Dan Maraya

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Dan Maraya
Mmádu
ụdịekerenwoke Dezie
mba o sịNaijiria Dezie
Aha enyereDan Dezie
ụbọchị ọmụmụ ya1946 Dezie
Ebe ọmụmụJos Dezie
Ụbọchị ọnwụ ya20 Jụn 2015 Dezie
Ọrụ ọ na-arụonye egwu Dezie

  Ɗan Maraya Jos pronunciationi (nke a makwaara dị ka Adamu Ɗan Marya Jos pronunciatiini; amụrụ Adamu Wayyapronunciationi na 1946 - 20 June 2015) bụ onye Naijiria Hausa griot a maara maka ịkpọ kontigi.[1][2] A na-echetakwa ya dị ka nwoke na-ejighi otuto ya na-abụ abụ maka ndị ọgaranya na ndị a ma ama, mana ọ na-abụkwa otuto maka ndị nkịtị.[2]

Ọ bụ onye otu Order of the Niger (MON), onye ọrụ nke Order of theiger (OON) na onye natara Nigerian Federal Republic Medal, 1st class.[3][4] Onye na-edekọ egwu, ka ọ na-erule afọ 1986, o dekọrọ ma ọ dịkarịa ala 150 LPs na egwu ma dee egwu 500.

Ndụ[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

A mụrụ Dan Maraya Jos, onye aha ya pụtara "Nwata mgbei nke Jos", na 1946 na Bukuru, nso Jos na Plateau State, Nigeria.[2] Aha ọmụmụ ya bụ Adamu Wayya, mana nna ya nwụrụ obere oge amuchara ya na nne ya nwụrụ mgbe ọ ka bụ nwa ọhụrụ, ya mere aha onye ọ bụla maara ya.[2] Nna Dan Maraya bụ onye na-eti egwu n'ụlọ ikpe maka Sarkin Hausawa nke Bukuru. Mgbe nna ya nwụsịrị, Emir (ma ọ bụ Sarkin Hausawa) kpọọrọ Dan Maraya n'okpuru nlekọta ya mgbe nne na nna ya nwụrụ.[2]

Dan Maraya gosipụtara mmasị n'egwú n'oge ọ bụ nwata ma nọrọ n'okpuru mmetụta nke ndị na-agụ egwú n'ógbè ahụ. N'oge ọ na-aga Maiduguri mgbe ọ ka dị afọ iri na ụma, ndị na-agụ egwú na-eji ngwá egwú Kuntigi na-akpọ masịrị ya, mgbe ọ laghachiri Jos, ọ gara njem, nke ya na ya na-eso kemgbe ahụ.[5][6]

Maraya bụ onye na-agụ egwú, na-abụ abụ mgbe ọ na-eso onwe ya na obere ụbọ akwara Naijiria a na-akpọ kontigi. Ọ bụkwa onye maara nke ọma na Kotsu drum na Kalungu drum (Hausa talking drum), garaya 2-stringed lute ma ọ bụ guitar, molo 3-stringed lutte ma ọ dị guitar, na goge Nigerian violin, ebe ọ mụtara ha na ọzụzụ maka ọrụ ya dị ka griot.[3]

Ọrụ Griot[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Dan Maraya chose the griot profession when he was seven-years old, having been told that his decreased father was a royal drummer. By the end of his life he had toured internationally, performing in the United States, the Netherlands, Germany, Cuba, Trinidad, Jamaica, Guyana, Venezuela, Brazil, and Ethiopia.[3] He was also a performer at Festac 77 (the Second World Black and African Festival of Arts and Culture) in Lagos, Nigeria.[3] He was of such prominence that he was performing in national events for Nigeria; his last concert before he fell sick was at the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) fund-raising dinner.[7]

Dị ka ọtụtụ ndị na-agụ egwú griot, isi ihe na-eme Dan Maraya bụ ịbụ abụ otuto, mana Dan Maraya họpụtara ndị dike ya karịa ndị ọgaranya na ndị a ma ama. Abụ mbụ ya, ma eleghị anya ka bụ "Wak'ar Karen Mota" ["Song of the Driver's Mate"] iji too ụmụ okorobịa na-abanye ma na-apụ na bọs minivan ma na-arụ ọrụ rụrụ arụ nke ịgbanwe taya, na-akwagharị ụgbọala ndị mebiri emebi, na ihe ndị yiri ya.[8]

