Tajine

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Tajine
Tajine marocain.jpg
subclass nkestew Dezie
akara alaطاجين, ⵜⴰⵊⵉⵏ Dezie
mba osiMaghreb Dezie
usestajine Dezie

A tajine ma ọ bụ tagine bụ nri ndị dị n'Ebe Ugwu Afrịka, nke akpọrọ aha ite e ji esi ya.[1] A na-akpọkwa ya jikwa ma ọ bụ marqa.

Okwu mmalite[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Arabic ط zaman (ṭažin) sitere na Berber ṭajin " ite ụrọ na-adịghị omimi", site na Greek ochie τάγηνον (tágēnon) "ọkụ-ite, saucepan".[2][3][4]

Mmalite[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Na Mgbidi Antonine nke gọvanọ Numidian nke Rom Britain, Quintus Lollius Urbicus, wuru, a chọpụtala ụdị ite dị iche iche, otu bụ efere casserole nke nwere ike ịbụ onye bu ụzọ na Tajine nke oge a.[5][6] A chọpụtakwala iberibe tajines n'etiti ite Numidian na Algeria nke oge a.[7]

Akụkọ ihe mere eme nke tagine malitere n'oge Harun al-Rashid, onye nke ise nke Abbasid Caliph.[8][9][10] Ihe ndekọ mbụ e dere banyere echiche nke isi nri na tajine pụtara na otu puku abalị na otu abalị a ma ama, nchịkọta akụkọ asụsụ Arabic site na narị afọ nke 9.[10]

Taa, a na-akwadebe ite nri na broth ọdịnala ya na Middle East na North Africa. E nwere ụzọ dị iche iche isi kwadebe tajine. N'ụdị qidra mbụ, a na-eji saman (mmanụ a na-egbuke egbuke) eme ihe iji mee ka elu ya dị ọcha ma tinye yabasị a pịrị apị maka ụtọ na ísì. Maka ụdị nri muqawlli, a na-etinye ihe ndị ahụ na mmanụ oliv iji mee ka ụtọ ya dịkwuo mma.

E nwere ọtụtụ nkọwa banyere otu esi akwadebe tajine site n'aka ndị ọkà mmụta Arab. Nkọwa a ma ama bụ nke sitere n'aka ibn al-Adim (1192[[1262):  

Chicken Algeria na olive tajine.

Ihe ndị e ji kpụọ[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Ọkpụkpụ ọdịnala tajine, mgbe ụfọdụ a na-ese ma ọ bụ na-egbuke egbuke, nwere akụkụ abụọ: otu okirikiri nke dị larịị na akụkụ dị ala na nnukwu mkpuchi dị ka cone ma ọ bụ dome nke na-anọdụ n'ala mgbe a na-esi nri. A na-emepụta mkpuchi ahụ iji weghachite condensation niile na ala. Enwere ike imeziwanye usoro ahụ site na itinye mmiri oyi n'ime olulu mmiri a haziri n'ụzọ pụrụ iche n'elu mkpuchi ahụ.

A na-esi Tajine n'elu icheku ọkụ na-ahapụ ohere zuru oke n'etiti icheku ọkụ ma ọ bụ ite tajine iji zere ka okpomọkụ rịa elu ngwa ngwa. A na-eji nnukwu brik nke icheku ọkụ eme ihe, ọkachasị maka ikike ha nwere ịnọ na-ekpo ọkụ ruo ọtụtụ awa. Ụzọ ndị ọzọ bụ iji tajine mee ihe n'ọkụ na-adịghị ngwa ngwa ma ọ bụ na gas ma ọ bụ n'elu igwe eji esi nri eletrik, na okpomọkụ kachasị ala dị mkpa iji mee ka stew na-esi n'ụzọ dị nro. A na-eji igwe-mmenyu arịa dị gburugburu nke a na-etinye n'etiti tajine na ire ọkụ, iji kesaa okpomọkụ nke stove. Ndị na-emepụta ihe na Europe emepụtala tajines nwere ala ígwè dị arọ nke enwere ike ime ka ọ dị ọkụ na stovu nri ruo n'okpomọkụ dị elu, nke na-enye ohere ịcha anụ na akwụkwọ nri tupu esi nri.

