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Pidgin Naịjirịa

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Nigerian Pidgin
Naijá (languej)
Spoken in: Nigeria
Total speakers: L1: Àtụ:Sigfig million
L2: Àtụ:Sigfig million
Language family: English Creole
 Atlantic
  Krio
   Nigerian PidginÀtụ:Infobox Language/script
Language codes
ISO 639-1: none
ISO 639-2:
ISO 639-3: pcm

Pidgin nke Naijiria, nke a na-akpọkwa Naijá ma ọ bụ Naija, bụ akara Creole nke akwụkwọ na Bekee nke a na-asụsụ a na-asụ ka dị na-ede na Naijiria. Naijiria Pidgin Naijá Naija Asụsụ Creole Bekee linga franca Naijiria A na-akpọ ahụ mgbe ụfọdụ Pijin, Brokun ma ọ bụ "Vernacular". Pijin Brokun Asụsụ Ọmụma Enwere ike ikwu ya dị ka pidgin, creole, dialect ma ọ bụ decreolised acrolect site n'aka ndị ọkà okwu dị iche iche, ndị nwere ike ike n'etiti ụdị a dabere na ọnọdụ mmadụ na ibe ya. pidgin decreolised acrolect [2] N'afọ 2010, e ibu orthography a na-ama maka Pidgin nke na-enweta nnukwu ewu ewu n'inye nke ahụ ederede, akwụkwọ ndekọ.[1][2]

A na-asụkwa nke ihe isiokwu a na-ezo aka dị ka "Nigerian Pidgin" n'ofe West na Central Africa, na mba ndị dị ka Benin, Ghana, na Cameroon. West Central Africa Benin Ghana Cameroon[3]

Ọnọdụ[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

A na-ibu Pidgin Naijiria eme ihe na mba ahụ dum, mana enyeghị ya ọkwa. Pidgin na-emebi ihe n'ibu n'okwu n'etiti dị iche iche ma na-asụ ya n'ọtụtụ ebe na-ama ụzọ.[4]

N'afọ 2011, Google akara interface akụkụ na Pidgin. Google N'afọ 2017, BBC Akụkọ BBC News Pidgin iji nye ọrụ na Pidgin. BBC akụkọ Pidgin[5]

Mgbanwe dị iche iche[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Ọtụtụ n'ime ọtụtụ nwere 250 ma ọ bụ ụfọdụ nwere ike i ghota okwu n'asụsụ ahụ, ọ bụ ebe na ọtụtụ ndị na-asụ ya ga-eji okwu sitere n'asụsụ ha. nkọwa:

  • A na- Yorùbá giobi (nke a na-akpọ 'sheh-be') eme ihe na-egosi ma ọ bụ njedebe nke ma ọ bụ ihe a na-ekwu okwu: "Ị na-enwe, ọ dị mma?" na-emebe ị na-eche? Yorùbá giobi Ṣebi ị na-amụ anya? [ihe odide dị mkpa] [ihe odide chọrọ] Yorùbá abi (ụdị ọzọ nke okwu ndị a na-akpọ giobi na ba) Yorùbá Abi giobi ba Igbo unu, nke ya na okwu Bekee "ị ndị mmadụ", ejirila ya mee ihe dị ka una. Igbo unu otu ihe atụ, Una dey mad na Pidgin Naijiria nwanne "Ị bụ ndị isi mgbaka. " Unu achịkwala ụzọ ya gaa na na darajar Jamaican, nke nwere otu ihe ahụ dị ka na Pidgin nke Naijiria. Una dey mad Unu Asụsụ Jamaican Igbo biko, nke nwanne "obi ụtọ". nwanne tusaale, biko free me ere "Biko hapụ m ikike m". biko biko tọhapụrụ m Hausa ba na njedebe nke ikpe ma ọ bụ ike a na-ekwu okwu ya: ị naghị akpọgharị, ba? Hausa ba ị bụghị wan bịara, ba? "Ị ịbịa ịbịa, ọ bụghị?"

