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Iris planifolia

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Iris planifolia
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Iridaceae
Genus: Iris
Subgenus: Iris subg. Scorpiris
Section: Iris sect. Scorpiris
Species:
I. planifolia
Binomial name
Iris planifolia



Synonyms[1]
  • Coresantha alata (Poir.) Klatt
  • Costia scorpioides (Desf.) Willk.
  • Iris alata Poir.
  • Iris alata f. parviflora Batt.
  • Iris alata subsp. trialata (Brot.) Nyman
  • Iris microptera Vahl
  • Iris planifolia var. micrantha Batt.
  • Iris planifolia var. tarhunensis (Borzi & Mattei) Maire & Weiller
  • Iris scorpioides Desf.
  • Iris tarhunensis (Borzi & Mattei) Pamp.
  • Iris transtagana Brot.
  • Iris trialata Brot.
  • Juno alata (Poir.) Rodion.
  • Juno planifolia (Mill.) Asch.
  • Juno scorpioides (Desf.) Tratt.
  • Neubeckia scorpioides (Desf.) Alef.
  • Thelysia alata (Poir.) Parl.
  • Thelysia grandiflora Salisb.
  • Thelysia planifolia (Mill.) Mattei
  • Thelysia tarhunensis Borzi & Mattei
  • Xiphion alatum (Poir.) Baker
  • Xiphion planifolium Mill.

Iris planifolia bụ ụdị osisi na-agbasa okooko na subgenus <i id="mwDg">Scorpiris</i> nke ụdị Iris, ezinụlọ Iridaceae. Osisi a na-adịgide adịgide sitere na mpaghara ndida Europe na mpaghara ugwu nke Africa nwere ogologo, akwụkwọ ndụ akwụkwọ ndụ na-egbuke egbuke, ogwe osisi dị mkpirikpi, na nnukwu okooko osisi na-esi ísì ụtọ na agba dị iche iche nke anụnụ anụnụ.

Nkọwa[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Iris planifolia na-eto n'ọhịa na nso Elvas, Portugal

Iris planifolia nwere nnukwu okooko osisi na-acha nchara nchara (ihe dị ka 2 in (51 mm) n'obosara), nwere mgbọrọgwụ na-acha ọcha.[2]

Akwụkwọ osisi ndị -acha akwụkwọ ndụ akwụkwọ ndụ na-eto ruo 10X 30 cm (3.9 -11.8 in) n'ogologo na 1 - 3 cm n'obosara nwere ike izochi ogwe osisi dị mkpụmkpụ n'oge okooko osisi. Akwụkwọ ya bụ lanceolate, na-amalite dị warara n'ala ma na-eto ruo n'otu ebe.[2] A na-ewere ya dị ka nke nwere otu n'ime okooko osisi kachasị ukwuu na subgenus Scorpiris.[3]

Ọ nwere ike ịmalite ifuru na Disemba, na Jenụwarị ma ọ bụ Febụwarị.[4][5] N'ọhịa, a maara ya ka ọ na-agbasa okooko ruo n'oge mgbụsị akwụkwọ.[6] Okooko osisi ndị ahụ nwere ísì dị nro, nke a pụrụ ịkọwa dị ka ihe na-esi ísì ụtọ.[4][5]

Ọ bụ osisi dị mkpụmkpụ, siri ike nke nwere nnukwu okooko osisi atọ n'otu ogwe, nke na-adịkarị 6-7 cm n'obosara, yana tube perianth nke 8-18 cm n'ogologo.[2] Nsụda mmiri ahụ dị sentimita ise n'ogologo na ụkpụrụ ahụ dị sentimita abụọ n'oghere. Osisi ahụ nwere ike iru ogo kachasị elu nke 10 - 15 cm (3.9 - 5.9 in) n'ogologo.[6]

Osisi ahụ nwere okooko osisi dị iche iche na-acha anụnụ anụnụ, site na violet na-acha odo odo, na-acha ọcha na-acha akwụkwọ ndụ akwụkwọ ndụ, na lilac na-acha ọbara ọbara, dị ka iris ndị ọzọ, ọ nwere abụọ abụọ abụọ nke petals, nnukwu sepals atọ (petals mpụga), nke a maara dị ka 'ọdịda' na atọ dị n'ime, obere petals (ma ọ bụ tepals), nke a kpọrọ 'ụkpụrụ'.[5][7][4][4] Nsụda mmiri ahụ nwere eriri na-acha anụnụ anụnụ na akara odo odo n'elu ugwu ahụ.[8][6][7] O nweghị afụ ọnụ.[2] Mgbe ụfọdụ, a na-ahụ ụdị okooko osisi na-acha ọcha n'ọhịa.[5]

Osisi ahụ nwere obere pollen dị ka bọọlụ nwere obere ogwu.[9]

Capsule ahụ bụ oblong, sessile, dị ka nke Colchicum n'elu ala n'etiti akwụkwọ. Ọ nwere mkpụrụ na-acha nchara nchara nke nwere ike ịdị ukwuu dị ka pea.[2]

Nchịkọta[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

A na-enweta aha a kapịrị ọnụ nke 'planifolia' site na okwu Grik nke pụtara 'nke nwere akwụkwọ dị larịị'.[10]

Ọ bụ T.Durand na Schinz bipụtara ya na 'Conspectus Floræ Africæ' No.5. na 1894.[11] Mana n'okpuru aha Iris alata.[12]

Fiori na Paoletti na 'Flora Analytica d'Italia', ghọtara ụdị a dị ka ụdị Iris site na ntinye mbụ nke Millers nke Xiphium planifolium. Ruo ọtụtụ afọ, a maara nke a n'okpuru otu aha. Iris alata nke Poir dere ma dekọọ na ndepụta nnyocha nke afọ 1939.[2] Nnyocha ndị ọzọ weghachiri mmalite osisi ahụ laa azụ na 1894.

