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Windows Firewall

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Windows Firewall
personal firewall, software
onye mmepụta iheMicrosoft Windows Dezie
sistemụ nrụọrụMicrosoft Windows Dezie
webụsaịtịhttps://learn.microsoft.com/en-us/windows/security/operating-system-security/network-security/windows-firewall/ Dezie
Stack Exchange mkpadohttps://stackoverflow.com/tags/windows-firewall Dezie

Windows FirewallWindows Firewall (nke a na-akpọ Windows Defender Firewall na Windows 10), bụ akụkụ firewall nke Microsoft Windows. Ebu ụzọ tinye ya na Windows XP na Windows Server 2003. Tupu ewepụta Windows XP Service Pack 2 na 2004, a maara ya dị ka Firewall Njikọ Ịntanetị. Na ntọhapụ nke Windows 10 ụdị 1709 na Septemba 2017, a kpọgharịrị ya Windows Defender Firewall.

Nkọwapụta[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Mgbe ebugoro Windows XP na Ọktoba 2001, ọ gụnyere obere firewall akpọrọ "Firewall Njikọ Ịntanetị". Ọ nwere nkwarụ site na ndabara n'ihi nchegbu na ndakọrịta azụ azụ, na e liri ihuenyo nhazi ahụ na ihuenyo nhazi netwọk nke ọtụtụ ndị ọrụ anaghị ele anya. N'ihi ya, a naghị eji ya eme ihe. N'etiti afọ 2003, Blaster worm wakporo igwe igwe Windows buru ibu, na-eji emezighị emezi na ọrụ RPC Windows. [njikọ nwụrụ anwụ] Ọtụtụ ọnwa ka e mesịrị, Sasser worm mere ihe yiri ya. Ọganihu nke ikpuru ndị a na-aga n'ihu site na 2004 butere ọrịa na-ebute igwe anaghị agbake n'ime nkeji nkeji. N'ihi ihe omume ndị a, yana nkatọ ndị ọzọ na Microsoft anaghị arụsi ọrụ ike n'ichekwa ndị ahịa site na iyi egwu, Microsoft kpebiri imeziwanye ma ọrụ yana interface nke Windows XP firewall arụnyere n'ime ya, gbanwee ya ka ọ bụrụ Windows Firewall, wee gbanwee ya. na ndabara kemgbe Windows XP SP2..[1]

Otu n'ime profaịlụ atọ na-arụ ọrụ na-akpaghị aka maka interface netwọk ọ bụla:[2]

  • Ọhaneze na-eche na netwọk ahụ na-ekerịta na Ụwa ma bụrụ profaịlụ kachasị mgbochi.
  • Private na-eche na netwọk ahụ dịpụrụ adịpụ site na Ịntanetị ma na-enye ohere njikọ ndị ọzọ karịa ọha. Ọ dịghị mgbe a na-eche na netwọk bụ nkeonwe ọ gwụla ma onye nchịkwa mpaghara họpụtara ya dị ka nke ahụ.
  • Nkọwa ngalaba bụ nke kachasị mgbochi. Ọ na-enye ohere njikọ ndị ọzọ na-abata iji nye ohere maka ịkekọrịta faịlụ wdg. A na-ahọrọ profaịlụ ngalaba na-akpaghị aka mgbe ejikọtara ya na netwọk nwere ngalaba nke kọmputa mpaghara tụkwasịrị obi.

Agụnyere ikike ndekọ nchekwa, nke nwere ike ịdekọ adreesị IP yana data ndị ọzọ metụtara njikọ sitere na netwọk ụlọ ma ọ bụ ụlọ ọrụ ma ọ bụ ịntanetị. Ọ nwere ike ịdekọ ma ngwugwu ndị a tụfuru yana njikọ na-aga nke ọma. Enwere ike iji nke a, dịka ọmụmaatụ, soro oge ọ bụla kọmputa dị na netwọk jikọọ na weebụsaịtị. Enweghị ndekọ nchekwa a na ndabara; onye nchịkwa ga-emerịrị ya.[3]

Enwere ike ịchịkwa / ịhazi Windows Firewall site na COM object-oriented API, scriptable site na iwu netsh, site na ngwá ọrụ nchịkwa GUI ma ọ bụ n'etiti site na iwu otu.[4][5][6] E nwere atụmatụ niile n'agbanyeghị otú e si hazie ya.