Pidgin Naijiria nhọrọ site n'ebe ruo n'ebe. Asụsụ nke Pidgin Naijiria nwere ike ike Asụsụ Sapele-Warri-Ughelli nke nwere ike dị ukwuu n'ịdị dị ukwuu nke Naijiria, Asụsụ Benin City nke nwere ikike ya site na nhọrọ Bini, Asụsụ Port Harcourt nke nwera nke ikike nke akwụkwọ ndị na Rivers State, Lagos (karịsịa na Ajegunle nke nwere ike nke ndị Niger Deltan); na Onitsha dị iche iche nke na-enweta ike site na aha Igbo. Sapele Warri Ughelli Nigeria Benin City Bini bụ Port Harcourt siri Steeti Lagos Ajegunle Niger Deltan Onitsha aha Igbo

A na-asụkarị Pidgin nke Naijiria na steeti mmanụ Niger Delta ebe ọtụtụ ndị bi na ya na-asụrụ ya dị ka asụsụ mbụ ha. Delta Niger[6] E nwere akụkọ banyere pidgin a na-asụ na mbụ na Naịjirịa na-achị tupu mba ndị ọzọ dị n'ụsọ oké osimiri West Africa anabata ya.[7]

Ọ bụ na ọtụtụ ndị na-asụ pidgin, e nwere mpaghara dị ukwuu nke Naijiria ebe a na-asụ pidgin ma ọ bụ ike ya, AP n'etiti ndị na-Mkpuchi ụwa na mpaghara ugwu - Gombe State, Yobe State - nke Naijeria. Gombe Steeti Yobe Steeti

Mmekọrịta ya na asụsụ ndị ọzọ[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

O yiri Caribbean Creoles[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Pidgin nke Naijiria, ngosi pidgin na creole dị nke West Africa, nwere ihe yiri iche iche Creoles dị iche iche dị na Caribbean. Ebe Ọdịda egwuregwu Afrịka Ndị ọka-nyịnis [onye?] na-ekwu na nke a bụ n'ihi na ọtụtụ n'ime ndị ohu a kpọgara n'Ụwa ọhụrụ Ọ bụ ndị si n'Ebe Ọdịda ịrịa Afrịka. __ibo____ibo____ibo__ Ọ bụ ebe na ọ bụ [onye?                     fụ                        If  na idheer ya na akwụkwọ ma ọ bụ jiri ụdị kwuo ya, bụ creole nke Caribbean na akara creole. dị n'Ebe Ọdịda egwu Afrịka. Caribbean Agụnọ nke ndị na-ekwughachi ugboro ugboro na Caribbean Creole dị ka su-su (ịgba) na pyaa-pyaa (na- arịa ọrịa) na- ሬ ekere nke okwu ndị dị otú ahụ n'asụsụ West Africa dị ka bam-bam , nke ọnụ "zuru ezu" n'asụsụ Yoruba. Caribbean Creole su-su pyaa-pyaa bam-bam A na-ahụkwa ugboro ugboro na Pidgin Naijiria, dị ka koro-koro nke egwuregwu "ọhụụ doro anya", yama-yama nke egwuregwu "ihe na-aṣọ oyi", na doti -doti nke egwuregwu "ikpofu". koro-koro yama-yama doti-doti

Ọzọkwa, ojiji nke okwu sitere na West Africa na Jamaican Patois, dị ka unu na Bajan dialect wunna ma ọ bụ una - West African Pidgin (nke nwanne "ị ndị mmadụ", okwu sitere na okwu Igbo unu ma ọ bụ unuwa nke dị " ị mmadụ"), na- nọmba ụfọdụ n'ime myi rịta na-ama egwuregwu n'etiti English pidgins na Creoles nke West Africa na English pidgins and Creoles nke Western Indies, dị ka edi nke okwu na ndị yiri ibe ha n'asụsụ ndị dị n'ụdị nke Atlantic, dị ka m na-aga ma na-agwa anyị (M na-eme ka m) Jamaican Patois unu Bajan dialect wunna una Igbo unuwa West Indies M ga-agwa dem mere anyị anyị.

A na-ahụ copula deh ma ọ bụ dey na Caribbean Creole na Nigerian Pidgin English. copula deh dey Okwu ahụ bụ We dey foh London ga- mmetụta site n'aka onye na-asụrụ Creole na onye na-ekwu okwu Pidgin nke Naijiria iji pụta "Méne na London" (ọ bụ ebe na onye Jamaica nwere ike ịsị Wi nke London). Anyị gburu na London Wi de a London Okwu a sitere na okwu Igbo di nke ukwu otu ihe ahụ ma guzo ya n'otu ụzọ ahụ: anu di na ofe (nke tere "anụ dị n'ime ite") na anyi di na london. (nke nwa na "anyị nọ na London"). di anu di na ofe anyi di na London Ihe ndị ọzọ yiri ya, dị ka pikin (Nigerian Pidgin maka "nwatakịrị") na pikney (nke a na-eji n'akwụkwọetiti ndị dị ka St.Vincent, Antigua na St. Kitts, nke yiri ọkọlọtọ-English pejorative / epithet pickaninny) na chook (Nigrian Pidgin maka ""poke" ma ọ bụ "mkpanaka") nke sere na okwu Trinadianid creole juk, ma kwekọọ na chook eji n'àndị́ ndị ọzọ dị na West India. pikin pikney St.Vincent Antigua St. Kitts pickaninny chook Trinidadian creole juk chook

