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Martin Puryear

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Martin L. Puryear (amuru May 23, 1941) bu omenkà Afro-Amerika mara maka nraranye ya na nka omenaala.  Na-arụ ọrụ n'ụdị mgbasa ozi dị iche, mana nke bụ isi osisi, usoro mweghachi ya na ụzọ ntụgharị uche na-agbagha oke anụ ahụ na uri nke ihe ya.  [1] : 54–57 Ihe ngosi nke onwe/Liberta nke onye na-ese ihe nọchiri anya United States na Venice Biennale 2019 . [1] [2]

  A ese na 1941 na Washington, DC, Martin Puryear Ikiri usoro nka omenala n'oge mmetụta ya, na-achọ ngwá ọrụ, ụgbọ mmiri, ngwá ngwá, na ngwá ụlọ.  [1] Mgbe ọ na-emesịrị BA na Fine Art site na Mahadum nke America na 1963, Puryear mmetụta afọ dị ka onye ọrụ afọ Peace Corps na Sierra Leone.  [2] : 168–197 Site na 1966 – 1968, ọ akwụkwọ akwụkwọ na Royal Swedish Academy of Arts na Stockholm, abụghị na United States iji debanye aha na mmemme ọmụmụ akwụkwọ maka ihe ọmụmụ Mahadum Yale.  [3] : 128–130 Ọ bụ ebe na ọ tara Minimalism n'oge mgbaàmà na ya, Puryear ga-emesị jụ akara na-acha ya.

Mgbe ọ nwetasịrị MFA ya na Yale, Puryear malitere nkuzi na Mahadum Fisk na Nashville na Mahadum Maryland na College Park. Na 1977, na-eso ọkụ na-agbawa agbawa na studio Brooklyn, Puryear kwagara Chicago wee malite nkuzi na Mahadum Illinois. [3] : 168–197 

Ma 1979 na 1981, na ọzọ na 1989, ọrụ ya na Whitney Biennial na Whitney Museum of American Art na New York City.  Ọ gara Japan na 1982 site na Guggenheim Memorial Foundation Fellowship ebe ọ nyọchare ụlọ ụlọ na ime ụlọ.  [1] : 128–130 Na 1989, e nyere ya MacArthur Foundation Fellowship ma nọchite anya United States na São Paulo Bienal, Brazil.  [2] [3] ihe ngosi nka nke ọgba ọhụrụ haziri ihe ngosi na 2007 nke gara na Modern Art Museum of Fort Worth, TX, National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC na San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, CA.  [4] Na 2012 Onye isi ala Obama nyere ya nrite mba nke Arts na 2019 ọ nọchitere United States na Venice Biennale. [4] [2]

Ihe osise

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Usòrò:Vessel by Martin Puryear.jpg
mmiri mmiri (1997–2002), Smithsonian American Art Museum

Ihe osise nke Martin Puryear bụ ngwaahịa a na-ahụ anya na-arụ ọrụ nka siri ike na iji ihe dị ọcha; Ụdị ya bụ ngwakọta nke organic na geometric. Enwere ike ịkọwa usoro ya dị ka mbelata, na-achọ iweta ọrụ na ihe onwunwe nso na ọnọdụ mbụ ya na ịmepụta ezi uche na ọrụ ọ bụla sitere na onye na-emepụta na ime ihe. Nke a bụ ihe Puryear na-akpọ "enweghị atụ", ma ọ bụ "uju nke ịnọ n'ime oke" na-akọwa ọrụ. [5] : 54–57 

Ọtụtụ mgbe na-azụ ya na Minimalism na ihe ọkpụkpụ Formalist, Puryear na-ajụ na ọrụ ya bụ mgbe ọ bụ ihe na-adịghị mkpa na ya ma ọ bụ ebumnobi.  Ụdị echiche dị na nke ziri ezi ezi site n'iji nka omenaala eme ihe bụ ihe nlegharị anya na uri, yana n'onwe ya.  N'anya, ha na-ezute ndị ihe mere eme nke ihe na-eme ihe mere eme nke ha na-eme, na-atụ aro ndị na-esogbu na eze na nke onwe onye nke onye na-ese ihe, eme, na-eme ihe, na ike  .  [1] A na- nọmba ma na-anakọta ọrụ ya na United States na mba ụwa.

