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National Commission of Markets and Competition

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Comisión Nacional de los Mercados y la Competencia (Bekee: National Commission on Markets and Competition), nke ihuenyo CNMC, bụ onye na-ahụ maka idebe onwe ya nke Spen maka ịmanye iwu .  Ewubere ya site na iwu ikike Spanish (Ley de Defensa de la Competencia ma ọ bụ LDC, mmemme ahọpụta, nke 3 Julaị 2007).  ikpe Ndị Defensa de la Competencia (ikpe Nchekwa Ezikwa) butere ya ruo 1 September 2007.

Nhazi[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Onye isi ala

  • Luis Berenguer Fuster (ruo Septemba 2011)
  • Joaquín García Bernaldo de Quirós (2011-) [1]

Ndị otu Council

  • Pilar Sánchez Núñez [2]
  • Julio Costas Comesaña [3]
  • Jesús González López [4]
  • Inmaculada Gutiérrez Carrizo [5]
  • Luis Díez Martin [6]

Ndị nduzi maka nyocha

  • Carlos Pascual (ruo Septemba 2008)
  • Clara Guzmán Zapater (2008-) [7]

Okwu ikpe ama ama[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Na 2021, CNMC tara ụlọ ọrụ egwuregwu Siemens, Nokia na ACS Group ọnụ 127.3 nde euro ($ 148) maka ebubo ịgbagha megide nsogbu na eze ọnụ na 4.1 [8]

[9]Na 2022, CNMC tara isii na-eduga na-ewu ụlọ - Dragados (hụ nke ACS Group ), Fomento de Construcciones y Contratas, Ferrovial, Acciona, Obrascón Huarte Lain, na Sacyr - ihe nke 204 nde euro ($ 208) maka gị  n'etiti 19 2017 na akwụkwọ akwụkwọ maka ọrụ nsogbu, dịka okporo ụzọ na ụgbọ elu.  A na-ewere ha dị ka ihe na-emebi nsogbu na eze ka ha na-emetụta ọtụtụ puku owuwu ihe owuwu nke ndị iro na eze na Spen, na-eduga n'ịgba na-enye nta ma dị ala ma.  na-etinye ụlọ ọrụ ndị na-ahọmpi n'ihe ọmụmụ.

[10]Na nzaghachi maka nsogbu ike zuru ụwa ọnụ nke 2021 – 2022, CNMC wedara ibu ego na ihe dị ka ndị na-ere ọkụ eletrik 300 na Spen na-eduzi ndị na-azụ ọkụ eletrik mgbe ha na-etinye ego nkwụghachi iji nyere ha  aka malite n'elu mmiri.

Hụkwa[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Ntụaka[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

  1. http://www.cncompetencia.es/Portals/0/PDFs/Docs/JGBQ-ing-rev.pdfÀtụ:Dead link
  2. Àtụ:Dead link http://www.cncompetencia.es/Administracion/GestionDocumental/tabid/76/Default.aspx?
  3. Àtụ:Dead link http://www.cncompetencia.es/Administracion/GestionDocumental/tabid/76/Default.aspx?
  4. Àtụ:Dead link http://www.cncompetencia.es/Administracion/GestionDocumental/tabid/76/Default.aspx?
  5. Àtụ:Dead link http://www.cncompetencia.es/Administracion/GestionDocumental/tabid/76/Default.aspx?
  6. http://www.cncompetencia.es/Portals/0/PDFs/Docs/CV_LuisDiez_CNC-ing-rev.pdfÀtụ:Dead link
  7. Àtụ:Dead link http://www.cncompetencia.es/Administracion/GestionDocumental/tabid/76/Default.aspx?
  8. Nathan Allen, Clara-Laeila Laudette, Corina Pons and Essi Lehto (1 October 2021), Spain issues $148 million fine on rail cartel involving Siemens, Nokia Reuters.
  9. Joan Faus (7 July 2022), Spain's six top builders fined, restricted over bidding collusion Reuters.
  10. Jesús Aged (26 September 2022), Spanish competition watchdog moves to keep electricity traders afloat Reuters.