Bobby Benson

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Bobby Benson
Mmádu
ụdịekerenwoke Dezie
mba o sịNaijiria Dezie
Aha enyereBobby Dezie
aha ezinụlọ yaBenson Dezie
ụbọchị ọmụmụ ya11 Eprel 1922 Dezie
Ebe ọmụmụIkorodu Dezie
Ụbọchị ọnwụ ya14 Mee 1983 Dezie
Ebe ọ nwụrụLagos Dezie
asụsụ ọ na-asụ, na-ede ma ọ bụ were na-ebinye akaBekee, pidgin Naịjirịa Dezie
Ọrụ ọ na-arụodee egwu, saxophonist, jazz guitarist Dezie
ngwa egwusaxophone Dezie
ụdịjazz Dezie

  Bernard Olabinjo "Bobby" Benson (11 Eprel 1922 - 14 Mee 1983) bụ onye na-eme ihe ntụrụndụ na onye na-agụ egwú nke nwere mmetụta dị ukwuu na egwu egwu Naijiria, na-ewebata nnukwu ìgwè na okwu Caribbean na ụdị Highlife nke egwu West Africa a ma ama.[1][2]

Ndụ[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

A mụrụ Bernard Olabinjo Benson na 11 Eprel 1921 na Ikorodu, Lagos State, n'ime ezinụlọ aristocratic.[3] Nwanne ya nwoke nke okenye T. O. S. Benson (1917-2008) ga-aghọ onye ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị nwere ihe ịga nke ọma.[4] Mgbe ọ nọ n'ụlọ akwụkwọ sekọndrị, ọ mụtakwara ịkwa ákwà, mana mgbe ọ hapụsịrị ụlọ akwụkwọ ọ ghọrọ onye ọkpọ maka oge dị mkpirikpi, wee bụrụ onye ọkwọ ụgbọ mmiri na Merchant Navy. N'afọ 1944, ọ hapụrụ ụgbọ mmiri ya na London, ebe o mere ihe ntụrụndụ mbụ ya na Negro Ballet, na-agagharị n'ọtụtụ isi obodo Europe.[3] Ọ zutere nwunye ya, Cassandra (ọkara onye Scotland na ọkara onye Caribbean), mgbe ọ nọ na Britain, mgbe ọ laghachiri Naịjirịa na 1947 ha guzobere Bobby Benson na Cassandra Theatrical Party.[5]

Egwuregwu ha gụnyere egwu siri ike, ebe ọ na-akpọ ụbọ na saxophone ka nwunye ya na-agba egwú. Dabere na ewu ewu nke egwu ya, o guzobere Bobby Benson Jam Session, otu egwu na-agba egwu nke na-akpọ swing, jive, sambas na calypsos. N'afọ ndị 1950, ọ gbasaa òtù ya ruo mmadụ iri na otu, gụnyere ngalaba opi, wee malite ịkpọ egwu n'ụdị ndụ dị elu. Nnukwu ihe mbụ ha mere bụ "Taxi Driver", ọtụtụ ndị ọzọ sochiri.[3]

Benson bụ onye na-eme ihe ntụrụndụ na onye na-atọ ọchị yana onye na-agụ egwu, nnukwu onye na-arụ ọrụ. O nwere ihe ngosi na NTA n'afọ ndị 1970, ebe ọ rụrụ ọrụ dị ka onye na-eme ihe ọchị na onye na-agba afa, yana igwu egwu na ịbụ abụ. Ọ ghọrọ enyi B.B. King na Hugh Masekela. Benson guzobere Caban Bamboo, ụlọ oriri na ọṅụṅụ abalị a ma ama nke mechara ghọọ Hotel Bobby. O nwere ọtụtụ ndị nwunye, na ụmụ iri. Benson nwụrụ na Lagos na Satọdee, 14 Mee 1983.[5]

Egwú[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Bobby Benson malitere site n'ịkpọ egwu egwu, mana o mechara webata isiokwu ndị Afrịka, dị ka onye ọsụ ụzọ nke egwu Highlife na Naijiria. Egwú ya "Taxi Driver" ghọrọ ihe a ma ama na West Africa, nke ọtụtụ ndị egwu ndị ọzọ kpuchiri, na-agwakọta ụdị Caribbean na jazz. Egwuregwu ndị ọzọ bụ "Gentleman Bobby" na "Iyawo se wo lose mi", "Mafe", "Nylon Dress" na "Niger Mambo".[5]

Ihe Nketa[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Ndị egwu a ma ama dị iche iche malitere igwu egwu na Benson, gụnyere Roy Chicago, Sir Victor Uwaifo, Bayo Martins na Zeal Onyia.[1] Victor Olaiya malitere dị ka onye na-afụ opi na òtù Bobby Benson, wee bụrụ otu n'ime ndị egwu Naijiria mbụ na-akpọ egwu dị elu na otu ya "Cool Cats". Onye ọzọ na-egwu egwu na Benson bụ Eddie Okonta, ya na "Lido Band".[6] Ihe ọhụrụ Benson mepụtara n'ụdị egwu nwekwara mmetụta na mmepe nke egwu Jùjú a ma ama.[7]

"Taxi Driver", ihe kachasị ewu ewu ya, na "Niger Mambo", abụ Afrịka nwere ụda Latin, ndị America na-ese ihe dị iche iche dị ka Stanley Turrentine na Jackie McLean kpuchiri ya.[8] Randy Weston kpuchiri "Niger Mambo" n'egwuregwu solo na album ya nke 1978 Rhythms-Sounds Piano, na-akọwa ihe ahụ dị ka ihe na-anọchite anya kpọmkwem ihe a na-akpọ "ụdị ndụ dị elu" na West Africa.[9]

Benson nwekwara njikọ aka egwu na onye a ma ama na mba ụwa na onye ama ama na egwu Eddy Grant, onye nọrọ na Lagos ma rụọ ọrụ na Hotel Bobby ruo ọtụtụ afọ. Njikọ a were ọtụtụ afọ, na-enye Grant ohere iji mee ka onwe ya mara omenala Naijiria. N'ihi ya, Grant nwere ike ikwu okwu ma dekọọ ọtụtụ egwu na abọm na-aga nke ọma na Yoruba na Pidgin English.

Ihe odide[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Bobby Benson: Profile. Nigerian Evergreen Music. Archived from the original on 27 June 2009. Retrieved on 3 November 2009.
  2. Bobby Benson. Online Nigeria. Archived from the original on 21 July 2011. Retrieved on 15 September 2010.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Benson Idonije. Remembering Bobby Benson of Africa. Champions For Nigeria. Archived from the original on 25 July 2011. Retrieved on 3 November 2009.
  4. Oti (1 January 2009). Highlife Music in West Africa: Down Memory Lane. African Books Collective. ISBN 978-978-8422-08-2. Retrieved on 16 March 2015. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Bobby Benson. Online Nigeria. Archived from the original on 21 July 2011. Retrieved on 3 November 2009.
  6. E.T. Mensah, The King of Dance Band Highlife. Afropop Worldwide. Archived from the original on 9 July 2009. Retrieved on 3 November 2009.
  7. Frank Tenaille (2002). Music is the Weapon of the Future: Fifty Years of African Popular Music. Chicago Review Press. ISBN 1-55652-450-1. 
  8. Benson Idonije (30 May 1997). The African artist deserves recognition. The Guardian. Archived from the original on 25 July 2011. Retrieved on 3 November 2009.
  9. Randy Weston - Discography. Randy Weston. Retrieved on 3 November 2009.