Thích Nhất Hạnh

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  Thích Nhất Hạnh (/ˈtɪk ˈnjʌt ˈhʌn/; Vietnamese: [thǐk 1910 ɲə̌t hâjŋ́́́́] (nụrụ); a mụrụ Nguyễn Xuân Bảo; 11 Ọktoba 1926 ̆ 22 Jenụwarị 2022) bụ onye mọnk Buddha nke Vietnamese Thiền, onye na-eme udo, onye edemede na-emepụta ihe, onye na onye na-ede uri na onye nkuzi, onye guzobere Plum Village Tradition, nke a maara n'akụkọ ihe mere eme dị ka isi ihe maka okpukpe Buddha.[1] A maara ya dịka "nna nke uche", Nhất Hạnh nwere mmetụta dị ukwuu na omume ọdịda anyanwụ nke okpukpe Buddha.[2][1]

N'etiti afọ 1960, Nhất Hạnh guzobere School of Youth for Social Services ma mepụta Order of Interbeing. A chụpụrụ ya na South Vietnam n'afọ 1966 mgbe o kwupụtara mmegide megide agha ahụ ma jụ ịzọ akụkụ.[1][3][4] N'afọ 1967, Martin Luther King Jr. họpụtara ya maka Nobel Peace Prize.[5][1] Nhất Hạnh guzobere ọtụtụ ebe obibi ndị mọnk na ebe mmega ahụ ma nọrọ ọtụtụ afọ na-ebi na Plum Village Monastery, nke o guzobere n'afọ 1982 na ndịda ọdịda anyanwụ France nso Thénac, na-aga mba ụwa iji nye ezumike na okwu.[1][6] Nhất Hạnh kwalitere ige ntị miri emi dịka ihe ngwọta na-enweghị ime ihe ike maka esemokwu ma chọọ ịkwalite mmata banyere njikọ nke ihe niile dị na okike.[7] O chepụtara okwu ahụ bụ "Buddha na-etinye aka" n'akwụkwọ ya Vietnam: Lotus in a Sea of Fire .[8]

Mgbe afọ 39 nke ịgba ọsọ ndụ gasịrị, e nyere Nhất Hạnh ohere ileta Vietnam n'afọ 2005.[3] N'afọ 2018, ọ laghachiri Vietnam na "ụlọ nsọ mgbọrọgwụ" ya, Tso Hiếu Temple, nso Huế, ebe o biri ruo mgbe ọ nwụrụ n'afọ 2022, mgbe ọ dị afọ 95.[9][10]

Ndụ mmalite[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

A mụrụ Nhất Hạnh Nguyễn Xuân Bảo na 11 Ọktoba 1926, n'isi obodo oge ochie nke Huế na etiti Vietnam.[11][5][12] Ọ bụ ọgbọ nke iri na ise Nguyễn Đình; onye na-ede uri Nguyễn Djình Chi Hugh, onye dere Lục Vân Tiên, bụ nna nna ya.[13] Nna ya, Nguyễn Đình Phúc, si n'obodo Thành Trung na Thừa Thiên, Huế, bụ onye ọrụ na nchịkwa French.[13] Nne ya, Trần Thị Dĩ, bụ onye na-elekọta ụlọ na Gio Linh district.[5][13] Nhất Hạnh bụ nwa nke ise n'ime ụmụ isii ha.[13] Ruo mgbe ọ dị afọ ise, ya na nnukwu ezinụlọ ya biri n'ụlọ nne nne ya.[13] Ọ chetara inwe ọṅụ mgbe ọ dị afọ asaa ma ọ bụ asatọ mgbe ọ hụrụ ihe osise nke Buddha dị n'udo, na-anọdụ ala n'elu ahịhịa.[12][5] N'oge njem ụlọ akwụkwọ, ọ gara n'ugwu ebe onye na-anọ naanị ya bi nke a sịrị na ọ na-anọdụ ala ehihie na abalị iji mee udo dị ka Buddha. Ha nyochara ebe ahụ, ọ chọtara olulu mmiri sitere n'okike, nke ọ ṅụrụ ma nwee afọ ojuju zuru oke. Ọ bụ ahụmahụ a mere ka ọ chọọ ịghọ onye mọnk Buddha.[4] Mgbe ọ dị afọ iri na abụọ, o gosipụtara mmasị n'ịzụ ndị mọnk, nke nne na nna ya, jiri nlezianya na mbụ, mechara hapụ ya ka ọ gaa n'ihu mgbe ọ dị afọ 16.[12]

Akwụkwọ ndekọ ndụ[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Ihe odide nkọwa[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Àtụ:Notelist-ua

Edemsibịa[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Mydans (21 January 2022). Thich Nhat Hanh, Monk, Zen Master and Activist, Dies at 95. The New York Times. Archived from the original on 21 January 2022. Kpọpụta njehie: Invalid <ref> tag; name ":2" defined multiple times with different content
  2. Bryant. "From MLK to Silicon Valley, how the world fell for 'father of mindfulness'", The Guardian, 22 January 2022. Retrieved on 24 January 2022.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Johnson, Kay. "A Long Journey Home", Time Asia (online version), 16 January 2005. Retrieved on 13 September 2010. Kpọpụta njehie: Invalid <ref> tag; name "time" defined multiple times with different content
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Thich Nhat Hanh obituary", The Times, 25 January 2022. Retrieved on 25 January 2022. (in en) Kpọpụta njehie: Invalid <ref> tag; name ":9" defined multiple times with different content
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 Schudel. "Thich Nhat Hanh, Buddhist monk who sought peace and mindfulness, dies at 95", The Washington Post, 22 January 2022. Retrieved on 25 January 2022. Kpọpụta njehie: Invalid <ref> tag; name ":5" defined multiple times with different content
  6. Religion & Ethics – Thich Nhat Hanh. BBC (4 April 2006). Archived from the original on 3 March 2021. Retrieved on 16 June 2013.
  7. Samar Farah. "An advocate for peace starts with listening", The Christian Science Monitor, 4 April 2002. Retrieved on 13 September 2010.
  8. Nhu, Quan (2002). Nhat Hanh's Peace Activities" in "Vietnamese Engaged Buddhism: The Struggle Movement of 1963–66". Reprinted on the Giao Diem si. Archived from the original on 25 February 2021. Retrieved on 13 September 2010. (2002)
  9. "Thich Nhat Hanh Returns Home", Plum Village, 2 November 2018. Retrieved on 2 November 2018. (in en-US)
  10. Joan Duncan Oliver (21 January 2022). Thich Nhat Hanh, Vietnamese Zen Master, Dies at 95. Tricycle. Archived from the original on 21 January 2022. Retrieved on 21 January 2022.
  11. Taylor (2007). "The 2005 Pilgrimage and Return to Vietnam of Exiled Zen Master Thích Nhất Hạnh", Modernity and Re-enchantment: Religion in Post-revolutionary Vietnam. Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, 279–341. ISBN 9789812304407. Retrieved on 9 October 2018. 
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 Miller (30 September 2016). Peace in Every Step. Lion's Roar. Archived from the original on 20 October 2014. Retrieved on 2 October 2016.
  13. 13.0 13.1 13.2 13.3 13.4 Thich Nhat Hanh: 20-page Biography. Plum Village. Archived from the original on 21 January 2022. Retrieved on 22 January 2022.