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Wangechi Mutu

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Wangechi Mutu
Mmádu
ụdịekerenwanyị Dezie
mba o sịKenya, Njikota Obodo Amerika Dezie
Aha enyereWangechi Dezie
aha ezinụlọ yaMutu Dezie
ụbọchị ọmụmụ ya22 Jụn 1972 Dezie
Ebe ọmụmụNairobi Dezie
asụsụ ọ na-asụ, na-ede ma ọ bụ were na-ebinye akaBekee Dezie
Ọkwá o jiartist-in-residence Dezie
ebe agụmakwụkwọYale School of Art, Cooper Union, UWC Atlantic College Dezie
Ebe obibiNairobi, Kenya, New York City Dezie
Ebe ọrụBrooklyn, New Haven Dezie
IjeAfrofuturism, contemporary art Dezie
ụdịsocial-artistic project, figure Dezie
Ihe nriteOkayAfrica 100 Women Dezie
webụsaịtịhttp://www.wangechimutu.com/ Dezie
nọchitere anya yaGladstone Gallery, Victoria Miro Gallery, Lehmann Maupin Gallery Dezie
onye nnọchite anya nwebiisinkareproduction right not represented by CISAC member Dezie
ikike nwebiisinka dị ka onye okikeỌrụ nwebiisinka chekwara Dezie
omenkà faịlụ naSmithsonian American Art and Portrait Gallery Library Dezie

Wangechi Mutu (a mụrụ n'afọ 1972) bụ onye amụrụ na Kenya na-ese ihe n'Amerịka, nke a maara maka eserese ya, ihe ọkpụkpụ, ihe nkiri, na ọrụ arụmọrụ ya.[1] A mụrụ ya na Kenya, ọ biri ma guzobe ọrụ ya na New York ihe karịrị afọ iri abụọ.[1] Ọrụ Mutu eduziela ahụ nwanyị dị ka isiokwu site na eserese collage, ntinye immersive, na ndụ na arụmọrụ vidiyo mgbe niile na-enyocha ajụjụ banyere echiche onwe onye, ihe owuwu nwoke na nwanyị, mmerụ ọdịbendị, na mbibi gburugburu ebe obibi, yana echiche nke ịma mma na ike.[2]

Ndabere na agụmakwụkwọ

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A mụrụ Mutu na 1972 na Nairobi, Kenya.[1] Ọ gụrụ akwụkwọ na Loreto Convent Msongari (1978–1989), ma mesịa gụọ akwụkwọ na United World College of the Atlantic, Wales (I.B., 1991). Mutu kwagara New York n'afọ ndị 1990, na-elekwasị anya na Fine Arts na Anthropology na The New School for Social Research, na Parsons School of Art and Design. O nwetara nzere BFA na Cooper Union for the Advancement of the Arts and Science n'afọ 1996 na nzere masta na ihe ọkpụkpụ na Yale School of Art n'afọ 2000.[3]

  Ọrụ Mutu na-agafe usoro dị iche iche, gụnyere collage, vidiyo, arụmọrụ, na ihe ọkpụkpụ, ma na-enyocha isiokwu nke nwoke na nwanyị, agbụrụ, na colonialism.[3] Ọrụ ya, n'otu akụkụ, na-elekwasị anya na ime ihe ike na nkwupụta na-ezighị ezi nke ụmụ nwanyị ojii na-enwe na ọha mmadụ nke oge a.[4] Otu isiokwu a na-ahụkarị n'ọrụ Mutu bụ ihe ngosi ya dị iche iche nke nwanyị. Mutu na-eji isiokwu nwanyị eme ihe na nka ya, ọbụlagodi mgbe ọnụ ọgụgụ ndị ahụ enweghị ike ịmata, ma ọ bụ site n'iji ụdị ahụ n'onwe ya ma ọ bụ ọdịdị na ụkpụrụ e ji mee ọnụ ọgụgụ ahụ. Ojiji ya nke ihe ngosi nke ụwa ọzọ maka ụmụ nwanyị, ọtụtụ oge gosipụtara n'ụdị mmekọahụ ma ọ bụ nke anụ ahụ, na-eweta mkparịta ụka banyere ebumnuche nke ụmụ nwanyị.[5] Kpọmkwem, Mutu na-ekwu maka oke mmegide nke ahụ ụmụ nwanyị ojii ma jiri ọdịdị ụwa ọzọ kwughachi ọdịdị akụkọ ifo nke ngosipụta ọha mmadụ nke ụmụ nwanyị ojii.[6] Ma ọ bụ site na usoro dị nro ma ọ bụ ụlọ nwanyị maara nke ọma, a na-ekwu na ụzọ dị iche iche Mutu si anọchite anya àgwà nwanyị na-eme ka ike nke ihe oyiyi ahụ ma ọ bụ mkpa nke okwu ndị e gosipụtara. A maara ọtụtụ n'ime ihe osise Mutu ka a na-akọwa ya n'ụzọ ndị na-emegiderịta onwe ha, ma a na-ahụta ha dị ka ndị na-akwado ọha mmadụ nwere nsogbu ma nwee olileanya maka mgbanwe n'ọdịnihu na ọha mmadụ.[7] A na-ekwukwa na iji Mutu mee ihe osise dị otú ahụ na-asọ oyi ma ọ bụ nke ụwa ọzọ nwere ike inyere ụmụ nwanyị aka ịhapụ izu okè dịka a na-egosi ya na ọha mmadụ ma kama ịnabata ezughị okè nke ha ma na-anabatakwu ntụpọ nke ndị ọzọ.[8]