Njikọ ya na asụsụ Portuguese[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

N'ịbụ nke sitere n'ụdị Edo / Delta nke ike ugbu a, a ka nwere okwu ụfọdụ n'asụsụ Portuguese na pidgin English (ụka mmiri Portuguese na-azụ ndị ohu site na Bight of Benin). Ọwara nke Benin Dị ka ihe atụ, ị mara? ị mara na ị bụ? akpụkpọ "ị maara otu esi eme ya?". Sabi ekwe "ịmara" ma ọ bụ "ịmara otu esi eme", dịka "ịmara' bụ saber na Portuguese. Amaara ihe (Dị ka echiche monogenetic nke pidgins si kwuo, sabir bụ okwu bụ isi na Mediterranean Lingua Franca, nke e webatara n 'Ebe Ọdịda agha Afrịka site na pidgin Portuguese.

Bekee Naijiria[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Dị ka ọnọdụ Caribbean Creole, a na- Pidgin Nigerian eme ihe na-eme ụka. Creole Caribbean Pidgin Naijiria okpuru ọchịchị dị ka abụ. A na-eji Bekee Naijiria eme ihe na-enyere so, njikọ, nkwado, na mgbasa ozi. Bekee Naijiria Na, a na-enweta Bekee site na njikọ. Dị ka Bekee na ọtụtụ dị iche iche na Naijiria na-eme ihe ihe, Bekee NaijiriaỊ ihe a ma ama, a na-akpọ ya otu ụdị dị iche iche. Ọ bụ na enweghi ndị zuru oke nke Bekee Naijiria, ndị ọkà-akpa na Bekee bụ ụdị Bekee a na-ahụ anya na nke iche.Dị ka ọnọdụ Caribbean Creole, a na- misalin Pidgin Nigerian eme ihe na-eke ụka ozi . Creole Caribbean Pidgin Naijiria okpuru ọchịchị dị ka abụ. A na-eji Bekee Naijiria eme ihe na-enyere so, njikọ, nkwado, na mgbasa ozi. Bekee Naijiria Na, a na-enweta Bekee site na njikọ. Dị ka Bekee na ọtụtụ dị iche iche na Naijiria na-eme ihe ihe, Bekee NaijiriaỊ ihe a ma ama, a na-akpọ ya otu ụdị dị iche iche. Ọ bụ na enweghi ndị zuru oke nke Bekee Naijiria, ndị ọkà-akpa na Bekee bụ ụdị Bekee a na-ahụ anya na nke iche.Dị ka ọnọdụ Caribbean Creole, a na- misalin Pidgin Nigerian eme ihe na-eke ụka ozi . Creole Caribbean Pidgin Naijiria okpuru ọchịchị dị ka abụ. A na-eji Bekee Naijiria eme ihe na-enyere so, njikọ, nkwado, na mgbasa ozi. Bekee Naijiria Na, a na-enweta Bekee site na njikọ. Dị ka Bekee na ọtụtụ dị iche iche na Naijiria na-eme ihe ihe, Bekee NaijiriaỊ ihe a ma ama, a na-akpọ ya otu ụdị dị iche iche. Ọ bụ na enweghi ndị zuru oke nke Bekee Naijiria, ndị ọkà-akpa na Bekee bụ ụdị Bekee a na-ahụ anya na nke iche.Dị ka ọnọdụ Caribbean Creole, a na- misalin Pidgin Nigerian eme ihe na-eke ụka ozi . Creole Caribbean Pidgin Naijiria okpuru ọchịchị dị ka abụ. A na-eji Bekee Naijiria eme ihe na-enyere so, njikọ, nkwado, na mgbasa ozi. Bekee Naijiria Na, a na-enweta Bekee site na njikọ. Dị ka Bekee na ọtụtụ dị iche iche na Naijiria na-eme ihe ihe, Bekee NaijiriaỊ ihe a ma ama, a na-akpọ ya otu ụdị dị iche iche. Ọ bụ na enweghi ndị zuru oke nke Bekee Naijiria, ndị ọkà-akpa na Bekee bụ ụdị Bekee a na-ahụ anya na nke iche.Dị ka ọnọdụ Caribbean Creole, a na- misalin Pidgin Nigerian eme ihe na-eke ụka ozi . Creole Caribbean Pidgin Naijiria okpuru ọchịchị dị ka abụ. A na-eji Bekee Naijiria eme ihe na-enyere so, njikọ, nkwado, na mgbasa ozi. Bekee Naijiria Na, a na-enweta Bekee site na njikọ. Dị ka Bekee na ọtụtụ dị iche iche na Naijiria na-eme ihe ihe, Bekee NaijiriaỊ ihe a ma ama, a na-akpọ ya otu ụdị dị iche iche. Ọ bụ na enweghi ndị zuru oke nke Bekee Naijiria, ndị ọkà-akpa na Bekee bụ ụdị Bekee a na-ahụ anya na nke iche.Dị ka ọnọdụ Caribbean Creole, a na- misalin Pidgin Nigerian eme ihe na-eke ụka ozi . Creole Caribbean Pidgin Naijiria okpuru ọchịchị dị ka abụ. A na-eji Bekee Naijiria eme ihe na-enyere so, njikọ, nkwado, na mgbasa ozi. Bekee Naijiria Na, a na-enweta Bekee site na njikọ. Dị ka Bekee na ọtụtụ dị iche iche na Naijiria na-eme ihe ihe, Bekee NaijiriaỊ ihe a ma ama, a na-akpọ ya otu ụdị dị iche iche. Ọ bụ na enweghi ụmụaka zuru oke nke Bekee Naijiria, ndị ọkà-akpa na Bekee bụ ụdị Bekee a na-ahụ anya na nke iche.