Ihe ndekọ ya gụnyekwara "abụ banyere ihe ndị sitere n'okike dịka ọnwụ, ihu ọma, akụ na ụba wdg" yana abụ ndị na-akatọ mmekọrịta mmadụ na ibe ya banyere "omume na-emegide mmekọrịta mmadụ na eze". Egwú ndị ahụ nwere mmetụta dị ka onye Hausa.[3]

Dị ka griot, ọ bụrụ abụ otuto na nkatọ satirical. N'oge Agha Obodo Naijiria, o dere ọtụtụ abụ iji too ndị agha nke ndị agha gọọmentị etiti ma tinye akụkọ doro anya nke ihe nkiri site na agha na abụ ya.[9] Mgbe agha obodo ahụ kwụsịrị na mmeri nke gọọmentị etiti, Dan Maraya bụrụ "Munafukan Yaki.." ("The Hypocrites of War") na-akọwa gọọmentị na ndị mba ụwa na-akwado Biafra.[10][11]

Ọtụtụ n'ime abụ ya na-etinye nkọwa mmekọrịta mmadụ na ibe ya. Ndị a gụnyere abụ gbasara alụmdi na nwunye, nke nwere ike ịbụ site na mmalite afọ 1970. Otu onye nwere ike ikwu na ha bụ otu nnukwu abụ n'ezie, na arụmọrụ, Dan Maraya na-etinye ahịrị sitere na nke ọ bụla n'ime ha. Otú ọ dị, ihe ndekọ ndị na-eje ozi dị ka ihe ndabere maka ọmụmụ a nwere ntọala egwu atọ dị iche iche, abụ ndị ahụ n'onwe ha nwere isiokwu atọ dị iche: "Jawabin Aure" ["Okwu banyere Alụmdi na Nwunye"] depụtara nsogbu ndị na-eso ịgba alụkwaghịm ma dọọ ndị di na nwunye aka ná ntị ka ha gbalịa idozi esemokwu ha. "Auren Dole" ["Alụmdi na nwunye a manyere] na-akatọ omume ezinụlọ na-ahazi alụmdi na nwunye maka ụmụ ha nwanyị kama ikwe ka ha kpebie ndị di ha.[12] "Gulma-Wuya" ["The Busybody"] na-akọwa asịrị agbata obi nke na-arụkọ ọrụ na boka (onye na-eme ọgwụ, na-ewepụ mmụọ ọjọọ, wdg) iji mebie alụmdi na nwunye site na ịgha mkpụrụ esemokwu n'etiti ụmụ nwanyị na di ha.[13] Abụ nke ikpeazụ na-atọ ọchị n'ihi na Dan Maraya na-eme ya dị ka ihe nkiri, na-eṅomi olu nke ndị edemede dị iche iche ka ha na-ekwu, usoro o jikwa mee ihe na abụ ndị ọzọ.

Ihe ndekọ[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Abụ ndị ọ bụla[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

  • Auren Dole [Alụmdi na Nwunye A manyere Ọlụ][12]
  • Gulma-Wuya [Onye na-arụsi ọrụ ike][13]
  • Jawabin Aure [Okwu Banyere Alụmdi na Nwunye]
  • Kidan Kashewa na Wakar Keren Mota III [Killing Music and Car Music III][14]
  • Munafukan Yaki (Wallahi Kun Tabe) [ntụgharị: Ndị ihu abụọ agha (Site n'aka Chineke ị na-apụ) ][11][10]
  • Wak'ar Karen Mota [Abụ nke Onye Ọkwọ ụgbọala][8]

Abọm[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

  • 1986. Kudi Masu Gida Rana [album, Polydor POLP 151][15]
    • Kudi Masu Gida Rana [Ụbọchị Ndị nwe Ego][3][16]
    • Wakar Shari'a [Abụ nke Sharia][3][17]
    • Alhaji Shaaibu Jagaf[3][18]
    • Wakar Hankali [Abụ nke Uche][3][19]
    • Alhaji Bako Doma[3][20]
    • Wakar PolyGram [Abụ Polygram][3][21]

