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Libyan dinar

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Àtụ:Infobox currency

Libyan dinar

Dinar (Arabic) bụ ego gọọmentị Libya. A na-ekewa dinar na-uzo 1,000 dirhams (ددد). Ọ bụ Central Bank of Libya na-ewepụta ya, nke na-elekọtakwa usoro ụlọ akụ ma na-achịkwa ụgwọ.

Akụkọ ihe mere eme[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

E webatara ya n'ọnwa Septemba nke afọ 1971 ma dọchie pound na par.[1] E jikọtara ego ahụ na ikike ịdọrọ ihe pụrụ iche na ọnụego nke 2.80 SDRs kwa dinar.

N'afọ 1972, e guzobere ụlọ akụ mba ofesi nke Libya iji dozie itinye ego na mba ofesi.

N'ọnwa Febụwarị nke afọ 1973, e jikọtara dinar na dollar US na ọnụego nke 0.29679 dinar kwa dollar (LD 1 = US $ 3.37), nke a nọgidere na ya ruo afọ 1986. A gbanwere mkpịsị aka ahụ gaa na ikike ise ihe pụrụ iche na-mkpuru ụbọchị 18 nke ọnwa Maachị afọ 1986, na 1 dinar = 2.80 SDRs. Na úbọchị mbu n'ọnwa Mee nke afọ 1986, e nyere dinar ohere ịzụ ahịa na 7.5% nke 2.80 SDRs. A gbasaa ọnụọgụ a ọtụtụ ugboro.

Ego ahụ malitere iji nwayọọ nwayọọ belata ọnụ ahịa ya na dollar US n'etiti afọ ndị 1990, na-eru ọnụ ahịa US $ 1.55 na 2001. Dinar ji pasenti 50 belata ọnụ ahịa ya ruo US $ 0.77 n'afọ 2002.[2]

Ali Mohammed Salem, osote gọvanọ nke Central Bank of Libya, kwuru na ọnụego mgbanwe nke dinar Libya ga-ejikọta ya na ikike pụrụ iche maka otu afọ ma ọ bụ afọ atọ, dị ka ajụjụ ọnụ Reuters gbara ya na mkpụrụ ụbọchị 27 ọnwa Disemba nke afọ 2011.[3]

N'ụbọchị 3 nke ọnwa Jenụwarị n'afọ 2021, e wepụrụ dinar ahụ na US $ 1 = LD 4.48 maka azụmahịa niile na-esote njikọta ọnụego mgbanwe, na-emechi ọdịiche dị n'etiti ọnụego mgbanwe gọọmentị na ahịa ojii.[4]

Mkpụrụ ego[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Ruo n'afọ 1975, mkpụrụ ego ochie dị na ụdị milliemes (nke hà ka dirham) na-ekesa. N'afọ 1975, e webatara mkpụrụ ego na 1 Dh., 5 Dhs., 10 Dhs., 20 Dhs., 50 Dhs. na 100 Dhs. nke nwere uwe agha nke Federation of Arab Republics. Usoro nke abụọ nke mkpụrụ ego sochiri na-afọ 1979, n'otu òtù ahụ, nke nwere ihe osise nke onye na-agba ịnyịnya n'ọnọdụ ogwe aka. E wepụtara mkpụrụ ego LD 1⁄4 na LD 1⁄2 na 2001 na 2004, n'otu n'otu. N'afọ 2009, e wepụtara mkpụrụ ego ọhụrụ 50 dhs., 100 dhs., LD 1⁄4 na LD 1⁄2 . 1 dhs., 5 dhs., 10 dhs., na 20 dhs. anaghị eji mkpụrụ ego eme ihe dị ka nkeji mgbanwe. Otú ọ dị, ha ka na-ejigide ọnọdụ ha dị ka ego iwu kwadoro.

N'afọ 2013 na 2014, Central Bank of Libya wepụtara mkpụrụ ego LD 1⁄4 na LD 1⁄2 na mkpụrụ ego Dhs 50. na 100 Dhs.

