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Ogige Ntụrụndụ Ujung Kulon

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. Ujung Kulon National Park bụ ventilashị mba dị na nstụtụ ihuenyo Java, na mpaghara Banten nke Indonesia .  Ọ kpọọ otu ịkpọ Krakatoa nke ugwu mgbawa na mpaghara Lampung, [1] [2] ọ bụ ebe na ma ike ugbu a na-atụ aro otu ibu Krakatoa dị ka ebe nchekwa nke ya, Pulau Anak Krakatau Marine Nature Reserve.  [3]

Geography[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Ogige ahụ nwere mpaghara 1,206 kilomita , nke 443 km2 bu mmiri mmiri.  Ọtụtụ n'ime okwu dị na mpaghara Ujung Kulon na-erute n'Oké eji India .  Mgbawa nke Krakatau dị nso na 1883 butere mbufịt mbufụt nke na-ekwu na orụ obodo na ihe mmetụta nke mpaghara mmiri dị n'anụ ahụ, wee mpaghara dum na oyi akwa ruru 30 cm (12 na) oke.  </link>Nke a mere ka ọtụtụ ndị mmadụ si na otú a na-enye ya eze ka ọ bụrụ ebe nchekwa ọtụtụ osisi na anụ masịrị Java, na ọtụtụ n'ime ndị ndú ndị na ala ala dị n'ibéetiti ahụ.  .  </link> .

Banteng na National Park (1941)

.Echekwara akụkụ ogige ntụrụndụ mba nke taa na ebe ihe nketa ụwa kemgbe mmalite narị afọ nke 20.  Krakatoa (ma ọ bụ kama nke ahụ, agwaetiti atọ ndị fọdụrụ na ya) ka ekwuputara dị ka ebe nchekwa Nature na 1921, Pulau Panaitan na Pulau Peucang Nature Reserve sochiri na 1937, Ujung Kulon Nature Reserve na 1958, Gunung Honje Nature Reserve na 1967.  na nso nso a Ujung Kulon National Park na 1992. Na 2005 ogige a họpụtara dị ka ASEAN Heritage Park.

Ujung Kulon bụ otu n'ime mgbasa mba atọ dị na Java na-anabata ebe obibi gị mmiri mmiri, nke ike bụ Baluran na Alas Purwo National Park .  Ya mere, o nwere gburugburu ebe obibi ewuru n'otu aka ahụ, n'agbanyeghị na ọ dị mmiri mmiri mmiri Diẹ mba ikpeazụ sitere na East Java n'ihi nhazi ihu igwe nke Köppen-Geiger .  [1] E nso agụ Javan, ihe omume nke nta ka ọ bụrụ anụ ndị niile ike ịhụ na ebe a na-edebe oke ike Javan dị ka ebe ike ịhụ ebe a, rhino Javan

Arenga obtusifolia

[1]Ka ọ dị ugbu a, a hụla ụdị osisi 175, na 148 bụ ụmụ amaala, na 57 na-echebe, Nke a na-agụnye mangroves (dị ka Sonneratia alba, Excoecaria agallocha, Rhizophora apiculata, Aegiceras corniculatum), osisi ndị dị n  oge oké osimiri ( Nypa fruticans, Terophyllumina catollum, na Calophyllum. Hibiscus tiliaceus, wdg), fig (kaka Ficus benjamina, Ficus deltoidea, Ficus racemosa, Ficus septica ) na ndị ọzọ dị ( Lantana camara, Oroxylum indicum, Melastoma  malabathricum, Sterculia foetida, Durio zibethinus, Cissus discolor wdg.

Enwere otu ụdị osisi nke na-emebi emebi, anyị na mmemme nchekwa rhino, nkwụ Arenga (Arenga obtusifolia ).  A ụdịla na ụdị nkịtị a na-eto n'ụdị dị otú ahụ, na-agụ agụụ nke ìhè, nke na-enwe ihe oriri maka rhinos.  Ndị obodo obodo na mbọ mkpochapụ adịlarị na ọ ga-aga n'ihu.

