Creedence Clearwater Revival

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Creedence Clearwater Revival, nke a na-akpọkwa Creedence na CCR, bụ otu egwu egwu America nke e hibere na El Cerrito, California. Ndị otu ahụ na mbu nwere onye ndu Uda olu, onye na-agu egwu na onye edemede mbu bụ John Fogerty; nwanne ya nwoke, rythm guitarist Tom Fogerty;bassist Stu Cook; na onye na-egwu egwu Doug Clifford. Ndị otu a agbakorola ọnụ kemgbe 1959, nke mbụ dị ka Blue Velvets na emesịa dị ka Golliwogs, tupu ha ebie na Creedence Clearwater Revival aha na 1967.[1]Ndi otu ahu rụrụ ọrụ na ememme Woodstock 1969 na Upstate New York, ma buru mmemme izizi izizia bịanyere aka na ya pụtara ebe ahụ.[2]

CCR gbasasia nke oma na ngwụcha 1972 ka afọ anọ nke ihe ịga nke ọma na-emepe chaati gasiri. Tom Fogerty ahapụla n'afọ gara aga, John na ndị otu fọdụrụnu na-emegidekwa ihe gbasara azụmahịa na njikwa nka, Ihe niile butere ikpe n'etiti ndi otu egwuregwu mbu. Esemokwu Fogerty na onye nwe Fantasy Records bụ Saul Zaentz dugara n'okwu ikpe ndị ọzọ na John Fogerty jụrụ iso ndị otu abụọ ndị ọzọ dị ndụ rụọ ọrụ na ntinye Creedence na 1993 na Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.[3] Agbanyeghi na ndi otu ahu ejikotabeghi onu n'ihu oha, John Fogerty gara n'ihu na-egwu egwu CCR dị ka akụkụ nke omume solo ya, ebe Cook na Clifford rụrụ oru dị ka Creedence Clearwater Revisited kemgbe afọ 1990.

Egwú CCR ka bụ isi Ihe egwu egwu egwu egwu egwu egwu U.S. ama ama rock airplay; E reela ndeko CCR nde 30 na US naanị.[4][5] Ndeko mkpokota Chronicle: The 20 Kasi ukwuu Hits, nke ewepụtara na mbu na 1976, ka dị na chaatị album Billboard 200 wee ruo akara izu 500 na Disemba 2020. Enyere ya platinum 10 ×.[6]

Akụkọ ihe mere eme[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Ọrụ mbụ: The Blue Velvets (1959 Xi 1964)[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

John Fogerty, Doug Clifford, na Stu Cook zutere na Portola Junior High School na El Cerrito, California. N'ikpọ onwe ha Blue Velvets, ndi atọ ahụ na-egwuri egwu ngwá na "ụkpụrụ jukebox", ma kwado nwanne John nke okenye Tom na ndekọ na Ihe ngosi tupu o banye n'òtù ahụ.[7] Ndi otu ahụ eweputala alulu atọ, nke abụọ bụ Casey Kasem, onye rụrụ ọrụ na KEWB, Oakland. Na 1964, ha bịanyere aka na Fantasy Records, akara jazz nooro onwe ya na San Francisco.[8] Ndị otu ahụ dọtara na labelu ahụ mgbe ha nụrụ ndekọ nke Vince Guaraldi akpọrọ "Cast Your Fate to the Wind" nke akara ahụ wepụtara ka o nwee oganihu mba.[9]

Ọhụụ na Golliwogs (1964-1967)[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Maka mweputa mbụ nke otu ahụ, onye nwe Fantasy Max Weiss dehariri aha otu ahụ The Golliwogs (site na onye edemede ụmụaka bụ Golliwog). Tupu aha Golliwog, Weiss akpohariri ha aha ka ọ bụrụ Vision. Ọrụ ndị otu band gbanwere n'ime oge a: Cook gbanwere site na piano gaa na bass guitar yana Tom Fogerty site na Uda ndu gaa na guitar rythm; John ghọrọ onye ndu Uda olu na onye na-ede abu mbu. N'okwu Tom: "Enwere m ike ịbụ abụ, mana John nwere ụda!"[10]

Na 1966, e debara aha John Fogerty na Doug Clifford n'ime ndi agha US; Fogerty sonyeere US Army Reserve mgbe Clifford sonyeere US Coast Guard Reserve. N'ikwu okwu banyere ahụmahu ya na US Army, Fogerty kwuru, sị: "M ga-aghọ aghugho-enweghị ma banye n'ọhụụ. M wee malite ịkọ akụkọ a n'onwe m, nke bụ abụ 'Porterville'.[11] John Fogerty mesiri weghaara ya. otu ahụ site n'ịbụ abụ ndu, ma na-ama ifuru n'ime ọtụtụ ngwá ngwu ndi na-akpo kiibood,harmonica, na saxophone na mgbakwunye na guitar ndu. Ka ọ na-erule 1967, ọ no na-emepụta ihe ndekọ nke otu ahụ.

Mgbanwe aha ka ọ bụrụ Creedence Clearwater Revival (1967-1969)[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

1967, Saul Zaentz zụtara Fantasy Records ma nye igwe ahụ ohere idekọ album zuru oke. N'ịbụ ndị kpọworọ aha "The Golliwogs" asị site na ubọchị mbụ, igwe ahụ kpebiri n'aha nke ska ha, Creedence Clearwater Revival (CCR), nke ha weere na Jenụwarị 1968. Di ka ajụjụ ọnụ a gbara ndị otu igwe afọ iri abụọ ka e mesịrị, ihe aha ahụ sitere na isi mmalite atọ: enyi Tom Fogerty Credence Newball, onye aha ya gbanwere na-etolite okwu Creedence (dị ka nkwenkwe); mgbasa ozi telivishọn maka Olympia Brewing Company ("mmiri doro anya"); na ndị otu ahu nweghachikwara nkwa maka otu ahu. [citation needed] Ndị na-aso mpi a jụrụ maka aha otu ahụ gụnyere "Muddy Rabbit", "Gossamer Wump", na "Creedence nuball na Ruby"; Otú ọ dị, nke ikpeazụ bu malitere nke igwe ahu wetara aha ikpeazụ ha. Cook kọwara aha ahụ dị ka "dị egwu karịa Buffalo Springfield ma ọ bụ ugbo elu Jefferson ".[12] Na mbido 1968,ndi òtù ahụ malitere ịpụta mgbe niile na klọb mpaghara San Francisco na be egwuregwu gụnyere Dino na Carlo's Bar, Avalon Ballroom, na Fillmore West. Mgbe afo ahu gachara, ndị otu ahụ malitere igagharị mba ahu n'ofe US wee mee ngosi mbụ ha na New York City na Fillmore East.