Iris planifolia bụ ugbu a aha RHS nabatara, Ngalaba Ọrụ Ugbo na Ọrụ Nnyocha Ọrụ Ugbo nke United States kwadoro ya na 4 Eprel 2003 na mmelite ya na 3 Disemba 2004.[13] Rịba ama; Iris planifolia nwere ihe karịrị 20 dị iche iche synonyms. Lee ndepụta na infobox n'aka nri. Iris alata (nke a makwaara dị ka 'Scorpion Iris') bụ otu okwu a na-ahụkarị.

Nkesa na ebe obibi[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

A mụrụ ya na mpaghara Mediterenian nke Europe na North Africa.[5] Nke a bụ naanị ụdị dị na Juno subgenus nke a pụrụ ịchọta na-eto eto na Europe.[4]

Ebe dị iche iche[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

A na-ahụ ya na Krit, Gris, Sicily, Spain, Portugal, Sardinia, (n'ime North Africa) na Algeria, Libya, Tunisia, na Morocco.[4][3][6]

Enwere ike ịchọta ụdị iris na-acha ọcha na Andalucia.[14]

Ebe obibi[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

A na-ahụ Iris planifolia n'akụkụ ugwu nkume, nke na-adịkarị mmiri n'oge oyi ma kpọọ nkụ n'oge ọkọchị.[3]

Ịkọ ugbo[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Iris planifolia na Bern Botanic Garden

Ọ na-eguzogide USDA Zone 3.

Mkpụrụ osisi ahụ bụ osisi na-adị mkpụmkpụ. A na-eto ya nke ọma na UK, na etiti bulb.[4] N'ime ite ma ọ bụ ọkacha mma n'ala.[3]

A pụkwara ịzụlite ya n'ime ite. Mana ite ndị ahụ kwesịrị ịdịkarịa ala sentimita ịrị atọ n'ogologo (ma ọ bụ 1 ft), iji nye ohere kachasị elu.[3]

Ọ chọrọ ezigbo ikuku iji gbochie ọrịa, mana ọ nwere ike ibute nje virus.[2][5] Na-akpata mmebi nke uto, ma na-akpata akwụkwọ osisi na-acha odo odo ma ọ bụ na-acha uhie uhie. A ga-ebibi osisi ndị butere ọrịa iji kwụsị mmetọ nke osisi ndị ọzọ.[6]

Maka ezigbo uto n'afọ na-abịa, ọ na-ahọrọ oge okpomọkụ na-ekpo ọkụ n'oge ọkọchị, n'ala na-agbanye mmiri nke ukwuu.[5][7]

Enwere ike ịgbasa ya n'ụzọ okike ka ọ na-emepụta ụyọkọ bulbs, nke enwere ike kewaa, site na iji nlezianya kewaa ya na ngwụcha oge okpomọkụ. Kpachara anya ka ọ ghara imebi mgbọrọgwụ anụ ahụ.[5]

Ebensidee[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

  1. "Iris planifolia (Mill.) T.Durand & Schinz". theplantlist.org. Retrieved 17 September 2014.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 (SPEC) Iris planifolia (Miller) Fiori & Paoletti. wiki.irises.org (American Iris Society) (20 April 2010). Retrieved on 17 September 2014.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 Juno irises J-R. www.pacificbulbsociety.org (11 May 2014). Retrieved on 17 September 2014.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 Austin (2005). Irises: A Gardener's Encyclopedia. Timber Press, Incorporated. ISBN 978-0881927306. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.7 Rowland (2010). Iris planifolia. lathyrus-seed.com. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved on 17 September 2014.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 Iris planifolia. encyclopaedia.alpinegardensociety.net (2011). Retrieved on 17 September 2014.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 Iris planifolia. rareplants.co.uk. Archived from the original on 5 June 2022. Retrieved on 17 September 2014.
  8. Kpọpụta njehie: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named European
  9. Tillie (17 October 2011). "Molecular phylogenetics of the juno irises, Iris subgenus Scorpiris (Iridaceae), based on six plastid markers". Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 167: 281 - 300. DOI:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2011.01176.x. 
  10. Stearn (1972). A Gardenerer's Dictionary of Plant Names. London: Cassell. ISBN 0304937215. 
  11. Iris. ipni.org (International Plant Names Index). Retrieved on 17 September 2014.
  12. Plant Name Details. biodiversitylibrary.org. Retrieved on 17 September 2014.
  13. Iris planifolia. www.rhs.org.uk. Retrieved on 17 September 2014.
  14. Topic: White Iris planifolia. andaluciabirdsociety.org (7 January 2013). Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved on 17 September 2014.

Njikọ mpụga[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Media related to Iris planifolia at Wikimedia Commons Data related to Iris planifolia at Wikispecies