Ọ bụrụ na ihe mmụta nke nta ka ọ afụ afọ iri ise, Puryear kere ọrụ ndị na-iche sculptural ya iche n'ibu nnukwu.  Site na ọrụ mbụ n'ụdị Artpark, na Lewistown, New York, na 1977 ruo ọhụrụ 2023 na-adịgide adịgide Commission maka Storm King Art Center, ihe ọkpụkpụ Puryear na site sitere n'aka onye na-ese ihe,  ma ọ bụ saịtị na ike ma ọ bụ na ụdị nke ahụ.  onye na-ese ihe na-ese ma ọ bụ ejiji site na mperi osisi [6]

Nchekwa (2023)

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Na 2023, Puryear mezuru Lookout, ihe ọkpụkpụ mbụ ya buru ibu nke e ji brik mee, na Storm King Art Center na Ndagwurugwu Hudson nke New York. [7] [8] [9] Ihe osise a bụ shei domed gbagọrọ agbagọ, nke oghere okirikiri 90 nke nha dị iche iche tụrụ ya. Ndị ọbịa nwere ike ịgagharị na n'ime ihe ọkpụkpụ ahụ, na-anụ ụtọ echiche nke mpaghara gbara ya gburugburu. [10]

Ihe oru ngo a aburula ihe mgbagwoju anya rue nzuko n’aho 2019 n’etiti onye omenka na prọfesọ MIT na onye injinia nhazi John Ochsendorf mepere uzo. Ochesendorf emechaala nyocha nke ọma oge ochie na teknụzụ owuwu ụlọ, ọkachasị ebe nchekwa na ụlọ. Nzukọ ha rụpụtara atụmatụ imekọ ihe ọnụ nso ngwa ngwa nke jikọtara ụkpụrụ nke Nubian vaulting, usoro ụlọ ochie nke Ochsendorf na Puryear maara nke ọma. Silman Associates, Structural Engineers nyere ọrụ injinia. [7]

Na Storm King bụ Lara Davis (Limaçon Design), onye ọkachamara na-ahụ maka nchekwa na onye na-ese ụkpụrụ ụlọ na-eduzi ihe owuwu ahụ. Mgbe emechara nhọrọ ihe na ịkọwapụta usoro ihe owuwu, Davis jikọtara ya na Puryear Studio iji wuo ihe ọkpụkpụ. Emechara ọrụ ahụ n'ime oge okpomọkụ abụọ. [7]

Puryear na-ewere Lookout ka ọ bụrụ ihe ọkpụkpụ kachasị dị mgbagwoju anya nke ọ rụchara ruo taa. [8]

Ntụaka

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  1. Editors: Confirmed: Martin Puryear Will Represent United States at 2019 Venice Biennale (en-US). ARTnews (2018-08-15). Retrieved on 2018-08-16.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Cotter. "Martin Puryear, Citizen-Sculptor", The New York Times, 3 May 2019. Retrieved on 2019-05-05.
  3. Elderfield, John, and Michael Auping, Martin Puryear. New York: The Museum of Modern Art, 2007
  4. Remarks by the President at the 2011 National Medals of Arts and Humanities Ceremony (en). whitehouse.gov (2012-02-13). Retrieved on 2023-12-21.
  5. Shearer, Linda. Young American Artists 1978 Exxon National Exhibition. New York: The Solomon Guggenheim Museum, 1978
  6. Storm King : Exhibition : Martin Puryear: Process and Scale [EXH.152]. collections.stormking.org. Retrieved on 2023-12-21.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 Dizikes (27 October 2023). A marvel in masonry shows the art of the possible (en). MIT News. Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Retrieved on 2023-11-05.
  8. 8.0 8.1 Valentine (26 September 2023). A Feat of Engineering and Craftsmanship, Martin Puryear's First Brick Sculpture Was a Decade in the Making: 'It's Been an Adventure and a Challenge'. Culture Type. Culture Type, LLC. Retrieved on 2023-11-05.
  9. Cortez (October 29, 2023). Storm King Art Center Unveils "Lookout" Sculpture: A Fusion of Art and Engineering by Martin Puryear and MIT Collaborators. Hoodline. SFist LLC. Retrieved on 2023-11-05.
  10. Loos. "Brick by Brick, a Sculpture at Storm King, by Way of Africa", The New York Times, 2023-09-14. Retrieved on 2023-12-21. (in en-US)

Njikọ mpụga

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