Esther Mahlangu

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Esther Mahlangu
Mmádu
ụdịekerenwanyị Dezie
mba o sịSouth Africa Dezie
Aha enyereEsther Dezie
aha ezinụlọ yaMahlangu Dezie
ụbọchị ọmụmụ ya11 Novemba 1935 Dezie
Ebe ọmụmụMiddelburg Dezie
asụsụ ọ na-asụ, na-ede ma ọ bụ were na-ebinye akaBekee Dezie
Ọrụ ọ na-arụonye ese, onye na-ahu maka ihe nkiri Dezie
Ebe obibiJohannesburg Dezie
Flọruit1992 Dezie
Ihe nriteOrder of Ikhamanga Dezie
Nwere ọrụ na mkpokọtaDesign Museum Gent, CODA Museum, Design Museum Den Bosch Dezie
ikike nwebiisinka dị ka onye okikeỌrụ nwebiisinka chekwara Dezie
Esther Mahlangu in 2015

 

Esther Mahlangu in 2015
Ọnụ ụzọ mbata nke ụlọ Esther Mahlangu

Esther Mahlangu (a mụrụ ya n'abalị iri na otu n'ọnwa Nọvemba n'afọ 1935) bụ onye South Africa na-ese ihe site na mba Ndebele. A maara ya maka nnukwu ihe osise ya nke oge a nke na-atụ aka n'ihe nketa Ndebele ya.[1] Mahadum Johannesburg nyere Esther Mahlangu nzere doctorate (<i id="mwFQ">Philosophiae Doctor honoris causa</i>), 9 Eprel 2018.[2]

Mmalite ndụ[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

A mụrụ Esther Nikwambi Mahlangu na 11 Nọvemba 1935 n'ugbo dị na mpụga Middelburg, Mpumalanga, South Africa, ọ bụkwa nke ndị South Ndebele.[3] Mahlangu malitere eserese mgbe ọ dị afọ iri, nne ya na nne nne ya kụziiri ya nkà nke eserese eserese, na-agbaso ọdịnala nke ndị obodo ya bụ South Ndebele maka ụmụ nwanyị na ụmụ agbọghọ iji see mpụta ụlọ.[4][1] Ọ bụ n'omenala ọdịbendị a ka Mahlangu malitere njem nka ya.[5] O nwere ụmụnne asatọ tọrọ ya, nke mejupụtara ụmụ nwoke isii na ụmụ nwanyị atọ (gụnyere ya). Ya na di ya nwere ụmụ nwoke atọ. Mgbe e mesịrị, di ya na ụmụ ya nwoke abụọ n'ime ụmụ ya atọ nwụnahụrụ ya. Ọ bụ onye ọrụ na ụlọ ihe nkiri nka nke Botshabelo tupu ọ ghọọ onye na-ese ihe. A maara ya maka ịbụ ụmụ nwanyị Ndebele mbụ hapụrụ South Afrika

[1]Ọrụ nka ya[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Ihe osise Mahlangu na-ezo aka n'ụdị ejiji na ọla nke ndị Ndebele.[1] Usoro ndị ọ na-eji na-abụkarị ndị na-acha agba na geometric. Ihe osise ya buru ibu.[6]Esther Mahlangu jiri brushes e ji ajị ọkụkọ mee. A maara ya maka ịsụgharị ma dochie ihu ọdịnala maka ihe osise Ndebele, mgbidi adobe cow-dung, na akwa, na n'ikpeazụ, alloys metal. Usoro akara aka nke Mahlangu nke akara ọcha nwere akara setịpụrụ diagonally ma ọ bụ kpụọ dị ka chevrons. Ọ na-etinye aka na ọrụ bead ya niile na beads na mbido “E M'.[7]

O nwetara onyinye mbụ nke United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) South Africa NGO na ihe nrite otutu ọnye enyemaka n'afọ 2019.[8]

“Ihe mejupụtara ya dị nkọ, na-etinye aka ma dị mgbagwoju anya karịa nke ndị ọgbọ ya, ókèala dị mgbagwoju anya. O nwere ọchịchọ ịhazi ụkpụrụ ya. (Boyd)[9]