Ka ọ na-erule 1968, ndị na-eme redio AM na gburugburu US ribs ama mgbe mkpuchi CCR nke 1956 rockabilly song p"Susie Q" nwetara nnukwu egwuregwu na San Francisco Bay Area na Chicago's WLS-AM.[13] Ọ bụ Otú nke abụọ nke igwe ahụ, nke mbụ ya ruru Top 40 (No. 11), na nanị ToBuoxwa 40 kuru O bughi John Fogerty dere.Abuo ndi ọzọ singles e wepụtara na ha

Ihe ịga nke ọmaekk kachasị[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Mgbe ha nwechara Ihe I ga nke oma CCR malitere igagharị ma malite oba egwu nke abuo ha,Bayou Country (wepụtara jenuwari 1969) na RCA studios na Los Angeles. Platinum no.7 kuru, ndeko ahu but nke mbu ha n'usoro egwu egwu na egwu egwu na-aga n'ihu na akwusighi akwusi ruo afo abuo. Otu "Mary di mpako" nke ejiri"A muru na Bayou kwadoro,rụrụ no 2 na chaati billboard nke mba. Nke mbu ga-emechaa buru abu kachasi kpuchie Otú ahu,yana ufodu udi 100 sitere na ndi nka ndi ozo ruo taa, gụnyere nke 4 1971 nke Ike & Tina Turner kuru, afọ abụọ n'izu ka nke mbụ gachara. John Zoro aka na abụ a di ka Ihe si na mmụọ dị elu nweta nchupu ya na nchekwa ndị agha. ndeko a gosikwara mmeghari nke rock & roll classic"Good Golly, Miss Molly" na ihe ngosi ndu nkeji itoolu nke otu ahụ nso, "Nogide na Chooglin'".[14]

ọnwa ole na ole ka e mesiri n'ime Eprel 1969, a tọhapụrụ "Bad Moon Rising" nke ejiri "Lodi" kwadoo ma gbagoo na no.2 na US. Na United Kingdom, "Bad Moon Rising" nọrọ izu atọ na onu ogugu nke mbu na UK Singles Chart n'oge Septemba na Ọktoba 1969, na-aghọ naanị onuogu otu na UK.[15] Album nke atọ nke otu ahụ, Green River, sochiri na Ọgọstụ 1969, bụ album mbụ ha nwetara n'elu Billboard 200, wee gaa ọla edo yana otu "Green River", nke ruru ozo 2 na chaatị Billboard. Akụkụ B nke "Osimri Green", "Mkpari",gbagoro na Nr. 30 na mmesi Ike nke otu ahụ na mmeghari nke okachamma ochie ha gara n'ihu na "Oge abali bu oge kwesiri ekwesi". CCR gara n'ihu na-eme njem mgbe niile na Ihe ngosi na July 1969 na Atlanta Pop Festival na n'August 1969 na Woodstock Festival. Agunyeghi ntoala ha na ihe nkiri Woodstock ma ọ bụ ụda uda n'ihi na John chere na arụmọrụ nke band ahu di ala. Egwú anọ sitere na mmemme ahụ (n'ime ngụkọta nke iri na otu) mechara tinye na igbe ncheta nke 1994 setipuru Woodstock: Ụbọchị atọ nke udo na egwú . Cook, Otú ọ dị, nwere echiche na-emegide onwe ya, na-ekwu,si,"Ihe ngosi ndi a bụ CCR kpochapuwo ọnụ ọgụgụ ndị na-amaghidị na anyị bụ otu n'ime ndị isi akuko na Woodstock '69."[16] John mechara mee mkpesa na omume nke bu ha ụzọ, bu ndi nwuru anwu nwere ekele, mere ka ndị na-ege ntị hie ụra; ka John na-enyocha ndị na-ege nti ọ hụrụ Ihe nkiri "Dante, di nnoo ka ozu sitere na hel, niile jikọtara ma na-ehi ụra, nke apiti kpuchiri".[12]   Mgbe Woodstock gasịrị, CCR nọ na-arụsi ọrụ ike Maka Ihe nkiri nke anọ, Willy and the Poor Boys, nke abụo ha 3 LP, wepụtara na Nọvember 1969. "Down on the Corner" na "Fortunate Son", nke ha abụọ rụrụ na The Ed Sullivan Show na Nọvemba 16, 1969, rịgooro na No. 3 na No. 14, n'otu n'otu, ka o na-erule na ngwusi afọ.[17] ndeko a bụ CCR n'udi okolota, na-egosiputa mmalte fogerty na mkpuchi Lead Belly arughariri arughari, "Ubi owu" na "Midnight special". Qfo 1969 aburola afo eserese did iriba ama maka otu ahu:oba atọ,Top Ten,otu egwu egwu ano (charting na no .2,no 2, no-2, na no .3) nwere akuku ato ozo nwere chaati B

CCR wepụtara ọzọ okpukpu abụọ a-akuku hit, "Travelin' Band"/"Onye ga-akwusi mmiri ozuzo", na Jenụwarị 1970. The ngwa ngwa "Travelin' Band" na obere Richard uda siri ike, agbanyeghi nwere oke myirita na "Ezi Golly, Miss Molly" iji kwado akwukwo nke onye mbiputa egwu; E mechara dozie ya n'uloikpe.[18] Egwu a mechara puta na nomba n'onwa Febuwari Oakland Coliseum Arena, e gosipụtara CCR na mkpuchi Rolling Stone, ọ bụ ezie na ọ bụ naanị John ka a gbara ajụjụ ọnụ na isiokwu so ya.

N' April 1970, akwadoro CCR imalite njem njem Europe mbu ha. Iji kwado ụbọchị ndụ na-abịanụ, Jon dere "Up Around the Bend" na "Gbaanu n'ime ohia"; otu ahụ ruru No. 4 n'oge opupu ihe ubi ahụ. ndi otu ahụ laghachiri na Wally Heider Studios na San Francisco na June ka ha dekoo ulo oru Cosmo. Ndeko ahụ nwere Ihe mbu Top 10 hits "Travelin' Band" na "Up Around the Bend" gbakwunyere egwu egwu egwu egwu a ma ama dịka onye mmeghe "Ramble Tamble".