Nsụgharị[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Windows Neptune[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Na Windows Neptune a na-ahapụghị, e webatara firewall [nkọwa dị mkpa]. Ọ dị ka nke dị na Windows XP.[7]

Windows XP[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Usòrò:Windows Firewall XP SP2.png
Ntọala Windows Firewall na Windows XP Service Pack 2.

E bu ụzọ webata Windows Firewall dị ka akụkụ nke Windows XP Service Pack 2. Ụdị njikọ netwọk ọ bụla, ma ọ bụ wired, wireless, VPN, ma ọ bụ ọbụna FireWire, nwere firewall enyere site na ndabara, na ụfọdụ wuru na iche iji kwe ka njikọ sitere na igwe na netwọk mpaghara. O dozikwara nsogbu ebe a na-agaghị enyere iwu firewall aka na njikọ netwọk ruo ọtụtụ sekọnd mgbe e mepụtara njikọ ahụ n'onwe ya, si otú a mepụta windo nke nkwarụ.[8] E mere ọtụtụ mgbakwunye na Group Policy, ka ndị nchịkwa usoro Windows wee nwee ike ịhazi ngwaahịa Windows Firewall na ọkwa ụlọ ọrụ. XP's Windows Firewall enweghị ike igbochi njikọ ndị na-apụ apụ; ọ bụ naanị ike igbochi ndị na-abata.

Windows Firewall bịara bụrụ otu n'ime ihe abụọ kachasị mkpa (nke ọzọ bụ nchekwa ọrụ DCOM) nke ọtụtụ ụlọ ọrụ emeghị ka ọ dị elu na Service Pack 2 n'oge kwesịrị ekwesị.[9] N'ihe dị ka oge ntọhapụ SP2, ọtụtụ saịtị Ịntanetị na-akọ banyere nsogbu nkwekọrịta ngwa dị mkpa, ọ bụ ezie na ihe ka ọtụtụ n'ime ndị ahụ mechara bụrụ ihe ọ bụla karịa ọdụ ụgbọ mmiri ndị dị mkpa imeghe na firewall ka akụkụ nke usoro nkesa (nke na-abụkarị nkwado na ngwọta antivirus) wee nwee ike ikwurịta okwu.

Windows Firewall gbakwunyere IPv6, nke onye bu ya ụzọ, Internet Connection Firewall akwadoghị.[10]

Rịba ama na enwere ike idozi nsogbu DCOM site na ịkwaga ngwa na protocol ComBridge nke DComLab.

Windows Vista[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Windows Vista meziwanye firewall iji dozie ọtụtụ nchegbu gbasara mgbanwe nke Windows Firewall na gburugburu ụlọ ọrụ:[11]

