Raj Narain

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Raj Narain
Raj Narain 2007 stamp of India.jpg
mádu
Ụdịekerenwoke Dezie
Mba o sịNdia, British Raj, Dominion of India Dezie
Aha enyereRaj Dezie
Ụbọchị ọmụmụ ya15 Maachị 1917 Dezie
Ebe ọmụmụVaranasi district Dezie
Ụbọchị ọnwụ ya31 Disemba 1986 Dezie
Ebe ọ nwụrụNew Delhi Dezie
Asụsụ ọ na-asụ, na-ede ma ọ bụ were na-ebinye akaHindi Dezie
Ọrụ ọ na-arụOnye ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị Dezie
Ọkwá o jimember of the Lok Sabha, Member of Rajya Sabha, Member of the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly Dezie
Ebe agụmakwụkwọBanaras Hindu University, St. John's College, Agra Dezie

Raj Narain (23 Nọvemba 1917 31 Disemba 1986) bụ onye India na-alụ ọgụ maka nnwere onwe na onye ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị. O meriri n'okwu ikpe a ma ama megide Praịm Minista Indira Gandhi n'oge ahụ, nke dugara n'iwepụ ya na itinye ya n'ọnọdụ mberede na India na 1975.[1] O meriri Indira Gandhi n'oge ntuli aka Lok Sabha nke afọ 1977.

Oge ọ malitere[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Raj Narain bụ nwa Anant Prasad Singh ma amụrụ na 23 Nọvemba 1917 na Bhumihar Brahmin bara ọgaranya nke a makwaara dị ka ezinụlọ Babhan n'obodo nta Motikoat na Varanasi. Ọ bụ onye ikwu nke usoro ndị eze Narayan, ndị bụ ezinụlọ eze nke Benares State, ọ na-ejikọkwa ya na ezinụlọ Maharaja Chet Singh na Maharaja Balwant Singh, ndị bụ Maharajas nke Benares Steeti, ihe karịrị otu narị afọ gara aga. Ọ gụrụ akwụkwọ na Mahadum Hindu nke Banaras, ma mee MA na LL.B.

Ihe omume n'oge India's Freedom Movement[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Onye ọrụ ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị na mmekọrịta mmadụ na ibe ya, ọ haziri ụlọ akwụkwọ maka ndị okenye, ụlọ akwụkwọ ụmụ nwanyị, ebe ọmụmụ ihe na nzukọ ọrụ wee bụrụ onye otu Congress Socialist Party, na 1934, na National Committee of Students Federation, 1939[[44. Ọ bụ onye isi oche nke Kọmitii Mandal Congress nke Mahadum Banaras na onye otu Kọmitii District Congress (D.C.C.Ọ dị iche iche

Ọ bụ onye isi oche nke Student Congress n'oge 1942 Quit India movement, ma duzie ngagharị iwe na gburugburu Varanasi district na UP. Na mbido, ọ nọ "n'okpuru" ruo ọnwa atọ ma mesịa jide ya na 28 Septemba 1942, n'oge Quit India Movement ma tụọ ya mkpọrọ ruo 1945.

Ọrụ mgbe nnwere onwe gasịrị[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

A tụrụ ya mkpọrọ ugboro iri ise na asatọ maka oge ruru dị ka afọ iri na ise n'ihe gbasara ụmụ akwụkwọ na òtù ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị. [citation needed]

Mgbe India nwetara onwe ya, Raj Narain sonyeere ndị Socialist Party nke Acharya Narendra Deva, Jayprakash Narayan na Dr Rammanohar Lohia duziri ma nwee ọtụtụ ọkwa pati gụnyere odeakwụkwọ nke UP Socialist Party, 1948 Xi51. Ọ dị nso na Guru ya Acharya Narendra Deva na Dr.Rammanohar Lohia. Dr. Lohia kọwara ya dị ka "onye nwere obi ọdụm na omume Gandhi". Dr. Lohia nwere mmasị n'ebe ọ nọ nke ukwuu ma kwuo na "ọ bụrụ na n'India enwere ike inwe naanị mmadụ atọ ma ọ bụ anọ dị ka ya, ọchịchị aka ike enweghị ike imegide ọchịchị onye kwuo uche ya".

