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Yemba language

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Yemba
Dschang
Spoken in: — 
Region:
Total speakers: 300,000 or more[1]
Language family: Nnijer–Kongo
 Atlantic–Congo
  Volta-Congo
   Benue–Congo
    Bantoid
     Southern Bantoid
      Yemba
Language codes
ISO 639-1: none
ISO 639-2:
ISO 639-3: ybb

Yɛmba ma ọ bụ Yemba, nke a na-akpọkwa Yémba ma ọ bụrụ Bamiléké Dschang, bụ asụsụ Bamileke nke Cameroon. Ọ bụ mmadụ 300,000 ma ọ bụ karịa na-asụ ya na West Region ca.

N'agbanyeghị na ọ bụ naanị asụsụ a na-asụ, Maurice Tadadjeu (onye mebere mkpụrụedemede Izugbe nke Asụsụ Cameroon) na Steven Bird bụ ndị mepụtara ide Yemba. Ndị otu ha mepụtara obere akwụkwọ ọkọwa okwu Yemba-French nke na-ekpuchi ntụgharị asụsụ French karịa okwu na okwu Yemba 3,000. Mkpụrụedemede Yemba bụ akụkụ nke mkpụrụedemede ụda olu mba ụwa.

Ndị ọkà mmụta sayensị nọọrọ onwe ha bụ ndị mepụtara nsụgharị French nke okwu Yemba mere igwe na-alaghachi azụ nke ọkọwa okwu. E jiri mkpụrụ okwu French gbatịa akwụkwọ ọkọwa okwu nke si na ụdị nchekwa data WordNet nke French. Ọzọkwa, ihe karịrị 6,000 Bekee, German, Czech, Spanish, Italian na Chinese ka a sụgharịrị n'asụsụ Yemba. Isi ihe ga-esi na ya pụta bụ ikpo okwu dị n'ịntanetị maka ịgbasa ntụgharị asụsụ Yemba na ịkwalite mmụta Yemba.

Ọnụ Alveolar Palatal Velar Ọkụ
Plosive enweghị olu (p) t k ʔ
kwuru okwu b d ɡ
Africate p͡f t͡s t͡ʃ
Ihe na-esiri ike enweghị olu f s ʃ
kwuru okwu v z ʒ (ɣ)
Ụgbọ imi m n ŋ
Rhotic (r)
Ihe atụ n'akụkụ (l)
etiti w j
  • A na-etinye ụda /t͡ʃ ʃ ʒ/ dị ka phonemes na nyocha ụfọdụ. N'ọtụtụ nyocha, a na-ewere ha dị ka allophones nke /t͡s s z/.
  • Ụda [p l ɣ] bụ ụda ụda na-agbanwe agbanwe n'etiti ụda ndị a /b d ɡ/.
  • Ụda ndị ọzọ nke /j w/ bụ ụda labialized na palatalized [ɡj ɡw].
  • A na-ahụ graphemes nke mgbanwe na allophones [t͡ʃ ʃ ʒ p l] na mkpụrụ akwụkwọ Yemba dị ka c sh j p l.
  • Enwere ike itinye ụda /r/ n'asụsụ dị ugbu a, ma dee ya na mkpụrụ akwụkwọ Yemba dị ka r.
  • A na-ede prosodies ma ọ bụrụ na palatalization na labialization [j w], orthographically na obere mkpụrụedemede y w.
  • A na-ede grapheme maka ọchịchọ [h] n'etiti ụdaume dị ka h.
N'ihu Central Nlaghachi
Elu i N'anya u
N'etiti na o
Ọ bụ Ọ bụ n'afọ
Ala Dị Ala a
  • /ʉ/ gụnyere dị ka phoneme na nyocha ụfọdụ. N'ime nyocha ndị ọzọ, a na-ewere ya dị ka palatalization nke /u/.
  • A na-amata ogologo ụdaume site na iji ụda ụdaume abụọ (dịka aa [aː])

A na-akara ụda atọ dị ka elu [á], etiti [ā], ma ọ bụ ala [à]. A naghị egosi ụda dị ala mgbe edere ya.[2]

  1. Yemba and Ngwe together were 350,000 in 1987. Àtụ:E11
  2. Harro (1991). Grammar Sketch of Yemba. Yaoundé: SIL. 

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