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Creole nke Virgin Islands

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Creole nke Virgin Islands
Netherlands Antilles Creole English
A mụrụ ya  British Virgin Islands, U.S. Virgin Islands, Spanish Virgin Islands, Saba, Saint Martin, Sint Eustatius, na Virgin Islands na SSS Islands diaspora
Ndị na-asụ asụsụ ala
(76,000 e depụtara 1980-2011) [1]
Creole Bekee
  • Atlantic
    • Ebe Ọwụwa Anyanwụ
      • Ndịda
        • Creole nke Virgin Islands
Koodu asụsụ
ISO 639-3 vic
Glottolog virg1240
Asụsụ 52-AAB-apa to -ape and 52-AAB-apg to api (SSS varieties)
Isiokwu a nwere akara ụdaolu IPA. Enweghị nkwado nsụgharị kwesịrị ekwesị, ị nwere ike ịhụ Unicode_block)#Replacement_character" rel="mw:WikiLink" title="Specials (Unicode block)">akara ajụjụ, igbe, ma ọ bụ akara ndị ọzọ kama mkpụrụedemede Unicode. Maka ntuziaka mmeghe na akara IPA, lee Help:IPA.

[2] Islands Creole, ma ọ bụ Virgin Islands Creoles English, bụ asụsụ Creole nke dabeere na Bekee nke nwere ọtụtụ ụdị a na-asụ na Virgin Islands na Agwaetiti SSS dị nso nke Saba, Saint Martin na Sint Eustatius, ebe a maara ya dị ka Saban English, Saint Martin English, na Statian English, n'otu n'otu.

Okwu ahụ bụ "Virgin Islands Creole" bụ okwu ndị ọkà mmụta na ndị ọkà mmụta ji eme ihe, a naghị ejikarị ya eme ihe kwa ụbọchị. [3]'ụzọ a na-amaghị ama, a maara Creole dị ka olumba, dịka ọtụtụ ndị obodo ahụ na-ele Creole anya dị ka olulu Bekee, ọ bụghị asụsụ Creole Bekee. Ma[4] nyocha nke akụkọ ihe mere eme na asụsụ na-egosi na ọ bụ n'ezie asụsụ Creole Bekee.

N'ihi na e nwere ọtụtụ ụdị nke Virgin Islands Creole, a makwaara ya site na agwaetiti a na-asụ ya: Asụsụ Crucian, Asụsụ Thomian, Asụsụ Tortolian ma ọ bụ Asụsụ Tolan, Asụsụ Saban, Asụsụ Saint Martin, Asụsụ Statian.

Akụkọ ihe mere eme[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

E guzobere Creole mgbe ndị Afrịka ohu, na-enweghị ike ịgwa ibe ha na ndị nwe ha na Europe kwurịta okwu n'ihi na e si n'ógbè dị iche iche nke West Africa were ha n'asụsụ dị iche iche, mepụtara Pidgin dabeere na Bekee na okwu ndị sitere na West Africa na usoro ụtọ asụsụ. A na-eme nke a ka ọ bụrụ asụsụ ha ka a na-enyefe ya n'ọgbọ ndị sochirinụ.

Ndị Danish na-achị St. Thomas<span typeof="mw:Entity" id="mwKg"> </span> na St. John<span typeof="mw:Entity" id="mwLA"> </span> nwere ndị Europe nke sitere na Dutch, nke mere ka ndị Afrịka na-agba ohu buru ụzọ mepụta ndị Dutch, nke a maara dị ka Negerhollands. A na-ejikarị Negerhollands eme ihe na St. Thomas na St. John ruo na narị afọ nke 19, mgbe ndị Britain weghaara Danish West Indies site na 1801 ruo 1802 na 1807 ruo 1815.   Ka Bekee ghọrọ asụsụ a na-ahọrọ dị ka asụsụ azụmahịa na azụmaahịa na ọdụ ụgbọ mmiri na-arụsi ọrụ ike nke Charlotte Amalie, Virgin Islands Creole guzobere karịa Negerhollands. Ụfọdụ n'ime ndị bi na ya nọgidere na-eji Negerhollands ruo na narị afọ nke 20.

