Greta Thunberg

Shí Wikipedia, njikotá édémédé nke onyobulạ
Greta Thunberg
Mmádu
ụdịekerenwanyị Dezie
mba o sịSweden Dezie
aha n'asụsụ obodoGreta Tintin Eleonora Ernman Thunberg Dezie
Aha ọmụmụGreta Tintin Eleonora Ernman Thunberg Dezie
Aha enyereGreta, Tintin, Eleonora Dezie
aha ezinụlọ yaThunberg Dezie
Ndekọ IPAˈɡreːta ˈtʉːnˌbærj Dezie
Ụbọchị ọmụmụ ya3 Jenụwarị 2003 Dezie
Ebe ọmụmụStockholm Dezie
ŃnàSvante Thunberg Dezie
ŃnéMalena Ernman Dezie
nwanneBeata Ernman Dezie
IkwuOlof Thunberg Dezie
Asụsụ obodoSwedish Dezie
asụsụ ọ na-asụ, na-ede ma ọ bụ were na-ebinye akaSwedish, Bekee Dezie
Asụsụ ọ na-edeSwedish, Bekee Dezie
Ọrụ ọ na-arụenvironmentalist Dezie
ụdị ọrụ yaMbelata Mgbanwe ihu igwe, ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị ekoloji, youth activism, mgbanwe ihu igwe, ecology Dezie
Ebe obibiStockholm, Bergshamra Dezie
oge ọrụ ya (mmalite)20 Ọgọọst 2018 Dezie
lifestyleveganism Dezie
wearsknit cap Dezie
Ọnọdụ ahụikeAsperger syndrome, obsessive-compulsive disorder, selective mutism Dezie
Aka akaright-handedness Dezie
contributed to creative workI decembertid, The 1975, Här och nu för framtiden Dezie
Ọrụ ama amaVi vet och vi kan göra något nu, Scenes from the Heart, No One Is Too Small to Make a Difference Dezie
IjeFridays for Future Dezie
ederede motoUnite Behind the Science, Stå upp bakom forskningen Dezie
echiche ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchịanti-capitalism Dezie
onye nlereranyaIngmar Rentzhog, We Don't Have Time Dezie
ihe omume dị ịrịba amaGreta Thunberg's TED speech, Voyage of Greta Thunberg, September 2019 climate strikes Dezie
hashtagGretaThunberg, Greta-Thunberg, gretathunberg, гретатунберг Dezie
ikike nwebiisinka dị ka onye okikeỌrụ nwebiisinka chekwara Dezie
Ụdị onye si edozi ntụtụ ísíbraid Dezie
kọwara na URLhttps://nos.nl/artikel/2248605-zweeds-meisje-spijbelt-al-twee-weken-volwassenen-verpesten-de-toekomst.html, https://www.theguardian.com/science/2018/sep/01/swedish-15-year-old-cutting-class-to-fight-the-climate-crisis, https://morgenbladet.no/aktuelt/2018/08/vi-trenger-ikke-mer-hap-akkurat-na, https://www.svt.se/nyheter/lokalt/stockholm/greta-thunberg-15-klimatfragan-ar-var-tids-odesfraga Dezie
nnọchiaha nkeonweL484 Dezie

Greta Tintin Eleonora Ernman Thunberg (amụrụ na 3 Jenụwarị 2003) bụ onye Sweden na-ahụ maka gburugburu ebe obibi nke a maara maka ịma ndị isi ụwa aka ime ihe ozugbo maka ibelata mgbanwe ihu igwe.[1]

Mgbalị Thunberg malitere mgbe ọ mere ka ndị mụrụ ya kwenye ka ha na-ahọrọ ụdị ndụ nke belatara akara ukwu carbon nke ha. N'ọnwa Ọgọst afọ 2018, mgbe ọ dị afọ iri na ise, ọ malitere nọrọ ụbọchị Fraịde ya n'èzi Swedish nzuko omeiwu iji kpọọ oku ka ike site n'ijide akara e dere Skolstrejk for climate (School strike for climate). Thunberg nwetara ọkwa na mbụ maka ntorobịa ya na ụzọ ọ na-ekwu okwu n'ezoghị ọnụ,[2] ma n'ihu ọha yana ndị isi ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị na ọgbakọ, ebe ọ na-akatọ ndị isi ụwa maka ọdịda ha emeghị ihe ọ chere na ọ bụ ihe zuru oke iji lebara nsogbu nke ọnọdụ ihu igwe anya.[3]

N'oge na-adịghị anya ụmụ akwụkwọ ndị ọzọ tinyere aka na ngagharị iwe yiri nke ahụ na mpaghara nke ha. Ha jikọrọ aka haziri ngagharị iwe ihu igwe nke ụlọ akwụkwọ n'okpuru aha Fraịde maka Ọdịnihu. Mgbe Thunberg kwuchara okwu na ọgbakọ 2018 United Nations Climate Change Conference, ụmụ akwụkwọ na-eme kwa izu ebe n'ụwa. N'afọ 2019, enwere ọtụtụ ngagharị iwe ọtụtụ obodo achịkọtara nke gụnyere ihe karịrị otu nde ụmụ akwụkwọ ọ bụla.[4] Iji zere ụgbọ elu carbon-intensive, Thunberg ji ụgbọ mmiri gaa North America, ebe ọ gara 2019 UN Climate Action Summit. Okwu ya n'ebe ahụ, nke o kwuru "Olee otu ị ga-esi mee ka ị ghara ịlụ ọgụ?", bụ nke ndị nta akụkọ nabatara n'ọtụtụ ebe ma tinye ya na egwu.[5][6] Ọ na-asụ Bekee nke ọma, ọtụtụ n'ime mmekọrịta ọha na eze ya bụ n'asụsụ Bekee.

Mmụba mberede ya n'ụwa niile mere ka ọ bụrụ onye ndu n'etiti ndị na-eme ihe ike[7] na onye ndị nkatọ na-elekwasi anya,[8] ọkachasị n'ihi ọnọdụ ntorobịa ya. The Guardian na akwụkwọ akụkọ ndị ọzọ akọwaala mmetụta ya n'ụwa dị ka "mmetụta Greta".[9] Ọ natara ọtụtụ nsọpụrụ na onyinye, nke gụnyere Fellowship nke Royal Scottish Geographical Society, itinye ya na ndị 100 kachasị emetụta Time, ịbụ onye kachasị nta n'ime ndị Time nke Afọ, itinye ya n'ime ndepụta Forbes nke The World's 100 Most Powerful Women (2019),[10] na nhọpụta maka Nobel Peace Prize na 2019, 2020, na 2021.[11][12]

Ndụ mmalite[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

A mụrụ Thunberg na 3 Jenụwarị 2003, na Stockholm, Sweden[13][14], nwa nwanyị nke onye na-agụ egwu opera aha ya bụ Malena Ernman na onye na-eme ihe nkiri aha ya bụ Svante Thunberg. Nna nna ya bụ onye na-eme ihe nkiri na onye nduzi Olof Thunberg.[15][16] O nwere nwanne nwanyị ọ tọrọ, Beata.

Thunberg kwuru na ọ nụrụ banyere mgbanwe ihu igwe n'afọ 2011, mgbe ọ dị afọ asatọ, ọ pụghịkwa ịghọta ihe mere na a na-eme obere ihe banyere ya.[17][16] Ọnọdụ ahụ mere ka ọ daa mbà n'obi ma n'ihi ya, mgbe ọ dị afọ iri na otu, ọ kwụsịrị ikwu okwu na iri nri nke ukwuu ma tụfuo kilogram iri n'ime ọnwa abụọ.[18] N'ikpeazụ, a chọpụtara na ọ na-arịa ọrịa Asperger, nsogbu obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), na selective mutism.[17][16] N'otu n'ime okwu mbụ ya na-achọ ka a mee ihe na ihu igwe, Thunberg kọwara akụkụ nke ọnọdụ ya dị ka ihe pụtara na ọ "na-ekwu naanị mgbe ọ dị mkpa".[17]

Thunberg lụsoro ịda mbà n'obi ọgụ ruo ihe fọrọ nke nta ka ọ bụrụ afọ atọ ma ọ bụ anọ tupu ọ malite mkpọsa ọgbaghara ụlọ akwụkwọ ya.[19] Mgbe ọ malitere ime ngagharị iwe, ndị mụrụ ya akwadoghị ọrụ ya. Nna ya kwuru na ọ masịghị ya ka ọ na-aghara ịga ụlọ akwụkwọ mana o kwuru, sị: "[Anyị] na-akwanyere ya ùgwù na ọ chọrọ iguzo. Ọ nwere ike ịnọdụ ala n'ụlọ ma bụrụ onye na-enweghị obi ụtọ, ma ọ bụ mee mkpesa, ma nwee obi ụtọ."[20] Nne ya mere nchọpụta ya nke ọrịa Asperger na mba Sweden na Mee 2015, iji nyere ezinụlọ ndị ọzọ nọ n'ọnọdụ yiri nke ahụ aka.[21] Ọ bụ ezie na ọ kwetara na nchọpụta ya "egbochiwo m tupu", Thunberg eleghị Asperger ya anya dị ka ọrịa, kama ọ kpọrọ ya "ike dị egwu".[22] E mechara kọwaa ya dị ka ọ bụghị naanị onye a ma ama na-ahụ maka mgbanwe ihu igwe, kamakwa onye a ma ma ama na na-ahụkarị maka ọrịa autism.[23] Thunberg kwuru na 2021 na ọtụtụ ndị nọ na otu Fridays for Future nwere ọrịa autism, ma na-agụnye ma na-anabata. Ọ na-eche na ihe mere ọtụtụ ndị nwere ọrịa autism ji bụrụ ndị na-ahụ maka ihu igwe bụ na ha enweghị ike ile anya, ha ga-ekwukwa eziokwu ka ha na-ahụ ya: "Amaara m ọtụtụ ndị dara mbà n'obi, mgbe ahụ ha sonyeere usoro ihu igwe ma ọ bụ Fraịdee maka Ọdịnihu ma chọta nzube na ndụ ma chọta ọbụbụenyi na obodo a nabatara ha". Ọ na-ewere na ihe kachasị mma nke sitere na ọrụ ya bụ ọbụbụenyi na obi ụtọ.[23]

