Nigerian National Museum

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Nigerian National Museums, Ibadan

 

Ihe ngosi nka nke Naijiria nke a kpọrọ Nigerian National Museum n'asụsụ bekee bụ ihe ngosi nka nke mba Naịjirịa, nke dị na steeti Lagos. Ihe ngosi nka a nwere nchịkọta ama ama nke nka Naịjirịa, gụnyere ihe oyiyi na ihe osise na ihe ngosi ihe mgbe ochie na agbụrụ.[1] Ihe ama ama bụ isi mmadụ terracotta nke a maara dị ka Jemaa Head (ihe dị ka afọ 900 ruo afọ 200 BC), akụkụ nke omenala Nok. A na-akpọ ibe ahụ aha Jema'a, obodo nta ebe ekpughere ya.[2] Ọ dị na Onikan, Lagos Island. Ọ bụ National Commission for Museums and Monuments na-elekọta ihe ngosi nka ahụ.[3]

Akụkọ ihe mere eme[mezie | dezie ebe o si]

Ubi n'ihu ihe ngosi nka

N'ọnwa Julaị afọ 1948, e nyefere eserese mbụ nke ụlọ ihe ngosi nka ahụ na ogbako gbasara iwu ụlọ ihe ngosi nka na Naịjirịa.[4] Ọ bụ Kenneth Murray, onye ọkà mmụta ihe ochie nke Bekee tọrọ ntọala ụlọ ngosi ihe mgbe ochie ahụ n'afọ 1957.[5][6] Ebumnuche nke iwu ụlọ ngosi ihe mgbe ochie a bụ ichekwa ihe ndị mere eme dị iche iche nke Naịjirịa.[7] Kenneth Murray chịkọtara ọtụtụ ihe mkpuchi ọdịnala site na Cross River State, e gosipụtara ihe mkpuchi ndị a na ihe ngosi nka.[8] N'ime afọ iri mbụ e mepere ụlọ ngosi ihe mgbe ochie ahụ, British Museum nyere Nigerian National Museum mpempe ngosi abụọ a kpọrọ Plaque na Artifact n'asụsụ bekee, na ihe ndị ọzọ.[9][10] N'afọ 2018, agbakwunyere njem nlegharị anya nke ụlọ ngosi ihe mgbe ochie ahụ site na iji nsụgharị Google Street View tinyere ebe ndị njem nleta ndị ọzọ na Nigeria.[11]

Nchịkọta[mezie | dezie ebe o si]

Ihe ngosi nka ahụ nwere nchịkọta ihe ndị sitere na ọdịbendị dị iche iche nke agbụrụ dị iche nke Naịjirịa, nke e mere atụmatụ na ihe ruru ọnụ ọgụgụ 47,000 nke ihe dị iche iche dị ka osisi, ọdụ́, ígwè na terracotta, n'etiti ihe ndị ahụ gụnyere ihe mkpuchi, ákwà, ịgba, égbè dane na ihe oyiyi osisi.[12][13] N'ime ihe ndị ahụ, na ngalaba Yoruba, ihe ngosi nka gụnyere uwe Egungun na ite ụrọ.[14] Ihe ngosi nka a nwere nchịkọta ihe oyiyi sitere na oge dị iche iche nke akụkọ ihe mere eme nke Naịjirịa.[15] Ihe ngosi nka ahụ nwekwara ngwá egwu ọdịnala dịka sansas, fiddles na ọjà.[16] Ihe ngosi nka ahụ nwere efere ịgba afa na ihe oyiyi ndị nna ochie e ji osisi mee, na ngalaba a bụ ọnụ ọgụgụ Mumuye nke obodo dị na Adamawa Steeti na-eji, ọnụ ọgụgụ osisi Ikengas nke bụ akụkụ nke ọdịbendị Igbo, na mgbakwunye, ihe ngosi ihe mgbe ochie ahụ nwekwara nchịkọta ihe mkpuchi gụnyere ihe mkpuchi Ekpo sitere na Calabar na ihe mkpuchi osisi G.[17] Ihe ngosi nka a nwere ọla na ọrụ aka, yana nchịkọta ákwà gụnyere ákwà Akwete na ákwà ndị ọzọ sitere na mpaghara Okene, Bida na Western States nke Nigeria.[18]