Mutu nwere ike ịme mgbanwe onwe onye na ọdịbendị site n'ịgbanwe site na eserese gaa na ihe ọkpụkpụ ma laghachi ọzọ. Mutu na-ekwu "Mgbanwe a dị ike n'ihi na eji m uche m dị ka onye na-emepụta ihe - echere m na m na-ese ihe mgbe niile dị ka onye na-akpụ ihe.[9] "N'ime ọrụ collage nke Mutu, ọ malitere ịzaghachi mgbasa ozi ọdịda anyanwụ na ụkpụrụ ịma mma: "Amalitere m nkatọ na-aga n'ihu na ọgụgụ isi na mmebi nke ihe oyiyi ndị ahụ, nke na-emebi m site n'ime ka m ghara ịhụ m anya. "[10]

Exhuming Gluttony: A Lover's Requiem (2006)

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Mutu egosipụtala ihe ọkpụkpụ.[11] N'afọ 2006, Mutu na onye Britain na-atụpụta ụkpụrụ ụlọ bụ David Adjaye jikọrọ aka na ọrụ. Ha gbanwere Upper East Side Salon 94 townhouse na New York ka ọ bụrụ ebe oriri na nkwari n'okpuru ala nke akpọrọ Exhuming Gluttony: A Lover's Requiem . Furs na oghere mgbọ na-achọ mgbidi ahụ mma ebe karama mmanya na-agbanye n'ụdị chandelier na-enweghị nchekasị n'elu tebụl ahụ nwere ntụpọ. Ọtụtụ ụkwụ tebụl ahụ yiri nnukwu femurs nwere tibias na-ahụ anya, ohere ahụ dum nwere ísì ụtọ. Ndị na-ese ihe gbalịsiri ike igosi oge iri nri dị ka o kwuru, "Achọrọ m ịmepụta oriri, mkparịta ụka nke uche na ndị na-ekiri ihe na-ezighị ezi, enwere ọdachi ma ọ bụ ikpughe ihe ọjọọ. "[12] A hụrụ oké agụụ a dị ka njikọ dị n'etiti ihe oyiyi nke Nri Anyasị Ikpeazụ, ihu igwe nke ụwa na-azụ nka ugbu a, na agha na Iraq.[13]

Oge egwuregwu a kwụsịrị (2008)

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Ntinye ọzọ nke Mutu, Suspended Playtime (2008) bụ usoro ngwongwo akpa mkpofu, nke ejiri eriri ọla edo kechie dị ka a ga-asị na a kwụgidere ya na akwa ududo, ha niile kwụpụrụ n'uko n'elu ụlọ n'elu onye na-ekiri ya. Ntinye ahụ na-ezo aka n'iji akpa mkpofu eme ihe dị ka bọọlụ na ihe egwuregwu ndị ọzọ nke ụmụaka Afrịka.

Sketchbook Drawing (2011–12)

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Dị ka onye na-ese ihe, Mutu na-enweta mkpali site na ejiji na magazin njem, ihe ndị na-akpali agụụ mmekọahụ, ethnography, na mechanics.[14] N'afọ 2013, na Brooklyn Museum na New York, Mutu gosipụtara eserese akwụkwọ eserese ya na nke mbụ ya na ihe ngosi ngosi ya. Akwụkwọ ndị ahụ nwere ihe osise ndị mara mma, mana ha dị egwu nke jikọtara ya na anụmanụ, osisi, ma ọ bụ igwe.