Ọmụmụ ụdaolu[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Pidgin Naijiria, dị ka ọtụtụ pidgins na Creoles, nwere ụdaolu dị mfe karịa asụsụ superstrate. ụdaolu superstrate O nwere ụdaume iri abụọ na atọ, ụdaume asaa, na ụdaolu abụọ. ụdaume ụdaume ụdaolu [19]

Mkpụrụ okwu[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Akpụkpọ ahụ Alveolar Post-alveolar<br id="mw1Q"><br><br><br> Palatal Velar Akpụkpọ ụkwụ Mkpịsị aka
Ụgbọ imi m n ŋ
Plosive p b t d k ɡ kp ɡb
Africate
Tap r
Ihe na-esiri ike f v s z ʃ h
Ihe atụ l j w

Mkpụrụedemede[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

N'ihu Ịlaghachi azụ
N'akụkụ i u
Elu n'etiti e o
Ebe dị ala n'etiti ɛ ɔ
Emeghe a

Ụda ụda[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Pidgin Naijiria nwere ụda dị elu na ụda dị ala. A na-eji ụda olu dị elu dee, na ụda olu dị ala, ọ bụ ezie na a na-ahapụkarị ya na-enweghị akara, enwere ike iji ụda olu dị egwu dee ya. ụda olu dị elu

Hụkwa[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

 

  • Krio
  • Pichinglis
  • Asụsụ Naịjirịa

Ihe odide[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

  1. Ofulue. GUIDE TO STANDARD NAIJÁ ORTHOGRAPHY. An NLA Harmonized Writing System for Common Naijá Publications. IFRA-Nigeria - French Institute for Research in Africa. Archived from the original on 2023-01-01. Retrieved on 2017-02-06.
  2. Esizimetor, D. O. (2009). What Orthography for Naijá? Paper delivered at the Conference on Naijá organised by the Institut Français de Recherche en Afrique (IFRA), July 07–10, 2009, University of Ibadan Conference Centre.
  3. Fitimi. "THE EFFECT OF THE NIGERIAN PIDGIN ENGLISH ON THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF UNIVERSITY STUDENTS IN NIGERIA. ACASE STUDY OF NATIONAL OPEN UNIVERSITY OF NIGERIA STUDENTS IN BENIN STUDY CENTRE" (in en). Retrieved on 2021-02-09. 
  4. Language Contact Manchester (en). languagecontact.humanities.manchester.ac.uk. Archived from the original on 2018-08-01. Retrieved on 2018-07-17.
  5. "BBC Pidgin service launched in Nigeria", 2017-08-21. Retrieved on 2019-04-28. (in en-GB)
  6. Frances Ayenbi (2014-06-01). "Language regression in Nigeria" (in en). Éducation et sociétés plurilingues (36): 51–64. DOI:10.4000/esp.136. ISSN 1127-266X. Retrieved on 2021-12-27. 
  7. Igboanusi (February 2008). "Empowering Nigerian Pidgin: a challenge for status planning?" (in en). World Englishes 27 (1): 68–82. DOI:10.1111/j.1467-971X.2008.00536.x. ISSN 0883-2919. Retrieved on 12 June 2022.