Shahid

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Shahid
title, title of honor
subclass nkebeliever, martyr Dezie

Shaheed (Arabic), fem. [ʃahiːdah], pl. شُهَدَاء [ʃuhadaː]; Punjabi na-egosi onye nwụrụ n'ihi okwukwe ya na Islam ma obu na Sikhism.[1] A na-eji okwu ahụ eme ihe ugboro ugboro na kor'an n'echiche nke "onye akaebe" mana naanị otu ugboro n'echiche nke "onye nwụrụ n'ihi okwukwe" (ya bụ, onye nwụrụ maka okwukwe ya); echiche nke ikpeazụ na-enweta ojiji sara mbara na hadith.[2][3]

A na-ejikarị okwu ahụ eme ihe dị ka utu aha mgbe ọ nwụsịrị maka ndị a na-ewere na ha nabatara ma ọ bụ ọbụna jiri nlezianya chọọ ọnwụ nke ha iji gbaa akaebe maka nkweye ha.[4] Dị ka okwu Bekee nke onye nwụrụ n'ihi okwukwe ya, na narị afọ nke 20, okwu ahụ bụ shahid bịara nwee ma ihe okpukpe ma ihe na-abụghị nke okpukpe, a na-ejikarị ya akọwa ndị nwụrụ maka ihe ndị na-abụghị echiche okpukpe.[5] Nke a na-egosi na ọ dịghị otu echiche a na-ejighị n'aka na nke a na-apụghị ịgbanwe agbanwe nke ịbụ onye nwụrụ n'ihi okwukwe n'etiti ndị Alakụba na ndị Sikh.[6]

Okwu mmalite[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

N'asụsụ Arabic, okwu ahụ bụ shahid pụtara "onye akaebe". Ọganihu ya yiri nke okwu Grik martys (μάρτυς, lit. ' akaebe'; "onye nwụrụ n'ihi okwukwe" na Agba Ọhụrụ), mmalite nke okwu Onye nwuru n’ihi okwukwe ya.

Ihe odide kor'an[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

A na-ewere shahid dị ka onye a na-ekwe nkwa na Paradaịs dị ka amaokwu ndị a dị na kor'an si kwuo:

  1. Khalid Zaheer. "Definition of a shaheed", November 22, 2013. Retrieved on 11 January 2016.
  2. "The word shahid (plural shahada) has the meaning of "martyr" and is closely related in its development to the Greek martyrios in that it means both a witness and a martyr [...] in the latter sense only once is it attested (3:141)." David Cook, Oxford Bibliographies
  3. Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon, μάρτυ^ς. www.perseus.tufts.edu.
  4. Gölz, "Martyrdom and the Struggle for Power. Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Martyrdom in the Modern Middle East.", Behemoth 12, no. 1 (2019): 2–13, 5.
  5. Habib (2017). "Dying for a Cause Other Than God: Exploring the Non-religious Meanings of Martyr and Shahīd". Australian Journal of Linguistics 37 (3): 314–327. DOI:10.1080/07268602.2017.1298395. 
  6. Gölz, "Martyrdom and the Struggle for Power. Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Martyrdom in the Modern Middle East.", Behemoth 12, no. 1 (2019): 2–13, 11.