A họpụtara ya ka ọ bụrụ onye omeiwu Uttar Pradesh n'afọ 1952 ma bụrụ onye ndú nke ndị mmegide na Nzukọ ahụ ruo n'afọ 1962. Òtù ndị ọ sonyeere gụnyere CSP (1934), Socialist Party (1948), Praja Socialist Party (1952)), Socialist party (na Afọ 1956), Samyukta Socialist Party (1964)), Socialistist Party (1971), Socialist Parti (Lohia) (1972), Bhartiya Lok Dal, (1974), Janata Party (1977), Janata party (Secular) (1979), Janata Parti (Secular), Democratic Socialist Party (19881), Janata, na Socialist Party, site na ọnwụ ya na 1984 Ruo na afọ 1986. Ọnọdụ pati ọ nwere gụnyere, Member National Executive, PSP, 195455, Chairman, Socialist Party, 196164. Ọ bụkwa onye otu Rajya Sabha site na 1966 na 1974 na 1977.

Raj Narain megidere ụkpụrụ na omume nke Praịm Minista Indira Gandhi ma guzo (megide ya) na ntuli aka Lok Sabha nke 1971 site na Rai Bareli dị ka onye afọ ndọrọndọrọ ọchịchị Samyukta Socialist Party. Ọ bụ ezie na e meriri ya na ntuli aka nke afọ 1971, ọ boro Indira Gandhi ebubo nrụrụ aka na ntuliaka ma tinye akwụkwọ mkpesa megide ya.

Raj Narain (1977)

Ụlọikpe Kasị Elu nke Allahabad na 12 June 1975 kwadoro ebubo ahụ[Note 1] ma wepụ nhọpụta Indira Gandhi ma wepụ ya ka ọ ghara ịzọ ọkwa na ntuli aka Lok Sabha maka afọ 6 sochirinụ, nke dugara n'ịtinye ọnọdụ mberede na India.[2] Ngagharị iwe mba niile malitere ma ndị mmadụ jupụtara n'okporo ámá n'okpuru nduzi nke Loknayak Jai Prakash Narayan na Raj Narain. Nke a bụ nnukwu ihe nkiri nke ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị India mgbe nnwere onwe gasịrị, na Raj Narain dị ka otu n'ime ndị isi.

A maara ya dị ka onye nkatọ kachasị ukwuu na onye iro Indira Gandhi, mgbe a manyere ọnọdụ mberede, e jidere Raj Narain ozugbo ma tụọ ya mkpọrọ n'otu ụbọchị ahụ, ya na ọtụtụ ndị isi mmegide gụnyere Jai Prakash Narayan, Morarji Desai, Satyendra Narayan Sinha, Charan Singh, L. K. Advani na Atal Bihari Vajpayee na-enweghị ọkwa ọ bụla ma kpọchie ya n'ebe ndị a na-amaghị.

Oriakụ Gandhi wepụrụ ọnọdụ mberede na Jenụwarị na afọ 1977, gbasaa Lok Sabha ma hazie ntuli aka ọhụrụ maka ahụ. Narain sonyeere ndị ọzọ na-emegide ya iji guzobe njikọ Janata iji chee Mrs. Òtù Congress nke Gandhi. Narain guzogidere ya ọzọ site na mpaghara Rae Bareli. O meriri ya na ihe karịrị puku vootu iri ise. Njikọ Janata mekwara ntuli aka ahụ n'ebe ugwu India niile iji mepụta ihe ka ọtụtụ na ndị omeiwu (Lok Sabha).

Narain sonyeere gọọmentị Morarji Desai ma ghọọ Minista nke Ahụike na Ahụike Ezinụlọ. Oge Narain dị ka onye minista were ihe karịrị otu afọ mgbe a gwara ya na Charan Singh ka ha gbaa arụkwaghịm maka ịkatọ gọọmentị Janata.

Ka oge na-aga, ọ chọrọ ka ndị otu Janata Party nwere njikọ na Hindu Nationalist, RSS hapụ njikọ ndị ahụ iji zere iguzosi ike n'ihe nkewa. Mgbe a leghaara nke a anya, ọ gbara arụkwaghịm n'òtù ahụ iji wepụta uwe ọhụrụ a na-akpọ Janata Party (Secular). O nwere ike ịdọta ndị na-agba ọsọ zuru ezu site na ndị otu ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị na ndị BLD iji mee ka gọọmentị Morarji Desai ghara inwe ntụkwasị obi na ndị omeiwu ma ghara inwe ike.[3] A kọwaala arụmọrụ Raj Narain n'oge Janata nke 1977-1979 dị ka nke buffoon, onye na-eme ihe nkiri Guerilla, na dị ka ịnyịnya na-eso Charan Singh.[4]

