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Asụsụ Cangin

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    Asụsụ Cangin bụ nke mmadụ 200,000 na-asụ (dị ka nke 2007) na obere mpaghara dị n'ebe ọwụwa anyanwụ obodo Dakar, Senegal. Ha bụ asụsụ ndị Serer na-asụ ndị na-adịghị asụ asụsụ Serer (Serer-Sine). N'ihi na ndị mmadụ bụ ndi agbụrụ Serer, a na-eche na asụsụ Cangin bụ olumba nke asụsụ Serer. Otú ọ dị, ha enweghị njikọ chiri anya; Serer dị nso na obodo Fulani karịa ka ọ dị na Cangin.

Asụsụ[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Asụsụ cangin bu ndia:   Lehar na Noon dị nso, dị ka Ndut na Palor, ọ bụ ezie na ọ bụghị ihe dị mfe nghọta. Safen dị nso na LeharʹNoon karịa PalorʹNdut.

Ihe owuwu ahụ[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Merrill (2018: 451) wughachiri Proto-Cangin dị ka ndị a:[1]

gloss Proto-Cangin Noon Lehar Safen Ndut Palor
eye *ɣi̟d/ɣad has kuu-koas has i̟l ’i̟l
tongue *pe-ɗem peɗim p- pi̟ri̟m peɗem pereem pereem
eat *ñam ñam ñam ñaam ñam ñam
breast *ɓi̟iɓ ɓi̟iɓ ɓi̟iɓ (w)ɓip ɓi̟iɓ ɓi̟iɓ
four *nixiid nikiis nikis iniil iniil
dog *ɓuh ɓu̟u ɓuh f- ɓuh f- ɓux f-
intestine *loox look look rook loo loo
wing *paɓ paɓ paɓ (d)pab pap
cow *-noɣ enoh f- enoh ’inoh fana f- fana’ f-
blow = nose *ñii̟nd ñii̟d-uk ñii̟d-uk ñii̟d~ñii̟n
pound *hoɗ ’oɗ xoɗ
jaw *kaɓaɓ ? kaaɓ ‘cheek’ kaɓaɓ k- kabaap
new *has as as ’as has xas
see *ɣot hot hot hot ot~ol- od~ol-
swallow *hon on on ’on (d)hon xon
bury *hac ac ac ’ac hac xac
bear child *li̟m li̟m li̟m (w)rim li̟m
dance *ɣam ham ham
hold in teeth *ŋaɓ ŋaaɓ ŋaɓ ŋaɓ ŋaɓ
year *kV-(h)id̟ kii̟s k- kii̟s kiis k- kii̟l kii̟l
tree *ki-rik kedik k- kedek kiɗig k- kilik kilik k-
bird *sel sel sel sel
bury *hu̟umb u̟ub~u̟um uumb
be able *mi̟n mi̟n min mi̟n min
resemble *mand mad~man man mad~man mad~man
be short *luH- looƴ (lohoƴ) looƴ (s)rohoƴ (d)luh lux
leaf/bark *huɓ to̟oɓ t-, oɓ po̟o (w)’op huɓ
sun *noɣ noh noh noh (d)na’ na’
ear *nuf nof nof (w)noef nuf nuf
head *ɣaf haf haf haf ’af ’af
liver *keeñ keeñ keeñ keeñ k- (d)keeñ
star *Hul hol ol hor hul xul
rain *toɓ toɓ toɓ toɓ tooɓ
pestle *kuɗ koɗ k- koɗ kuɗ k- kuɗ k-
goat *pe pe’ f- peɗ peh f- pe f- pe f-
cloth/rag *lii̟l lii̟l lii̟l lii̟l lii̟l
baobab *ɓoɣ ɓoh ɓoh ɓoh ɓa ɓa’
finger *kun jokun j- jokon ndukun kun kun
sneeze *ti̟s tes ti̟s (s)tisoh (d)ti̟s ti̟s
ant *ñii̟ñ ñii̟ñ ñii̟ñ ñiñoh f- (d)ñii̟ñ f- ñii̟n f-
rear/raise *koɗ koɗ koɗ koɗ kod
honey *kV-(C)u̟m ku̟um k- ku̟um (d)ku̟um k- ku̟um k-
horse *panis̟ pen̟is̟ f- pan̟is̟ panis pan̟is̟ f-
causative *-iɗ̟ -iɗ̟ -iɗ̟ -iɗ -iɗ̟ -iɗ̟
anticausative *-ox -uk -ok -uk -oh -ox
reversive *-i̟s -i̟s -i̟s -is -i̟s -i̟s
negative *-ɗii -ɗii -ɗi

Hụkwa[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Ihe edeturu n'okpuru ala[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

  1. Merrill, John Thomas Mayfield. 2018. The Historical Origin of Consonant Mutation in the Atlantic Languages. Doctoral dissertation, University of California, Berkeley.

Ihe odide[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

  • Walter Pichl, The Cangin Group: A Language Group in Northern Senegal, Pittsburgh, PA : Institute of African Affairs, Duquesne University, Coll. African Reprint Series, 1966, Mpịakọta nke 20
  • Guillaume Segerer & Florian Lionnet 2010. "'Isolates' na 'Atlantic'". Language Isolates in Africa workshop, Lyon, Dec. 4