Mahlangu bu ụzọ nweta nlebara anya mba ụwa n'afọ 1989 na ngosi nka nke Europe akpọrọ Magiciens de la terre (Ndị Anwansi nke Ụwa).[1][5] Mgbe e mesịrị n'afọ 1991, BMW nyere ya ọrụ ịmepụta ụgbọ ala nka, dị ka ndị ọzọ BMW Art Car mepụtara tupu (gụnyere Andy Warhol, David Hockney na Frank Stella). Ụgbọala ahụ, BMW 525i, bụ "ụgbọala nka nke Afrịka" mbụ ma jiri ihe osise nke ebo Ndebele sere.[1][5] Ọ bụ onye mbụ na-abụghị onye ọdịda anyanwụ na nwanyị mepụtara otu n'ime ụgbọala nka ndị a.[1][10] E mechara gosipụta ụgbọala ahụ na National Museum of Women in the Arts na Washington, DC n'afọ 1994. E gosikwara ya na British Museum, London n'afọ 2017.[11]

Ndebele Tribe Related to Mahlangu[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

• Ihe agba pụtara: Agba ọ bụla na-anọchite anya ihe na-adịghị mma ma dị mma ma e wezụga ọcha, nke pụtara na nka agbụrụ Ndebele nke Mahlangu -[12]

* White: ịdị ọcha na ịhụnanya ime mmụọ

* Blue: “ikwesị ntụkwasị obi” ma ọ bụ “ekwesị ntụkwasị obi”

* Blue, white na Black: alụmdi na nwunye.

ulu valentine, nke a na-akpọ Ibheqe, triangles na ngwakọta dị iche iche: White, Red, Blue.

* Red n'akụkụ White: "Ahụrụ m gị n'anya"

* Blue Band: arịrịọ

* N'akụkụ ngwakọta White / Red: "Ị ga-abụ valentine m?" (Nwa nwoke ga-eji akara nwa agbọghọ: triangle na-egosi elu)

Ihe ngosi[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

  • Fine Arts Museum- Bordeux Festival Les Magiciens de la Terre (Centre Georges Pompidou) na Paris (1989):[13]
  1. peeji abụọ gbasaa iji gosipụta ọrụ ha
  2. Foto atọ dị n'etiti ogologo nke ụlọ ya
  3. "N'usoro a na-atụ anya ya nke a ga-ezute ha: Unsworth, Bowa Devi, Mahlangu, Long na Tokoudagba: eserese a na-ese n'elu na-eme mgbanwe n'ime ọrụ dabeere na mgbidi. Weiner weghaara nke a ozugbo karịa ya wee mepụta ya site na onyinye nke ndị na-ese ihe n'okporo ụzọ na-esote nke ndị nlekọta na-eche. (Jasper)[14][7]
  4. 2014
  • 1992
  1. Carav Cultural Center of Contemporary Art
  2. Comme des Garcons (Tokyo, Japan; New York, USA; Paris, France)
  3. Documenta 9
  4. Ụlọ ihe nkiri Civic
  • 1991
  1. Ihe ngosi ụgbọ ala Caravan (Lavante)
  2. BMW Art Cars and Painting Exhibition (Johannesburg, Durban, Cape Town)
  1. 1993
  2. Geneva International Exhibition (Geneva)
  3. Nantes Fine Arts Museum
  • Musee des Beauz- Arts de Nantes (1994)
  • 1995
  1. Ụgbọala nka nke BMW na ihe ngosi eserese
  2. Ụlọ ihe nkiri ahịa
  • 1996
  1. World Bank
  2. Armour J. Blackburn Centre, Mahadum Howard
  3. Parish Gallery
  4. Congressional Black Caucus
  • 1997
  1. Het Afrika Museum
  2. National Arts Club
  3. Emume ndị mbịarambịa Afrịka
  4. Emume Spoleto
  5. York College Galleries
  • Tobu Museum of Art (1998)
  • Van Reekum Museum (1999)
  • 5th Biennal of Contemporary Art (2000)
  • Helsinki Fair Center (2001)
  • Centro Culturale Trevi (2002)
  • The Irma Stern Museum (2003)
  • 2005
  1. Museum of Fine Arts
  2. Grimaldi Forum
  3. Ebe ngosi nka nke Pretoria
  4. Ụlọ ọrụ Smithsonian
  • 2006
  1. The Jean Pigozzi Contemporary African Art Collection[15]
  2. Tacoma Museum of Art
  3. Roppongi Hills Art Museum
  4. Scuderie Aldobrandini Frascati
  • 2007    
  1. Art n'ebe ọha
  2. Walters Art Museum
  3. Durban Art Gallery
  4. Pinacoteca Giovanni e Marella Agnelli
  • Denver Museum of Art (2008)
  • Complesso Monumentale del Vittoriano (2009)
  • Museum of Arts and Design (2011)
  • 34 Fine Art (2013)
  • Museum of African Art (2014)
  •  2015    
  1. Ihe ngosi nka Irma Stern
  2. Amref Health Africa Artball
  • Frieze Art Fair (2016)
  • Cape Town Art Fair (2017)
  • 2019
  1. National Museum Oliewenhuis
  2. Cape Town Art Fair
  • 2020
  1. Melrose Gallery
  2. Investec Cape Town Art Fair
  • Almine Rech (2021)
  • 2022
  1. Alpha 137 Online Gallery
  2. Melrose Gallery