Ego akwụkwọ[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

N'afọ 1971, e webatara ego akwụkwọ na LD 1⁄4, LD 1⁄22, LD 1, LD 5 na LD 10. N'ọnwa Mee ụbọchị 15, nke afọ 1980, e wepụtara ego akwụkwọ ọhụrụ maka LD 5 na LD 10 denominations (nke bara uru, n'oge ahụ, £ 7 stg na £ 14 stg, ma ọ bụ US $ 16 na US $ 32) na ụmụ amaala Libya ka ha gbanwere ego ha dị ugbu a na alaka Central State Bank, mgbe nke ahụ gasịrị akwụkwọ LD 5 ochie na LD10 agaghị aba uru.[5] Otú ọ dị, a gwara ndị na-agbanwe mgbanwe ahụ na ọ bụ naanị LD 1,000 nke akwụkwọ ozi ọhụrụ ka a ga-ekwe ka onye ahịa ọ bụla, nke "na-ehichapụ ego ndị nọ n'etiti nakwa ego ndị na-ere ahịa ojii na-echekwa" nakwa na "mere ka ego na-efu £ 1.5 ijeri na Treasury na-agụ". Mgbe ọgba aghara n'ihu ọha gasịrị, Onye ndú Muammar Gaddafi kwupụtara n'ọnwa Juun 11 na ọ bụ ezie na a gaghị ewere ego ahụ e jidere ma ọ bụ tinye ego ahu n'ọrụ na-enweghị mkparịta ụka zuru oke nke mmadụ 167 so na "People's Congresses" dị na Libya.[6]

Nkọwa na okpukpe ndị a ma ama[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

A na-akpọkarị dinar Libya jni, [ʒni] (asụsụ ọdịda anyanwụ nke Libya) ma ọ bụ jneh (asụsụ ọwụwa anyanwụ nke Libya), nke sitere na aha British Guinea (cf genēh جنيه maka pound Ijipt). A naghị eji aha dinar eme ihe n'èzí ndị ọrụ gọọmentị. A naghị akpọtụ akụkụ nke ikike, dirham, aha ya na mkparịta ụka kwa ụbọchị. A na-eji Garsh - ụdị nke okwu qirsh - mee ihe kama, na 1 garsh = 10 dirhams. A na-akpọ otu puku dinar kilogram [kiːlu]. N'otu aka ahụ, a na-akpọ mkpụrụ edemede dinar ise na mkpụrụ edemede iri mgbe ụfọdụ, n'asụsụ ụmụ nwoke na-eto eto, faifa [faːifa] na tsena [tseːna] n'otu n'otu, nke bụ ụmụ nwanyị na-egwuri egwu nke okwu Bekee ise na iri, mana ọ pụkwara ịbụ ihe fọdụrụ na okwu British slang 'fiver' na 'tenner' maka mkpụrụedemede ise na iri n'otu. Ndị Libya na-akpọ ego Libya ʿOmar El-Mokhtar n'aha onye agha nnwere onwe nke Libya nke gosipụtara n'ihu akwụkwọ ozi LD 10.Àtụ:Exchange rate

Edensibia[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

  1. Linzmayer (2013). "Libya", The Banknote Book. San Francisco, CA: www.BanknoteNews.com. 
  2. سياسة سعر الصرف – مصرف ليبيا المركزي. cbl.gov.ly. Retrieved on 2022-01-11.
  3. "Libyan Islamic banking law seen in March", 27 December 2011. Retrieved on 5 January 2012.
  4. "Libya's divided central bank agrees exchange rate after first meeting in years", Reuters, 2020-12-16. Retrieved on 2022-01-11. (in en)
  5. "Libya Writhing Under Qaddafi's Social Revolution", The New York Times, August 22, 1980, pA2
  6. "Gadafy bows to critics", The Guardian (London), June 13, 1980, p8