Raj Narain kpọrọ onwe ya Hanuman na Ram nke Charan Singh. Kamlapati Tripathi meriri ya na ntuli aka Lok Sabha nke 1980 na Varanasi. Mgbe e mesịrị, ya na onye nkuzi ya bụ Charan Singh sere okwu, Raj Narain guzogidere Singh na mpaghara Baghpat na afọ 1984. N'oge a, n'echiche ya, Ram ya tụgharịrị na Ravan ma bibie ya.[5]

Akụkọ banyere ntuli aka ya[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

  • 1971 : E meriri ntuli aka Lok Sabha nke 1971 Indira Gandhi site na Rae Bareli
  • 1977 : E meriri Indira Gandhi na Rae Bareli
  • 1980 : Kamlapati Tripathi si n'oche Varanasi furu efu
  • 1984 : Charan Singh si n'oche Baghpat tụfuo ya. Nzukọ omeiwu bụ nke abụọ n'oche a.

Njikọ ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị ya[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

  • Congress Socialist Party (CSP), na afọ 1934[[48.

Onye nyocha nke Congress Socialist Party, 1946. Odeakwụkwọ distrikti, Congress Socialist Party (SP), 1946.

  • Onye otu Socialist Party (SP), na afọ 1948 Ruo na afọ 1952.

Odeakwụkwọ, Uttar Pradesh Socialist Party (SP), 1948[[51. Onye nnọkọ nke Socialist Party na Delhi, na 9 June na afọ 1951.

  • Onye otu Praja Socialist Party (PSP), na afọ 1952 Ruo na afọ 1955.

Onye isi oche nke mba, PSP, 1954-1955.

  • Onye otu, Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly na Onye isi nke ndị mmegide, 1952-1962.
  • Onye otu Socialist Party, 1956-1964. (Site na 1 Jenụwarị 1956 ruo 9 June 1964) Onye isi oche, Socialist Party, 1961-1964.

Ọ sonyeere Samyukta Socialist Party (SSP) mgbe PSP na SP jikọtara.

  • Onye otu Samyukta Socialist Party (SSP), 1964ī72. (9 June 1964 to 12, April na afọ 1972)

Odeakwụkwọ ukwu Samyukta Socialist Party (SSP), 1964-1966.

  • Onye otu Rajya Sabha, 1966 na 72 (N'ihi na SSP)
  • Onye otu Socialist Party, 1971 na 72 (Mgbe PSP na SSP jikọtara)

Revived Socialist Party (Lohia), na 1972 ma bụrụ onye otu ya, 1972ī74. Ha jikọtara SSP (Lohia) n'ime BKD na 1974 wee guzobe Bhartiya Lok Dal

  • Na afọ Onye otu Bhartiya Lok Dal (BLD), 1974
  • Onye otu Rajya Sabha, 1974 na-aga n'ihu na-aga (As BLD Candidate)

E guzobere Janata Party na 1977 mgbe njikọta nke BLD, Bhartiya Jana sangh, Congress (O), Socialist Party na Congress for Democracy (CFD)

  • Onye otu Janata Party, 1977-79,
  • Onye otu Lok Sabha nke isii, 1977 na 79. (E meriri Indira Gandhi na 1977)
  • Onye otu Union Cabinet dị ka Minista Ahụike na Ahụike Ezinụlọ. (1977), wepụrụ ya na Union Cabinet na Jenụwarị 1979 ma mesịa gbaa arụkwaghịm na Janata Party na 1979. *O guzobere Janata Party (S) dị ka onye isi oche ya ma mesịa bụrụ onye isi oche
  • sonyeere Democratic Socialist Party, 1981 na 1983 (Na H. N. Bahuguna).
  • O sonyeere Janata Party, 1983 na 84. Mụ na Chandra Shekhar.

O meriri onye bụbu praịm minista Charan Singh, na ntuli aka Lok Sabha nke 1984 site na Baghpat (U.P.) guzobere Socialist Party na 1985, ma soro ya na pati a ruo mgbe ọ nwụrụ na 1986.

Ndụ onwe onye ya[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Raj Narain lụrụ di ma nwee ụmụ nwoke atọ na otu nwa nwanyị. Raj Narain na-ebipụta kwa izu site na Varanasi ma nọrọ na bọọdụ nchịkọta akụkọ nke Dọkịta Rammanohar Lohia guzobere kwa ọnwa.