N'adịghị ka ndị bi na kọntinent Europe nke agwaetiti ndị ọzọ dị na Denmark West India, nke St. Croix bụ ndị Bekee, Irish na Scottish, nke mere ka ndị ohu Africa mepụta asụsụ Creole nke dabeere na Bekee na narị afọ nke 18 na nke 19. Ka ọ na-erule na narị afọ nke iri na itoolu, a na-asụ asụsụ Creole nke Virgin Islands na St. Thomas na St. John, ka Negerhollands na-apụ n'anya.   Ka ọ na-erule ngwụcha narị afọ nke iri na itoolu, asụsụ Creole nke Bekee dochiri Negerhollands kpamkpam dị ka asụsụ obodo nke St. Thomas na St. John.  

Creole nọkwa na-etolite na British Virgin Islands nke oge a. Ndị Britain weghaara agwaetiti ndị ahụ n'aka ndị Dutch na 1672. A kpọtara ndị Afrịka ohu ka ha rụọ ọrụ n'ubi na agwaetiti Tortola, Virgin Gorda, Anegada, na Jost Van Dyke ebe ha, dị ka ndị ohu na St. Croix, mepụtara asụsụ Creole nke dabeere na Bekee.  Ọ bụ ezie na US na British Virgin Islands dị iche na ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị, ha nwere otu ọdịbendị Virgin Islands, akụkọ ihe mere eme yiri nke ahụ dabere na ọchịchị na ịgba ohu, na ụfọdụ agbụrụ.

Dị ka ndị nọ na Virgin Islands, a kpọtara ndị ohu Africa na agwaetiti SSS nke Saba, Sint Eustatius na Saint Martin. Mgbasawanye nke ndị Europe si British Isles n'àgwàetiti ndị a, yana ịdị nso nke agwaetiti SSS na azụmahịa ya na agwaetiti ndị na-asụ Bekee dị nso, mere ka a na-asụgharị asụsụ Creole Bekee n'àgbè SSS. N'ihi nnukwu mbubata nke ndị ọrụ si Saint Martin mgbe nnwere onwe nke 1848 na Danish West Indies, yana omume maka ndị ọrụ ugbo bara ọgaranya nwere ubi na Virgin Islands na agwaetiti SSS, ndị "ndị nna nna" bi (ndị sitere na ndị ohu Africa mbụ na ndị Europe na-achị) nke agwaetiti S SS na ndị US na British Virgin Islands nwere otu agbụrụ na omenala.

Mgbanwe na ụtọ asụsụ na okwu n'etiti agwaetiti[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Asụsụ obodo dịgasị iche n'etiti US na British Virgin Islands. Ọ bụ ihe a na-ahụkarị maka ọdịiche dị otú ahụ ka a na-egosi ya n'ụzọ na-atọ ọchị mgbe ndị Virgin Islanders nke agwaetiti dị iche iche na-ezukọta. Dịka ọmụmaatụ, a ga-akpọpụta okwu Bekee a na-akpọ "bịa ebe a" na St. Croix ma na-abịa na St. Thomas, St. John na British Virgin Islands. Na St. Martin, a na-akpọ bịa hyuh. Na mgbakwunye, ụdị Creole nke Virgin Islands nke okwu "ụgbọ ala" bụ cyar na St. Croix na cah na St. Thomas, St. John na British Virgin Islands. Ihe abụọ a na-adịghị mma bụ n'ihi mmetụta Ndị Irish na St. Croix n'oge ọchịchị ndị Denmark.

Ụda ụdaume nwekwara ike ịdị iche iche n'etiti agwaetiti. Dịka ọmụmaatụ, a na-akpọkarị okwu "nke pụrụ iche" speshahl na St. Croix na Speshuhl na St. Thomas, St. John, British Virgin Islands, na St. Martin. A na-akpọkarị "Island" islahn' na St. Croix na isluhn' na St, St. John, British Virgin Islands, na St. Martin.

