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Ọmụmụ nwa

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Àtụ:Infobox medical condition (new)'ịmụ nwa', nke a makwaara dị ka nkebi imu nwa, ịmụ nwa n'ahụ ịmụ nwa, bụ mmezu nke ime ime ebe otu ma ọ bụ karịa ụmụ Ọrụ n'apụ n'ime ime nne site na ịmụ nwa ma ọ bụ akụkụ ịwa ahụ.[1] N'afọ 2019, e nwere ihe dị ka nde mmadụ 140.11 na ọmụmụ n'ụwa niile. [2]  Na Mba ndị mepere emepe, ọtụtụ ọmụmụ na-ewere ọnọdụ n'ụlọ ọgwụ, [3] ebe na Mba ndị na-emepe emepe, ihe ka ukwuu bụ ọmụmụ n'ụlọ.[4][5]

Ụzọ a n' ahụkarị maka ịmụ nwa n'ụwa niile bụ ịmụ nwa site na ịkpụ.[6] Ọ n'agụnye usoro anọ nke ịmụ nwa: mkpụmkpụ na imeghe akpa nwa n'oge nke mbụ, ịrịda na ọmụmụ nwa n'ime nke abụọ, ịmụ nwa n'afọ n'oge ya nke atọ, na mgbake nke nne na nwa n'etiti nke anọ, nke a na-akpọ postpartum. Nzọụkwụ mbụ a na-ahụkarị site na mgbu afọ ma ọ bụ mgbu azụ n'ihe gbasara ọrụ azụ, nke na-adịkarị ọkara nkeji ma n'eme kwa nkeji 10 rụọ 30. [7] Nkwakorita ahụ na-eji nwayọọ na-esi ike ma na-adịkwu nso.[8] Kemgbe ufu sina imu nwa na-emetụta mgbu, ihe mgbu na-aghọwanye ihe mgbu ma sie ike ka ịmụ nwa n'ihu. Nzọụkwụ nke abụọ na-agwụ mgbe a chụpụrụ nwa ọhụrụ ahụ kpamkpam. Nzọụkwụ nke atọ bụ nnyefe nke Placenta. [9] Nzọụkwụ nke anọ nke ịmụ nwa na-agụnye mgbake nke nne, igbu oge ijide eriri umbilical, na nlekota nke Nwa ọhụrụ.[10] Ka ọ na-erule n'afọ 2014 ụlọ ọrụ ahụike niile na-adụ ọdụ na ozugbo a mụsịrị nwa, n'agbanyeghị usoro ọmụmụ, ka etinye nwa ahụ n'obi nne (nke a na-akpọ njikọ akpụkpọ ahụ na akpụkpọ ahụ), na igbu oge usoro nwa ọhụrụ maka ọ dịkarịa ala otu awa ma ọ bụ ruo mgbe nwa ahụ nwere ara mbụ ya. [11][12][13]

A na-atụkarị aro ka a mụọ nwa n'ahụ nwanyị dị ka nhọrọ mbụ. Akụkụ ịwa ahụ nwere ike ibute ohere dị ukwụụ nke nsogbụ na mgbake dị nwayọ. E nwekwara ọtụtụ urụ sitere n'okike nke ịmụ nwa n'ahụ nne na nwa. Ụzọ dị iche iche nwere ike inye aka na ihe mgbu, dị ka usoro ntụsara ahụ, opioids, na spinal blocks.[8] Ọ bụ omụme kachasị mma iji belata ọnụọgụ nke ntinye aka na-eme n'oge ịmụ nwa dịka ngalaba ịwa ahụ, agbanyeghị, n'ọnọdụ ụfọdụ, a ga-eme atụmatụ ngalaba ịwa ya maka ịmụ nwa na mgbake nke nne. Enwere ike ịtụ aro ịwa ahụ mberede ma ọ bụrụ na nsogbụ ndị a na-atụghị anya ya emee ma ọ bụ obere ma ọ bụ enweghị ọganihụ site na ọwa ọmụmụ na-ahụ n'ime ọmụmụ.

  1. Martin (2015). Concise Colour Medical l.p.Dictionary (in en). Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-968799-2. 
  2. Number of births and deaths per year. Our World in Data. Archived from the original on 14 June 2022. Retrieved on 24 June 2022.
  3. Co-Operation (2009). Doing better for children. Paris: OECD. ISBN 978-92-64-05934-4. 
  4. Olsen (2023-03-08). "Planned hospital birth compared with planned home birth for pregnant women at low risk of complications". The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2023 (3): CD000352. DOI:10.1002/14651858.CD000352.pub3. ISSN 1469-493X. PMID 36884026. 
  5. Fossard (2016). Communication for Behavior Change: Volume lll: Using Entertainment–Education for Distance Education. Sage Publications India. ISBN 978-93-5150-758-1. Retrieved on 31 July 2016. 
  6. (May 2013) "Vaginal childbirth and pelvic floor disorders". Women's Health 9 (3): 265–77; quiz 276–77. DOI:10.2217/whe.13.17. PMID 23638782. 
  7. What Are the Different Types of Contractions? (en). Parents. Retrieved on 2024-03-16.
  8. 8.0 8.1 Pregnancy Labor and Birth. Women's Health (27 September 2010). Archived from the original on 28 July 2016. Retrieved on 31 July 2016. “The first stage begins with the onset of labour and ends when the cervix is fully opened. It is the longest stage of labour, usually lasting about 12 to 19 hours
    ..
    The second stage involves pushing and delivery of your baby. It usually lasts 20 minutes to two hours.” Kpọpụta njehie: Invalid <ref> tag; name "NIH2010" defined multiple times with different content
  9. (July 2013) "Effect of timing of umbilical cord clamping of term infants on maternal and neonatal outcomes". The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 7 (7): CD004074. DOI:10.1002/14651858.CD004074.pub3. PMID 23843134. 
  10. Stages of Labor (en-us). www.bidmc.org. Archived from the original on 27 May 2022. Retrieved on 30 June 2022.
  11. Phillips. Uninterrupted Skin-to-Skin Contact Immediately After Birth. Medscape. Archived from the original on 3 April 2015. Retrieved on 21 December 2014.
  12. Essential Antenatal, Perinatal and Postpartum Care. Promoting Effective Perinatal Care. WHO. Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved on 21 December 2014.
  13. Care of healthy women and their babies during childbirth. National Collaborating Centre for Women's and Children's Health. National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (December 2014). Archived from the original on 12 February 2015. Retrieved on 21 December 2014.