Ọgwụgwụ nke iri ihe niile (2013)

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N'afọ 2013, Wangechi Mutu mepụtara vidiyo mbụ, The End of Eating Everything, na mmekorita ya na onye na-edekọ egwu Santigold, nke Nasher Museum of Art nyere ọrụ.[15] Vidio a bụ nke Awesome + Modest mere.[16]

N'afọ 2014, e gosipụtara nka Mutu na ihe ngosi akpọrọ Nguva na Nyoka, na Victoria Miro Gallery na London. N'abalị mmeghe nke ihe ngosi ahụ, Mutu gosipụtara ihe nkiri, ebe a gbara ndị ọbịa ume ka ha rie Wangechi Mutu chocolate mermaids. Ndị ọbịa ahụ nwere ike inweta mermaid naanị site na "ịpịpụta foto nke mbụ ha tara, na-aracha, na-atọ ụtọ", na-arụ ọrụ dị ka nkọwa banyere "mmiri ọha na eze nke ahụ nchara nchara".[17]

The Seated series (2019)

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N'afọ 2019, Mutu kere ihe oyiyi ọla nchara (nke akpọrọ The Seated I, The Seated II, The Seated IV) maka niches mpụga nke Metropolitan Museum of Art.[18] E gosipụtara ihe oyiyi ụmụ nwanyị nọ ọdụ site na Septemba 9, 2019 ruo Jenụwarị 12, 2020.[18]

Ihe ngosi

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E gosipụtala ọrụ Mutu na ụlọ ngosi nka na ụlọ ngosi ihe mgbe ochie n'ụwa niile gụnyere San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, The Contemporary Austin (Texas), Miami Art Museum, Tate Modern na London, Centre for Fine Arts na Brussels, Studio Museum na Harlem na New York, Museum Kunstpalast na Düsseldorf, Germany, Centre Georges Pompidou na Paris, na Nasher Museum of Art na Mahadum Duke. Ihe ngosi nke mbụ ya na nnukwu ụlọ ngosi ihe ochie nke North America mepere na Art Gallery of Ontario na Machị 2010. [mgbe?[19]]

O meela ihe ngosi otu onye na Museum of Contemporary Art Australia; Deutsche Guggenheim, Berlin; Brooklyn Museum of Art; Montreal Museum of Contemporary Art; San Francisco Museum of Modern Art; Staatlichen Kunsthalle Baden-Baden, Germany; Wiels Contemporary Art Center, Brussels; Nasher Museum of Art na Duke University, North Carolina; Block Museum of Art na Northwestern University, Illinois; na Miami Art Museum. [mgbe?]

Mmetụta nke Afrofuturism na Africanfuturism

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Nchịkọta

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Ọrụ ya gụnyere na nchịkọta nke Museum of Modern Art, New York; The Whitney Museum of American Art; The Studio Museum na Harlem; Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago; Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles; Nasher Museum of Art na Duke University; Brooklyn Museum; na Tate Modern na London.[20][21][22][23][24][25][26][27]

Ihe nrite

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Na 23 Febụwarị 2010, Deutsche Bank kwanyeere Wangechi Mutu ùgwù dị ka "Onye na-ese ihe nke Afọ" mbụ ha.[28] Ihe nrite ahụ gụnyere ihe ngosi naanị ya na Deutsche Guggenheim na Berlin. Aha ya bụ My Dirty Little Heaven, ihe ngosi ahụ mere njem na June 2010 na Wiels Center for Contemporary Art na Forest, Belgium.

N'afọ 2013, e nyere Mutu BlackStar Film Festival Audience Award for Favorite Experimental Film na Philadelphia, Pennsylvania maka ihe nkiri ya The End of Eating Everything, yana Brooklyn Museum Artist of the Year, Brooklyn, New York.[29][30]