Ihe atụ ọzọ a na-ekwukarị maka ọdịiche asụsụ n'etiti agwaetiti ahụ bụ ojiji nke okwu deh, ụdị Creole nke Virgin Islands nke ọkọlọtọ English adverb "ebe ahụ". Na St. Croix, a na-agbakwunye deh ọzọ, na-emepụta ahịrịokwu deh-deh. A na-ahụkwa ojiji dị otú ahụ n'ọtụtụ agwaetiti Caribbean na-abụghị Virgin Islands. E nwere ọtụtụ ọnọdụ ebe okwu na ahịrịokwu (karịsịa slang) ndị dị n'otu agwaetiti adịghị na nke ọzọ. raw mgbakwunye, a na-akọwakarị Creole nke Virgin Islands a na-asụ na St. Croix dị ka ihe na-enweghị isi, ma ọ bụ nke dị anya site na Bekee, karịa nke Virgin Islands ndị ọzọ.

Ilu Creole nke Virgin Islands[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

  • Who don't hear does feel.[5]
  • What yoh do in de dark does come to light.[5]
  • Time longer dan twine.[5]
  • Every skin teeth ain' a grin.[5]
  • Monkey know wha' tree to clime.[5]
  • Do for do ain' no obeah 
  • When the wind blow foul batty does show

Hụkwa[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Edensibia[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

abịa na St. Thomas, St. John na British Virgin Islands. Na St. Martin, a na-akpọ bịa hyuh. Na mgbakwunye, ụdị Creole nke Virgin Islands nke ok Islands. E nwere ọtụtụ ọnọdụ ebe okwu na ahịrịokwu (karịsịa slang) ndị dị n'otu agwaetiti adịghị na Islands. E nwere ọtụtụ ọnọdụ ebe okwu na ahịrịokwu (karịsịa slang) ndị dị n'otu agwaetiti adịghị na nke ọzọ. raw mgbakwunye, a na

  1. Virgin Islands Creole at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015) (subscription required)
  2. Ethnologue Report for language code: vic. Ethnologue
  3. Wiltshire, Shari (January 28–29, 2007). "Crucian: Dialect or a language? Professor at UVI to publish dictionary". St. Croix Avis
  4. "Virgin Islands Creoles"
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 Bennerson. Child Rearing: A Virgin Islands Model. Archived from the original on 2006-10-14.

Njikọ mpụga[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

  • American Virgin Islands Creole Ozi dịgasị iche iche gbasara Virgin Islands Creoles, yana Negerhollands. Gụnyere ngalaba na-adịgide adịgide Africanisms na omenala Virgin Islands Creole.
  • British Virgin Islands Dictionary Wiwords.com - akwụkwọ ọkọwa okwu West Indian na-ezo aka na ya
  • Crucian Dictionary Cruciandictionary.com - akwụkwọ ọkọwa okwu n'ịntanetị na asụsụ Crucian - ụdị nke Virgin Islands Creole a na-asụ na St. Croix.
  • Domino 60 Egwú, Egwuregwu, Ilu, na Ọdịbendị Ụmụaka Site na United States Virgin Islands site na Karen Ellis©1990 gbakwunyere nkeji 45 Live Sound Field Recording ©1979 Ndebanye aha Nọmba TXu 822-111
  • Asụsụ, American Virgin Islands Creole Kraal Cultural Manual na Virgin Islands English
  • St. Maarten Talk Series Usoro ọtụtụ isi na YouTube na asụsụ Creole Bekee a na-asụ n'àgwàetiti French-Dutch nke St. Martin.
  • The Indigenous Folksong Reading Curriculum gụnyere, na peeji nke 6, ihe omimi nke onye nkuzi na-akọ ahụmahụ ya na-akụzi ọkọlọtọ Bekee na ndị na-asụ asụsụ Crucian na St. Croix.
  • US Virgin Islands Dictionary Wiwords.com - akwụkwọ ọkọwa okwu West Indian.
  • VI Creole 101 Ihe ngosi na YouTube na asụsụ Creole Bekee a na-asụ na Virgin Islands.
  • Zoop Zoop: Egwú ọdịnala na Folklore nke St. Croix, St. Thomas, na St. John Na-agụnye ọtụtụ abụ na Virgin Islands Creole.