Ruo ihe dị ka afọ abụọ, Thunberg mara ndị mụrụ ya aka ka ha belata akara carbon nke ezinụlọ ahụ na mmetụta zuru oke na gburugburu ebe obibi site na ịghọ ndị na-adịghi eri ihe ọbula wepụtara n'anụmanụ, upcycling, na ịkwụsị ife efe.[15][24][25] O kwuru na ọ gbalịrị igosi ha eserese na data, mana mgbe nke ahụ na-arụ ọrụ, ọ dọrọ ezinụlọ ya aka na ntị na ha na-ezu ọdịnihu ya.[26] Ịhapụ ụgbọ elu n'akụkụ ụfọdụ pụtara na nne ya ga-ahapụ ọrụ mba ụwa ya dị ka onye na-agụ egwu opera.[20] Mgbe BBC gbara ya ajụjụ ọnụ na Disemba 2019, nna ya kwuru, sị: "N'ikwu eziokwu, (nne ya) emeghị ya iji chekwaa ihu igwe. O mere ya iji zọpụta nwa ya n'ihi na ọ hụrụ ihe ọ pụtara nye ya, mgbe ahụ, mgbe o mere nke ahụ, ọ hụrụ ihe (Greta) si na ya too, ike ole o nwetara site na ya."[27] Thunberg na-ekwu na mmeghachi omume na mgbanwe ndụ nke nne na nna ya nyere ya olileanya na nkwenye na ọ nwere ike ime mgbanwe.[15] Mgbe a jụrụ ya na Septemba 2021 ma obi amamikpe maka ịkwụsị ọrụ nne ya, ọ tụrụ ya n'anya ajụjụ ahụ: "Ọ bụ nhọrọ ya. Emeghị m ka o mee ihe ọ bụla. Naanị ihe m nyere ya bụ ihe ọmụma iji mee ka mkpebi ya dabere.""[23] A na-akọ akụkọ ezinụlọ ahụ n'akwụkwọ 2018 Scenes from the Heart,[28] nke emelitere na 2020 dị ka Ụlọ Anyị Na-ere Ọkụ: Scenes of a Family and a Planet in Crisis, na onyinye sitere n'aka ụmụ agbọghọ, na ezinụlọ dum a kwadoro dị ka ndị dere ya.[23][29]


Thunberg bụ nwa akwụkwọ na Franska Skolan, ụlọ akwụkwọ nke otu onye nwere nke dị n'etiti Stockholm, site na 2010 ruo 2018,[30][31] mgbe nke ahụ gasịrị ọ kwagara Kringlaskolan, ụlọ akwụkwọ dị na Södertälje.[32]

Ịgba mbọ[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Mwakpo na Riksdag[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Thunberg n'ihu ụlọ ndị omeiwu Sweden, na-ejide "Skolstrejk för klimatet" (O Ọgbaghara ụlọ akwụkwọ maka ihu igwe) akara, Stockholm, August 2018
Ịnyịnya ígwè na Stockholm na-arutu aka na Thunberg: "A ghaghị ile nsogbu ihu igwe anya dị ka nsogbu! Ọnọdụ ihu igwe bụ ihe kachasị mkpa maka ntuli aka!" (11 Septemba 2018)
Ihe ịrịba ama na Berlin, 14 Disemba 2018

N'ọnwa Ọgọstụ afọ 2018, Thunberg malitere ọgbaghara ihu igwe n'ụlọ akwụkwọ na okwu ihu ọha nke ọ ghọrọ onye na-ahụ maka ihu igwe n'ụwa niile. N'ajụjụ ọnụ ya na Amy Goodman nke Democracy Now! jụrụ ha, o kwuru na ọ nwetara echiche nke ọgbaghara ihu igwe mgbe ịgba égbè n'ụlọ akwụkwọ na United States na Febụwarị 2018 mere ka ọtụtụ ndị ntorobịa jụ ịlaghachi n'ụlọ Akwụkwọ.[15] Ndị a na-eto eto na-eme ihe na Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School na Parkland, Florida, gara n'ihu na-ahazi March for Our Lives iji kwado njikwa égbè ka ukwuu.[33][34] Na Mee 2018, Thunberg meriri asọmpi edemede mgbanwe ihu igwe nke akwụkwọ akụkọ Sweden Svenska Dagbladet. N'akụkụ ụfọdụ, o dere "Achọrọ m inwe obi iru ala. Kedụ ka m ga-esi nwee obi iru ala mgbe m maara na anyị nọ na nsogbu kachasị njọ n'akụkọ ihe mere eme mmadụ?"[35]

Mgbe akwụkwọ akụkọ ahụ bipụtasịrị akụkọ ya, Bo Thorén sitere na Fossil Free Dalsland kpọtụrụ ya, otu nwere mmasị ime ihe gbasara mgbanwe ihu igwe. Thunberg gara nzukọ ha ole na ole. N'otu n'ime ha, Thorén tụrụ aro ka ụmụaka ụlọ akwụkwọ nwere ike ime mgbanwe maka mgbanwe ihu igwe.[36] Thunberg gbalịsịrị ike ime ka ndị na-eto eto ndị ọzọ tinye aka mana ndi "ọ dịghị onye nwere mmasị n'ezie", ya mere o mechara kpebie ịga n'ihu na ọgbaghara ahụ n'onwe ya.[15]

N'abalị iri abụọ n'ọnwa Ọgọstụ n'afọ 2018, Thunberg, onye ka malitere na klas nke itoolu, kpebiri ịghara ịga ụlọ akwụkwọ ruo mgbe ntuli aka Sweden nke afọ 2018 na Septemba itoolu; ngagharị iwe ya malitere mgbe oke okpomọkụ na ọkụ ọhịa n'oge ọkọchị kachasị ọkụ na Sweden na ọ dịkarịa ala afọ nari abụọ na iri isii na abụọ.[20] Ihe ọ chọrọ bụ ka gọọmentị Sweden belata ikuku carbon dịka nkwekọrịta Paris si dị, ọ na-eme mkpesa site n'ịnọdụ ala n'èzí Riksdag kwa ụbọchị ruo izu atọ n'oge ụlọ akwụkwọ na akara Skolstrejk för klimatet (Ụlọ akwụkwọ maka ihu igwe).[37][38]

Thunberg kwuru na ndị nkuzi ya nwere echiche kewara ekewa banyere igha klas ya iji mee ka o doo anya. Ọ na-ekwu, sị: "Dị ka ndị mmadụ, ha na-eche na ihe m na-eme dị mma, mana dị ka ndị nkuzi, ha na'ekwu na m kwesịrị ịkwụsị".[20]

Mgbalị mgbasa ozi mmekọrịta[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Mgbe Thunberg biputara foto nke ụbọchị ọgbaghara mbụ ya na Instagram na Twitter, akaụntụ mgbasa ozi mmekọrịta ndị ọzọ malitere ngwa ngwa. Ndị na-eme ngagharị iwe na-eto eto a ma ama mere ka post Instagram ya dịkwuo elu, n'ụbọchị nke abụọ, ndị ọzọ na-eme ihe na-esonyere ya. Onye nnọchi anya ụlọ akụ Finland Nordea hotara otu n'ime tweets Thunberg nye ihe karịrị ndị na-eso ụzọ pụkụ narị abụọ. Profaịlụ mgbasa ozi mmekọrịta nke Thunberg dọtara ndị nta akụkọ obodo ha akụkọ ha nwetara mgbasa ozi mba ụwa n'ihe karịrị otu izu.[39]

Otu ụlọ ọrụ mgbasa ozi mmekọrịta na Sweden nke na-elekwasị anya na ihu igwe bụ We Don't Have Time (WDHT), nke Ingmar Rentzhog guzobere. O kwuru na ọgbaghara ya malitere ịdọta uche ọha na eze mgbe ọ bịakwutere onye na-ese foto n'efu ma tinye foto Thunberg na ibe Facebook ya na akaụntụ Instagram, yana vidiyo n'asụsụ Bekee nke o tinyere na ọwa YouTube nke ụlọ ọrụ ahụ.[40] Rentzhog mechara gwa Thunberg ka ọ bụrụ onye ndụmọdụ ndị ntorobịa na-akwụghị ụgwọ na WDHT. Mgbe ahụ, o jiri aha ya na onyinyo ya n'enweghị ihe ọmụma ma ọ bụ ikike ya iji nweta ọtụtụ nde maka ụlọ ọrụ WDHT maka uru, We Don't Have Time AB, nke Rentzhog bụ onye isi ọrụ.[41] Thunberg enwetaghị ego ọ bụla sitere n'aka ụlọ ọrụ ahụ[40] ma kwụsị ọrụ onye ndụmọdụ afọ ofufo ya na WDHT ozugbo ọ ghọtara na ha na-enweta ego site na aha ya.[42]

Mgbe Ọktọba 2018 gasịrị, ọrụ Thunberg gbanwere site na naanị mkpesa gaa na isonye na ngagharị iwe na Europe niile; na-eme ọtụtụ okwu ihu ọha dị elu, ma na-akpali ọnụ ọgụgụ na-arịwanye elu nke ndị na-eso ụzọ ya na usoro mgbasa ozi mmekọrịta. Mgbe ntuli aka nke Disemba 2018 gasịrị, Thunberg gara n'ihu na-eme ngagharị iwe naanị ụbọchị Fraịdee. Ọ kpaliri ụmụ akwụkwọ ụlọ akwụkwọ dị gburugburu ụwa ka ha sonye na ngagharị iwe ụmụ akwụkwọ. N'ọnwa ahụ, ihe karịrị ụmụ akwụkwọ pụkụ ịrị abụọ emeela ngagharị iwe na ọ dịkarịa ala obodo narị abụọ na ịrị asaa.[43]