Ọrụ Ọma

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N'afọ 2014, Mutu hiwere òtù ọrụ ebere Africa's Out!, iji "na-aga n'ihu na mgbanwe dị egwu site na ike nke nka na ọrụ, ọkachasị ịkwado ndị na-ese ihe, atụmatụ na ụlọ ọrụ sitere na Africa na Diaspora ya nke na-eme ememe nnwere onwe nke nkwupụta okike. "[31]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 “Wangechi Mutu Biography”, Gladstone Gallery, Retrieved 24 November 2018.
  2. Preziuso (2020). "Is America Really Full? A conversation with Wangechi Mutu" (in English). Transition (129): 26–45. DOI:10.2979/transition.129.1.03. ISSN 0041-1191. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 Posner (2013). "Bad Girls: Wangechi Mutu", in Heartney: The Reckoning: Women Artists of the New Millennium. New York: Prestel, 54–59. ISBN 978-3-7913-4759-2. 
  4. Wangechi Mutu - 48 Artworks, Bio & Shows on Artsy (en). www.artsy.net. Retrieved on 2018-10-27.
  5. Cervenak (2016-01-01). "Like Blood or Blossom: Wangechi Mutu's Resistant Harvests". Feminist Studies 42 (2): 392–425. DOI:10.15767/feministstudies.42.2.0392. 
  6. Papenburg (2013). "Grotesque Sensations: Carnivalising the Sensorium in the Art of Wangechi Mutu" (in en). Carnal Aesthetics: Transgressive Imagery and Feminist Politics, Edited by Bettina Papenburg and Marta Zarzycka, IB Tauris, London. DOI:10.5040/9780755603374.ch-009. 
  7. Smith (12 January 2009). Wangechi Mutu: Feminist Collage and the Cyborg. Georgia State University.
  8. Hernandez (2016-12-05). "The Ambivalent Grotesque: Reading Black Women's Erotic Corporeality in Wangechi Mutu's Work". Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society 42 (2): 427–457. DOI:10.1086/688290. ISSN 0097-9740. 
  9. Preziuso (2020). "Is America Really Full? A conversation with Wangechi Mutu" (in English). Transition (129): 26–45. DOI:10.2979/transition.129.1.03. ISSN 0041-1191. 
  10. Is America Really Full? A conversation with Wangechi Mutu (Article, 2020) [WorldCat.org] (in en). OCLC 8861592422. Retrieved on 2021-04-07. 
  11. Evans. An encounter with Wangechi Mutu. Deutsche Bank. Archived from the original on 3 December 2013. Retrieved on 13 April 2013.
  12. "Wangechi Mutu, Intertwined, 2003. Collage and watercolour on paper.". DOI:10.3998/mpub.9955521.cmp.4. Retrieved on 2020-10-15. 
  13. Enwezor (February 2011). "Cut & Paste". Arise Magazine. Retrieved on 13 April 2013. 
  14. Malbert (2015). Drawing People The Human Figure In Contemporary Art. London: Thames & Hudson, 34–35. ISBN 9780500291634. 
  15. Wangechi Mutu + Santigold – The End of eating Everything – Nasher Museum at Duke. YouTube (21 July 2013). Archived from the original on 14 October 2013. Retrieved on 24 September 2013.
  16. Awesome + Modest website.
  17. Mutu. News. Wangechi Mutu. Archived from the original on 13 December 2014. Retrieved on 11 December 2014.
  18. 18.0 18.1 Princenthal (5 September 2019). Wangechi Mutu: A New Face for the Met. The New York Times. Retrieved on 6 July 2021.
  19. "Provocative Artist Wangechi Mutu to Tear Up Gallery Walls in Canadian Debut", AGO press release, 2 February 2010.
  20. Wangechi Mutu (en). The Museum of Modern Art. Retrieved on 6 July 2021.
  21. Wangechi Mutu (en). Whitney Museum of American Art. Retrieved on 6 July 2021.
  22. Chocolate Nguva (en). The Studio Museum in Harlem (10 December 2018). Retrieved on 6 July 2021.
  23. Wangechi Mutu (en). MCA. Retrieved on 6 July 2021.
  24. Wangechi Mutu. Museum of Contemporary Art. Retrieved on 6 July 2021.
  25. Wangechi Mutu. Nasher Museum of Art at Duke University. Retrieved on 6 July 2021.
  26. Wangechi Mutu. Brooklyn Museum. Retrieved on 6 July 2021.
  27. Wangechi Mutu born 1972. Tate. Retrieved on 6 July 2021.
  28. Deutsche Bank - ArtMag - 59 - news - Wangechi Mutu named Artist of the Year 2010. db-artmag.com. Archived from the original on 2019-03-22. Retrieved on 2019-03-22.
  29. Obenson. 'Things Never Said,' 'Homegoings' Anchor 2013 BlackStar Film Festival Awards | IndieWire (en). www.indiewire.com. Retrieved on 2017-03-24.
  30. Mutu. History. Wangechi Mutu. Archived from the original on 13 December 2014. Retrieved on 11 December 2014.
  31. About Us (en-US). AFRICA'SOUT!. Retrieved on 2021-07-23.

Ịgụgụ ọzọ

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  • Wangechi Mutu, dị ka a gwara Faye Hirsch. "Ụmụ nwanyị". Art in America, November 2013. New York: Brant Publications, Inc. pp. 54–55.
  • "Grotesque Sensations: Carnivalising the Sensorium in the Art of Wangeshi Mutu" nke Bettina Papenburg dere na: B. Papenburg na M. Zarzycka (ed.)Carnal Aesthetics. London: I.B.Tauris, 2013.  ISBN 978-1-78076-013-1.
  • Preziuso, Marika. “America ọ bụ n’ezie zuru ezu? Mkparịta ụka ya na Wangechi Mutu. Transition, no. 129, 2020, pp. 26–45. JSTOR 10.2979/transition.129.1.03 Enwetara 1 Apr. 2021.

Njikọ mpụga

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