Enwere ike imegharị nri Tajine site na iji ihe na-esi nri ma ọ bụ ihe yiri ya, mana nsonaazụ ya ga-adịtụ iche. [Ọnodu choro] Ọtụtụ tajines ceramic bụ ịchọ mma yana arịa nri na-arụ ọrụ. Otú ọ dị, a na-ezube ụfọdụ tajines naanị iji mee ihe dị ka efere na-achọ mma.

Tajine Algeria na Morocco[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Tajine na tomato, meatballs, na àkwá na-esi ọkụ na Casablanca.

Nri tajine nke Algeria na Morocco bụ nri na-atọ ụtọ nke a na-esi ngwa ngwa, nke a na'ejikarị anụ, ọkụkọ ma ọ bụ azụ na akwụkwọ nri ma ọ bụ mkpụrụ osisi eme.[11][12][13] A na-ejikwa ihe na-esi ísì ụtọ, mkpụrụ osisi, na mkpụrụ osisi a mịrị amị. Ihe ndị a na-ahụkarị na-esi ísì ụtọ gụnyere ginger, cumin, turmeric, cinnamon, na saffron. A na-eji paprika na chili eme ihe na tajines akwụkwọ nri. Njikọ na-atọ ụtọ na nke na-esi ísì ụtọ bụ ihe a na-ahụkarị na nri tajine dị ka nwa atụrụ na prunes na ihe na-esi ụtọ. A na-ejikarị achịcha enye Tajines. N'ihi na mkpuchi ma ọ bụ mkpuchi dị ka cone nke ite tajine na-ejide anwụrụ ọkụ ma weghachite mmiri ahụ na ite ahụ, a chọrọ obere mmiri iji sie anụ na akwụkwọ nri. Usoro isi nri a dị mkpa n'ebe mmiri dị obere ma ọ bụ ebe mmiri ọha na eze na-enwetabeghị.[14]

Tajine nke Tunisia[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Tajine nke Tunisia

Ihe ndị Tunisia na-akpọ "tajine" dị nnọọ iche na ụdị nri ndị ọzọ.[15] tajine Tunisian dị ka frittata Italian ma ọ bụ eggah. Nke mbụ, a na-akwadebe ragout dị mfe, nke anụ a bepụrụ n'ime obere iberibe, jiri yabasị na ihe na-esi ísì ụtọ sie, dị ka ngwakọta nke rosebuds kpọrọ nkụ na sinamọn a gwakọtara agwakọta nke a maara dị ka baharat ma ọ bụ ngwakọta siri ike nke coriander na mkpụrụ caraway; a na-akpọ nke a tabil.[16] Mgbe ahụ, a na-agbakwunye ihe na-atọ ụtọ iji mee ka mmiri ahụ sie ike. Ihe ndị a na-ahụkarị na-agụnye àgwà cannellini, chickpeas, breadcrumbs ma ọ bụ poteto. Mgbe anụ ahụ dị nro, a na-ejikọta ya na ihe ndị a họọrọ ka ha bụrụ ihe na-atọ ụtọ. Ihe atụ gụnyere parsley ọhụrụ, mint a mịrị amị, saffron, tomato a mịrị n'anyanwụ, akwụkwọ nri e siri esi na ụbụrụ nwa ehi a siri esi. Mgbe nke ahụ gasịrị, a na-etinye cheese na àkwá n'ime nri ahụ. N'ikpeazụ, a na-eme àkwá na stew a n'ime efere dị omimi, ma ọ bụ na stove ma ọ bụ n'ime oven ruo mgbe a na-esi n'elu na n'ala ma na-etinye àkwá ahụ. Mgbe tajine dị njikere, a na-atụgharị ya n'elu efere ma belata ya n'ime square, ya na wedges nke lemon. A pụkwara iji nri mmiri mee tajines Tunisian ma ọ bụ dị ka nri akwụkwọ nri kpamkpam. [Ọnọdụ choro]

JN'ime ime obodo nke Tunisia, ndị na-esi nri n'ụlọ na-etinye efere ụrọ na-adịghị omimi n'elu coal osisi oliv, jupụta ya, kpuchie ya na pan ụrọ dị larịị, wee kpokọta coal ọkụ n'elu. tajine a na-emepụta na-adị nro n'elu na n'ala, na-ede mmiri n'ime ma na-etinye ya na ísì anwụrụ ọkụ. [citation needed]

Maghrebi Tagine ndị Juu[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Ndị Juu Maghrebi na-eri ma na-akwadebe tagine, n'ihi ọnụnọ ha n'akụkọ ihe mere eme na North Africa. Tagine bụ nri dị ezigbo mkpa na nri Sephardi, ndị Juu Moroccan, ndị Juu Algeria, ndị Juu Tunisian, ndị Juu Libya, ndị Juu Djerban, yana ndị Juu French, ndị Juu America, na ndị Israel na-eri ma na-akwadebe ya, n'ihi ọnụ ọgụgụ buru ibu nke ndị Sephardim na mba ndị ahụ.