Thunberg kwuru okwu megide National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (Undergraduate) 2020 na Joint Entrance Examination 2020 nke a na-eme na India n'ọnwa Septemba. O kwuru na ọ bụ ihe na-ezighị ezi ka ụmụ akwụkwọ pụta maka ule n'oge ọrịa na-efe efe zuru ụwa ọnụ. O kwukwara na idei mmiri nke dakwasịrị steeti ndị dị ka Bihar na Assam, nke kpatara nnukwu mbibi maka ụmụ amaala, emetụtala ụmụ akwụkwọ India nke ukwuu.[44]

N'abalị atọ nke ọnwa Febụwarị n'afọ 2021, Thunberg dere ozi na Twitter[45] iji kwado ngagharị iwe ndị ọrụ ugbo India na-eme n'afọ 2020 na 2021. Ndị na-ahụ maka mba n'anya na-emegide ngagharị iwe ndị ọrụ ugbo gbara ihe oyiyi nke Thunberg ọkụ na Delhi; ndị na-eme ngagharị iwe na-akatọkwa ntinye aka mba ụwa n'ihe ndị dị n'ime India.[46] Ozi Twitter nke Greta Thunberg nwetara nkatọ site n'aka gọọmentị India, nke kwuru na ọ bụ okwu dị n'ime.[47] N'ozi Twitter mbụ ya, Thunberg jikọtara ya na akwụkwọ nke nyere ngwá ọrụ mkpọsa maka ndị chọrọ ịkwado ngagharị iwe ndị ọrụ ugbo. Ngwá ọrụ a nwere ndụmọdụ gbasara hashtags na otu esi etinye aka na mkpesa mana ọ gụnyekwara ihe ndị a tụrụ aro karịa ndị metụtara mkpesa onye ọrụ ugbo ahụ. N'oge na-adịghị anya, o hichapụrụ tweet ahụ, na-ekwu na akwụkwọ ahụ "bụ ihe mgbe ochie" ma jikọta ya na nke ọzọ[48][49] "iji mee ka onye ọ bụla na-amaghị ngagharị iwe ndị ọrụ ugbo na-aga n'ihu na India ghọta ọnọdụ ahụ nke ọma ma mee mkpebi banyere otu esi akwado ndị ọrụ ugbe dabere na nyocha nke ha".[50][51] E jidere onye India dị afọ iri abụọ na abụọ na-ahụ maka ihu igwe nke dezigharịrị ngwá ọrụ ahụ, Disha Ravi, n'okpuru ebubo nke ịgba ọchịchị mgba okpuru na nkata mpụ na 16 Febụwarị.[52]

Ngagharị iwe na okwu na Europe[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Thunberg na 2019 Fridays For Future protest na Berlin
Dina Titus na-ege Thunberg ntị na-ekwu maka mkpa dị ngwa iji dozie mgbanwe ihu igwe

Okwu ya n'oge nnọkọ nke 2018 United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP24) gbasara n'ebe niile.[53] O kwuru na ndị isi ụwa nọ ebe ahụ "ezughị oke ikwu ihe dị ka ọ dị".[54] Na ọkara mbụ nke afọ 2019, ọ sonyeere ngagharị iwe ụmụ akwụkwọ dị iche iche gburugburu Europe, a kpọkwara ya ka ọ kwuo okwu na nnọkọ na ndị omeiwu dị iche iche. Na Jenụwarị 2019 World Economic Forum, Thunberg kwuru okwu ebe o kwuru, sị: "Ụlọ anyị na-ere ọkụ".[55] Ọ gwara ndị omeiwu Britain, Europe na France okwu, ebe n'okwu nke ikpeazụ ọtụtụ ndị ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị aka nri gbochiri ya.[56][57] Na nzukọ dị mkpirikpi ya na Thunberg, Popu Francis kelere ya ma gbaa ya ume ka ọ gaa n'ihu.[58] Ka ọ na-erule Maachị 2019, Thunberg ka na-eme ngagharị iwe ya mgbe niile n'èzí ụlọ omebe iwu Sweden na Fraịdee ọ bụla, ebe ụmụ akwụkwọ ndị ọzọ na-esonyere ya mgbe ụfọdụ. Dị ka nna ya si kwuo, ọrụ ya emegideghị ọrụ ụlọ akwụkwọ ya, mana o nweela obere oge ezumike.[59] Ọ gụsịrị ụlọ akwụkwọ sekọndrị dị ala na akara dị mma.[60] N'ọnwa Julaị 2019, magazin Time kọrọ na Thunberg na-ewere "afọ izu ike" site n'ụlọ akwụkwọ, na-ezube ime njem na Amerịka ka ọ na-ezute ndị mmadụ sitere na mgbanwe ihu igwe.[61]

Afọ ịzụ ike[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

N'ọnwa Ọgọstụ 2019, Thunberg ji ụgbọ miri gafee Oké Osimiri Atlantic site na Plymouth, England, gaa New York, USA, na ụgbọ mmiri na-agba ọsọ 60 feet (18 m) Malizia II, nke nwere akụkụ anyanwụ na igwe turbines n'okpuru mmiri. A mara ọkwa njem ahụ dị ka ụzọ gafere Atlantic na-anọpụ iche na carbon na-eje ozi dị ka ngosipụta nke nkwenkwe Thunberg kwupụtara banyere mkpa ọ dị ibelata ikuku.

France 24 kọrọ na ọtụtụ ndị ọrụ ga-efega New York iji mee ka ụgbọ mmiri laghachi Europe.[62] Njem ahụ were ụbọchị iri na ise, site na 14 ruo 28 Ọgọst 2019. A kpọrọ Thunberg ka ọ gbaa akaebe na Kọmitii Nhọrọ Ụlọ US na Nsogbu ihu igwe na 18 Septemba. Kama ịgba akaebe, o nyere nkwupụta ahịrịokwu asatọ ma nyefee akụkọ pụrụ iche nke IPCC na Global Warming nke 1.5 °C dị ka ihe akaebe.[63]

Nzukọ nke UN maka Mmekọrịta Ihu igwe[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Thunberg na Septemba 2019 Climate March, Montreal

N'otu, otu ahụ kwupụtara na ha emeela mkpesa megide mba ise na-anọghị n'ụzọ iji mezuo ebumnuche mbelata ikuku ha kwere nkwa imezu na nkwekọrịta Paris ha: Argentina, Brazil, France, Germany, na Turkey.[64][65] Mkpesa ahụ na-ama mba ndị a aka n'okpuru Protocol Nhọrọ nke Atọ na Nkwekọrịta na Ikike nke Nwatakịrị. Nkwekọrịta ahụ bụ usoro ikpe nke na-enye ụmụaka ma ọ bụ ndị nnọchi anya ha, ndị kwenyere na e mebiri ikike ha, iji weta mkpesa n'ihu 'òtù nkwekọrịta' dị mkpa, Kọmitii na-ahụ maka ikike nke nwatakịrị.[66] Ọ bụrụ na mkpesa ahụ gara nke ọma, a ga-agwa mba ndị ahụ ka ha zaghachi, mana aro ọ bụla abụghị iwu.[67][68]

Na 23 Septemba, Thunberg gara nzukọ UN Climate Action Summit na New York City. N'ụbọchị ahụ, United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) kwadoro nzukọ ndị nta akụkọ ebe Thunberg sonyeere ụmụaka iri na ise ndị ọzọ nke gụnyere Ayakha Melithafa, Alexandria Villaseñor, Catarina Lorenzo, Carl Smith na ndị ọzọ.

Oge mgbụsị akwụkwọ nke ihu igwe zuru ụwa ọnụ[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Na mba Canada, Thunberg sonyere na ngagharị iwe ihu igwe n'obodo dị iche iche nke gụnyere Montreal, Edmonton na Vancouver nke gụnyere iduzi nzukọ ihu igwe dị ka akụkụ nke 27 Septemba 2019 Global Climate Strike na Montreal.[69] Ihe karịrị nde mmadụ anọ bịara ngagharị iwe ụlọ akwụkwọ maka ihu igwe na 20 na 27 Septemba 2019, dị ka otu n'ime ndị na-ahazi ya si kwuo.[70] Ọtụtụ narị puku mmadụ sonyere na ngagharị iwe a kọwara dị ka nke kachasị ukwuu n'akụkọ ihe mere eme nke obodo ahụ. Onye isi obodo Montreal nyere ya nnwere onwe nke obodo ahụ. Praịm Minista Justin Trudeau bịara, Thunberg na ya kwurịtara okwu n'ụzọ dị mkpirikpi.[71] Mgbe ọ nọ na United States, Thunberg sonyere na ngagharị iwe ihu igwe na New York City na Alexandria Villaseñor na Xiye Bastida, na Washington DC ya na Jerome Foster II, Iowa City, Los Angeles, Charlotte, Denver na Haven Coleman, na Standing Rock Indian Reservation na Tokata Iron Eyes. N'obodo dị iche iche, okwu isi okwu Thunberg malitere site n'ịkwado na ọ guzo n'ala nke bụ nke ndị obodo, na-asị: "N'ịkweta nnukwu ikpe na-ezighị ezi a na-emegbu ndị a, anyị ga-ekwukwa banyere ọtụtụ ndị ohu na ndị ọrụ ha ụwa ka na-erite uru taa".[72][73]

