Henry Townsend (onye egwu)

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Henry Townsend (onye egwu)
Mmádu
ụdịekerenwoke Dezie
mba o sịNjikota Obodo Amerika Dezie
Aha enyereHenry Dezie
aha ezinụlọ yaTownsend Dezie
ụbọchị ọmụmụ ya1909 Dezie
Ebe ọmụmụShelby Dezie
Ụbọchị ọnwụ ya24 Septemba 2006 Dezie
Ebe ọ nwụrụMequon Dezie
Ebe oliliJefferson Barracks National Cemetery Dezie
Ọrụ ọ na-arụonye na-abụ abụ, pianist Dezie
ngwa egwuJita, Piano, olu egwụ Dezie
ụdịblues Dezie
akara ndekọBluebird Records, Columbia Records Dezie

  Henry "Mule" Townsend (amụrụ Henry Jesse James Townsend; October 27, 1909 - September 24, 2006) bụ onye America na-agụ egwu blues, onye na-akpọ ụbọ akwara na onye na-agụ piano. Henry "Mule" Townsend Henry Jesse James Townsend __ibo____ibo____ibo__ Ọ bụ ezie na ọ bụ Ọchịchịrị[1]

Ọrụ[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

A mụrụ Townsend Henry Jesse James Townsend na Shelby, Mississippi na Allen na Omelia Townsend. Henry Jesse James Townsend Shelby, Mississippi[1] Nna ya bụ onye na-eti egwu blues nke na-akpọ ụbọ akwara na accordion. Mgbe Henry dị obere, ezinụlọ ya kwagara nso Cairo, Illinois. Cairo, Illinois[2] Henry hapụrụ ụlọ mgbe ọ dị afọ itoolu n'ihi nna ya na-emegbu ya wee gaa St. Louis, Missouri. St. Louis, Missouri gbara ọsọ ndụ[3] Ọ mụtara ịgba ụbọ akwara mgbe ọ dị afọ iri na ụma site n'aka onye a ma ama na-akpọ ụbọ akhara a maara dị ka Dudlow Joe.[4] N'inwe ọchịchọ iji ụbọ akwara ya na-arụ ọrụ, Townsend rụkwara ọrụ dị ka onye na-arụzi ụgbọala, onye na-egbukepụ akpụkpọ ụkwụ, onye njikwa họtel, na onye na-ere ahịa.[2]

Ka ọ na-erule ngwụcha afọ 1920, ọ malitere ịgagharị na idekọ egwu na onye na-akpọ piano Walter Davis ma nweta aha njirimara Mule, n'ihi na ọ siri ike ma na ahụ ma na àgwà. ndekọ Walter Davis Na St. Louis, ya na ụfọdụ n'ime ndị ọsụ ụzọ blues mbụ rụkọrọ ọrụ, gụnyere J. D. Short. J. D. Short[4] N'oge a, ọ mụtakwara ịkpọ piano.[3]

Townsend bụ otu n'ime naanị ndị na-ese ihe a maara na ha dekọrọ n'ime iri afọ itoolu n'usoro. O dekọrọ na 1929, maka Columbia Records na Chicago, ma nọgide na-arụsi ọrụ ike ruo 2006. Ihe ndekọ Columbia[5][6] Ọ rụrụ ọrụ na ndekọ 35 na 1935 naanị.[2] Ka ọ na-erule n'etiti afọ ndị 1990, Townsend na onye ya na ya na-arụkọ ọrụ otu oge Yank Rachell bụ naanị ndị na-ese egwu na-arụsi ọrụ ike nke ọrụ ha malitere na afọ 1920. Yank Rachell O dekọrọ na ọtụtụ akara dị iche iche, gụnyere Columbia, Bluesville Records, na Folkways Records. Bluesville Records Folkways Records[7]

Ka ọ na-erule n'etiti afọ 1950, ewu ewu nke St. Louis style of blues amalitela ịda na United States, ya mere Townsend rụrụ ọrụ na Europe ebe o chere na a na-enwe ekele maka egwu ya. Egwuregwu ya na Europe dọtara ọtụtụ ndị na-ege ntị, ọ pụtakwara n'ọtụtụ ememme. Townsend ji obi ọchị kwuo na "a chọtara ya ugboro atọ ma ọ bụ anọ".[2]

Na Febụwarị 10, 2008, e nyere Townsend Grammy, nke mbụ ya, na 50th Annual Grammy Awards. Ihe nrite Grammy nke afọ 50 E nyere onyinye ahụ, na ngalaba Best Traditional Blues Album, maka arụmọrụ ya na Last of the Great Mississippi Delta Bluesmen: Live In Dallas, nke Blue Shoe Project wepụtara. Best Traditional Blues Album Last of the Great Mississippi Delta Bluesmen: Live In Dallas[8] Nwa Townsend, Alonzo Townsend، nabatara onyinye ahụ n'aha ya.

Ihe odide[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Eagle (2013). Blues: A Regional Experience. Santa Barbara, California: Praeger, 189. ISBN 978-0313344237.  Kpọpụta njehie: Invalid <ref> tag; name "bare" defined multiple times with different content
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 (2001) "Henry Townsend: African American Blues Musician and Songwriter", in Govenar: Masters of Traditional Arts: A Biographical Dictionary. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-Clio, 628–629. ISBN 1576072401. OCLC 47644303.  Kpọpụta njehie: Invalid <ref> tag; name "Govenar" defined multiple times with different content
  3. 3.0 3.1 Henry Townsend: Blues Musician/Songwriter. Arts.gov. National Endowment for the Arts. Retrieved on November 30, 2020. Kpọpụta njehie: Invalid <ref> tag; name "nhf" defined multiple times with different content
  4. 4.0 4.1 Barlow (1989). Looking Up at Down: The Emergence of Blues Culture. Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press, 268–269. ISBN 9780877225836. OCLC 17981033.  Kpọpụta njehie: Invalid <ref> tag; name "barlow" defined multiple times with different content
  5. Russell (1997). The Blues: From Robert Johnson to Robert Cray. Dubai: Carlton Books Limited. ISBN 1-85868-255-X. 
  6. Giles Oakley (1997). The Devil's Music. Da Capo Press. ISBN 978-0-306-80743-5. 
  7. Russell (1997). The Blues: From Robert Johnson to Robert Cray. Dubai: Carlton Books, 177–178. ISBN 1-85868-255-X. 
  8. Artist: Henry James Townsend. National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences (2019). Retrieved on March 12, 2019.