Tagine bụ isi nri Sephardic nke a na-akwadebe maka nri[17] abalị Shabbat na obodo Sephardi, ma na-enye ya na couscous. Ndị Sephardim si n'ógbè dị iche iche na-akwadebe ụdị Tagine dị iche iche, dịka ọmụmaatụ, ndị Juu Moroccan na-ejikarị mkpụrụ osisi kpọrọ nkụ akwadebe tagine, ebe ndị Juu Tunisian na-akwukarị akwụkwọ nri tagine nwere poteto, karọt, na zucchini a na-egbutu n'ime nnukwu dice. A na-akwadebe Tagine maka ezumike ndị Juu dịka Rosh Hashanah na Yom Kippur break fast.[18]

Ihe ngosi[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Hụkwa[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

 

  • Ndepụta nri ndị dị n'Etiti Ebe Ọwụwa Anyanwụ Ụwa
  • Ndepụta nri ndị Afrịka
  • Ndepụta nke efere àkwá
  • Nri ndị Berber
  • Ndepụta stews
  • Rfissa
  • Ndepụta nke arịa nri

Ebensidee[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

  1. Histoire du tajine, un éloge berbère de la lenteur (12 November 2018).
  2. Albala (2011). Food Cultures of the World Encyclopedia, Volume 1. Greenwood. ISBN 978-0313376269. “The Arabic word ṭažin is derived from the Greek teganon, meaning “frying pan".” 
  3. τάγηνον, Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon, on Perseus
  4. الطاجين المغربي يقاوم التشويه. BBC Arabic (31 May 2008). Retrieved on 12 December 2012.
  5. Africans on the Antonine Wall? Rebecca Jones Historic Environment Scotland
  6. Jones (2021). "What Divides Us Also Connects Us: Roman Frontiers, World Heritage and Community". The Historic Environment: Policy & Practice 12 (2): 120–145. DOI:10.1080/17567505.2021.1916703. 
  7. Ben Moussa, Moncef, Joan Ramon, Víctor Revilla Calvo, Joan (Sanmartí i Grego) Sanmartí, Maria Carme Belarte Franco, Chokri Touihri, Imed Ben Jarbania, and Sami Ben Tahar. Catalogue Du Mobilier. 2011. Consorci de Biblioteques Universitáries de Catalunya, Centre de Serveis Científics i Acadèmics de Catalunya.
  8. Roden (2008-12-24). The New Book of Middle Eastern Food (in en). Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group. ISBN 9780307558565. 
  9. Tagine in heartwarming spoonfuls. english.alarabiya.net. Al Arabiya Newsdate=22 April 2011 (22 April 2011). Retrieved on 2017-10-14.
  10. 10.0 10.1 Snodgrass (2004-12-29). Encyclopedia of Kitchen History (in en). Routledge. ISBN 1135455716. 
  11. Lucy M. Long (17 July 2015). Ethnic American Food Today: A Cultural Encyclopedia. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 24–27. ISBN 978-1-4422-2731-6. 
  12. Sari Edelstein (2011). Food, Cuisine, and Cultural Competency for Culinary, Hospitality, and Nutrition Professionals. Jones & Bartlett Learning. ISBN 978-0-7637-5965-0. 
  13. The Art of Moroccan Cuisine. fescooking.com (10 October 2007).
  14. How to Use a Moroccan Tagine: Origins, Culinary Uses, and 7 Tagine Recipe Ideas. Retrieved on 2 July 2022.
  15. Paula Wolfert. Recipe for Tunisian Tajine. Retrieved on 2014-07-21.
  16. Nancy Harmon Jenkins. Divine Secrets of the Mahjoub Sisterhood. Retrieved on 2008-04-27.
  17. "Seven Sephardic Foods that won't make buzzfeed gag". Retrieved on 18 October 2019.
  18. "You're Doing it Wrong: Tagine". Retrieved on 18 October 2019.

Ịgụ ihe ọzọ[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Njikọ mpụga[dezie | dezie ebe o si]