Javan rhino na 1895

[2]Ujung Kulon bụ ebe mgbaba ikpeazụ ama ama maka rhinoceros Javan dị oke egwu mgbe ọnwụ nke rhino Javan ikpeazụ na Cát Tiên National Park, Vietnam, ebe obere mmadụ 10 ma ọ bụ obere obere na 2010. Na Ujung Kulon, ekwuru na ọnụ ọgụgụ ndị na-akpata.  bi na 40–60 na 1980.  [1] N'ime 2001-2010, enweela ọkụ rhino iri na anọ site na iji nyere na ɔnyà vidiyo.  [2] Dabere na isi e mere n'etiti February na Ọktoba 2011, a adịla rhinoceros 35, nke 22 n'ime ha bụ ụmụ nwoke na ụmụ 13. N'ime mmadụ asaa ndị a bụ ndị agadi, ndị okenye iri na  ụmụ, ụmụntakịrị 5, na rhino ụmụ ọhụrụ 5. [3] Na-abụrụ site na awụ ndị gara aga, na 2013 ụmụ ụmụ ehi 8 nke 3 n'ime ha bụ na ndị mmadụ n'afọ iri na ụma na ndị okenye  nke 20 n'ime ha bụ ụmụ site na iji ịhụnanya vidiyo 120 na-arụ ọrụ n'igosi na ihe ike ike.  Enwere ike ịsị na ọ bụ data ziri ezi, ebe ọ bụ na rhino ọ àlà nwere ndị na-ere ya, site tumadi site na wrinkles akpụkpọ nma anya.  [4] E boro abụ atọrọ ugbu a na ihe dị ka rhino 75

. [3]Ka ọ na-erule 2013 ebe nri nke mgbagharị Eupatorium odoratum ọdụ site na ebe iri nwere 158 hectare (390 acres) ruo ebe 5 nwere 20 hectare (49 acres) .  Nke a echerela maka ebe iri nri n'etiti rhino mpaghara na ọnụ ọgụgụ banteng

Enwere ike ịchọta ụdị anụ ọhịa 35 na ogige ntụrụndụ mba, gụnyere banteng, silvery gibbon, Javan lutung, crab-eri macaque, Javan leopard, Sumatran dhole, Java òké-deer, Javan rusa, nwamba na-akụ azụ na otter dị nro . E nwekwara ụdị anụ ufe iri asaa na abụọ na ndị amphibians, na ụdị nnụnụ 240. </link>

A maghị ọkwa nke agụ iyi n'ime ogige ahụ; ịhụ ụzọ dị ụkọ ma na-eme mgbe ụfọdụ. Enwere akụkọ banyere gharial ụgha dị n'ime ogige ahụ, mana ekwenyeghị nke a. Na mgbakwunye, agụ iyi mmiri nnu dị n'akụkọ ihe mere eme n'ime usoro osimiri dị n'akụkụ osimiri Java mana ọ na-ekpochapụ ugbu a na mpaghara ndị a. Obere, ndị dịpụrụ adịpụ nke agụ iyi mmiri nnu dị na Ujung Kulon mana nkwenye dị mkpa. </link>

Agụ Javan nke Andries Hoogerwerf sere na 1938

Amarakwa tigers Java na-adị ndụ n'ime ogige mba ahụ ruo etiti afọ 1960. [4] Kemgbe ahụ, a na-ahụ tigers Javan na Meru Betiri National Park ruo n'afọ 1970.

Hụkwa[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

  • Andries Hoogerwerf, onye na-ahụ maka ihe okike na-arụsi ọrụ ike na nchekwa nke Ujung Kulon na 1930-40s.
  • Mpaghara echedoro nke Indonesia
  1. Flora - Taman Nasional Ujung Kulon. tnujungkulon.menlhk.go.id.
  2. 15 Badak Jawa Hilang dari Pantauan di Ujung Kulon (id-ID). CNN Indonesia. Retrieved on 8 May 2023.
  3. "Si Cula" Terancam Punah (August 25, 2013). Archived from the original on December 1, 2017. Retrieved on September 25, 2023.
  4. Seidensticker, J. (1980). The Javan Tiger and the Meri-Betiri Reserve, a plan for management. Gland: International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources.