Ikike inwe ihe

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Ikike nke ihe onwunwe ma ọ bụ ikike nke inwe akụ na ụba (cf. nwe ) na-anọkarị na nkewa nke ikike mmadụ maka mmadụ nkịtị gbasara ihe onwunwe ha. Nkwenye na ozuzu nke ikike nke ihe onwunwe bụ nchọpụta na adighị afuchi anya na ọ na-abụkarị nke amachiri ebe ọ bụ na ndị nwe iwu nwe ya (ya bụ ụlọ ọrụ ) yana ebe eji ya imepụta ihe karịa iri ya eri. [1]

A nabatara ikike inwe akụ na ụba na Nkeji edemede 17 nke <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Universal_Declaration_of_Human_Rights" rel="mw:ExtLink" title="Universal Declaration of Human Rights" class="cx-link" data-linkid="196">Universal Declaration of Human Rights</a>, [2] mana amatabeghị ya na Intanashọnalị Covenantị ọn Sivụl and Politikal Raits ma ọ bụ Intanashọnali Kọnvenantị ọn Ikọnọmik, Soshial andị Kọlchọralị Raits . [3] Mgbakọ European on Human Rights, na Protokọl 1, edemede 1, kwenyere na ikike maka ndị eke na ndị iwu "ịnụ ụtọ ihe onwunwe n'udo", dabere na "mmasi izugbe ma ọ bụ iji kwụọ ụgwọ ụtụ isi".

Nkọwa[mezie | dezie ebe o si]

Ebumnuche nke ikikere nke ihe onwunwe dịka etu esi ghọta ya n'oge a nwere akụ na ụba enwere ma ọ bụ nke nwee, ma ọ bụ nke ihe onwunwe enwetara ma ọ bụ nke mmadụ enwetere site n'ụzọ ziri ezi. Na- abụghị na mmegide kama na tule nke a, ụfọdụ atụmatụ na-agbachitere ikike zuru ụwa ọnụ nke ihe onwunwe nke onwe, n'echiche nke ikike nke mmadụ ọ bụla iji eweta ihe onwunwe ụfọdụ, dabere na nkwupụta nke akụ sitere n'okike nke ụwa ma ọ bụ echiche ndị ọzọ nke ikpe ziri ezi . [4]

Afrika[mezie | dezie ebe o si]

The African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights (ACHPR) protects the right to property most explicitly in Article 14,[5] stating:

The right to property shall be guaranteed. It may only be encroached upon in the interest of public need or in the general interest of the community and in accordance with the provisions of appropriate laws.[6]

A na-enwetakwa ikike ihe onwunwe na Nkeji edemede 13 nke ACHPR, nke na-ekwu na nwa amaala ọ bụla nwere ikike isonye na gọọmentị nke obodo ya, ikike ịha nhatanha na ọrụ ọha na eze yana "ikike ịnweta ihe onwunwe na ọrụ ọha nha nha anya nke mmadu nile n’iru iwu ”. Nkeji edemede 21 nke ACHPR nakweere ikike mmadụ niile nwere iji tufuo akụ na ụba ha yana na a ga-egosipụta ikike a naanị maka ọdịmma ndị mmadụ, ndị nwere ike ghara ịnapụ ikike a. Nkeji edemede 21 kwukwara na "ọ bụrụ na omee ka ndị a chụpụrụ achụpụ nwere ikike iji nwetaghachi ihe onwunwe ya n'ụzọ iwu kwadoro yana ịkwụ ụgwọ zuru oke". [7]

When the text of the UDHR was negotiated, other states in the Americas argued that the right to property should be limited to the protection of private property necessary for subsistence. Their suggestion was opposed, but was enshrined in the American Declaration of the Rights and Duties of Man, which was negotiated at the same time and adopted one year before the UDHR in 1948.[8] Article 23 of the declaration states:

Every Person has the right to own such private property as meets the essential needs of decent living and helps to maintain the dignity of the individual and of the home.[9]

After failed attempts to include the right to protection of property in the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR), European states enshrined the right to protection of property in Article 1 of Protocol I to the ECHR as the "right to peaceful enjoyment of possessions",[10] where the right to protection of property is defined as such:

(1) Every natural or legal person is entitled to the peaceful enjoyment of his possessions. No one shall be deprived of his possessions except in the public interest and subject to the conditions provided for by law and by the general principles of international law.

(2) The preceding provisions shall not, however, in any way impair the right of a State to enforce such laws as it deems necessary to control the use of property in accordance with the general interest or to secure the payment of taxes or other contributions or penalties.[11]

  • Iwu ala Bekee
  • Ozizi ikike
  • Nwunye Nwanyi lụrụ Nwanyi 1882
  • Iwu ihe onwunwe
  • Ikike ikike (akụnụba)
  • Ahịa ụlọ
  • Mmepe ụlọ
  • Ala ala afụ

Ihe edeturu[mezie | dezie ebe o si]

 

  1. See generally AA Berle, 'Property, Production and Revolution' (1965) 65 Columbia Law Review 1
  2. Universal Declaration of Human Rights. un.org. “Article 17. 1) Everyone has the right to own property alone as well as in association with others.”
  3. Doebbler (2006). Introduction to International Human Rights Law. CD Publishing, 141–142. ISBN 978-0-9743570-2-7. 
  4. Stilman. La Biblia, Laudato Si y el derecho universal a la propiedad privada. El Dial – Biblioteca Jurídica online. Retrieved on 2 February 2016.
  5. Alfredsson, Gudmundur (1999). The Universal Declaration of Human Rights: a common standard of achievement. Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 372. ISBN 978-90-411-1168-5. 
  6. African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights Article 14. Organisation of African Unity.
  7. African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights Article 13 and 21. Organisation of African Unity.
  8. Alfredsson, Gudmundur (1999). The Universal Declaration of Human Rights: a common standard of achievement. Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 370. ISBN 978-90-411-1168-5. 
  9. American Declaration of the Rights and Duties of Man Article 23. Ninth International Conference of American States.
  10. Alfredsson, Gudmundur (1999). The Universal Declaration of Human Rights: a common standard of achievement. Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 366. ISBN 978-90-411-1168-5. 
  11. Protocol I to the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms Protocol 1 Article 1. Council of Europe.