Izu ohi[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

E jidere onye a na-enyo enyo ma tinye ya n'ụlọ mkpọrọ ruo Eprel 20, 2022 maka akwụkwọ mgbapụta.

A tọhapụrụ Accomplice na mgbapụta ma nwee ikpe n'ụlọ ikpe na Mee 10. Achọpụtaghị ozi ọzọ

Mahlangu's BMW Art Car

N'agbata afọ 1980 ya n'afọ 1991 ọ bụ onye bi na Botshabelo Historical Village open-air museum, nke na-egosi ma na-akụziri ndị ọbịa banyere omenala Ndebele .[16]

E mepụtakwara atụmatụ ya n'afọ 1997 na ọdụ ụgbọ elu British Airways na n'oge na-adịbeghị anya, onye na-ese ihe jiri otu usoro ahụ na-ese ihe na Fiat narị ise ọhụrụ n'oge ngosi "Why Africa?" (2007, Turin).[17]

Mahlangu bụ otu n'ime ndị na-ese ihe n'Afrịka nke a na-egosipụtakarị nka ya na mba ụwa. Ọrụ ya dị na nnukwu nchịkọta onwe ya gụnyere nke The Contemporary African Art Collection (CAAC) nke Jean Pigozzi na ọtụtụ ebe ngosi ihe mgbe ochie nke ọdịda anyanwụ. N'agbanyeghị na ọ bụ onye na-ese ihe a ma ama na mba ụwa, Esther Mahalangu ka bi ugbu a n'obodo ya na mmekọrịta chiri anya na omenala ya.

Isiokwu[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Mahlangu na-agbaso ọdịnala obodo nke a na-enyefe ụdị usoro eserese a n'ime ezinụlọ, na-ekwurịta okwu, na-amụta ma na-ebufe naanị site n'aka ụmụ nwanyị (n'oge gara aga). Ihe osise ndị a nwere njikọ chiri anya na ọdịnala oge ochie nke ịchọ ụlọ mma n'oge emume ngafe maka ụmụ nwoke. N'agbata afọ iri na asatọ na afọ iri abụọ, ndị ntorobịa nke ebo ahụ na-aga "ụlọ akwụkwọ ibi úgwù", emume nke na-akwado na ha gafere ogo mmadụ. Iji mee emume a, ụmụ nwanyị na-eji nkwadebe nsị ehi na ihe ndị sitere n'okike na-edozi n'ime na n'èzí ụlọ ha. A na-etinyekwa ihe osise acrylic na-acha ọkụ na atụmatụ ndị akara ojii depụtara. Ọ bụ ezie na o yiri ka ọ dị mfe, a na-egosipụta abstraction geometric nke eserese ndị a na-ekpughe site na mmegharị na symmetry nke ọdịdị dị mfe dị otú ahụ nke na-eme ka ọrụ ahụ dum dị mgbagwoju anya.