E nweputara ulo oru Cosmo na Julai 1970, ọ bụkwa nọmba nke mbụ na US maka izu itoolu. Enweputara ya yana egwu mba nke ise na nke ikpeazụ "Lookin' Out My Back Door" / "Ogologo oge m nwere ike ihu ihe".N'agbanyeghi na ha togoro ụfọdụ chaatị mba ụwa na ọnụ ọgụgụ redio mpaghara, CCR nwere ịhe di iche nke inwe nomba ise 2 na-enwebeghi nomba 1 na Hot 100, nke kachasị otu ọ bụla.[19] Naanị Madonna, Taylor Swift, na Drake Kariri otu nari mba abuo ha nwere isii, ma kekota ya na Elvis Presley na ndị Carpenter. N'aka nke ọzọ, na ọdụ ugbo mmiri WLS-AM ndi otu ahụ nwere nomba atọ, nomba anọ 3, na nke abụọ nke 4, mana enweghị otu. 2, yana "Down on the Corner" naanị otu CCR iri kacha elu na-edebanye aha otu ọnọ ogugu kasi elu. (Mba. 3) na Hot 100 na WLS.[20]

Mbelata ndi ozo na album Cosmo's Factory gụnyere nkeji nkeji iri na otu nke 1968 Marvin Gaye "Anuru m ya site na Grapevine" (obere ihe mgbe eweputara mbipụta edeziri dị ka otu na 1976), yana ihe fọrọ nke nta ka ọ bụrụ ndetu-maka- riba ama nsopuru maka Roy Orbison's "Ooby Dooby". Album ahụ bụ onye kacha ere ha wee gaa na No. 1 na chaatị oba akwukwo Billboard 200 yana No. 11 na chaati Billboard's Soul Albums.

Pendulum, ewepụtara na Disemba 1970, bụ onye ọzọ na-ere ahịa kachasi elu, na-ebute Top 10 kuru na "I hutula Mmiri ozuzo?" John tinyere Hammond B3 Organ n'ọtụtụ egwu Pendulum, ọkachasị "I hutula Mmiri ozuzo?", na nkwanye ùgwù na mmetuta miri emi nke Booker T. & the M.G.'s, onye ndị otu otu ahụ kpochiri akpochi. Akụkụ tugharia otu ahụ, "Hey Tonight", bụkwa ihe di egwu.

Tom Fogerty[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Usòrò:Creedence Clearwater Revival.jpg
CCR na 1972, mgbe Tom Fogerty hapụrụ; John Fogerty, Stu Cook, Doug Clifford

N'ihe di ka n'oge a, nghọta dị ukwuu n'etiti ndị otu ndi ọzọ na John na-achịkwa gabiga oke ma na-achị n'ime otu ahụ na-abiaru nso n'ebe na-esi ísì uto.[21] Tom Fogerty kpebiri na ya nwere ezuru ma hapu CCR na mmalite 1971 mgbe ndeko nke Pendulum;Emepurara ọpụpụ ya na ihu oha Febụwarị na-esote. Na mbụ, ndị fọdụrụnụ tụlere ịji dochie ya mana n'ikpeazụ gaa n'ihu dị ka atọ.

N'oge opupu ihe ubi nke 1971, John Fogerty, nwere nkụda mmụọ maka mkpesa ndị otu ya fọdụrụnụ na-eme mkpesa mgbe niile na ekweghị ka ha dee ma mepụta abụ nke ha, [21] mere ihe gbasara ihu wee gwa Cook na Clifford na CCR ga-aga n'ihu naanị site n'inweta. usoro nke ochichi onye kwuo uche ya: onye ọ bụla ga-edezi ma mepụta ihe nke ya, onye otu ọ bụla na-atụnye egwu atọ n'otu n'otu na ọba na-esote. Fogerty ga-etinye naanị akụkụ guitar n'abụ ndị otu ya. [21]

Enwere echiche na-emegiderịta onwe ya gbasara mmeghachi omume Cook na Clifford na nhazi ọhụrụ a chọrọ, n'agbanyeghị na ndị otu niile yiri ka ha kwetara na Cook na Clifford chọkwuru ntinye na mkpebi nka nka na azụmahịa nke CCR. N'akụkụ nke ya, Fogerty na-akọ na Cook na Clifford nwere obi ụtọ na mbụ maka ohere ọhụrụ a iji dee na ịme egwu nke ha n'efu na ntinye aka ya, ebe ọ bụ na ha bụ ndị rịọrọ ya na mbụ, na naanị ha na-enwe mmasị na ya. echiche ahụ mgbe ndekọ enweghị ihe ịga nke ọma (ọ bụ ezie na Fogerty kwukwara oge mgbe ọ na-edekọ album ahụ mgbe ọ jụrụ arịrịọ Cook ka ọ "dozie" otu n'ime egwu ya (Cook) iji mee ka ọ dị ka ihe ndị ọzọ Creedence, nke nwekwara ike inwe. na-ekere òkè n'omume ndị otu ìgwè maka ọrụ ahụ). [21] Agbanyeghị, isi mmalite ndị ọzọ na-egosi na Cook na Clifford guzogidere ụzọ a site na mmalite. [22] A na-ekwu na, Fogerty n'otu oge siri ọnwụ na ha na-anabata ndokwa ahụ ma ọ bụ na ọ ga-ahapụ ìgwè ahụ. , ndị atọ ahụ tinyere ụkpụrụ ọrụ ọhụrụ ya n'ule na studio, na-ahapụ Top 10 otu " Sweet Hitch-Hiker "na July 1971, kwadoro na Cook's "Door To Door". Ndị otu ahụ gagharịrị ma US na Europe n'oge okpomọkụ na mgbụsị akwụkwọ, yana egwu Cook bụ akụkụ nke ntọala ndụ. Otú ọ dị, n'agbanyeghị ọganihu azụmahịa ha na-aga n'ihu, mmekọrịta dị n'etiti mmadụ atọ a adịwanyela njọ.

