Oroxylum indicum

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Oroxylum indicum bụ ụdị osisi na-agbasa okooko nke sitere na monotypic genus Oroxylus na ezinụlọ Bignoniaceae, a na-akpọkarị ya osisi opi India, oroxylum, okooko osisi opi India.[1][2][3][4][5] Ọ nwere ike iru mita 18 (59 ). A na-eji akụkụ dị iche iche nke osisi ahụ eme ihe na ọgwụ ọdịnala, ebe a maara ya dị ka Shyonaka ma ọ bụ Sona Patha.[5][6]

Nkọwa[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Nnukwu ahịhịa akwụkwọ na-akpọnwụ ma daa n'osisi ahụ ma na-agbakọta n'akụkụ ala nke ogwe osisi ahụ, na-eyi ka ọ dị ka ụyọkọ ọkpụkpụ gbajiri agbaji. Akwụkwọ pinnate dị ihe dịka 1 mita (3.3 ft) n'ogologo na obosara, na-ebute na petioles ma ọ bụ stalks ruo mita 2 (6.6 ) n"ogologo, na-eme ka nke a bụrụ nke kachasị n'ime akwụkwọ osisi dicot niile, nke bụ quadripinnate (akwụkwọ na-egosi usoro anọ nke alaka).[3][7][8]

Osisi ahụ bụ ihe na-acha n'abalị na okooko osisi na-eme ka ha kwekọọ na mmịpụta nke ụmụ oke.[3] Ha na-emepụta nnukwu mkpụrụ osisi na-adịru mita 1.5 (4.9 ) n'ogologo nke na-anọdụ n'alaka ndị na-enweghị ihe ọ bụla, na-eyi mma agha.[3][9] Mkpụrụ osisi ahụ dị ogologo na-agbadata ma yie nku nke nnukwu nnụnụ ma ọ bụ mma ogwu ma ọ bụ agha na-ese n'abalị, na-enye aha ahụ "osisi Damocles".[5] Mkpụrụ ya dị gburugburu na nku akwụkwọ.[10]

Nkesa[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Oroxylum indicum bụ nwa amaala nke mpaghara India, ugwu Himalayan na akụkụ gbasaa na Bhutan na ndịda China, Indochina na mpaghara Malesia. Na Vietnam, a na-akpọ osisi ahụ núc nác (mgbe ụfọdụ sò ফল), a pụkwara ịchọta ụdị ya na Cat Tien National Park.

A na-ahụ ya n'ọhịa biome nke Manas National Park na Assam, India. A na-ahụ ya, zụlite ya ma kụọ ya n'ọnụ ọgụgụ buru ibu n'ọhịa nke mpaghara Banswara na steeti Rajasthan na India. A na-akọ na ndepụta nke osisi ndị dị ụkọ, ndị nọ n'ihe ize ndụ na ndị nọ n"ihe ize ndụ nke Kerala (South India). A na-ahụkwa ya na Sri Lanka.[11]

Mmekọrịta gburugburu ebe obibi[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Oroxylum indicum na-ebi na mmekọrịta ya na actinomycete Pseudonocardia oroxyli dị n'ala gbara mgbọrọgwụ gburugburu.[12] Septobasidium bogoriense bụ ụdị fungal nke na-akpata velvet blight na O. indicum. [citation needed]

Phytochemistry[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Akụkụ dị iche iche nke O. indicum, gụnyere akwụkwọ, mgbọrọgwụ mgbọrọgwụ, osisi obi, na mkpụrụ, nwere kemịkal dị iche iche, dị ka prunetin, sitosterol, oroxindin, oroxylin-A, biochanin-A, ellagic acid, tetuin, anthraquinone, na emodin.[5][13] Ọtụtụ n'ime ihe ndị ahụ dị n'okpuru nyocha mbụ iji chọpụta ihe ndị nwere ike ịbụ ihe ndị dị ndụ.[5]

Ojiji[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

A na-akụkarị osisi ahụ dị ka osisi ịchọ mma maka ọdịdị ya dị ịtụnanya. Ihe eji eme ihe gụnyere osisi, tannins na akwa akwa[14]

N'ememe alụmdi na nwunye[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Ndị Kirat, Sunuwar, Rai, Limbu, Yakha, Tamang na Nepal, Thai na Thailand na Lao na Laos na-eji osisi ahụ eme ihe.