  • Firewall dabeere na Windows Filtering Platform.
  • A ọhụrụ management console snap-na aha ya bụ Windows Firewall na Advanced Security nke na-enye ohere ọtụtụ elu nhọrọ, na-enyere dịpụrụ adịpụ nchịkwa. Enwere ike ịnweta nke a site na Malite -> Control Panel -> Ngwá Ọrụ Nchịkwa -> Windows Firewall na Advanced Security, ma ọ bụ site na ịgba ọsọ "wf.msc"
  • Nhicha ngwugwu na-apụ apụ, na-egosipụta nchegbu na-arịwanye elu banyere spyware na nje ndị na-anwa "ịkpọ ụlọ". A na-ahazi iwu ndị na-apụ apụ site na iji njikwa njikwa. Otú ọ dị, a naghị egosi ọkwa maka njikọ ndị na-apụ apụ.
  • Site na nzacha ngwugwu dị elu, enwere ike ịkọwapụta iwu maka isi iyi na adreesị IP na ọdụ ụgbọ mmiri.
  • Enwere ike ịhazi iwu maka ọrụ site na aha ọrụ ya ahọpụtara site na ndepụta, n'enweghị mkpa ịkọwa aha faịlụ ụzọ zuru ezu.
  • A na-ejikọta IPsec n'ụzọ zuru ezu, na-enye ohere ka e kwe ka njikọ ma ọ bụ gọnahụ ya dabere na asambodo nchekwa, nkwenye Kerberos, wdg. A pụkwara ịchọ izo ya ezo maka ụdị njikọ ọ bụla.
  • Mmezi interface maka ijikwa profaịlụ firewall dị iche iche. Ikike inwe profaịlụ firewall atọ dị iche iche maka mgbe kọmputa jikọtara ngalaba, jikọọ na netwọk nkeonwe, ma ọ bụ jikọọ na netwọk ọha (XP SP2 na-akwado profaịlụ abụọ - ngalaba jikọtara na ọkọlọtọ). Nkwado maka ịmepụta iwu maka ịmanye iwu sava na ngalaba iche iche.

Windows Server 2008 na Windows 7[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Windows Server 2008 nwere otu firewall dị ka Windows Vista. Firewall na Windows Server 2008 R2 na Windows 7 nwere ụfọdụ mmezi, dị ka ọtụtụ profaịlụ na-arụ ọrụ.[12]

Windows 10[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Mgbanwe na akụkụ a na Windows 10 bụ:

  • Mgbanwe aha nke mere na mmelite Septemba 2017, nke a maara dị ka Fall Creators Update (aha Redstone 3).
  • A pụghị ịkwụsị ọrụ Firewall (mpssvc) ọzọ.

Leekwa[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

  • Ndepụta nke Microsoft Windows components
  • Nchebe na nchekwa dị ọhụrụ na Windows Vista
  • Firewall onwe onye
  • Tụnyere firewalls

Ndetu[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

  1. Troubleshooting Windows Firewall settings in Windows XP Service Pack 2. Support. Microsoft (October 19, 2004). Archived from the original on October 20, 2004.
  2. Network Location Awareness. TechNet. Microsoft (November 2, 2007).
  3. Internet Connection Firewall security log. TechNet. Microsoft (January 21, 2005). Archived from the original on November 10, 2008.
  4. Appendix B: Netsh Command Syntax for the Netsh Firewall Context. TechNet. Microsoft (December 17, 2004).
  5. User Interface: Windows Firewall with Advanced Security. TechNet. Microsoft (January 20, 2009).
  6. Deploying Windows Firewall Settings With Group Policy. TechNet. Microsoft (December 17, 2004).
  7. Windows Firewall. Windows. Microsoft. Archived from the original on June 11, 2011. Retrieved on 2015-11-30.
  8. Manually Configuring Windows Firewall in Windows XP Service Pack 2. TechNet. Microsoft (February 2004).
  9. Deploying Windows XP Service Pack 2 using Software Update Services. TechNet. Microsoft (August 18, 2004). “Factors to consider when using SUS to deploy Windows XP SP2”
  10. To configure IPv6 Internet Connection Firewall. TechNet. Microsoft (February 2, 2006).
  11. The New Windows Firewall in Windows Vista and Windows Server 2008. TechNet. Microsoft (January 2006).
  12. What's New in Windows Firewall with Advanced Security. TechNet. Microsoft (October 26, 2009).

Ihe odide[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

  1.   These multiple vulnerabilities were fixed by Microsoft over the course of several months; Microsoft security bulletins MS03-026, MS03-039, and MS04-012 cover this in more detail.

Njikọ mpụga[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Àtụ:Microsoft Security Products