A tọhapụrụ album ikpeazụ nke otu ahụ, Mardi Gras, na Eprel 1972, na-egosi abụ ndị John Fogerty, Cook na Clifford dere, yana mkpuchi “ Ndewo Mary Lou ” (abụ Gene Pitney dere na mbụ maka Ricky Nelson ). Onye ọ bụla so na-abụ abụ ndu na egwu ndị otu ahụ dere. Album ahụ bụ ọdịda dị oke egwu, nke ndị nkatọ na-ewere dị ka nke na-ekwekọghị ekwekọ na enweghị njikọ. Onye nyocha Rolling Stone Jon Landau lere ya anya na ọ bụ "albọm kacha njọ m nụtụrụla site na nnukwu egwu egwu". Ire nke Mardi Gras adịghị ike karịa ọba ndị gara aga, n'ikpeazụ na-arị elu na No. 12, n'agbanyeghị na ọ ka ghọrọ album studio nke asaa na-esochi otu a ka enwetara ya ọla edo. Fogerty's " Someday Agaghị abịa ", kwadoro ya na Clifford's "Tearin' Up the Country", gbawakwara US Top 40.

Ka ọ dị ugbu a, Fogerty abụghị naanị na ndị otu ya na-ese okwu, ma ọ bịakwara hụ mmekọrịta otu ahụ na Fantasy Records dị ka ihe siri ike, na-eche na Zaentz emebiela nkwa ya inye ndị otu ahụ nkwekọrịta ka mma. Cook — onye nwetara akara ugo mmụta azụmaahịa — kwuru na n'ihi mkpebi na-adịghị mma n'akụkụ Fogerty, CCR ga-erube isi na nkwekọrịta ndekọ kacha njọ nke ndị isi na-edekọ US ọ bụla. N'agbanyeghị nnabata Mardi Gras na-adịghị mma yana mmekọrịta na-emebi emebi n'etiti ndị otu fọdụrụnụ, CCR malitere njem njegharị US nke ọnwa abụọ, ụbọchị iri abụọ. Otú ọ dị, n'October 16, 1972—ihe na-erughị ọnwa isii ka njegharị ahụ gwụsịrị—Fantasy Records na ndị otu ahụ kwupụtara ọkwa nkesa ya n'ihu ọha. [23] Ọ dịghị mgbe CCR jikọtara ọnụ mgbe nkewa gasịrị, ọ bụ ezie na Cook na Clifford mechara malite ìgwè Creedence Clearwater Reletaghachiri . John Fogerty mechara kwuo banyere mbibi nke CCR na mbipụta 1997 nke akwụkwọ akụkọ Sweden Pop :  

Creedence Clearwater Revival - Sweet Hitch-Hiker (1971)

Mgbe nkewa gasịrị[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

John Fogerty[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

John Fogerty na-eme ihe nkiri na 2011

Naọ 1973, John Fogerty malitere ọrụnaani ya na The Blue Ridge Rangersnchikota, otu onyeotuaya k obodo na eegwuozioma. Agbanyeghi, n'okpuruu nkwekọrịta CCR ochie ya, Fogerty ji Fantasyugwo ndeko asatọ ọzọ. N'ikpeazụ, ọ jụrụ ịrụ ọrụ makalabelụ. E doziri nsogbu ahụ naanị mgbe David Geffen nke Asylum Records ztaraụ nkwekọrịta Fogerty makande 1e. a 1975, o wepụtara naanịobammgbapu ya,ahaeonwe ya John Fogerty. sieIhe na-esote ya bụ Centerfield, ihe ịga nke ọa na chaatị na 1985 Na a njemnleghari anya na 1986,Otu o di, Fogerty nwere mkpesa makaojuju o juru one egwu CCR ma a-ahuhu a nnsogbuudau ugboro ugboro nke ọ boro ebubona o ga-agba akaebe n'ụlọ ikpe. Nkọwa Fogerty maka ịkpghiọ ihe CCR bụ na ọ ga-akwriri ụgwọ ọrụeze Maka ony ji iikike nwebisiinka Zaentz, nakwa na ọ bụ "ihe mgbu" ịlaghachi na egwu nke oge gara aga.

Site na album Centerfield, Fogerty hụkwara onwe ya na Zaentz gbara akwukwo ohuru, tit-for-tat maka egwu "The Old Man Down The Road" nke bụ, dị ka Zaentz si kwuo, edegharighachi nke Fogerty n'onwe ya na 1970 CCR kuru"Gaa n'ime ohia". Ebe ọ bụ na Fogerty ejirila ikike ya na egwu CCR na 1980 kagbuo ọrụ nkwekọrịta ya fọdụrụnụ, Fantasy nwere ikike ugbua "Run Through the Jungle" wee kpee Fogerty akwụkwọ n'ụzọ bụ isi maka ịpụtaghachi onwe ya. Mgbe ndi juri na- achi na ihu Fogerty, o doziri akwukwo nkwutọ nke Zaentz gbara maka egwu "Mr. Greed" na "Zanz Kant Danz". A manyere Fogerty o dezie ndekọ ahụ, na-agbanwe aha"Zanz" na"Vanz".

Na Febụwarị 19, 1987, na Palomino Club (North Hollywood) na Los Angeles, Fogerty mebiri mmachibido iwu onwe ya na ime CCR hits. Bob Dylan na George Harrison (ya na Taj Mahal na Jesse Ed Davis) sonyeere ya na ogbo, na-adu odu si, "Ọ bụrụ na ị imeghi, ụwa dum ga-eche 'Nganga Mary' bụ abu Tina Turner. " Na ihe nkiri 1987 ụbọchị nnwere onwe maka ndị agha Vietnam, Fogerty mechara banye na ndepụta CCR hits, malite na "A muru na Bayou" wee mechie "Mary mpako". Na 1986, o weputara album Warner Bros., ya nke abuo Eye of the Zombie . Fogerty laghachiri na egwu ozo na njedebe 1980 mana o laghachiri na 1997 na Blue Moon Swamp nke meriri Grammy. Fogerty ka na-eme njem ugboro ugboro ma ugbu a na-eme CCR oge ochie n'akụkụ ihe solo.

Tom Fogerty[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Tom Fogerty wepụtara ọtụtụ oba solo, n'agbanyeghi na ọ nweghi nke ruru ihe ịga nke ọma nke CCR. Album solo ya nke 1974 Zephyr National bụ onye ikpeazụ iji gosipụtara ndị otu CCR anọ mbụ. Ọtụtụ egwu na-ada Uda di ka ụdị CCR, ọkachasị nke akpọrọ "Mbilite n'Onwu Onú" nke ndị otu anọ niile na-egwuri egwu, n'agbanyeghi na John Fogerty dekọrọ akụkụ ya iche.