Ntinye aka na COP25[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Thunberg bu n'obi ịnọgide na Amerịka iji gaa United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP25) nke e mere atụmatụ na Santiago, Chile, na Disemba. Otú ọ dị, a mara ọkwa na ọkwa dị mkpirikpi na a ga-ebugharị COP25 na Madrid, Spain, n'ihi nnukwu ọgba aghara ọha na eze na Chile.[74] Thunberg ajụla ife efe n'ihi ikuku carbon sitere na njem ụgbọ elu, ya mere o biputere na mgbasa ozi mmekọrịta na ọ dị ya mkpa ịgafe Oké Osimiri Atlantic. Riley Whitelu na nwunye ya, Elayna Carausu, ndị Australia abụọ na-agba gburugburu ụwa n'ụgbọ mmiri ha dị mita iri anọ na asatọ (15 m) La Vagabonde, kwuru ka ha buru ya. Ya mere na 13 Nọvemba 2019, Thunberg si Hampton, Virginia, gaa Lisbon, Portugal. Ozi ọpụpụ ya bụ otu ihe ahụ ọ dị kemgbe ọ malitere ọrụ ya: "Ozi m nye ndị America bụ otu ihe dị ka onye ọ bụla na-ekwu na ọ ga-adị n'otu n'azụ sayensị ma rụọ ọrụ na sayensị."[75][76][77]

Thunberg rutere n'ọdụ ụgbọ mmiri Lisbon na 3 Disemba 2019,[78][79] wee gaa Madrid iji kwuo okwu na COP25 ma sonye na Fraịdee maka ndị na-eme ngagharị iwe n'ọdịnihu. N'oge mkparịta ụka ndị nta akụkọ tupu ngagharị ahụ, ọ kpọrọ oku maka "omume siri ike" ndị ọzọ, na-ekwu na ọgba aghara ụlọ akwụkwọ zuru ụwa ọnụ n'afọ gara aga "enwetaghị ihe ọ bụla" n'ihi na ikuku gas na-ekpo ọkụ ka na-arị elu site na pasent anọ kemgbe afọ 2015.[80][81]

Mgbalị ndị ọzọ na Europe na njedebe nke afọ izu ike[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Thunberg na-agwa ìgwè mmadụ karịrị pụkụ ịrị okwu na 17 Jenụwarị 2020 maka ihu igwe na Lausanne, Switzerland

N'abalị iri atọ n'ọnwa Disemba n'afọ 2019, Thunberg bụ onye nchịkọta akụkọ nke mmemme ihe omume ugbu a nke BBC Radio, Today Programme.[82] Mbipụta Thunberg nke mmemme ahụ gosipụtara ajụjụ ọnụ banyere mgbanwe ihu igwe na Sir David Attenborough, onye isi ọba ego nke mba England Mark Carney, Massive Attack's Robert Del Naja, na onye isi Shell Oil Maarten Wetselaar. BBC mechara wepụta pọdkastị[83] nwere ajụjụ ọnụ ndị a na ihe ndị ọzọ dị mkpa. Na 11 Jenụwarị 2020, Thunberg kpọrọ ụlọ ọrụ Germany Siemens ka ọ kwụsị nnyefe nke ngwá ọrụ ụgbọ okporo ígwè na Carmichael coal mine na-ese okwu nke ụlọ ọrụ India Adani Group na Australia na-arụ ọrụ,[84] mana na 13 Jenụwarị, Siemens kwuru na ọ ga-aga n'ihu na-asọpụrụ nkwekọrịta ya na Adani.[85]

Na 21 Jenụwarị 2020, Thunberg laghachiri na World Economic Forum nke e mere na Davos, Switzerland, wee kwuo okwu abụọ, ma sonye n'otu mkparịta ụka nke The New York Times World Economic forum kwadoro. Thunberg jiri ọtụtụ n'ime isiokwu ndị dị n'okwu ya gara aga mee ihe, mana o lekwasịrị anya n'otu n'ime ha: "Ụlọ anyị ka na-ere ọkụ". Thunberg mere ihe ọchị na ọ pụghị ime mkpesa na a naghị anụ ya, na-asị: "A na-anụ m mgbe niile".[86][87][88]

N'ọnwa Febụwarị afọ 2020, Thunberg gara Mahadum Oxford izute Malala Yousafzai, onye Pakistan na-enweta ihe nrite Nobel Peace Prize maka agụmakwụkwọ ụmụ nwanyị nke ndị Taliban gbara egbe n'isi dị ka nwa akwụkwọ. Thunberg mechara sonye n'ọgbaghara ụlọ akwụkwọ na Bristol.[89] Na 4 Maachị 2020, Thunberg gara nzukọ pụrụ iche nke Kọmitii Gburugburu Ebe Obibi nke European Parliament iji kwuo maka Iwu Ọnọdụ Ihu igwe nke Europe. N'ebe ahụ, o kwupụtara na ọ na-ewere atụmatụ ọhụrụ maka iwu ihu igwe nke European Commission bipụtara ka ọ bụrụ inyefe onwe ya.[90]

N'abalị iri abụọ na anọ n'ọnwa Ọgọstụ 2020, Thunberg kwụsịrị "afọ ezumike" ya n'ụlọ akwụkwọ mgbe ọ laghachiri na klas. Ọrịa COVID-19 gbochiri njem na nzukọ na 2020 na 2021.[91][92]


Ọrụ ịntanetị n'ihi COVID-19[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Na mbido afọ 2020, nzaghachi ọrịa COVID-19 chọrọ mgbanwe omume nke gụnyere ịnọpụ iche na mmekọrịta mmadụ na ibe ya, nnọpụiche, na mkpuchi ihu. N'ụbochị nke ịrị na atọ nke ọnwa Maachị Afọ 2020, Thunberg kwuru na "N'ime nsogbu anyị gbanwere omume anyị ma mee mgbanwe na ọnọdụ ọhụrụ maka ọdịmma ka ukwuu nke ọha mmadụ". Thunberg na ụlọ akwụkwọ ahụ mere ngagharị iwe maka ihu igwe mechara mee ka mmeghachi omume na ngagharị iwe ha n'ịntanetị.[93] Thunberg and School strike for climate subsequently moved their activism and protests online.[94][95] N'abalị iri abụọ n'ọnwa Ọgọstụ n'afọ 2020, ncheta nke abụọ nke ọgbaghara ụlọ akwụkwọ mbụ Thunberg maka ihu igwe, Thunberg na ndị ọrụ ihu igwe Luisa Neubauer, Anuna de Wever van der Heyden na Adélaïde Charlier zutere Chancellor Germany Angela Merkel na Berlin.[96] Ha mechara kwupụta atụmatụ maka ọgbaghara ihu igwe ọzọ n'ụwa niile na 25 Septemba 2020. Neubauer kwuru na ma ọ bụrụ na ọgbaghara na Septemba bụ n'ụdị ma ọ bụ n'okporo ámá ga-ekpebi site na mberede ọrịa zuru ụwa ọnụ. Na mkparịta ụka ndị nta akụkọ na ndị ọrụ ibe ya na-ekwughachi echiche ya, Neubauer kwuru, sị: "Nsogbu ihu igwe anaghị akwụsị".[97]

N'abalị iri na anọ n'ọnwa Disemba 2020, Thunberg jiri mgbasa ozi Twitter katọọ nkwupụta mberede mgbanwe ihu igwe nke Gọọmentị nke mba New Zealand mere n'oge na-adịbeghị anya dị ka "ihe mgbaàmà omume ọma", na-akpọ Twitter na Gọọmentị New Zealand Labour kpebisiri ike belata ihe na-erughị otu pasent nke ikuku carbon nke New Zealand ka ọ na-erule afọ 2025.[98][99] Na nzaghachi, Praịm Minista New Zealand Jacinda Ardern na Minista mgbanwe ihu igwe James Shaw gbachitere nkwupụta mgbanwe ihu igwe nke New Zealand dị ka naanị mmalite nke ebumnuche mgbochi mgbanwe ihu igwe.[99][100] Na 29 Disemba 2020, n'oge ajụjụ ọnụ BBC, Thunberg kwuru na anaghị ege ndị ọkachamara n'ihu igwe ntị n'agbanyeghị ọrịa COVID-19 na-eme ka mkpa ọ dị iji sayensị mee ihe iji dozie nsogbu ndị dị otú ahụ. Ọ gbakwụnyere na nsogbu COVID-19 "mere ka ìhè" na otu "anyị ga-esi mee ya na-enweghị sayensị".[101]

N'ọnwa Mee 2021, ọ kwurịtara nsogbu COVID-19 ọzọ, mgbe ọ gbara ume ka a gbanwee usoro mmepụta nri na ichebe ụmụ anụmanụ na ebe obibi ha. Okwu Thunberg, nke bịara n'etiti oku maka ihe ndị ọzọ na-enweghị anụ kwukwara banyere nchegbu ahụike gbasara ọdịmma anụ na gburugburu ebe obibi. Thunberg kwuru na ụzọ ụmụ mmadụ si ebibi ebe obibi bụ ọnọdụ zuru oke maka mgbasa nke ọrịa ndị dị ka COVID-19, Zika, Ebola, West Nile fever, SARS, MERS, na ndị ọzọ.[102] N'ọnwa Julaị 2021, Thunberg natara ọgwụ mgbochi COVID ya, na-ekwu, sị: "Enwere m ekele nke ukwuu ma nwee ihe ùgwù nke inwe ike ibi n'otu akụkụ nke ụwa ebe enwere m ike ịgba ọgwụ mgbochi. Mgbasa ọgwụ mgbochi gburugburu ụwa dị oke iche. Ọ dịghị onye dị nchebe ruo mgbe onye ọ bụla dị nchebe. Ma mgbe a na-enye gị ọgwụ mgbochi, alala azụ. Ọ na-azọpụta ndụ".[103]