Ihe odide[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

  1. Sotubo. Dan Maraya Jos: Hausa music legend dies at 69. Retrieved on 26 October 2018.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 Isa Abdulsalami Ahovi, Jos. "Dan Maraya Jos dies at 69", The Guardian, 21 June 2015.
  3. 3.00 3.01 3.02 3.03 3.04 3.05 3.06 3.07 3.08 3.09 3.10 Kpọpụta njehie: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named albumback
  4. "OBITUARY: Dan Maraya Jos, iconic Hausa singer and Nigeria’s ‘best-known’ orphan", The Cable, 20 June 2015. “He received the member of the order of the Nigeria (MON) and officer of the order of the Nigeria (OON) as well as United Nations peace medals.”
  5. Adebayo. "An Orphan Who Made it to Stardom", Sunday Concord (Lagos), June 19, 1988.
  6. "Tambayoyi Game da Siriya da kuma Tarihin Rayuwar Ɗan Maraya Jos", rfi.fr, Radio France International Hausa. Retrieved on 30 March 2021.
  7. "Dan Maraya Jos: Commentary on Hausa life and society", Business Hallmark, 24 June 2015.
  8. 8.0 8.1 Wak'ar karen mota. Archived from the original on 2023-05-20. Retrieved on 2023-10-03. “[note: this seems to be the song referred to. It is from the right area and time period, has the right subject matter and title, and the right instrument is played. The song is sung in Hausa.] Description: A Hausa song wak'ar nasha'di (entertainment song) about lorry drivers' assistants, sung by an unidentified musician who accompanies themselves on kuntigi, and also accompanied by other male singers. The kuntigi is a single-stringed plucked spike lute. The body of the kuntigi can be made from gourd, wood or other material such as food cans....Full title: Wak'ar karen mota Creators: unidentified (singer, male / kuntigi); unidentified (singers, male); Carnochan, Jack, 1918-2004 (sound recordist) Date: 1957 (recorded) Places of recording: Zaria; Northern Region; Nigeria (recorded); Nigeria (place of origin)”
  9. Ayo Olukotun (April 2002). "Traditional Protest Media and Anti-Military Struggle in Nigeria 1988-1999". African Affairs 101 (403). 
  10. 10.0 10.1 Dan Maraya Filato, Munafukan Yaki - 3:25. Voice of America. “[Note: this is the song Munafukan Yaki sung in the Hausa language.]”
  11. 11.0 11.1 Munafukan Yaki (Wallahi Kun Tabe) - Adamu Dan Maraya Filato - 3'25 (ha). VOA. Retrieved on 2020-06-06.
  12. 12.0 12.1 Dan Maraya Jos Aure Dole. YouTube. “Mynmaster Productions”
  13. 13.0 13.1 Gulma Wuya By Dan Maraya Jos. lyricsahel.com. “[note: Lyrics to Gulma-Wuya, in Hausa]”
  14. Dan Maraya Jos "Kidan Kashewa" and "Wakar Keren Mota III".
  15. The Little Orphan of Jos. likembe.com (22 July 2018). “[Note: Blog has a photo of the album cover and a list of the songs. Album cover shows a picture of Dan Maraya holding his kontigi.]”
  16. Dan Maraya Jos - Kudi Masu Gida Rana : NIGERIAN Hausa Traditional Kuntigi Folk Music ALBUM Songs LP. youtube.com. “[song: Kudi Masu Gida Rana]”
  17. Dan Maraya Jos - Kudi Masu Gida Rana : NIGERIAN Hausa Traditional Kuntigi Folk Music ALBUM Songs LP. youtube.com. “[song:Wakar Shari'a]”
  18. Dan Maraya Jos - Kudi Masu Gida Rana : NIGERIAN Hausa Traditional Kuntigi Folk Music ALBUM Songs LP. youtube.com. “[song:Alhaji Shaaibu Jagaf]”
  19. Dan Maraya Jos - Kudi Masu Gida Rana : NIGERIAN Hausa Traditional Kuntigi Folk Music ALBUM Songs LP. youtube.com. “[song:Wakar Hankali]”
  20. Dan Maraya Jos - Kudi Masu Gida Rana : NIGERIAN Hausa Traditional Kuntigi Folk Music ALBUM Songs LP. youtube.com. “[song: Alhaji Bako Doma]”
  21. Dan Maraya Jos - Kudi Masu Gida Rana : NIGERIAN Hausa Traditional Kuntigi Folk Music ALBUM Songs LP. youtube.com. “[song: Wakar PolyGram]”