Jump to content

Ihe osise Unicorn

Shí Wikipedia, njikotá édémédé nke onyobulạ
[1]"The Unicorn Rests in a Garden," nke a na-akpọkwa "The Unicorn in Captivity," bụ nke a kacha mara amara na Unicorn Tapestries.

The Unicorn Tapestries ma ọ bụ Hunt of the Unicorn (: La Chasse à la licorne) bụ usoro nke tapestries asaa e mere na South Netherlands n'ihe dị ka 1495-1505, na ugbu a na Cloisters na New York. O nwere ike ịbụ na e mere ha na Paris ma gosipụta otu ndị isi na ndị na-achụ nta na-achọpụta unicorn site na ala French. A na-akpa tapestries na ajị anụ, eriri ígwè, na silk. A na-emepụta ụcha ndị na-egbuke egbuke, iwe a ka na-ahụ taa, site na osisi ndị na-acha odo odo: weld (acha odo odo), madder (acha ọbara ọbara), na woad (acha anụnụ anụnụ). [1]

Nke mbụ e dekọrọ na 1680 n'ụlọ Paris nke ezinụlọ Rochefoucauld, e zuuru tapestries n'oge French Revolution. A chọtara ha ọzọ n'ụlọ nkwakọba ihe n'afọ 1850, a kwụgburu ha na Chateau de Verteuil nke ezinụlọ ahụ. Kemgbe ahụ, ha abụwo isiokwu nke arụmụka siri ike nke ndị ọkà mmụta banyere ihe oyiyi ha pụtara, njirimara nke ndị na-ese ihe na-emepụta ha, na usoro a ga-akwụnye ha. Ọ bụ ezie na e weputara echiche dị iche iche, ka ọ dị ugbu a, ọ dịghị ihe a maara banyere akụkọ mmalite ha ma ọ bụ mmalite ha, na akụkọ ha dị egwu ma na-emegiderịta onwe ha akpaliwo ọtụtụ ọgụgụ, site na chivalric ruo Christological. Mgbanwe dị iche iche na nha, ụdị, na ihe mejupụtara na-egosi na ha sitere na ihe karịrị otu setịpụrụ, [2] jikọtara ya na isiokwu ha, mmalite, na monogram AE dị omimi nke na-apụta na nke ọ bụla. Otu [3]'ime akụkụ ahụ, "The Mystic Capture of the Unicorn", dị ka naanị iberibe abụọ.

Akụkọ ihe mere eme[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Ihe owuwu[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

"Ndị na-achụ nta laghachiri n'ogige ahụ"

Ajụjụ banyere ọrụ mbụ nke tapestries ka na-enweghị azịza. Nhazi nke tapestries bara ọgaranya na ihe atụ yiri ndị a na-ahụ na ihe osise mmanụ. [6][5] doro anya na ọ bụ ụdị French, [1] ihe ndị dị na tapestries na-egosipụta ihe ndị e ji osisi mee na Paris na ngwụcha narị afọ nke iri na ise. [2]

Ogige ntụrụndụ nke tapestries bara ọgaranya na ihe oyiyi okooko osisi, na-egosi ụdị ndabere "millefleurs" nke obere ihe ọkụkụ dị iche iche. [7]'ịbụ nke ndị na-akpa ákwà nke oge Gothic mepụtara, ọ ghọrọ ihe a ma ama n'oge ikpeazụ nke oge ochie ma kwụsị mgbe mmalite Renaissance gasịrị. [9] nwere ihe karịrị otu narị osisi na-anọchite anya na tapestries, gbasasịrị n'azụ akwụkwọ ndụ akwụkwọ ndụ nke ogwe osisi, nke ndị ọkà mmụta ihe ọkụkụ amatala iri asatọ na ise. [4] [2] Okooko osisi ndị a na-egosi na tapestries na-egosipụta isiokwu ndị bụ isi tapestries. N'ime usoro unicorn, ịchụ nta na-ewere ọnọdụ n'ime Hortus conclusus, nke pụtara n'ụzọ nkịtị "ogige mechiri emechi," nke abụghị naanị ihe nnọchianya nke ogige ụwa, kamakwa njikọ ya na Annunciation.

[11][10] yikarịrị ka a na-akpa tapestries ahụ na Brussels, [1] nke bụ ebe dị mkpa nke ụlọ ọrụ tapestry na Europe oge ochie. [2] Ihe atụ nke ọrụ [12] ịrịba ama nke ndị na-akwa akwa na Brussels, ngwakọta nke eriri silk na eriri ígwè na ajị anụ nyere ha àgwà dị mma na ụcha na-egbuke egbuke. A na-emepụta ajị anụ ahụ n'ọtụtụ ebe n'ime ime obodo ndị gbara Brussels gburugburu, yana ihe a na-ahụkarị na ịkpa ákwà. Otú ọ dị, silk ahụ dị oke ọnụ ma sie ike inweta, na-egosi akụ na ụba na ọnọdụ ọha na eze nke onye nwe tapestry.