Mbipụta izizi nke Vogue Scandinavia (August - September 2021) gosiputara foto mkpuchi nke Thunberg nke ndị na-ese foto na ndị na-echekwa ihe na Sweden bụ Iris na Mattias Alexandrov Klum, na ajụjụ ọnụ ya.[104] Ihu ya na-egosi Thunberg na-eyi uwe trench mgbe ya na ịnyịnya Icelandic na-anọdụ ala n'ọhịa dị na mpụga Stockholm. N'ajụjụ ọnụ ahụ, Thunberg katọrọ mkpọsa nkwalite nke ụlọ ọrụ ejiji na-eji eme ihe iji yie ihe na-adịgide adịgide n'enweghị "ime ihe ọ bụla iji chebe gburugburu ebe obibi" ma kpọọ mkpọsa ahụ "greenwashing".[105] N'otu ụbọchị ahụ, o jiri mgbasa ozi Twitter katọọ ụlọ ọrụ ejiji dị ka "nnukwu onye na-enye aka" na ihu igwe na "mgbaghara" gburugburu ebe obibi na "ọ bụghị ikwu mmetụta ya na ọtụtụ ndị ọrụ na obodo ndị a na-erigbu gburugburu ụwa ka ụfọdụ wee nwee ike ịnụ ụtọ ejiji ngwa ngwa nke ọtụtụ na-ewere dị ka ihe a na-atụfu".[106][107] Uwe ajị anụ nke Thunberg nwetara nkatọ site n'aka ndị na-eri nri. Dị ka People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA) si kwuo, ọ maghị na ejiji ahụ bụ ezigbo ajị anụ sitere na anụmanụ.[108]

N'ụbochị ịrị abụọ na asatọ nke ọnwa Septemba afọ 2021, Thunberg katọrọ onye isi ala US Joe Biden, praịm minista Britain Boris Johnson, praịm minista India Narendra Modi na ndị isi ụwa ndị ọzọ maka nkwa ha kwere iji dozie nsogbu ihu igwe n'okwu ha na Youth4Climate Summit na Milan.[109] Thunberg katọkwara ma nwee obi abụọ banyere ndị na-ahazi nzukọ ihu igwe, na-ekwu "Ha na-akpọ ndị na-eto eto ahọpụtara na nzukọ dị ka nke a iji mee ka ha na-ege anyị ntị. Ma ha abụghị".[110] Otu ọnwa mgbe nke ahụ gasịrị, Thunberg sonyere na ngagharị iwe na London, na-achọ ka usoro ego kwụsị ịkwado ụlọ ọrụ na ọrụ ndị na-eji mmanụ ala dị ka coal, mmanụ na gas sitere n'okike.[111] Ngagharị iwe ahụ na London bụ akụkụ nke usoro na-ewere ọnọdụ na ụlọ ọrụ ego gburugburu ụwa, gụnyere New York City, San Francisco na Nairobi.[111] Ọ gwara onye nta akụkọ BBC Andrew Marr na ụlọ akụ kwesịrị "ikwụsị ịkwụ ụgwọ maka mbibi anyị", tupu nzukọ ihu igwe nke UN COP26.[111] Na 2021 United Nations Climate Change Conference na Glasgow, Thunberg gara otu panel gbasara mgbanwe ihu igwe nke onye na-eme ihe nkiri Britain bụ Emma Watson kwadoro.[112]

N'ọnwa Nọvemba afọ 2021, Greta Thunberg na ndị ọzọ na-ahụ maka ihu igwe malitere itinye akwụkwọ mkpesa na United Nations na-akpọ ya ka ọ kwupụta ọnọdụ mberede ihu igwe zuru ụwa ọnụ nke atọ. Nke a ga-eduga n'ịmepụta otu pụrụ iche nke ga-ahazi nzaghachi maka nsogbu ihu igwe na mba ụwa. Nzaghachi kwesịrị ịdị ma ọ dịkarịa ala ike dịka nzaghachi maka ọrịa COVID-19.[113] N'ọnwa Disemba 2021, Thunberg kwughachiri nkatọ ya megide onye isi ala US Joe Biden, na-ekwu "Ọ bụrụ na ị na-akpọ ya onye ndu, ọ bụ ihe ijuanya na ndị mmadụ na-ahuta Joe Biden dị ka onye ndu maka ihu igwe mgbe ị hụrụ ihe nchịkwa ya na-eme", na-arutu aka na mgbasawanye US na ojiji nke mmanụ ala n'oge nchịkwa Biden. Thunberg gara n'ihu kwara arịrị na ndị na-eme ngagharị iwe na ndị nọ n'afọ iri na ụma dị mkpa iji mee ka a mara banyere mgbanwe ihu igwe.[114]

Mkpesa nke Ebe A Na-egwupụta Ihe n'Ime Beowulf[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Thunberg akatọọla ụlọ ọrụ na-egwupụta ihe na Britain a kpọrọ Beowulf maka ọrụ igwupụta ígwè n'ala Sami. O kwuru na "Anyị kwenyere na ihu igwe, gburugburu ebe obibi, ikuku dị ọcha, mmiri, ịzụ anụ reindeer, ikike ụmụ amaala na ọdịnihu nke mmadụ kwesịrị ibute ụzọ karịa uru dị mkpirikpi nke ụlọ ọrụ. Gọọmentị Sweden kwesịrị ịkwụsị ọchịchị ndị Sami."[115]

Ọnọdụ banyere mgbanwe ihu igwe[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Vidio nke Thunberg na-ekwu okwu na 2019 World Economic Forum na Davos
Thunberg na-ekwu okwu na July 2019 ụlọ akwụkwọ na-eme ngagharị iwe maka mgbanwe ihu igwe na Berlin

Thunberg na-ekwusi ike na ihe a kpọrọ mmadụ na-eche nsogbu dị adị ihu n'ihi okpomọkụ ụwa[116] ma na-ata ọgbọ ndị okenye dị ugbu a uta maka ịmepụta nsogbu ahụ.[117] Ọ na-eji ihe atụ (dị ka "ụlọ anyị na-ere ọkụ") iji mee ka nchegbu ya pụta ìhè ma na-agwa ndị isi azụmaahịa na ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị okwu n'ụzọ na-enweghị isi banyere ọdịda ha n'ime ihe ha jikọrọ aka.[118][119]

Thunberg ekwuola na mgbanwe ihu igwe ga-enwe mmetụta dị ukwuu nye ndị na-eto eto nke ọdịnihu ha ga-emetụta nke ukwuu. Ọ na-ekwu na ọgbọ ya nwere ike ọ gaghị enwe ọdịnihu ọzọ n'ihi na "a na-ere ọdịnihu ahụ ka ọnụ ọgụgụ dị nta nke ndị mmadụ wee nwee ike inweta ego a na-apụghị ichetụ n'echiche".[120] O kwukwara na ndị mmadụ nọ na Global South ga-ata ahụhụ karịa site na mgbanwe ihu igwe, ọ bụ ezie na ha enyeghị aka nke nta n'ihe gbasara ikuku carbon dioxide.[121] Thunberg ekwupụtala nkwado maka ndị ọzọ na-eto eto na-eme ngagharị iwe si mba ndị na-emepe emepe na-eche mmetụta ọjọọ nke mgbanwe ihu igwe ihu. N'ikwu okwu na Madrid na Disemba 2019, o kwuru, sị: "Anyị na-ekwu maka ọdịnihu anyị, ha na-ekwu ihe banyere ugbu a ha".[122]

N'ikwu okwu na nnọkọ mba ụwa, ọ na-ata ndị isi ụwa ụta na a na-eme obere ihe iji belata mweputa ajọ ikuku zuru ụwa ọnụ.[123] Ọ na-ekwu na ibelata ikuku ezughị, ma na-ekwu ka ọ dị mkpa ibelata ikuku ruo efu ma ọ bụrụ na ụwa ga-eme ka okpomọkụ ụwa dị n'okpuru 1.5 °C. N'ikwu okwu na Nzukọ Ndị Omeiwu Britain n'ọnwa Eprel 2019, o kwuru, sị: "Eziokwu ahụ bụ na anyị na-ekwu maka 'ịbelata' kama 'ịkwụsị' ikuku bụ ikekwe ike kachasị n'azụ azụmaahịa na-aga n'ihu dị ka ọ dị ka ọ na-adịkarị".[124][125] Iji mee ihe dị mkpa, ọ gbakwụnyere na ndị ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị ekwesịghị ige ya ntị, ha kwesịrị ige ntị n'ihe ndị ọkà mmụta sayensị na-ekwu banyere otu esi edozi nsogbu ahụ.[126][124] Dị ka ndị ọkà mmụta sayensị ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị Mattia Zulianello na Diego Ceccobelli si kwuo, enwere ike ịkọwa echiche Thunberg dị ka ecocentrism nke teknụzụ, nke dabeere na "ịdị elu nke vox scientifica".[127]

Karịsịa, Thunberg ekwuola na nkwa ndị e mere na nkwekọrịta Paris ezughi iji belata okpomọkụ ụwa ruo 1.5 degrees, nakwa na usoro ikuku na-ekpo ọkụ kwesịrị ịmalite ịdaba nke ukwuu n'oge na-adịghị anya karịa 2020 dị ka akọwapụtara na 2018 Special Report on Global Warming nke 1.5 ° C.[128][120] N'ọnwa Febụwarị afọ 2019, na nzukọ nke European Economic and Social Committee, o kwuru na ebumnuche EU ugbu a iji belata ikuku site na pasent ịrị anọ site na 2030 "ezughị iji chebe ọdịnihu maka ụmụaka na-etolite taa" nakwa na EU ga-ebelata ikuku carbon dioxide okpukpu abụọ nke pasent ịrị asatọ, iji nweta pasent ịrị anọ ha bụ n'uche.[129][130]