Na Himalayas, ndị mmadụ na-akwụnye ihe a tụrụ atụ ma ọ bụ okpueze ndị e ji mkpụrụ O. indicum (Skr. shyonaka) mee saịtị n'elu ụlọ ha n'ikwere na ha na-enye nchebe.[15]

Osisi scythe na-acha odo odo

Ọ bụ osisi nwere akwụkwọ ndị a na-eri eri, okooko osisi, pọd na ogwe osisi.[16] A na-eri nnukwu pọd, nke a maara dị ka Lin mai ma ọ bụ Lin fa na Loei, karịsịa na Thailand na Laos. A na-ebu ụzọ sie ha n'elu ọkụ ọkụ ma mgbe ahụ, a na-etinyekarị mkpụrụ ndị dị n'ime ma rie ha na lap. A maara ya dị ka খ খ খ খkandai n'etiti ndị Bodos nke ugwu ọwụwa anyanwụ India, a na-eri okooko ya na mkpụrụ osisi ya dị ka nri na-egbu egbu na osikapa. A na-ejikarị azụ a gwakọtara agwakọta ma ọ bụ nke a mịrị amị emepụta ya ma ha kwenyere na ọ nwere ọgwụ. Ndị Chakma na-eri pods ahụ na mpaghara ugwu Chittagong nke Bangladesh na India. A na-akpọ ya "Hona Gulo" n'asụsụ Chakma.

Osisi a bụ ihe oriri dị mkpa n'etiti ndị Karen, ndị na-enwekwa ekele maka uru ọgwụ ya. A na-esi okooko osisi ahụ esi ma na-eme ka ọ dị mma. A na-egbutu mkpụrụ osisi ndị na-eto eto na-enweghị isi ma na-eji mkpụrụ dị nro n'ime, na-enwe ụcha na ọdịdị nke akwụkwọ lettuce, na-eji na nri dị iche iche.[17]

N'ọgwụ ọdịnala[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

A na-eji mkpụrụ Oroxylum indicum eme ihe na ọgwụ ọdịnala India Ayurvedic na Chinese.[5] Mgbọrọgwụ mgbọrọgwụ bụ otu n'ime ihe ndị a na-eche na ọ bara uru na usoro ngwakọta na Ayurveda na ọgwụgwọ ndị ọzọ.[5][18][19]

Hụkwa[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

  • Ndepụta nke ihe ndị Thai mejupụtara

Ihe odide[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

  1. A Review on the Taxonomy, Ethnobotany, Chemistry and Pharmacology of Oroxylum indicum Vent
  2. Ecoport.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 Broken bones tree. Flowers of India. Retrieved on 11 December 2017. Kpọpụta njehie: Invalid <ref> tag; name "bones" defined multiple times with different content Kpọpụta njehie: Invalid <ref> tag; name "bones" defined multiple times with different content
  4. efloraofindia - Oroxylum indicum
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 Chaudhary (2011). "A Review on the Taxonomy, Ethnobotany, Chemistry and Pharmacology of Oroxylum indicum Vent". Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences 73 (5): 483–490. DOI:10.4103/0250-474X.98981. PMID 22923859.  Kpọpụta njehie: Invalid <ref> tag; name "ijps" defined multiple times with different content Kpọpụta njehie: Invalid <ref> tag; name "ijps" defined multiple times with different content Kpọpụta njehie: Invalid <ref> tag; name "ijps" defined multiple times with different content
  6. India Biodiversity Portal - Oroxylum indicum (L.) Kurz
  7. Phillipps (22 April 2012). The Midnight Horror Tree. Retrieved on 5 September 2012.
  8. Corner (1952). Wayside Trees of Malaya. Singapore: Govt. Printing Office. 
  9. (2004) Tropical and Subtropical Trees - An Encyclopedia. Portland: Timber Press. 
  10. Oroxylum indicum. eFloras.org. Dinghushan Plant Checklist, Chinese Academy of Science.
  11. Theobald, W.L. (1981).
  12. Gu (1 September 2006). "Pseudonocardia oroxyli sp. nov., a novel actinomycete isolated from surface-sterilized Oroxylum indicum root". Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 56 (Pt 9): 2193–2197. DOI:10.1099/ijs.0.64385-0. PMID 16957120. 
  13. Shah (1 January 1936). "131. The constitution of oroxylin-A, a yellow colouring matter from the root-bark of Oroxylum indicum, vent". J. Chem. Soc.: 591–593. DOI:10.1039/JR9360000591. 
  14. O'Neill (2017-03-29). "Integrating ethnobiological knowledge into biodiversity conservation in the Eastern Himalayas". Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 13 (21). DOI:10.1186/s13002-017-0148-9. PMID 28356115. 
  15. (1990) Trees and Shrubs of Nepal and the Himalayas; page 200. Pilgrims Books House. ISBN 9747315432. 
  16. ePIC - Detailed results from SEPASAL for oroxylum indicum.
  17. Anti-Infectious Plants of the Thai Karen: A Meta-Analysis
  18. Doshi (2012). "Anti-inflammatory activity of root bark and stem bark of Shyonaka". Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine 3 (4): 194–197. DOI:10.4103/0975-9476.104434. PMID 23326090. 
  19. Jayaweera, D.M.A. (1981).