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Obí Masyaf

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Obí Masyaf
castle, crusader castle
mba/obodoSyria Dezie
dị na ngalaba nhazi mpagharaMasyaf Dezie
nhazi ọnọdụ35°3′58″N 36°20′36″E Dezie
Map

Castle Masyaf ( Arabic ) bụ ihe owuwu mgbe ochie na obodo Masyaf na Hama Governorate, Syria, nke dị na ndagwurugwu Orontes, ihe dịka kilomita 40.03 n'ebe ọdịda anyanwụ Hama . [1] Ọ rụrụ ọrụ iji chebe ụzọ e si aga ụlọ ndị Ismaili ndị ọzọ dị na Syria Coastal Mountain Range (Jabal Ansariya) na saịtị na-achịkwa ụzọ azụmaahịa na-aga n'obodo ndị dị n'ime ime obodo dịka Banyas . Ụlọ elu ahụ n'onwe ya guzoro n'elu ikpo okwu ihe dịka mita 20 n'elu ala ] ya [ . [1] Ọ ghọrọ onye ama ama dị ka ebe siri ike nke Rashid ad-Din Sinan, nke a maara dị ka Old Man of the Mountain, chịrị [2] site na 1166-1193. </link>Ọ bụ onye ndú nke alaka Siria nke òtù Shia Nizari Isma'ili, nke a makwaara dị ka Assassins, na onye [ ] ama n'akụkọ ihe mere eme nke Agha Ntụte . [3]

 

Ihe akaebe na-egosi na ọkwa ala na ntọala ụlọ elu ahụ sitere na Byzantine. [1] Ndị Isma'ili, Mamluk na ndị Ottoman gbakwunyere ọkwa ndị ọzọ.  n'ime ihe fọdụrụ ugbu a malitere na Rashid na usoro ihe owuwu Nizari nke narị afọ nke 12. [2]

Ndị Assassin weghaara nnukwu ụlọ ahụ na 1141 site na Sanqur,  onye jichiri ya n'aha Banu Munqidh nke Shaizar, ma Rashid al-Din Sinan meziri ka ọ gbazie ya. [1] Masyaf na obodo gbara ya gburugburu rụrụ ọrụ dị ka isi obodo Emirate Nizari site na etiti narị afọ nke 12 ruo na njedebe nke narị afọ nke 13. Saladin nọchibidoro ya na May 1176, ma nnọchibido ahụ adịteghị aka ma jiri nkwekọrịta mechie. Nnyocha e mere ugbu a na-egosi na Nizari Isma'ilis nwere ya n'oge ahụ. [3]

N'afọ 1260, e nyefere ndị Mongol Masyaf na ogige Nizari atọ ndị ọzọ. [1] Mgbe afọ ahụ gasịrị na Septemba, ndị Nizaris jikọrọ aka na ndị Mamluk mmeri iji chụpụ Mongols na Syria, na-eweghachite ụlọ anọ ha, gụnyere Masyaf. [1] Mgbe afọ iri gachara, na February 1270, Mamluk sultan Baibars weghaara nnukwu ụlọ ahụ. [1]

Na 1808, ndị Nusayris (Alawites) gburu Ismaili emir nke Masyaf ma weghara nnukwu ụlọ ahụ, ma Ismailis jisiri ike nwetaghachi ya site n'enyemaka nke ndị ọchịchị Ottoman. [1] N'ime afọ 1830, ndị agha nke Gọvanọ Ijipt, Ibrahim Pasha, mebiri nnukwu ụlọ ahụ. [1] [ > ]

Mweghachi nke Aga Khan Trust maka mmemme nkwado obodo akụkọ ihe mere eme malitere na 2000. [2]

Hụkwa[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Septemba, ndị Nizaris jikọrọ aka na ndị Mamluk mmeri iji chụpụ Mongols na Syria, na-eweghachite ụlọ anọ ha, gụnyere Masyaf. Mgbe afọ iri gachara, na February 1270

  • Ndepụta nnukwu ụlọ na Syria
  • Alamut Castle
  • Atashgah Castle
  • Lambsar Castle

Edensibia[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 Castle of Masyaf. The Institute of Ismaili Studies (10 October 2005). Archived from the original on 10 April 2020. Retrieved on 14 August 2012.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 The Citadel of Masyaf. A Brief Account of Project Activities in Syria. Aga Khan Trust for Culture Historic Cities Support Programme (October 2001). Archived from the original on 6 December 2006. Retrieved on 1 December 2006.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Perry (2007-07-13). Secrets of Assassins' fort unearthed in Syria. Reuters. Retrieved on 2021-09-30.