De Beers

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Ou De Beers bụ ụlọ ọrụ mba ụwa nke na-ahụ maka igwupụta diamond, inweta diamond, ire ahịa diamond, azụmaahịa diamond na ụlọ ọlụ na-emepụta diamond. Ụlọ ọrụ ahụ na-arụsi ọrụ ike na oghere oghere, nnukwu alluvial na igwu ala n'ụsọ oké osimiri. Ọ na-arụ ọrụ na mba iri atọ na ise ma na-egwupụta ihe na Botswana, Namibia, Ndida Africa, Canada na Australia.

Site na mmalite ya na afọ nari iri na asatọ iri asatọ na asatọ ruo mmalite nke narị afọ nke puku iri abụọ na otu, otu De Beers na-achịkwa pacent iri asatọ ruo pacent iri asatọ na ise nke nkesa diamond siri ike ma were ya dị ka onye na-achị onwe ya.[1] Asọmpi emebiwo ikike zuru oke; Otu De Beers ugbu a na-ere ihe dịka pacent iri abụọ na ọọkara nke mmepụta diamond siri ike n'ụwa site na uru site na ụlọ ọrụ ya zuru ụwa ọnụ na azụmaahịa ahịa.

Onye ọchụnta ego Britain bụ Cecil Rhodes guzobere ụlọ ọlụ ahụ na afọ narị iri na asatọ ịrị asatọ na asatọ, onye onye isi diamond Ndịda Africa bụ Alfred Beit na ụlọ akụ N M Rothschild & Sons nke dị na London kwadoro.[2][3] N'afọ nari iri itoolu iri abụọ na isii, a họpụtara Ernest Oppenheimer, onye Germany kwagara Britain na Ndịda Africa bụ onye guzobere ụlọ ọrụ na-egwupụta ihe n'ala Anglo American na onye America na-ahụ maka ego J. P. Morgan, ka ọ bụrụ onye otu De Beers.[4][5] O wuru ma mee ka ụlọ ọlụ ahụ bụrụ nke ụlọ ọlụ diamond zuru ụwa ọnụ ruo mgbe ọ nwụrụ na afọ narị iri itoolu, iri ise na asaa. N'oge a, ọ na-etinye aka n'ọtụtụ esemokwu, gụnyere ọnụahịa na omume ntụkwasị obi, a na-ebo ya ebubo na ọ naghị ewepụta diamond ụlọ ọlụ maka mbọ agha Amerịka n'oge Agha Ụwa nke Abụọ.[6][7]

  1. Chang (Fall 2002). "The Global Diamond Industry". Chazen Web Journal of International Business: 2. Retrieved on 5 July 2016. 
  2. Exhibitions ‹ Rothschild Timeline :: The Rothschild Archive. www.rothschildarchive.org.
  3. Epstein (1982). The rise and fall of diamonds: the shattering of a brilliant illusion. Simon and Schuster. 
  4. "New Mining Target: Anglo American", Forbes, 21 August 2006. Retrieved on 20 December 2017.
  5. Chilvers (1939). The Story of De Beers. Cassell. 
  6. Janine P. Roberts (2003). Glitter & Greed. The Disinformation Company. ISBN 0-9713942-9-6. Retrieved on 27 November 2008. 
  7. Theodor Emanuel Gregory (1977). Ernest Oppenheimer and the Economic Development of Southern Africa. Arno Press. ISBN 9780405097904. Retrieved on 27 November 2008.