị ga-abịa n'ihu n'iwu. Na Wales, a na-edepụta ọrụ omume a dị ka ọrụ iwu na Well-being of Future Generations (Wales) Act 2015 na ọrụ nke Future Generations Commissioner.[10] Kọmishọna mbụ bụ Sophie Howe gosipụtara ọrụ ahụ, na-atụ aro ọtụtụ iwu ọhụrụ e mere maka iwu na-eche echiche n'ọdịnihu na Wales, gụnyere 2020 Manifesto for the Future .[11] N'otu aka ahụ na Hungary, e guzobere ụlọ ọrụ nke Kọmishọna ndị omeiwu nke Hungary maka ọgbọ n'ọdịnihu na 2008.[12]

Esemokwu ihu igwe[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

  A na-echebe ikike nke ọgbọ ndị ga-abịa n'ihu na usoro iwu dịka akụkụ nke ọnọdụ zuru ụwa ọnụ na ikpe ihu igwe.[13] Ọgbọ ndị ga-abịa n'ihu bụ ndị a na-ebo ebubo na ndị a na-ebo ebubo dị egwu na ikpe afọ 2018 "Future Generations v. Ministry of the Environment and Others" na mba Colombia nke chebere oke ọhịa Amazon maka ọgbọ ndị ga-abịa n'ihu.[13]

N'omenala a ma ama[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Ikike nke ọgbọ ndị ga-abịa n'ihu bụ ihe mkpali maka atụmatụ ụkpụrụ na Kim Stanley Robinson's The Ministry for the Future .[14]

Leekwa[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

 

  • Ndị otu ndị omeiwu niile maka ọgbọ ndị ga-abịa n'ọdịnihu
  • Ntọala maka ikike nke ọgbọ n'ọdịnihu
  • Chee echiche banyere ụmụaka

Ebenside[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Carmody. Considering future generations - sustainability in theory and practice. treasury.gov.au. Retrieved on 2021-03-21.
  2. Benjamin Todd. Future generations and their moral significance. 80,000 Hours. Retrieved on 1 March 2010.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Kobayashi (2018-05-05). How to represent the interests of future generations now. VoxEU.org. Retrieved on 2021-03-21.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Should we legislate on the right of future generations? (en). Equal Times. Retrieved on 2021-03-21.
  5. United Nations General Assembly (1987) Report of the World Commission on Environment and Development: Our Common Future. Transmitted to the General Assembly as an Annex to document A/42/427 - Development and International Co-operation: Environment. Retrieved on: 2009-02-15.
  6. United Nations General Assembly (March 20, 1987). Report of the World Commission on Environment and Development: Our Common Future; Transmitted to the General Assembly as an Annex to document A/42/427 - Development and International Co-operation: Environment; Our Common Future, Chapter 2: Towards Sustainable Development; Paragraph 1. United Nations General Assembly. Retrieved on 1 March 2010.
  7. Nations. Our Common Agenda (en). United Nations. Retrieved on 2022-03-13.
  8. Future Thinking and Future Generations: Towards A Global Agenda to Understand, Act for, and Represent Future Generations in the Multilateral System (en-US). unfoundation.org. Retrieved on 2022-03-13.
  9. Beckerman (2001-05-03). "The Rights of Future Generation", Justice, Posterity, and the Environment. Oxford University Press. DOI:10.1093/0199245088.001.0001. ISBN 978-0-19-924508-6. 
  10. Well-being of Future Generations (Wales) Act 2015 (17 June 2015). Retrieved on 31 May 2019.
  11. Gregory (12 October 2020). Major study into basic income and shorter week launched by Future Generations Commissioner. Wales247. Retrieved on 18 November 2020.
  12. Futurepolicy.org, Hungarian Parliamentary Commissioner for Future Generations, accessed 21 September 2019
  13. 13.0 13.1 Climate Change and Future Generations Lawsuit in Colombia: Key Excerpts from the Supreme Court's Decision (en-US). Dejusticia (2018-04-13). Retrieved on 2021-03-21.
  14. The Ministry for the Future, Green New Deal and CoViD-19 musings | KimStanleyRobinson.info. www.kimstanleyrobinson.info. Retrieved on 2021-03-21.