Ebe o si[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Ọ bụ ezinụlọ La Rochefoucauld nke France nwe tapestries ahụ ruo ọtụtụ narị afọ, ebe mbụ a kpọtụrụ ha aha na ndepụta ezinụlọ ahụ nke afọ 1728. N'oge ahụ, ise n'ime tapestries ahụ kwụ n'ime ụlọ ihi ụra na Château de Verteuil nke ezinụlọ ahụ, Charente na abụọ echekwara n'ụlọ ezumezu dị n'akụkụ ụlọ ekpere ahụ. E kwenyere na a na-akpa tapestries maka François, nwa Jean II de La Rochefoucauld na Marguerite de Barbezieux. Enwere njikọ [6] n'etiti mkpụrụedemede A na E na La Rochefoucauld, nke a na-akọwa dị ka nke mbụ na nke ikpeazụ nke aha Antoine, onye bụ nwa François, na nwunye ya, Antoinette nke Amboise. N'oge French Revolution, a kwakọrọ tapestries n'ụlọ ahụ ma kọọ na a na-eji ha ekpuchi poteto - oge o doro anya na ha na-emebi emebi. Ka ọ na-erule ngwụcha afọ 1880, ha nọkwa n'aka ezinụlọ ahụ. Otu onye nleta n'ụlọ ahụ kọwara ha dị ka ihe ndị mara mma na narị afọ nke iri na ise, ma na-egosi "ịdị ọhụrụ na amara a na-apụghị iji tụnyere". Otu onye nleta ahụ dekọrọ ihe ahụ [13] ka ihe nwere iberibe asaa, ọ bụ ezie na otu n'ime ha dị n'oge ahụ n'ime iberibe ma jiri ya mee ihe dị ka ákwà mgbochi.

John D. Rockefeller Jr. zụrụ ha na 1922 maka ihe dị ka otu nde dollar US. Isii n'ime tapestries ahụ kwụ n'ụlọ Rockefeller ruo mgbe e wuru Cloisters mgbe o nyere ha na Metropolitan Museum of Art na 1938 ma n'otu oge ahụ nweta maka nchịkọta iberibe abụọ ezinụlọ La Rochefauld nwere. Ihe [15] na-etinye ugbu a na Cloisters nke nwere ihe ngosi nka nke oge ochie.

Iweghachi ya[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

N'afọ 1998, a sachara ihe ndị ahụ ma weghachite ha. N'ime usoro ahụ, ewepụrụ ihe nkwado ákwà linin, a na-asa tapestries na mmiri, a chọpụtakwara na agba ndị dị n'azụ dị n'ọnọdụ ka mma karịa ndị dị n"ihu (nke dịkwa nnọọ mma). A na-ewere usoro foto dijitalụ dị elu n'akụkụ abụọ site na iji ngwaọrụ nyocha ahaziri ahazi na-akwụsị igwefoto nyocha na ọkụ n'elu akwa ahụ dị nro. A na-ese foto n'ihu na n'azụ tapestries n'ihe dịka akụkụ atọ site na atọ. Ihe osise kachasị ukwuu chọrọ ihe oyiyi 5000 × 5000 pixel 24 n'otu n'otu. Ijikọta nnukwu data echekwara na foto ndị a chọrọ mgbalị nke ndị mgbakọ na mwepụ abụọ, Ụmụnne Chudnovsky.

Ndị ọkọ akụkọ ihe mere eme na-amụ banyere ọchịchị James nke Anọ kwenyere na usoro yiri nke "Unicorn" tapestries bụ akụkụ nke nchịkọta tapestry nke Scottish Royal. Ndị otu [5] West Dean Tapestry gara na Metropolitan Museum of Art iji nyochaa ndị mbụ ma nyochaa usoro oge ochie, ụcha na ihe ndị e ji eme ihe. [6] na-eji usoro ọdịnala na ihe ndị e ji rụọ ya na ogho mercerised na-ewere ọnọdụ silk iji chekwaa ụcha ya nke ọma. [7] na-ete ajị anụ ahụ na West Dean College.

N'omenala a ma ama[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

 