Ihe ngosi nka ahụ nwere ọrụ nka nke ndị na-ese ihe na Naijiria dịka Nike Davies-Okundaye, Abiodun Olaku, Djakow Kassi, Bruce Onobrakpeya, Bolaji Ogunwo, Yusuf Durodola, Nosa Iyobhabha, Duke Asidere, Ben Enwonwu, Nathaniel Hodonu, Northcote W. Thomas, Kelani Abass na Elizabeth Ekpetorson.[19][20][21][22] N'afọ 2012, ụlọ ngosi ihe mgbe ochie ahụ gosipụtara ihe ngosi nke onye na-ese ihe Ndidi Dike.[23] N'ọnwa Nọvemba afọ 2019, ụlọ ngosi ihe mgbe ochie ahụ haziri ihe ngosi nke onye Germany-Nigerian na-ese ihe bụ Ngozi Schommers.[24] Ihe ngosi nka ahụ nwere okpueze oge ochie, Royal regalias, ihe ndị dị n'Alaeze Benin, ihe ọdịbendị nke ndị Ibibio, ihe ndị Igbo-Ukwu ọla nchara, nkume monoliths nke omenala Oron[25] na terracottas nke omenala Nok.[26] Ihe ngosi nka ahụ nwekwara foto nke ndị isi ala dị iche iche nke steeti Naịjirịa.[27] Na ngalaba ákwà, enwere nchịkọta ákwà batik.[28] Ụlọ ihe ngosi nka ahụ nwekwara ihe oyiyi Ere, foto ndị dị na ọchịchị Naịjirịa na ihe ngosi ndị metụtara omenala If, obodo Yoruba oge ochie.[12][29][16]

Ihe ngosi nka ahụ nwere ihe ọkpụkpụ dị iche iche n'etiti ha bụ ihe ọkpụkpụ ili nke ndị Dakakari bi na Sokoto Steeti, a na-eji nzube nke ihe ọkpụkpụ ndị a eme ihe n'ili iji cheta ọnwụ nke onye dị mkpa dịka onye agha, onye ndu ọha ma ọ bụ onye isi. Ihe ngosi nka ahụ nwekwara ihe ọkpụkpụ nke nwanyị Sukur na ejiji ọdịnala si Adamawa Steeti. N'ọnụ ụzọ ụlọ ngosi ihe mgbe ochie ahụ, ya na ihe ọkpụkpụ nke chi a na-akpọ Chukwu, nke ime mmụọ ndị Igbo. Ụlọ ihe ngosi nka ahụ nwekwara ihe ọkpụkpụ nkume nke ndị Ekoi.[20] Ihe ngosi nka ahụ nwekwara ihe ọkpụkpụ nke anụmanụ ndị a na-eji eme ihe n'ọdịbendị dị iche iche nke agbụrụ Naịjirịa.[30]

Ebe Ndosa Ihe Nkiri Anya (Gallery)[mezie | dezie ebe o si]

 

Ebensidee[mezie | dezie ebe o si]