Tom Fogerty nwụrụ n'ụlọ ya di na Scottsdale, Arizona, na Septemba 1990 n'ihi mgbagwoju anya ọrịa AIDS, but nke ọ nwetere site na mmịnye ọbara meruru emeru nke ọ natara mgbe ọ na-awa ahu azụ. Tom na John jisiri ike di ná mma tupu Tom anwuo, na n'otu ekele o kwuru na olili ozu Tom, John kwuru si, "Anyị chọrọ itolite na ibụ ndị na-egwụ egwú. Echere m na anyị nwetara ọkara nke ahụ, ghoo rock 'n roll stars. Ọ bụchaghị na-eto eto".[24]

Stu Cook na Doug Clifford[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Akụkụ rhythm nke CCR guzobere Creedence Clearwater Revisited na 1995

Ndị enyi ụlọ akwụkwọ sekọndrị Doug Clifford na Stu Cook gara n'ihu na-arụkọ ọrụ ọnụ mgbe onwu nke CCR ma dịka ndị egwuregwu nnoko na ndị otu Don Harrison Band. Ha toro ntoala Factory Productions, ọrụ ndekọ ekwenti na mpaghara Bay. Clifford wepụtara ndeko solo, Cosmo, na 1972. Cook mepụtara onye na-ese ihe nkiri Roky Erickson's The Evil One wee bụrụ onye bassist na obodo ama ama eme Southern Pacific na 1980s.

Clifford mekwara Groovers Paradise maka onye bụbu Sir Douglas Quintet naTexas Tornados Doug Sahm. Ma Clifford na Cook egwuri egwu na album nke ewepụtara na Warner Bros. na 1974. Clifford gara n'ihu na-eme ma na-edekọ na Sahm site na 1980s.

N'igbaso ogologo oge nke enweghị egwu egwu, Cook na Clifford hibere Creedence Clearwater Revisited na 1995 ya na ọtụtụ ndị egwu ama ama. Nlegharighari na-aga n'ihu na-eme njem nleghari anya zuru ụwa onu na-eme klaasi nke band mbụ. Ntuziaka John 1997 manyere Creedence Clearwater Revisited ka o gbanwee aha ya nwa oge gaa na "Cosmo's Factory", mana ụlọ ikpe mechara kpebie na Cook's na Clifford kwadoro.

Fantasy Records[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Mgbe CCR gachara, Fantasy Records weputara ọtụtụ ngwungwu kacha egwu di ka1972's Creedence Gold, 1973's More Creedence Gold na 1975's Pre-Creedence,album mkpokọta nke ndekọ mbụ Golliwogs.  Fantasy weputara album abụọ na-aga nke ọma nke ukwuu Chronicle, nchịkọta nke Creedence's iri abụọ hit singles, na 1976. Ọtụtụ afọ ka e mesịrị, akara ahụ wepụtara ndekọ dị ndụ nke akpọrọ The Royal Albert Hall Concert. N'adịghị ka aha ya, e dekọrọ arụmọrụ 1970 na Oakland, California, o bughi na Royal Albert Hall na London. E degharịrị mbipụta ndị na-esote nke album mbụ nke 1981 naanị The Concert. E wepụtara ọba abụọ ọzọ nke ihe kacha mma na 1986 dị ka Ihe E Mere: Chronicle: Volume Two.

Ọganihu nke CCR mere Fantasy na Zaentz nnukwu ego, na Fantasy wuru ụlọ isi ụlọ ọrụ ọhụrụ na 1971 na 2600 Tenth Street na Berkeley, California.[25] Zaentz jikwa akụ na ụba ya mepụta ọtụtụ ihe nkiri na-aga nke ọma, gụnyere Best Picture Oscar meriri One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest, Amadeus, na The English Patient. Na 2004, o rere Fantasy Concord Records.Dị ka ihe ngosi ọma,,[Tinye edensibịa]Concord sọpụrụ nkwa nkwekọrịta emezughị emezu Fantasy kwere n'ihe fọrọ nke nta ka ọ bụrụ afọ iri anọ tupu mgbe ahụ, n'ikpeazụ na-akwụ CCR ọnụ ahịa eze dị elu na ire ha wee weghachi John nwe nke egwu ya.

John, ebe ọ hụrụ na Zaentz adịghịzi etinye aka na ụlọ ọrụ ahụ, bịanyekwara aka na nkwekọrịta ọhụrụ na Concord/Fantasy. Na 2005, a tọhapụrụ akara ahụ The Long Road Home, nchịkọta CCR na Fogerty solo kpochapụwo. Mgbe Revival pụtara na akara Fantasy na Ọktoba 2007 mana tupu album ya na-esote Blue Ridge Rangers Rides Again (ihe na-esote album 1973) ka ewepụtara na 2009, Fogerty si na Fantasy gbanwee gaa na akara nke ya, Fortunate Son Records, nke ekesara. Verve Forecast Records.

Mgbakọ[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Ahịrị ahịrị CCR mbụ ahụ adịkebeghị ọnụ ka ha gbasaa. Ndị otu anọ niile nọ na ọba Tom 1974 <i id="mwAZU">Myopia</i>, na mgbe e mesịrị n'agbamakwụkwọ ya n'October 19, 1980. John, Cook, na Clifford na-egwuri egwu na 20th ha. El Cerrito High School nnọkọ na 1983, mana dị ka incarnation mbụ ha, Blue Velvets. N'afọ ndị 1980 na 1990, ikpe ọhụrụ nke ikpe dị n'etiti ndị otu ahụ, yana megidekwa njikwa mbụ ha, mere ka iro ha dịkwuo ukwuu. Site na mgbe ewebatara CCR n'ime Rock and Roll Hall of Fame na 1993, John jụrụ ime ya na Cook na Clifford. E gbochiri ụzọ abụọ ahụ site na ogbo ahụ, ebe John na-egwu egwu egwu egwu niile gụnyere Bruce Springsteen na Robbie Robertson. Nwanyị Tom di ya nwụrụ bụ Tricia tụrụ anya na a ga-enwe nnọkọ CCR na ọbụna weta nsị nke nwere ntụ di ya na ememe ahụ. Iwe iwe, Cook na Clifford, bụ ndị ha na ezinụlọ ha nọ ọdụ n'oche dị n'ofe ụlọ ahụ site na Fogerty's, si na ụlọ ịgba egwu ahụ pụta ka arụ ọrụ ahụ malitere, ma mesịa dee akwụkwọ ozi dị iche iche nye ndị isi oche nke Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. na-ekwu na ọ bụ "na-emerụ ahụ" na "mkparị" ikwe ka arụmọrụ ahụ gaa n'ihu na-enweghị ha.[26]