Thunberg kwughachiri echiche ya banyere enweghị ọrụ ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị n'ajụjụ ọnụ ọnwa Nọvemba 2020 ebe o kwuru na "ndị ndú nwere obi ụtọ ịdobe ihe mgbaru ọsọ maka ọtụtụ iri afọ n'ihu, mana ọ ga-emebi mgbe ọ dị mkpa ime ihe ozugbo".[131] Ọ katọrọ European Green Deal, nke na-ezube ime ka ihu igwe EU ghara itinye aka na 2050,[132] na-ekwu na ọ "na-eziga ihe mgbaàmà siri ike na a na-eme ihe n'ezie ma zuru ezu mgbe n'ezie ọ bụghị. Okike anaghị akwụ ụgwọ, ị pụghịkwa ime nkwekọrịta na physics."[133]

N'ajụjụ ọnụ obere oge tupu nzukọ COP26 nke 2021 na Glasgow, a jụrụ Thunberg otú o si nwee nchekwube na nzukọ ahụ nwere ike inweta ihe ọ bụla, na nzaghachi, ọ siri, "Ọ dịghị ihe gbanwere site na afọ ndị gara aga n'ezie. Ndị isi ga-ekwu 'anyị ga-eme nke a ma anyị ga-eme ya, anyị ga-ejikọkwa ndị agha anyị ọnụ ma nweta nke a', mgbe ahụ ha agaghị eme ihe ọ bụla. Ikekwe ụfọdụ ihe nnọchianya na ndekọ ego na ihe ndị na-enweghị mmetụta dị ukwuu. Anyị nwere ike ịnwe ọtụtụ COPs dịka anyị chọrọ, mana ọ nweghị ezigbo ihe ga-esi na ya pụta.[23] " Ọ kpọrọ onye isi ala China Xi Jinping "onye ndú nke ọchịchị aka ike" ma kwuo na "ọchịchị onye kwuo uche ya bụ naanị ihe ngwọta maka nsogbu ihu igwe, ebe ọ bụ na naanị ihe nwere ike ịwepụ anyị n'ọnọdụ a bụ ... nnukwu nrụgide ọha na eze".[134]

N'abalị iri atọ n'ọnwa Ọktoba n'afọ 2021, ọ rutere n'ọdụ ụgbọ okporo ígwè Glasgow Central maka COP26. Ọ kwuru okwu na ụfọdụ ngagharị iwe n'oge COP, ma gaa n'ihu na Friday for Future Scotland climate strike na Friday 5 November; o kwuru n'ajụjụ ọnụ mbụ na ọha na eze kwesịrị "ikpochapụ usoro ahụ".[135] O kwuru okwu nye ndị na-eme ngagharị iwe ebe ọ kọwara COP26 dị ka ọdịda, na-ekwu maka "blah blah blah" na greenwashing.[136]

Nzaghachi ọha na eze na mmetụta[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Thunberg enwetala nkwado siri ike na nkatọ siri ike maka ọrụ ya site n'aka ndị ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị na ndị nta akụkọ.[137] Thunberg zutere ọtụtụ ndị ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị na ndị isi ụwa, mana o kwuru na ọ pụghị iche echiche banyere otu onye ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị masịrị ya. Mgbe a jụrụ ya banyere praịm minista New Zealand a na-akwanyere ùgwù Jacinda Ardern, onye kọwara nsogbu ihu igwe dị ka ihe gbasara ndụ ma ọ bụ ọnwụ, Thunberg kwuru "Ọ bụ ihe ọchị na ndị mmadụ kwenyere na Jacinda Ardert na ndị dị ka nke ahụ bụ ndị isi ihu igwe. Nke ahụ na-agwa gị etu obere mmadụ si mara banyere nsogbu ihu igwe. " Thunberg leghaara okwu na mmetụta anya: "N'ụzọ doro anya, ikuku anaghị ada. Ọ na-aga n'ekwughị na ndị a anaghị eme ihe ọ bụla" (n'ezie, ikuku na-ekpo ọkụ na New Zealand jiri pasent abụọ rịa elu n'afọ 2019).[16]

Nzaghachi mba ụwa[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

N'ọnwa Febụwarị 2019, ndị ọkà mmụta narị abụọ na ịrị abụọ na anọ bịanyere aka n'akwụkwọ ozi nkwado na-ekwu na omume Thunberg na ụmụaka ụlọ akwụkwọ na-eme ngagharị iwe kpaliri ha ịnụ olu ha.[138] Onye odeakwụkwọ ukwu nke United Nations António Guterres kwadoro ọgbaghara ụlọ akwụkwọ nke Thunberg malitere, na-ekweta, sị: "Ọgbọ m emeghị ihe ịma aka dị egwu nke mgbanwe ihu igwe. Ndị na-eto eto na-enwe mmetụta miri emi na nke a. Ọ bụghị ihe ijuanya na ha na-ewe iwe".[139] N'ikwu okwu n'otu ihe omume na New Zealand na Mee 2019, Guterres kwuru na ọgbọ ya "emerighị agha megide mgbanwe ihu igwe" nakwa na ọ dị n'aka ndị ntorobịa "ịzọpụta mbara ala".[140]

Ndị ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Thunberg na-agba ndị MEP ume igosi ndị isi ihu igwe.

Ndị ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị otu Democratic maka ntuli aka onye isi ala United States nke 2020 dịka Kamala Harris, Beto O'Rourke, na Bernie Sanders gosipụtara nkwado mgbe okwu ya gasịrị na nzukọ nke Septemba 2019 na New York.[141] Onye isi ala Germany bụ Angela Merkel gosipụtara na ndị na-eto eto na-eme ihe dịka Thunberg emeela ka gọọmentị ya mee ihe ngwa ngwa gbasara mgbanwe ihu igwe.[142]

Ndị ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị akatọwokwa Thunberg na mkpọsa ya, site na mwakpo onwe onye ruo nkwupụta na ọ na-eme ka okwu ndị dị mgbagwoju anya dị mfe. N'etiti ha bụ praịm minista Australia Scott Morrison,[143] onye jị ọkwa chancellor Germany Angela Merkel,[144] onye isi ala France Emmanuel Macron,[145] onye isi ala Russia Vladimir Putin,[146] OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) na onye isi ala US Donald Trump ugboro ugboro.[147]

Na Septemba 2019, Trump kesara vidiyo nke Thunberg na-agwa ndị isi ụwa okwu n'iwe, yana okwu ya na "ndị mmadụ na-anwụ, usoro okike dum na-adakwa ada. Anyị nọ na mbido mkpochapụ dị ukwuu." Trump dere banyere Thunberg, na-eziga ozi na mgbasa ozi Twitter, sị: "O yiri ka ọ bụ nwa agbọghọ nwere obi ụtọ na-atụ anya ọdịnihu dị mma ma dị ebube. Ọ dị mma ịhụ!" Thunberg meghachiri site n'ịgbanwe akụkọ Twitter ya iji kwekọọ na nkọwa ya, ma kwuo na ọ pụghị "ịghọta ihe mere ndị okenye ga-eji họrọ ịkwa ụmụaka na ndị nọ n'afọ iri na ụma ọchị maka naanị nkwurịta okwu na ime ihe na sayensị mgbe ha nwere ike ime ihe dị mma kama".[148] N'ọnwa Disemba 2019, Onye isi ala Trump kwara Thunberg emo ọzọ mgbe Time kpọrọ ya Onye nke Afọ maka afọ 2019, na-asị: "Ọ bụ ihe nzuzu. Greta ga-arụ ọrụ na nsogbu nchịkwa iwe ya, wee soro enyi ya gaa na ezigbo ihe nkiri ochie! Chill Greta, Chill!".[149] Thunberg zaghachiri site n'ịgbanwe akụkọ ndụ Twitter ya ka ọ bụrụ: "Onye nọ n'afọ iri na ụma na-arụ ọrụ na nsogbu nchịkwa iwe ya. Ugbu a na-ajụ oyi ma na-ekiri ezigbo ihe nkiri ochie na enyi."[150] N'oge ntuli aka onye isi ala nke United States na 2020, Thunberg kwuru na Trump tweet "STOP THE COUNT!" na ederede: "Ọ bụ ihe nzuzu. Donald ga-arụ ọrụ na nsogbu nchịkwa iwe ya, wee soro enyi ya gaa na ezigbo ihe nkiri ochie! Chill Donald, Chill!"[151][152]

N’ọnwa 2019, Putin kọwara Thunberg dị ka “nwa agbọghọ nwere obi oma na ezigbo obi”, ebe ọ na-atụ aro ka a na-emegharị ya iji jeere ọdịmma ndị ọzọ ozi. Putin katọrọ ya dị ka "onye na-amaghị nke ọma", na-agbakwụnye, sị: "Ọ dịghị onye kọwara Greta na ụwa nke oge a dị mgbagwoju anya ma dị iche iche na ndị mmadụ n'Africa ma ọ bụ n'ọtụtụ mba Eshia chọrọ ibi ndụ n'otu ọkwa akụ na ụba dị na Sweden." N'otu aka ahụ mmeghachi omume ya na Trump, Thunberg melitere ihe o dere na Twitter ya iji gosipụta nkọwa Putin banyere ya.[153] Na Disemba afọ 2019, Thunberg dere ozi na twitter si: "A na-egbu ụmụ amaala n'ezie maka ịgbalị ichebe oke ọhịa pụọ ​​na igbutu osisi n'ụzọ iwu na-akwadoghị. Ugboro ugboro. Ọ bụ ihe ihere na ụwa gbachiri nkịtị maka nke a." Mgbe a jụrụ ya banyere isiokwu a ụbọchị abụọ ka nkeỌktoba ahụ gasịrị, onye isi ala Brazil Jair Bolsonaro zara, sị: "Greta kwuru na ndị India na-anwụ n'ihi na ha na-agbalị ichebe Amazon. Ọ na-adọrọ mmasị ka ndị nta akụkọ na-enye ụda olu dị otú ahụ." N'otu ụbọchị ahụ, Thunberg gbanwere nkọwa Twitter ya ka ọ bụrụ pirralha, okwu Portuguese maka "brat" nke Bolsonar ji mee ihe.[154][155]