Ihe Nketa ya[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

  • Onye bụbu osote onye isi ala India, Bhairon Singh Shekhawat wepụtara stampụ ncheta ya na 23 Machị 2007.
  • N'afọ 2012, onye isi minista nke Uttar Pradesh n'oge ahụ, Akhilesh Yadav kpughere ihe oyiyi na ncheta ya na Chandrabhanu Gupta Agriculture college nke dị nso na isi obodo Lucknow.[6][7]

Akwụkwọ ya[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

  • Na iwu ahụike ọhụrụ, nke Raj Narain dere. 1977-8 peeji. Nọmba akwụkwọ POPLINE: 783545. Onye edemede: NARAIN R. Ebe e si nweta ya: New Delhi, India, Department of Family Welfare, www.popline.org/ docs/ 0299/ 783545.html.
  • Iwu Heath nke Raj Narain kwuru na Practicing health for all, nke David Morley, Jon E. Rohde, Glen Williams. Oxford University Press, 1983 Medical ➜ 333 peeji.
  • Iwu Heath nke Raj Narain kwuru na India: usoro nlekọta ahụike na atụmatụ, site na Rais Akhtar. 2004-343 peeji. Na peeji nke 45 Raj Narain, ha nwere echiche na-achọkarị de-professionalization, decentralization, na usoro ọgwụ nke ụmụ amaala. Nkwupụta nke Janata kwuru maka ndị ọrụ ahụike obodo, Raj Narain nabatara ya dị ka nkwa onwe onye (Leslie, 1985).

Hụkwa nka[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Ịgụ ihe ọzọ[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

  • Apaat Kaal Ka Dhoomketu: Raj Narain. Onye dere ya: Dr.Yugeshwar.
  • The New Yorker: Mpịakọta 56, Mbipụta 1 Xi, 1980. Ọ bụ ezie na Raj Narain lụrụ di ma nwee ụmụ anọ, ọ gbahapụrụ ezinụlọ ya ogologo oge gara aga maka ịlụ di ma ọ bụ nwunye... Ọ dịghị onye maara ma Raj Narain na-ekwupụta ezi nkwenye ma ọ bụ na-ekwu ihe naanị iji dọta uche.
  • Ihe gbasara ezinụlọ: India n'okpuru praịm minista atọ.Ved Mehta n'afọ 1982 peeji nke 166. Ọrụ bụ isi nke Raj Narain wepụtara dị ka Minista Ahụike Janata bụ atụmatụ ka obodo ọ bụla họrọ otu... Ndị na-akatọ Raj Narain kwuru na atụmatụ ya agaghị emebi naanị obere ihe onwunwe kamakwa ọ ga-emebi ihe.
  • N'asụsụ Hindi, n'asụsụ Hindi.
  • N'asụsụ Hindi
  • N'asụsụ Hindi, ndị mmadụ na-ekwu maka ya

Ihe edeturu n'okpuru ala[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

  1. 1975: Region Of Terror – Cover Story News. Indiatoday.intoday.in (2 July 2007). Retrieved on 2018-11-13.
  2. Chandra (2003). In the name of democracy : JP movement and the emergency, Chapter 4, Emergency imposed. New Delhi: Penguin Books. ISBN 978-0143029670. 
  3. Rudolph (1989). In pursuit of Lakshmi. The political economy of the Indian state, [Nachdr.], Chicago: Univ. of Chicago Pr.. ISBN 978-0226731391. 
  4. Rudolph (1989). In pursuit of Lakshmi. The political economy of the Indian state, [Nachdr.], Chicago: Univ. of Chicago Pr.. ISBN 978-0226731391. 
  5. Syed (2003). in Syed: Twenty tumultuous years : insights into Indian polity (1973–1994). New Delhi: Gyan, 310–311. ISBN 9788121208048. 
  6. Swati Mathur (5 August 2012). Akhilesh scales rooftop to address masses; proves he is not called young and dynamic without reason. The Times of India. Archived from the original on 26 January 2013. Retrieved on 22 August 2012.
  7. TNN (6 August 2012). Akhilesh Yadav promises development for Bakshi ka Talaab, announces bonanza. The Times of India. Archived from the original on 28 January 2013. Retrieved on 22 August 2012.

Ebensidee[dezie | dezie ebe o si]