N'ajụjụ ọnụ July 2011 na ndị Calgary Herald, John kwetara na ọ dịkarịa ala na ya ga-adị njikere ịtụleghachikọ ya na Cook na Clifford:   Mgbe a jụrụ ya ọzọ na October 2011 banyere atụmanya nke njikota, o siri: "M na-ekwu na ọ ga-ekwe omume, ee.echere m na oku ahu [ọchị] ga-abu na o ga-esi n'èzí puta. Onye ga-eme ka m bia lee ihe anya n'ụzọ ọhụrụ. " Otú ọ dị, Cook na Clifford abuo kwuru na mbipụta February 2012 nke akwukwo akuko Uncut na ha enweghị mmasị na nnọkọ CCR. "Leopard anaghị agbanwe ntupo ha. Nke a bụ naanị mmega ahụ na-eme ka Ihe oyiyi na-egbuke egbuke John. Ekwentị m agbabeghị agba", Cook kwuru. Clifford gbakwunyere: "Ọ nwere ike ịbụ echiche mara mma afọ iri abụọ gara aga, mana o gaferela".[27]

Na Mee 2013, Fogerty kwuru ọzọ na ya ga-emeghe maka nnọkọ, mana ọ hụghị Cook na Clifford dị njikere ịgbanwe ọnọdụ ha. Ọ gwara ya Charlie Rose na CBS This Morning: "Site n'oge ruo n'oge, m ga-ekwu ihe na ọ ga-na-ebipụta na ma eleghị anya nke ahụ ga-eme, na ozugbo m ga-anụ azụ ihe na-adịghị ada ka ọ ga-ekwe omume. ... Echere m na ọ ga-ekwe omume n'ọdịnihu, ị maara. Ọ bụghị ihe m na-achọsi ike, mana anaghị m emegidekwa echiche ahụ kpamkpam.."[28] Na Septemba 2017 Clifford ọzọ wepụrụ ohere ọ bụla nke Cook na ya onwe ya ga-ejikọtaghachi na John, na-ekwughachi, "Ọ gaara abụ nnukwu afọ iri abụọ, afọ iri abụọ na ise gara aga. Ọ dịla anya ugbu a." ."[29]

Ikike Iwu[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

A na-ejikarị ma o but tunye aka na katalogu egwu CCR na omenala ndi a ma ama,akụkụ n'ihi na John Fogerty bịanyere aka na njikwa iwu nke ndekọ ochie ya na akara ndekọ nke band, Fantasy Records.[30][31] N'ajụjụ ọnụ NPR, Fogerty jụrụ ihe o weere dị ka iji egwu ya eme ihe n'ụzọ na-ezighị ezi:   Ihe na-adọrọ mmasị karịsịa bụ iji abụ mkpesa ya "Fortunate Son" na mgbasa ozi blue jeans.[30] N'okwu a, onye mgbasa ozi ahụ mechara kwụsị iji abụ ahụ, dịka Fogerty kọrọ n'ajụjụ ọnụ e mechara gbaa ya:  

Ụdị egwu na mmetụta ya[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Ụdị egwu CCR gụnyere egwu egwu, egwu obodo, mgbọrọgwụ rock, rockabilly, rock na roll, blues, Southern rock, blues rock, rock, rock rock, rhythm na blues, acid rock, mkpụrụ obi na-acha anụnụ anụnụ, folk rock, New Orleans rhythm[32] and blues and space rock.[33][34][35][36][37][38][39][40][41][42][43][44][45][46][47][48][39][49][50][51][36][52][53][32][54][55][56][57][52][53][32][40][58][59][60][61][62][34][63][36][52][64][65][53] A kpọtụrụ òtù ahụ aha dị ka ndị ọsụ ụzọ nke egwu egwu na egwu obodo.[40][46]

N'ịdabere na mmalite ha na mpaghara East Bay nke San Francisco Bay Mpaghara, òtù ahụ na-ejikarị okwu gbasara bayous, catfish, Osimiri Mississippi na akuku ndị ọzọ nke ihe ngosi nke Southern United States . Egwú ndị otu ahụ anaghị emetukari na ịhụnanya ịhụnanya, na-elekwasị anya na egwu ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị na mmekọrịta mmadụ na ibe ya gbasara isiokwu dịka Agha Vietnam.[66]

Ihe Nketa[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Rolling Stone họọrọ CCR nke 82 na 100 Kasi mma artists nke oge niile. Na 2003, ndepụta Rolling Stone's 500 Kasi mma artists nke oge niile gụnyere Green River na nọmba 95, Cosmo's Factory na nọmba 265, na Willy and the Poor Boys na nọmba 392.[67][68][69] Na 2004, na ndepụta 500 Kasi Ukwuu songs nke oge niile, Rolling Stone gụnyere "Fortunate Son" na nọmba 99, "Proud Mary" na nọmba 155, "Who'll Stop the Rain" na nọmba 188, na "Bad Moon Rising" na nọmba 355.