N'ajụjụ ọnụ Mee 2019 ya na Suyin Haynes na Time, Thunberg kwuru okwu nkatọ o nwetara n'ịntanetị na-ekwu, sị: "Ọ bụ ihe na-atọ ọchị mgbe naanị ihe ndị mmadụ nwere ike ime bụ ịkwa gị emo, ma ọ bụ kwuo banyere ọdịdị gị ma ọ bụ ụdị gị, n'ihi na ọ pụtara na ha enweghị arụmụka ma ọ bụ ihe ọ bụla ọzọ ikwu."[156] Onye bụbu osote onye isi ala US na onye ga-anọchi Trump bụ Joe Biden zaghachiri na tweet nke Onye isi ala Trump na-akwa Thunberg emo mgbe akpọrọ ya Onye nke Afọ 2019 site na tweeting na Trump: "Olee ụdị onye isi ala na-emegbu onye nọ n'afọ iri na ụma? @realDonaldTrump, ị nwere ike ịmụta ihe ole na ole site na Greta banyere ihe ọ pụtara ịbụ onye ndu."[157]

Na 30 Maachị 2021, European Commissioner for Climate Action Frans Timmermans kwuru na mgbasa ozi Twitter mgbe ọ gwachara Thunberg okwu na "The Commission ka na-etinye aka" n'ime ka Common Agricultural Policy "mezuo ebumnuche" nke European Green Deal.[158]

Akwụkwọ akụkọ[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

N'ọnwa Ọgọstụ afọ 2019, Scott Walsman dere na Scientific American na ndị na-akatọ Thunberg "ebidowo mwakpo onwe", "na-emebi autism", na "na-adabere na mwakpo ad hominem iji belata mmetụta ya".[159] N'ide akwụkwọ na The Guardian, Aditya Chakrabortty kwuru na ndị na-ede akwụkwọ akụkọ gụnyere Brendan O'Neill, Toby Young, blog Guido Fawkes, yana Helen Dale na Rod Liddle na The Spectator na The Sunday Times na-eme " mwakpo ọjọọ" na Thunberg.[160] Onye na-eme ihe ngosi na British TV bụ Piers Morgan mekwara Thunberg ihe ọchị.[161] Dị ka akụkụ nke ịgọnahụ mgbanwe ihu igwe ya, otu ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị Alternative for Germany (AfD) nke mba Germany wakporo Thunberg "n'ụzọ jọgburu onwe ya", dị ka Jakob Guhl, onye nnyocha maka Institute for Strategic Dialogue si kwuo.[162]


Ihe odide Arron Banks na mgbasa ozi Twitter na-ekwu na "ihe mberede ụgbọ mmiri na-eme n'Ọgọst" kpasuru ọtụtụ ndị omeiwu Britain (Onye otu nzuko omeiwu), ndị ama ama na ndị gụrụ akwụkwọ. Tanja Bueltmann, onye nchoputa nke EU Citizens 'Champion, kwuru na ụlọ akụ arịọla "ịnwụ mmiri nke nwatakịrị" maka ntụrụndụ nke ya wee kwuo na ọtụtụ n'ime ndị na-awakpo Thunberg "bụ ndị nwoke na-acha ọcha n'etiti ndị si n'aka nri nke ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị.".[163] N'ide akwụkwọ na The Guardian, Gaby Hinsliff, kwuru na Thunberg aghọwo "ihu ọhụrụ na agha ọdịbendị Brexit" na-arụ ụka na iwe nke mwakpo onwe onye nke ndị Brexiteers na Thunberg "na-enye ha ikuku oxygen nke mgbasa ozi".[164]


Na Septemba 2019, Nick Gillespie dere na akwukwo magazin Reason na "Akụkọ akụkọ ihe mere eme Greta Thunberg nwere ike si n'obi mana ha ma ọ bụ nzaghachi jọgburu onwe ya nke ha na-enye bụ onye ndu maka ezigbo amụma gburugburu ebe obibi na ụwa nke na-abawanye ụba kwa ụbọchị."[165] N'ọnwa Ọgọstụ 2021, Yasmeen Serhan dere na The Atlantic na Thunberg aghọwo "ihe a na-elekwasị anya n'ọtụtụ ihe na-eduhie eduhie na nkata aghụghọ" site n'aka nri na aka nri, "gụnyere ngosipụta nke ya dị ka nwatakịrị e mebiri emebi, onye aka ekpe, na ọbụna onye Nazi".[166]

"Mmetụta Greta"[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Ọgbaghara ihu igwe na Septemba 2019 na Geneva

Thunberg akpaliwo ọtụtụ ndị ọgbọ ya nọ n'ụlọ akwụkwọ n'ihe a kọwara dị ka "mmetụta Greta".[167] Na nzaghachi gbasara nkwuwa okwu ya, ndị ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị dị iche iche ekwetawokwa mkpa ọ dị itinye uche na mgbanwe ihu igwe. Odeakwụkwọ na-ahụ maka gburugburu ebe obibi Britain, Michael Gove, kwuru, sị: “Mgbe m gere gị ntị, enwere m mmasị dị ukwuu, kamakwa ibu ọrụ na obi amamikpe. Abụ m ọgbọ ndị mụrụ gị, amakwaara m na anyị emebeghị nke ọma iji lebara ya anya. mgbanwe ihu igwe na nnukwu nsogbu gburugburu ebe obibi anyị nyere aka mepụta." Onye ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị ọrụ Ed Miliband, bụ onye na-ahụ maka iwebata Iwu mgbanwe ihu igwe 2008, kwuru, sị: "Ị kpọtere anyị. Daalụ. Ndị na-eto eto niile na-arụ ọrụ n'ọrụ ejirila enyo mee obodo anyị. I kuziwo anyị ihe mmụta dị mkpa n'ezie, ị dị iche n'ìgwè mmadụ."[9]

N'ọnwa Febụwarị 2019, Thunberg sooro onye isi oche nke European Commission, Jean-Claude Juncker, kerịta otu oge, ebe o kwuru, sị: "N'oge ego ọzọ site n'afọ 2021 ruo 2027, euro anọ ọ bụla a na-emefu n'ime mmefu ego EU ga-aga n'ihu iji belata mgbanwe ihu igwe."[168] Nsogbu ihu igwe rụkwara ọrụ dị mkpa na ntuli aka ndị omeiwu Europe na Mee 2019[169] ka ndị Green party dekọrọ nsonaazụ kachasị mma ha,[170] na-eme ka ọnụ ọgụgụ oche ndị MEP ha site n'ọnụ ọgụgụ ịrị ise na abụọ ruo ịrị asaa na abụọ.[171] Ọtụtụ n'ime mmeri ndị ahụ sitere na mba ndị dị n'ebe ugwu Europe ebe ndị na-eto eto gara n'okporo ámá site n'ike mmụọ nsọ Thunberg.[170]

N'ọnwa June 2019, nnyocha YouGov na Britain chọpụtara na nchegbu ọha na eze banyere gburugburu ebe obibi arịwo elu ruo n'ókè dị na UK ebe ọ bụ na Thunberg na Extinction Rebellion "gburu ụfụfụ nke ịgọnahụ".[172] N'ọnwa Ọgọstụ 2019, mbipụta na ahịa nke akwụkwọ ụmụaka banyere nsogbu ihu igwe kwuru okpukpu abụọ ma e jiri ya tụnyere afọ gara aga. Ndị na-ebipụta akwụkwọ na-ekwu na nke a bụ "mmetụta Greta".[173] N'ịbụ ndị Thunberg kpaliri, ndị ọrụ ebere bara ọgaranya na ndị na-etinye ego site na United States enyewo ihe dị ka dọla pụkụ narị isii[174] iji kwado Extinction Rebellion na ndị otu ụlọ akwụkwọ iji guzobe Climate Emergency Fund.[175][176][177] Trevor Neilson, otu n'ime ndị ọrụ ebere, kwuru na ndị guzobere atọ ahụ ga-akpọtụrụ ndị enyi n'etiti ndị ọgaranya zuru ụwa ọnụ iji nye onyinye "otu narị ugboro" karịa n'ime izu na ọnwa ndị na-abịa.[174] N'ọnwa Disemba 2019, New Scientist kọwara mmetụta nke Thunberg na Extinction Rebellion nwere isi okwu: "Afọ ụwa tetara na mgbanwe ihu igwe."[178]

Dị ka otu nnyocha n'afọ 2021 si kwuo, "ndị maara Greta Thunberg nke ọma nwere ebumnuche dị elu nke ime ihe n'otu iji belata okpomọkụ ụwa na nkwenkwe ndị siri ike na-eme ka mmekọrịta a dị n'etiti. Njikọ a n'etiti ịmara Greta Thunberg, nkwenye ịdị irè nke otu, na ebumnuche ime ihe n'otu dị ọbụna mgbe ị gbasịrị maka nkwado zuru oke nke ndị zaghachirinụ maka ọrụ ihu igwe."[179]