Nkà nke Esther Mahlangu na-egosipụta esemokwu dị n'etiti obodo na ụwa, n'etiti arịlịka na nkewa. N'agbanyeghị na ọ nọgidere na-eji otu "okwu nka" jikọtara ya na ọdịnala ya, Mahlangu etinyela atụmatụ ndị ahụ na ihe dị iche iche gụnyere akwa, ihe ọkpụkpụ, ụrọ, ụgbọala na ụgbọelu. Ọ rụkọkwara ọrụ na ụdị dị iche iche dịka BMW, Fiat, EYTYS, Melissa's, Beleverde, British Museum na Rolls Royce.

Ugbu a[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Nnukwu Ụlọikpe, British Museum, Nọvemba 2016

Esther Mahlangu's 1991 BMW Artcar nọ na-ele anya na British Museum dị ka akụkụ nke 'South Africa: nka nke mba', site na 27 Ọktoba 2016 - 27 Febụwarị 2017. E gosipụtara usoro BMW Individual 7 ọhụrụ nke nwere osisi pụrụ iche nke ọ sere na Frieze Art Fair na 2016 na ihe ngosi nke ọrụ BMW na 34FineArt haziri.[18] N'oge na-adịbeghị anya, ọ rụchara mbipụta pụrụ iche nke Belvedere Vodka karama imewe (50% nke uru niile iji nyere aka ịlụso nje HIV / AIDS ọgụ na Africa). Dị ka onye na-ese ihe n'ụlọ, Mahlangu nyere ọrụ na 2014 site na Virginia Museum of Fine Arts iji mepụta nnukwu ọrụ nka abụọ.[1]

Mahlangu na-eduzi ụlọ akwụkwọ nke na-akụziri ụmụ agbọghọ na-eto eto ọ bụghị naanị eserese kamakwa usoro nke eserese eserese na ụfọdụ nhazi nke beads.[19][20] Omenala ahụ abụghị ihe na-adịghị agbanwe agbanwe. Dị ka ọrụ nke otu Mahlangu na-atụ aro, "omenala" bụ ubi na-agagharị agagharị, nke na-adabere n'ọdịnihu ma dị njikere itinye mkpali dị iche iche. N'ezie, ọ bụ ezie na Saụt Afrịka bụ ugbu a otu n'ime mba Afrịka nke nwere ike ime ka ọrụ nke ndị na-ese ihe na mba ha dị mfe ma na mba ụwa site na ihe omume a na-eme kwa afọ na Johannesburg, ọrụ Esther Mahlangu nwere obi ike karị n'ihi na a mụrụ ya ma tolite na ọgba aghara ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị na mmekọrịta mmadụ na ibe ya.

Esther Mahlangu arụsiela ọrụ ike na-ekpughe ma na-azụlite talent ya na-eme njem gburugburu ụwa, ọ na-enwekwa mmasị ịkọrọ ọgbọ na-eto eto ihe ọmụma ya ka o wee hapụ ihe nketa nke na-adị ndụ ruo ọgbọ ndị na-abịanụ.[21]

Izu ohi[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Na 19 Machị 2022 Mahlangu bụ onye ohi ụlọ ebe a wakporo ya ma wakpoo ya, e zuru ụlọ ya ihe onwunwe ya gụnyere égbè na ego a na-akọwaghị. Mpụ ahụ kpalitere iwe na-eme ka a mara banyere ọnụ ọgụgụ mpụ dị elu na South Africa ma ndị uwe ojii South Africa malitere ịchụ nta mmadụ iji jide onye omekome ahụ.[22][23][24]E jidere onye a na-enyo enyo ma tinye ya n'ụlọ mkpọrọ ruo Eprel 20, 2022 maka akwụkwọ mgbapụta. A tọhapụrụ Accomplice na mgbapụta ma nwee ikpe n'ụlọ ikpe na Mee 10. Achọpụtaghị ozi ọzọ.[25]

