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Duqqa

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Duqqa
obere ụdị nkedip Dezie
Akụkụ nkeEgyptian cuisine Dezie
mba osiEgypt Dezie

Duqqa, du'ah, do'a, ma ọ bụ dukkah (Arabic: دُقَّة Egyptian Arabic pronunciation: , Hejazi pronunciation:[dʊgːa]) bụ ihe na-esi ísì ụtọ nke Ijipt na Middle East nke nwere ngwakọta nke ahịhịa, mkpụrụ osisi (na-abụkarị hazelnut), na ihe na-atọ ụtọ.[spelling 1][1] A na-ejikarị ya eme ihe dị ka ihe na-etinye achịcha[2] ma ọ bụ akwụkwọ nri ọhụrụ maka hors d'œuvre.[3] Enwere ike ịzụta ụdị duqqa e mepụtara tupu oge eruo n'ahịa ihe na-esi ísì ụtọ nke Cairo, ebe a na-ere ha na akwụkwọ cones, na ụdị kachasị mfe bụ mint, nnu, na ose.[4] Ụdị dị iche iche a na-ahụ n'ahịa nwere ntụ ọka ọka wit a gwakọtara ya na cumin na caraway.[5] Na mpaghara Hejaz ọ bụ akụkụ nke nri mpaghara ruo ọtụtụ iri afọ.

Okwu mmalite[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Okwu a sitere na Arabic maka "ịkụ" ebe ọ bụ na a na agwakọta ngwakọta nke ihe na-esi ísì ụtọ na mkpụrụ osisi ọnụ mgbe a gwụchara ya ka ọ bụrụ ihe na-abụghị ntụ ma ọ bụ ihe na-adị ka ntụ.[6][7] Ihe mejupụtara ngwakọta ihe na-esi ísì ụtọ nwere ike ịdịgasị iche site n'ezinụlọ gaa n'ezinukwu, onye na-ere ahịa gaa n'onye na-ere ya ọ bụ ezie na enwere ihe ndị a na-ahụkarị, dị ka sesame, coriander, cumin, nnu na ose ojii.[8] Ntuziaka na ederede nke narị afọ nke iri na iteolu depụtara marjoram, mint, zaatar na chickpeas dị ka ihe ndị ọzọ nwere ike iji na ngwakọta ahụ.[9] Akụkọ sitere na afo 1978 na-egosi na enwere ike iji ọbụna ihe ndị ọzọ mee ihe, dị ka nigella, ntụ ọka ọka na cheese a mịrị amị.[10][11] Ụfọdụ ụdị nke oge a gụnyere mkpụrụ osisi pine, mkpụrụ pumpkin[12] ma ọ bụ mkpụrụ sunflower.[13][14]

Na mba ụwa[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Duqqa na-aghọ ihe a ma ama ugbu a na mba ụfọdụ na-abụghị Ijipt. Na United States, ọ nwetara ihe ngosi site na ihe ngosi TV dị ka Top Chef, Chopped na Iron Chef America. Na mbà Australia, ọtụtụ ụlọ ọrụ na-eme ya ugbu a n'ụdị dị iche iche. Ọ ghọrọ ihe a ma ama n'ime afọ iri gara aga, ma eleghị anya n'ihi mbata ndị Lebanese na Arab na nso nso a yana ihe ngosi nri ihe onyonyo dịka SBS Food Network. Enwere ike ịchọta ya na nnukwu ụlọ ahịa, ụlọ ahịa pụrụ iche na ọtụtụ ahịa ndị ọrụ ugbo.

Hụkwa[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

 

  • Ndepụta nri ndị dị n'Etiti Ebe Ọwụwa Anyanwụ Ụwa
  • Ndepụta nri ndị Afrịka
  • Charoset

Ihe edeturu[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

  1. Roden (2008). The New Book of Middle Eastern Food. Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group. ISBN 9780307558565. Retrieved on 2 July 2016. 
  2. Sortun (2013). Spice: Flavors of the Eastern Mediterranean. Harper Collins. ISBN 9780062336514. Retrieved on 2 July 2016. 
  3. Malouf (1999). Artichoke to Za'atar: Modern Middle Eastern Food. University of California Press. ISBN 9780520254138. Retrieved on 2 July 2016. 
  4. Davidson (1999). The Oxford Companion to Food, 2014, Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780191040726. Retrieved on 2 July 2016. 
  5. Davidson (1999). The Oxford Companion to Food, 2014, Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780191040726. Retrieved on 2 July 2016. 
  6. Green (2015). The Magic of Spice Blends: A Guide to the Art, Science, and Lore of Combining Flavors. Quarry Books. ISBN 9781631590740. Retrieved on 2 July 2016. 
  7. Marks (2010). Encyclopedia of Jewish Food. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 672 pages. ISBN 9780544186316. Retrieved on 3 July 2016. 
  8. Roden (2008). The New Book of Middle Eastern Food. Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group. ISBN 9780307558565. Retrieved on 2 July 2016. 
  9. Lane (1908). The manners & customs of the modern Egyptians. London; New York: J.M. Dent & Co.; E.P. Dutton & Co. Retrieved on 2 July 2016. 
  10. Davidson (1999). The Oxford Companion to Food, 2014, Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780191040726. Retrieved on 2 July 2016. 
  11. Landry (1978). Guide culinaire des épices aromates et condiments. Verviers, Belgique: Marabout. 
  12. Shulman. Pumpkin Seed Dukkah. New York Times: Cooking. The New York Times Company. Retrieved on 3 July 2016.
  13. Zizka. Cooking from the World Pantry: Dukkah. KCET. KCETLink Media Group. Retrieved on 3 July 2016.
  14. Ottolenghi. "Yotam Ottolenghi's butter bean purée with dukkah recipe", Guardian News and Media Limited, 3 June 2011. Retrieved on 2 July 2016.

Ihe odide[dezie | dezie ebe o si]


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