Dị ka Acclaimed Music si kwuo, ha bụ onye omenkà nke 61st kacha eme eme akụkọ na egwu a ma ama.[70]

A gbakwunyere "Fortunate Son" na Library of Congress' National Recording Registry ndepụta nke egwu egwu nke "dị mkpa na ọdịbendị, akụkọ ihe mere eme, ma ọ bụ mara mma" na 2013.[71]

"Fortunate Son", "Proud Mary", na Cosmo's Factory ka etinyerela n'ime ulo Grammy Hall of Fame.[72] "Proud Mary" nọ na nomba 39 na VH1's "100 Greatest Rock Songs".[73] "Bad Moon Rising" but nke a hooro na nọmba 363 na NME's "500 Greatest Songs of All Time" ndepụta.[74]

Ndị otu[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

  • Doug Clifford na-drum, ukwe nkwado n'olu ndu ụfọdụ (1959-1972)
  • Stu Cook guitar bass, nkwado na uda ndu oge ụfọdụ, ahuigodo (1959-1972)
  • John Fogerty uda olu, guitar ndu, ahuigodo harmonica, saxophone (1959-1972)
  • Tom Fogerty guitar egwu, nkwado na uda olu (1959-1971; nwụrụ 1990)

Nkọwapụta 6 Velvets[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Ndị na-alụbeghị di[75]
Aha ya Ndị edemede Ndepụta # Ihe edere Ebe A tọhapụrụ ya Olu Onye na-emepụta
"Bịa na Baby" Tom Fogerty OA-6177 Oge mgbụsị akwụkwọ 1961 Orchestra Studios, Oakland, California Ọktoba 1961 Tom Fogerty
"Oh Ịhụnanya m" Tom Fogerty OA-6177 Oge mgbụsị akwụkwọ 1961 Orchestra Studios, Oakland, California Ọktoba 1961 Tom Fogerty
"Ị nọworo owu ọmụma" John Fogerty Oa-611010 Ná ngwụsị afọ 1961 Orchestra Studios, Oakland, California Ná mmalite afọ 1962 Tom Fogerty
"Ọmarịcha" John na Tom Fogerty OA-611010 Ná ngwụsị afọ 1961 Orchestra Studios, Oakland, California Ná mmalite afọ 1962 Tom Fogerty
"Ee ka o mere" Tom Fogerty OA-6252 201 1962 Orchestra Studios, Oakland, California June 1962 Tom Fogerty
"Ugbu a, ị bụghị nke m" John Fogerty OA-6252 201 1962 Orchestra Studios, Oakland, California June 1962 Tom Fogerty

Nkọwapụta nke Golliwogs[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Aha ya Ndị edemede Ndepụta # Ihe edere Ụlọ ihe nkiri A tọhapụrụ ya Olu Ihe edeturu
"Agwaghị m ụgha" John na Tom Fogerty Fantasy 590 N'etiti afọ 1964 Fantasy Studios, Berkeley, California Nọvemba 1964 John na Tom Fogerty
"Nwa agbọghọ (Ọ na-eme ka nne gị mara) " John na Tom Fogerty Fantasy 590 N'etiti afọ 1964 Fantasy Studios, Berkeley, California Nọvemba 1964 Tom Fogerty
"Ebe Ị nọ" John na Tom Fogerty Echiche efu 597 Jenụwarị 1965 Fantasy Studios, Berkeley, California Eprel 1965 Tom Fogerty
"Ị bịara na-eje ije" John na Tom Fogerty Echiche efu 597 Jenụwarị 1965 Fantasy Studios, Berkeley, California Eprel 1965 John na Tom Fogerty
"Ị pụghị ịbụ eziokwu" John na Tom Fogerty Fantasy 599 Eprel 1965 Fantasy Studios, Berkeley, California Julaị 1965 John Fogerty
"Ị nweghị ihe ị ga-eme m" John na Tom Fogerty Fantasy 599 Eprel 1965 Fantasy Studios, Berkeley, California Julaị 1965 John na Tom Fogerty
"M zutere gị naanị otu awa gara aga" John na Tom Fogerty Eprel 1965 Fantasy Studios, Berkeley, California 2001 John na Tom Fogerty
"Nwa agbọghọ anya na-acha nchara nchara" John na Tom Fogerty Scorpio 404 Ọgọst 1965 Fantasy Studios, Berkeley, California Nọvemba 1965 John Fogerty
"Ọka Ka Ị Kpachara Anya" John na Tom Fogerty Scorpio 404 Ọgọst 1965 Fantasy Studios, Berkeley, California Nọvemba 1965 John Fogerty na Tom Fogerty
"Gonna Hang Around" John na Tom Fogerty Nọvemba 1965 Fantasy Studios, Berkeley, California 2001 John Fogerty
"Agha Ọkụ" John na Tom Fogerty Scorpio 405 Febụwarị 1966 Fantasy Studios, Berkeley, California March 1966 John Fogerty
"Nwa Na-adịghị Nwe" John na Tom Fogerty Scorpio 405 Febụwarị 1966 Fantasy Studios, Berkeley, California March 1966 John Fogerty
"Gbalịa Gbalịa" John na Tom Fogerty Febụwarị 1966 Fantasy Studios, Berkeley, California 2001 John na Tom Fogerty
"Ọ bụ nke m" John na Tom Fogerty Ná mmalite afọ 1966 Fantasy Studios, Berkeley, California 2001 John Fogerty
"Ngwa nke No. 1" John na Tom Fogerty Ná mmalite afọ 1966 Fantasy Studios, Berkeley, California 2001
"Action USA" Ebe mgbasa ozi redio June 1966
"Little Tina" John na Tom Fogerty N'etiti afọ 1966 Fantasy Studios, Berkeley, California 2001 John Fogerty
"Ịga ije n'elu mmiri" John na Tom Fogerty Scorpio 408 Ọgọst 1966 Fantasy Studios, Berkeley, California Septemba 1966 John Fogerty edere ya ọzọ dị ka "Walk on the Water" maka Creedence Clearwater Revival
"Ị ka mma inweta ya tupu ọ nweta gị" John na Tom Fogerty Scorpio 408 Ọgọst 1966 Fantasy Studios, Berkeley, California Septemba 1966 John Fogerty
"Gwa m" John na Tom Fogerty Scorpio 410, kagburu Mee 1967 Fantasy Studios, Berkeley, California 2001 John Fogerty
"Ị pụghị ịbụ eziokwu" John na Tom Fogerty Scorpio 410, kagburu Mee 1967 Fantasy Studios, Berkeley, California 2001 John Fogerty
"Porterville" John Fogerty Scorpio 412 Ndị na-edekọ ihe n'ụsọ oké osimiri, San Francisco, California Nọvemba 19671 John Fogerty nke John Fogerty mepụtara, e mechara wepụta ya na Creedence Clearwater Revival
"Kpọọ ya ka ọ na-eme ka ọ bụrụ" John Fogerty Scorpio 412 Ọktoba 1967 Ndị na-edekọ ihe n'ụsọ oké osimiri, San Francisco, California Nọvemba 19672 John Fogerty nke John Fogerty mepụtara