  1. Nations Encyclopedia
  2. Atwood. The Nok of Nigeria. Archaeology. Archaeological Institute of America. Retrieved on 29 February 2016.
  3. National Museum and challenges to boosting tourism (en). Nigerian Tribune Online (2018-02-21). Retrieved on 2021-10-14.
  4. Silverman (2021-08-30). National Museums in Africa: Identity, History and Politics (in en). Routledge. ISBN 978-1-000-42864-3. 
  5. Adio. "History on display at the National Museum", National Mirror, 12 February 2011.
  6. Robson (April 2010). Featured Artist: Benedict (Ben) Chukwukadibia Enwonwu. University of Chichester. Retrieved on 30 May 2011.
  7. Brusius (2017-09-07). Museum Storage and Meaning: Tales from the Crypt (in en). Routledge. ISBN 978-1-351-65942-0. 
  8. Nicklin (1974). "Nigerian Skin-Covered Masks". African Arts 7 (3): 8–92. DOI:10.2307/3334855. ISSN 0001-9933. 
  9. The Metropolitan Museum of Art and the Nigerian National Commission for Museums and Monuments Announce the Return of Three Works of Art to the Nigerian National Collections. Metropolitan Museum of Art (2021-06-09). Retrieved on 2021-08-31.
  10. Stoilas (2021-06-10). The Met will return three African art objects to Nigeria (en). CNN. Retrieved on 2021-08-31.
  11. Chiazor (2018-07-26). Google for Nigeria: Making the internet more useful for more people (en-us). Google. Retrieved on 2021-08-30.
  12. 12.0 12.1 Ojoye (2019-05-28). How 47,000 artefacts are wasting away in ageing national museum. Punch Newspapers. Retrieved on 2021-08-30.
  13. Abiodun (2016). Cultural Heritage Preservation Through the Preventive Conservation Methods in the National Museum in Lagos. Retrieved on 2021-08-29.
  14. National Museum | Lagos, Nigeria Attractions (en). Lonely Planet. Retrieved on 2021-08-29.
  15. Wiseman (2015-08-01). Nigeria (in en). Weigl Publishers. ISBN 978-1-4896-3061-2. 
  16. 16.0 16.1 Museum (Lagos) (1960). Guide to the Nigerian Museum, Lagos (in en). 
  17. Nigerian wooden sculptures and their preservation in the National Museum Lagos, Nigeria. Anistoriton Journal (2016). Retrieved on 2021-10-13.
  18. Okereke (2012). Africa's Quiet Revolution Observed from Nigeria (in en). Paragon Publishing. ISBN 978-1-908341-87-7. 
  19. Omokhapue (2020-09-20). SNA Lagos holds October rain exhibition. The Guardian Nigeria News. Retrieved on 2021-09-01.
  20. 20.0 20.1 National Museum of Lagos: 8 Must-See Masterpieces (en). Google Arts & Culture. Retrieved on 2021-08-29.
  21. In Dialogue with History: A Review of an Exhibition by Kelani Abass & Northcote W. Thomas | By Roli O'tsemaye (en-US). The Sole Adventurer (2019-10-28). Retrieved on 2021-08-31.
  22. Ekpetorson's Different Shades Of Being opens in Lagos (en-US). The Guardian Nigeria News - Nigeria and World News (2021-06-13). Retrieved on 2021-08-30.
  23. National Museum, Lagos at Onikan presents Unknown Pleasures & Competing Tendencies by Ndidi Dike (en). Art Agenda (2012-03-21). Retrieved on 2021-10-13.
  24. Ngozi Schommers' 'the way we mask' at the National Museum in Lagos (en-GB). The Sole Adventurer (2019-10-09). Retrieved on 2021-10-13.
  25. Oladumiye (January 2013). Nigerian Museum and Art Preservation (en). ResearchGate. Retrieved on 2021-08-30.
  26. Onyeakagbu (2021-07-01). A brief walk into the Nigerian National Museum (en). Pulse Nigeria. Retrieved on 2021-08-30.
  27. Everything You need to know about National Museum Onikan, Lagos (en-GB). TravelWaka (2019-04-02). Retrieved on 2021-08-30.
  28. National Museum Lagos Lagos State :: Nigeria Information & Guide. www.nigeriagalleria.com. Retrieved on 2021-08-30.
  29. In Dialogue with History: A Review of an Exhibition by Kelani Abass & Northcote W. Thomas | By Roli O'tsemaye (en-US). The Sole Adventurer (2019-10-28). Retrieved on 2021-08-31.
  30. Silverman (2021-08-31). National Museums in Africa: Identity, History and Politics (in en). Routledge. ISBN 978-1-000-42864-3. 

Njikọ mpụga[mezie | dezie ebe o si]

Media related to Nigerian National Museum at Wikimedia CommonsÀtụ:Museums in Nigeria