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Leukemia

Shí Wikipedia, njikotá édémédé nke onyobulạ
ọrịa ọbara
class of disease, symptom or sign
obere ụdị nkehematologic cancer, myeloproliferative disorders, disease Dezie
health specialtyhematology Dezie
WordLift URLhttp://data.medicalrecords.com/medicalrecords/healthwise/leukemia_2 Dezie
ICPC 2 IDB73 Dezie
NCI Thesaurus IDC3161 Dezie
ORIA LEUKEMIA

Leukemia, nke a kpọkwara leukemia, bụ otu ọrịa kansa ọbara nke na-amalitekarị na ụmị ọkpụkpụ ma na-ebute ọnụ ọgụgụ dị ukwuu nke mkpụrụ ndụ ọbara na-adịghị mma.[1][2] ndị a anaghị emepụta nke ọma ma a na-akpọ ha blasts ma ọ bụ Mkpụrụ ndụ leukemia. Mgbaàmà nwere ike ịgụnye ọbara ọgbụgba [2] mmerụ ahụ, ike ọgwụgwụ, ahụ ọkụ, na ohere dị ukwuu nke ibute ọrịa.[2] Mgbe ndị a na-eme n'ihi enweghị Mkpụrụ ndụ ọbara dị mma. [2] na-ejikarị Nnyocha ọbara ma ọ bụ biopsy nke ụmị ọkpụkpụ eme nchọpụta.

A maghi kpọmkwem ihe kpatara leukemia. [3] na-eche na njikọta nke Ihe ndị metụtara mkpụrụ ndụ ihe nketa na ihe ndị metụtara gburugburu ebe obibi (ndị na-abụghị ndị e ketara eketa) na-arụ ọrụ. Ihe [4][3] dị ize ndụ gụnyere ịṅụ sịga, radiation ionizing, ụfọdụ kemịkal (dị ka benzene), ọgwụgwọ kemịkal, na Down syndrome. [4] nwere akụkọ ihe mere eme nke leukemia n'ezinụlọ nọkwa n'ihe ize ndụ dị elu. [5][4] nwere ụdị leukemia anọ - acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), acute myeloid leukemia (AML), chronic lymphocytic leukemia, CLL na chronic myeloid lukemia (CML) - yana ọtụtụ ụdị ndị a na-adịghị ahụkebe. [6] [7] lymphomas abụọ so n'ìgwè buru ibu nke akpụ ndị na-emetụta ọbara, ụmị ọkpụkpụ, na Usoro lymphoid, nke a maara dị ka akpụ nke hematopoietic na lymphoid tissue. [1] [2]

[4] Enwere ike ịgụnye ngwakọta nke ọgwụgwọ ọgwụ, ọgwụgwọ radiation, ọgwụgwọ a kapịrị ọnụ, na transplantation nke ọkpụkpụ, na mgbakwunye na nlekọta nkwado na nlekọta palliative dị ka ọ dị mkpa. Enwere ike ịchịkwa ụdị leukemia ụfọdụ site [4] ichere nke ọma. Ihe ịga nke ọma nke ọgwụgwọ na-adabere na ụdị leukemia na afọ nke onye ahụ. Nsonaazụ emeela [5] ọ dịkwuo mma na mba ndị mepere emepe. [8]Ọnụ ọgụgụ ndị dị ndụ afọ ise bụ 57% na United States. [1] [9]'ime ụmụaka na-erubeghị afọ 15, ọnụọgụ ndụ afọ ise karịrị pasenti irí isii ruo pasenti iri itoolu, dabere na ụdị leukemia. [9]'ime ụmụaka nwere oke leukemia ndị na-enweghị ọrịa kansa mgbe afọ ise gasịrị, o yighị ka ọrịa kansa ga-alaghachi.

N'afọ 2015, ọrịa leukemia dị na nde mmadụ 2.3 n'ụwa niile ma kpatara ọnwụ 353,500. [10] [5]'afọ 2012, ọ mepụtara ọhụrụ na mmadụ 352,000. [4] bụ ụdị ọrịa kansa a na-ahụkarị n'ime ụmụaka, ebe ụzọ atọ n'ụzọ anọ nke ọrịa leukemia n'ime ụmụ bụ ụdị lymphoblastic siri ike. [11] [4]Ọtu ọ sịna dị, a na-achọpụta ihe karịrị 90% nke leukemia niile na ndị okenye, CLL na AML bụ ndị a na-ahụkarị na ndị okenye. [5] na-emekarị na mba ndị mepere emepe.

Edensibia[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

  1. Leukemia. NCI (1 January 1980). Archived from the original on 27 May 2014. Retrieved on 13 June 2014. “Cancer that starts in blood-forming tissue, such as the bone marrow, and causes large numbers of abnormal blood cells”
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 What You Need To Know About™ Leukemia. National Cancer Institute (23 December 2013). Archived from the original on 6 July 2014. Retrieved on 18 June 2014.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Hutter (Jun 2010). "Childhood leukemia.". Pediatrics in Review 31 (6): 234–41. DOI:10.1542/pir.31-6-234. PMID 20516235. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 A Snapshot of Leukemia. NCI. Archived from the original on 4 July 2014. Retrieved on 18 June 2014.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 (2014) World Cancer Report 2014.. World Health Organization, Chapter 5.13. ISBN 978-9283204299. 
  6. Cătoi (2007). Comparative oncology. Bucharest: The Publishing House of the Romanian Academy. ISBN 978-973-27-1457-7. 
  7. Vardiman (30 July 2009). "The 2008 revision of the World Health Organization (WHO) classification of myeloid neoplasms and acute leukemia: rationale and important changes.". Blood 114 (5): 937–51. DOI:10.1182/blood-2009-03-209262. PMID 19357394. Retrieved on 3 August 2020. 
  8. SEER Stat Fact Sheets: Leukemia. National Cancer Institute (2011). Archived from the original on 16 July 2016.
  9. 9.0 9.1 American Cancer Society (2 March 2014). Survival rates for childhood leukemia. Archived from the original on 14 July 2014.
  10. GBD 2015 Disease and Injury Incidence and Prevalence (8 October 2016). "Global, regional, and national incidence, prevalence, and years lived with disability for 310 diseases and injuries, 1990–2015: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015.". Lancet 388 (10053): 1545–1602. DOI:10.1016/S0140-6736(16)31678-6. PMID 27733282. 
  11. Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL) - Hematology and Oncology (en-PT). MSD Manual Professional Edition. Archived from the original on 29 August 2021. Retrieved on 2020-02-01.