Edensibia[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 "Ndebele artist Mahlangu uses bold colors, striking graphics to honor African heritage", The Washington Post, 3 October 2014. Retrieved on 1 April 2015.
  2. Mphande. "Esther Mahlangu gets conferred with an Honourary Doctorate", Zalebs, 9 April 2018.
  3. Magnin (1996). "Esther Mahlangu", Contemporary Art of Africa. H. N. Abrams, 46 ff.. ISBN 978-0-8109-4032-1. 
  4. Luckett (2019). Great Women Artists. London: Phaidon Press. ISBN 978-0714878775. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Cushing (17 September 2014). South African artist painting commissioned murals at VMFA. RVA News. Retrieved on 1 April 2015.
  6. Esther Mahlangu: An Artistic Residency. Virginia Museum of Fine Arts. Archived from the original on 2019-07-29. Retrieved on April 5, 2022.
  7. 7.0 7.1 Jasper (2014-01-02). "Making Art Global (Part 2), ‘Magiciens de la Terre’ 1989, edited by Lucy Steeds et al.: London: Afterall, 2013. 304 pp., £14.95 (pbk), ISBN: 978-1-84638-118-8" (in en). Australian and New Zealand Journal of Art 14 (1): 109–112. DOI:10.1080/14434318.2014.936546. ISSN 1443-4318. 
  8. Dr. Esther Mahlangu receives the first United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) Southern Africa NGO & Multi-Stakeholder Award in recognition of inclusivity & empowerment (en-US). Ventures Africa. Retrieved on 2022-06-03.
  9. Boyd (2017). "Ndebele Mural Art and the Commodification of Ethnic Style during the Age of Apartheid and Beyond". Freie Universitaet Berlin (Germany): 123. 
  10. 12 - Esther Mahlangu. BMW Art Cars (13 May 2011). Archived from the original on March 22, 2022. Retrieved on April 5, 2022.
  11. Cashdan (23 September 2016). Esther Mahlangu Is Keeping Africa's Ndebele Painting Alive (en). Artsy. Retrieved on 30 December 2019.
  12. Courtney-Clarke (2002). Ndebele : the art of an African tribe, [New ed.], New York, N.Y.: Thames & Hudson. ISBN 0-500-28387-7. OCLC 51559254. 
  13. Levin (2001-05-01). "THE LYON BIENNALE". Nka Journal of Contemporary African Art 2001 (13-14): 96–99. DOI:10.1215/10757163-13-14-1-96. ISSN 1075-7163. 
  14. Jasper (2014-01-02). "Making Art Global (Part 2), ‘Magiciens de la Terre’ 1989, edited by Lucy Steeds et al.: London: Afterall, 2013. 304 pp., £14.95 (pbk), ISBN: 978-1-84638-118-8" (in en). Australian and New Zealand Journal of Art 14 (1): 109–112. DOI:10.1080/14434318.2014.936546. ISSN 1443-4318. 
  15. (2005-07-01) "African art now: masterpieces from the Jean Pigozzi Collection". Choice Reviews Online 42 (11): 42–6269-42-6269. DOI:10.5860/choice.42-6269. ISSN 0009-4978. 
  16. Esther Mahlangu CV. Esther Mahlangu. Retrieved on 30 December 2019.
  17. Esther Mahlangu (1935 - ). The Presidency, The Republic of South Africa. Archived from the original on 30 December 2019. Retrieved on 30 December 2019.
  18. Bode. "BMW Individual 7 Series by Esther Mahlangu.". Retrieved on 4 April 2022.
  19. info@codelikeclockwork.com. Esther Mahlangu Ndebele Art School - Participant - Open Africa - Do Travel Differently. Archived from the original on 2016-03-09. Retrieved on 2015-04-02.
  20. Esther Mahlangu. South African History Online. Retrieved on 30 December 2019.
  21. Mun-Delsalle. Esther Mahlangu, One Of South Africa's Most Famous Artists, Perpetuates Traditional Ndebele Painting (en). Forbes. Retrieved on 30 December 2019.
  22. Manhunt launched for Esther Mahlangu's attacker | eNCA. Archived from the original on 2022-04-11. Retrieved on 2022-06-07.
  23. Ndebele artist Esther Mahlangu assaulted, robbed of gun and money in her home.
  24. "R50 000 offered for Dr Esther Mahlangu robbery suspect".
  25. Maromo. "Esther Mahlangu robbery suspect remanded", Pretoria News (South Africa)/Pretoria News Weekend (South Africa), April 9, 2022. Retrieved on June 2, 2022.