Ihe ngosi CCR[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

  Àtụ:Col-begin Àtụ:Col-break Studio albums

Àtụ:Col-break See also

Àtụ:Col-end

  1. Cavanagh. "Creedence Clearwater Revival – the full story, by John Fogerty, Stu Cook and Doug Clifford", Uncut, July 18, 2014. Retrieved on March 27, 2018.
  2. Woodstock. history.com. History.com Editors. Retrieved on 24 March 2021.
  3. Creedence Clearwater Revival. Rockhall.com. Retrieved on March 2, 2010.
  4. Arian Smedley (February 27, 2008). 'Oldies' radio bracket expands one decade. Chicago Tribune. Archived from the original on December 11, 2008.
  5. Gold & Platinum. RIAA. Retrieved on January 7, 2019.
  6. Gold & Platinum. riaa.com. Retrieved on 24 March 2021.
  7. Fong-Torres. "Creedence C'water At the Hop", Rolling Stone, April 5, 1969, p. 9.
  8. Fantasy Studios: Alive and Well in Berkeley. Crawdaddy.wolfgangsvault.com (August 6, 2008). Archived from the original on October 9, 2009. Retrieved on March 2, 2010.
  9. Moskowitz (2015). The 100 Greatest Bands of All Time: A Guide to the Legends Who Rocked the World p. 166. ABC-CLIO. ISBN 978-1-4408-0340-6. 
  10. Sullivan (May 14, 2010). John Fogerty Sued for Plagiarizing ... Himself: Twisted Tales. Archived from the original on June 29, 2013.
  11. Lynskey (May 29, 2013). John Fogerty: 'I had rules. I wasn't embarrassed that I was ambitious'. The Guardian. Retrieved on July 18, 2019.
  12. 12.0 12.1 Hank Bordowitz (2007). Bad Moon Rising: The Unauthorized History of Creedence Clearwater Revival. Chicago, Illinois: Chicago Review Press, Incorporated. ISBN 978-1-55652-661-9. Retrieved on August 27, 2011. 
  13. WLS890 Hit Parade. Mike Gallant (1968-10-14). Retrieved on 2020-03-07.
  14. Kpọpụta njehie: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named pc54
  15. Creedence Clearwater Revival scored their only U.K. No 1 single with "Bad Moon Rising. Pop Expresso.
  16. Hank Bordowitz (2007). The Unauthorized History of Creedence Clearwater Revival Page 65. Chicago, Illinois: Chicago Review Press, Incorporated. ISBN 978-1-55652-661-9. Retrieved on August 16, 2014. 
  17. The Ed Sullivan Show: Creedence Clearwater Revival / Jerry Lee Lewis. TV.com. Archived from the original on June 4, 2011. Retrieved on May 8, 2009.
  18. Rock History - 1971 – John Fogerty is sued by the owners of Specialty Records.. Thisdayinrock.com (October 14, 1971). Archived from the original on October 16, 2013. Retrieved on October 24, 2013.
  19. Most No. 2 Hits Without Reaching No. 1 By Artist (PHP). Billboard Magazine. Archived from the original on December 28, 2012.
  20. WLS Year Index. Oldiesloon (1969–1971). Retrieved on December 26, 2011.
  21. 21.0 21.1 21.2 21.3 Fogerty, John (2015). Fortunate Son. New York, NY: Little, Brown and Company.
  22. Interview: Doug Clifford on CCR and John Fogerty. azcentral. Retrieved on February 13, 2022.
  23. (October 28, 1972) Billboard –. Nielsen Business Media. Retrieved on August 30, 2010. “creedence splits.” 
  24. John Fogerty: 'I had rules. I wasn't embarrassed that I was ambitious'. theguardian.com (2013). Retrieved on July 31, 2013.
  25. Wareham Development. Warehamproperties.com (February 13, 2007). Archived from the original on July 25, 2011. Retrieved on May 8, 2009.
  26. "These Guys' Bad Moon Rose a Loooong Time Ago", Los Angeles Times, January 31, 1993. Retrieved on June 11, 2021.
  27. Creedence Clearwater Revival Reunion: No Chance, Drummer and Bassist Say. Spinner (January 3, 2012). Archived from the original on April 11, 2013. Retrieved on January 4, 2012.
  28. Creedence Clearwater Revival reunion a possibility. John Fogerty: Creedence Clearwater Revival reunion a possibility (May 20, 2013). Retrieved on May 30, 2013.
  29. Varias (September 19, 2017). Creedence Clearwater drummer: Woodstock 'was a nightmare'. The Cincinnati Enquirer. Retrieved on November 7, 2017.
  30. 30.0 30.1 Baker. "Fogerty to Wrangler: Song in ad 'ain't me' – SFGate", Articles.sfgate.com, November 1, 2002. Retrieved on March 26, 2010.
  31. Baker. "Their 'Son' was Fogerty's baby; The last thing the singer wants is a Creedence corporate revival, but he doesn't own the rights, so 'Fortunate Son' now sells jeans", Los Angeles Times, October 23, 2002. Retrieved on March 29, 2010.
  32. 32.0 32.1 32.2 Moon (August 2, 2019). Creedence Clearwater Revival's 'Green River' At 50: Our Essential Guide To Early CCR. NPR. Retrieved on 2022-09-05.
  33. Breithaupt (15 October 1996). Precious and Few: Pop Music of the Early '70s. St. Martin's Press. ISBN 978-0-312-14704-4. 
  34. 34.0 34.1 Melissa Ursula Dawn Goldsmith (22 November 2019). Listen to Classic Rock! Exploring a Musical Genre. ABC-CLIO. ISBN 978-1-4408-6579-4. 
  35. Abjorensen (25 May 2017). Historical Dictionary of Popular Music. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. ISBN 978-1-5381-0215-2. 
  36. 36.0 36.1 36.2 Fielders (November 2, 2016). The long road down: How Creedence Clearwater Revival fell to pieces. Classic Rock. Retrieved on 2022-09-05.
  37. Valdez (2006). A History of Rock Music. Kendall/Hunt Publishing Company. ISBN 978-0-7575-3379-2. Retrieved on January 23, 2020. 
  38. Thomas M. Kitts (2012). Finding Fogerty: Interdisciplinary Readings of John Fogerty and Creedence Clearwater Revival. Rowman & Littlefield. ISBN 978-0-7391-7485-2. 
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