  • N'afọ 1961, Leonard Cohen bipụtara The Spice Box of Earth, nchịkọta nke uri gụnyere "The Unicorn Tapestries".
  • E mere usoro mmeghe nke ihe nkiri animated nke 1982 The Last Unicorn na-ezo aka na tapestries, na ọtụtụ ihe dịka isi iyi na ọdụm, yana ụdị n'ozuzu ya yiri nke ahụ.
  • Tapestry nke asaa na usoro ahụ ("The Unicorn in Captivity") pụtara n'ụzọ dị mkpirikpi na Harry Potter and the Half Blood Prince, na-achọ mgbidi nke paseeji dị nso na Room of Requirement na tapestry na-ahụ n'ime ụlọ dị iche iche (Gryffindor, Slytherin, Ravenclaw, na Hufflepuff) nwere agba dị iche iche. Ọ pụtakwara na ihe nkiri Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows . Na Universal Studios na Los Angeles na Orlando, a pụrụ ịhụ ihe oyiyi nke tapestry a na-achọ mgbidi mma n'ahịrị maka njem a machibidoro iwu nke na-eṅomi ime Hogwarts Castle.
  • Ọ pụtara na Spider-Man: Far From Home na ụlọ nka nke ụlọ akwụkwọ ahụ. Na foto nke MJ (Zendaya) mbụ pụtara Unicorn na Captivity nwere ike ịhụ n'elu aka nri.
  • Ọ pụtara n'ụlọ Rumpelstiltskin na Once Upon a Time .
  • Ọ pụtara na ihe omume "The Lich" na Season 4 nke Adventure Time.
  • Ọ pụtara n'elu àkwà Stewie na ihe omume "Chap Stewie" nke oge 12 nke Family Guy.
  • Ọ pụtara na BoJack Horseman na S2E2
  • Ihe osise "The Unicorn is Found" pụtara n'otu n'ime ihe nkiri ikpeazụ na ihe nkiri Ghosts of Girlfriends Past.
  • Ọ pụtara na ihe nkiri 1988 Some Girls .
  • Ọ pụtara na ihe nkiri 1993 The Secret Garden .
  • Na mgbasa ozi French maka cheese "Coeur de Lion", nke pụtara "Lionheart". Pub Obi ọdụm - Oge Ochie.
  • Ihe osise nke tapestry na-apụta na mkpuchi nke abọm egwu The Mask and Mirror nke onye Canada na-ede egwu Loreena McKennitt.
  • Onye -ese ihe nkiri bụ Leon Coward gbanwere ma mezigharịa ihe osise ahụ maka ihe osise The Happy Garden of Life na ihe nkiri sci-fi nke 2016 2BR02B: To Be or Naught to Be dị ka akụkụ nke ihe osise okpukpe ahụ. A na-eṅomi okooko osisi ndị ahụ na ndị dị na Unicorn in Captivity.
  • A na-ewebata ndị na-agụ akwụkwọ elementrị nke usoro Magic Tree House nke Mary Popu Osborne na tapestries na Cloisters Museum na Blizzard of the Blue Moon.
  • Ihe osise ndị ahụ bụ isiokwu nke akụkọ mkpirikpi Samuel R. Delany "Tapestry," nke dị na Aye, na Gomorrah, na akụkọ ndị ọzọ.
  • Ọ pụtara na oge nke asaa nke The Venture Brothers, nke a na-akpọkwa aha tapestry.
  • "The Unicorn in Captivity" gosipụtara n'ụlọ Sabrina na usoro TV nke 2018 The Chilling Adventures of Sabrina (nke a hụrụ nke ọma na ihe omume 9).
  • "The Unicorn in Captivity" gosipụtara n'ụlọ Niles Caulder na usoro ihe nkiri TV 2019 Doom Patrol (nke a hụrụ nke ọma na ihe omume 7).
  • A kpọtụrụ tapestries ahụ aha na akwụkwọ akụkọ 1982 Annie on My Mind nke ndị isi na-ahụ ma na-atụle tapestries mgbe ha na-eleta The Cloisters Museum.

Ihe ngosi[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Hụkwa[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

  • The Lady na Unicorn, usoro ọzọ nke unicorn tapestries si n'otu oge ahụ

Ihe odide[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Ihe ndị e dere n'akwụkwọ[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

  1. How the Tapestries Came to the Met. Metropolitan Museum of Art. Archived from the original on 7 May 2006. Retrieved on 31 October 2017.
  2. Colburn (2010). "Three Fragments of the 'Mystic Capture of the Unicorn' Tapestry". Metropolitan Museum Journal 45: 97–106. DOI:10.1086/met.45.41558055. 
  3. Technically, there were three fragments, one of which much smaller than the others, which has since been joined with the rightmost fragment. Colburn (2010). "Three Fragments of the 'Mystic Capture of the Unicorn' Tapestry". Metropolitan Museum Journal 45: 97–106. DOI:10.1086/met.45.41558055. 
  4. Alexander, E. J.; Woodward, Carol H. (1941). "The Flora Of The Unicorn Tapestries". Journal of the New York Botanical Garden. 42 (497): 105–122.
  5. Historic Scotland. West Dean Tapestry Studio. The Edward James Foundation. Archived from the original on 8 September 2009. Retrieved on 22 April 2009.
  6. The Stirling Tapestries. Stirling Castle. Archived from the original on 4 December 2011.
  7. Stirling Tapestries Factsheets. Historic Scotland (26 June 2008). Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. Retrieved on 12 March 2015.

Akwụkwọ[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Ịgụ ihe ọzọ[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Njikọ mpụga[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Àtụ:Metropolitan Museum of Art