Ihe ihere ife n'ugboelu[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Thunberg eduziwo mmegide na-efe efe, na-akwalite njem ụgbọ okporo ígwè na-efefe na gburugburu ebe obibi.[180] Okwu a na-ejikọta ya na mmegharị a bụ flygskam ma ọ bụ "ihe ihere ịgba ọsọ".[181][182] Ọ bụ ihe na-eme nke ndị mmadụ na-enwe nrụgide ọha na eze ka ha ghara ife efe n'ihi mmụba nke gas na-ekpo ọkụ nke ụlọ ọrụ ụgbọelu. Ọ bụ onye na-eme egwuregwu Olympic nke Sweden bụ Björn Ferry kwadoro ya na mbụ, mana ọ nwetakwara ume dị ukwuu mgbe Thunberg jụrụ ife efe na gburugburu ebe obibi. Thunberg kwadoro mkpọsa ahụ iji mee ka ọ ghara ife efe, ma mee ka ọ bụrụ akụkụ nke njem "njem ịma aka" ya na Europe na 2019.[183] Sweden kọrọ na pasent anọ na njem ụgbọ elu n'ime ụlọ maka 2019 na mmụba na iji ụgbọ okporo ígwè eme ihe. BBC na-ekwu na mmegharị ahụ nwere ike belata ọganihu nke njem ụgbọ elu zuru ụwa ọnụ, mana Airbus na Boeing na-ekwu ete ha ka na-atụ anya ịbawanye na pasent anọ ruo afọ 2035.[184][185] N'ọnwa Jụn afo6 2019, Swedish Railways (SJ) kọrọ na ọnụ ọgụgụ ndị Sweden na-eji ụgbọ okporo ígwè maka njem n'ime ụlọ ejirila pasent asatọ rịa elu site na afọ gara aga, na-egosipụta nchegbu ọha na eze na-arịwanye elu (nke gosipụtara na nyocha nke Swedish Railroad bipụtara) banyere mmetụta nke ife efe na ikuku CO2.[186]

X-Site sticker[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

X-Site Energy Services nke Alberta, Canada nyere akwụkwọ mkpado, nke nwere aha ụlọ ọrụ ahụ na ya na onyinyo nke nwoke na-ejide eriri nwa agbọghọ mgbe ọ na-edina ya n'ike site n'azụ, na okwu "Greta" na onyinọ ahụ.[187] Mgbe ahụ, Greta Thunberg dị afọ iri na asaa dere banyere ya na Twitter "Ha na-amalite ịbawanye obi nkoropụ. Nke a na-egosi na anyị na-emeri. " Ọ bụ ezie na onye isi njikwa nke X-Site kwuru na mbụ na ọ dịghị X-Site, ma ọ bụ onye ọrụ X-Site ọ bụla, tinyere aka n'ime ihe nkedo ahụ,[188][189] X-Site Energy mechara rịọ mgbaghara, na-ekweta na ha ekesa ya ma na-ekwuputa na ọ bụ ha mere ya n'ozuzu oke. Akwụkwọ ozi ahụ kwusiri ike na ha na-ebibi akwụkwọ ndị a maara ma na-eme mgbanwe nhazi iji gbochie ihe ndị ga-eme n'ọdịnihu.[190]

Na omenala na nka a ma ama[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

E gosipụtara Thunberg na omenala na nka a ma ama.[191] Greta and the Giants, akwụkwọ Zoë Tucker na Zoe Persico, nke Frances Lincoln Children's Books bipụtara, sitere na mkpali nke ndụ Thunberg. Onye America na-ese ihe Elizabeth Peyton họọrọ ihe osise ya nke 2019 Greta Thunberg dị ka ihe oyiyi na-eduga n'otu n'ime ihe ngosi ya. E gosipụtara ya n'ọtụtụ ihe osise na mgbidi.[191] Na Bristol, ihe osise Thunberg dị mita ịrị na ise nke onye na-ese ihe Jody Thomas, na-egosi ọkara ala nke ihu ya dị ka ọ dị n'okpuru mmiri na-arị elu kemgbe Mee 2019.[192] E gosipụtara Thunberg na mkpuchi magazin Time na mbipụta May 2019, ebe a kọwara ya dị ka ihe nlereanya[156] na otu n'ime "Ndị isi ọgbọ na-esote".[193] Ya na mmadụ iri na ise ndị ọzọ gosipụtara n'ihu magazin ejiji Vogue nke onye nchịkọta akụkọ ọbịa Meghan, Duchess of Sussex, mepụtara na Septemba 2019.[194]

E webatara ụfọdụ okwu Thunberg n'egwú. N'afọ 2019, Thunberg nyere aka n'ịtọpụta "The 1975", abụ nke otu egwu Bekee nke otu aha ahụ. Thunberg mechiri abụ ahụ site n'ịgba ume, sị: "Ya mere, onye ọ bụla nọ ebe ahụ, oge eruola ugbu a maka nnupụisi obodo. Oge eruola inupụ isi". Ego a ga-enweta ga-aga na Extinction Rebellion na arịrịọ Thunberg.[195] Na Septemba 2019, John Meredith debere okwu UN Action Summit ya na death metal.[196] Onye egwu Australia bụ Megan Washington na onye na-ede egwu bụ Robert Davidson jiri otu okwu ahụ 'otú ị si egwu' mee ihe, maka arụmọrụ na ihe omume na-enyocha ọdịnihu nke egwu.[197] DJ Fatboy Slim mepụtara mashup nke okwu a na egwu egwu ya "Right Here, Right Now".[198]

Make the World Greta Again bụ ihe ngosi nkeji iri atọ nke Vice wepụtara na-egosi ajụjụ ọnụ ya na ọtụtụ ndị isi ndị ntorobịa na-eme ngagharị iwe na Europe, ma na-egosi na March 2019 zuru ụwa ọnụ na-eme mkpesa.[199][200]

N'afọ 2019, Thunberg jikọtara aka na ọrụ ebere ihu igwe a kpọrọ Project Pressure, n'ihe osise e mere n'ụlọ UN dị na New York na-eduga na UN Climate Action Summit nke gosipụtara olu ndị na-eto eto isii, nke gụnyere Thunberg n'onwe ya. Vizualised site Joseph Michael, nke Klaus Thymann dere na egwu site na Brian Eno, nkọwa ha bụ maka nsogbu ihu igwe na ihe ngwa ngwa a ga-eme iji belata nsonaazụ ya.[201]

Ọrụ nrụgide olu maka ọdịnihu..

Na 29 Jenụwarị afọ 2020, Thunberg kwuru na o tinyere akwụkwọ maka akara ahịa aha ya, aha "Fridays for Future", na Skolstrejk för klimatet iji chebe òtù ya pụọ n'ihe nnweta azụmahịa. Ọ na-ekwu na ya enweghị mmasị na akara ahịa, mana "ọ dị mkpa ka eme ya" n'ihi na a na-eji aha ya na mmegharị ya eme ihe mgbe niile maka ebumnuche azụmahịa na-enwetaghị nkwenye ya.[202][203]

Na Mee 2020, e gosipụtara Thunberg na vidiyo egwu Pearl Jam 'Retrograde'. Ọ na-apụta dị ka onye na-akọ akụkọ ọdịnihu, na foto dị na bọọlụ kristal ya na-egosi mmetụta dị egwu nke mgbanwe ihu igwe n'ọtụtụ mba.[204]

Na 3 Septemba 2020, I Am Greta,[205] ihe ngosi Hulu cinéma vérité-esque nwere ihe ngosi mbụ ya n'ụwa niile na Venice Film Festival. Onye duziri ihe nkiri ahụ bụ Nathan Grossman, onye ji aka ya rụọ ọrụ igwefoto na ngwá ọrụ ụda mgbe ọ na-echeta ọrụ ihu igwe nke Thunberg "site n'ụbọchị mbụ ọ nọrọ naanị ya n'ụlọ akwụkwọ ya n'ọnwa Ọgọstụ 2018, ruo na njem ụgbọ mmiri izu abụọ ya gafere Atlantic [Ocean site na Europe ruo New York City] iji gaa United Nations Climate Summit na Septemba 2019."[206][207] Mgbe emere ya na Venice, ihe nkiri ahụ nwere ihe ngosi mbụ ya na North America na Toronto International Film Festival na 11 Septemba 2020,[208] wee meghee na sinima gafee Europe, North America na Australia n'ọnwa Ọktoba.[209] Hulu malitere igosi I am Greta na mba United States na Nọvemba 2020.[207]

N'ọnwa Maachị afọ 2021, Mahadum Winchester guzobere ihe a tụrụ atụ nke Thunberg na ogige ụlọakwụkwọ ya.[210]

Ụlọọrụ BBC Studios mere usoro atọ nke Greta Thunberg: A Year to Change the World,[211] na atụmatụ nleta na mba dị iche iche hapụrụ n'ihi ọrịa COVID-19. A mara ọkwa maka mmepụta ya na Febụwarị afọ 2020, e gosipụtakwara usoro ihe nkiri ahụ n'ọnwa Eprel afọ 2021.

Nsọpụrụ na onyinye[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Thunberg enwetala nsọpụrụ na ihe nrite n'oge mmemme ya. N’ọnwa Mee 2018, tupu ebido iku akwụkwọ ya, ọ bụ otu n’ime ndị meriri n’asọmpi mgbanwe mgbanwe ihu igwe nke Svenska Dagbladet (The Swedish Daily News) maka ndị na-eto eto.[35] Thunberg ajụla ịga emume ma ọ bụ nata ihe nrite ma ọ bụrụ na ọ chọrọ ka ọ felie n'ụgbọ elu, dịka maka International Children's Peace Prize.[212] Ọ natala ihe nrite site n'aka ndị NGO dị iche iche kamakwa site n'ụlọ ọrụ sayensị nke toro ihe ịga nke ọma ya n'ịkwalite mmata.[213][214]

  • Time's 25 most influential teenages of 2018, December 2018, a kwa afọ ndepụta chịkọtara site Time magazine nke ndị na-eto eto kachasị emetụta n'ụwa n'afọ ahụ.[215]
  • Akwụkwọ agụmakwụkwọ Fryshuset, 2018, maka Young Role Model of the Year.[216]
  • Ntinye aha Nobel Peace Prize, 2019, site n'aka ndị nnọchi anya atọ nke ndị omeiwu Norway. Ọzọkwa na 2020 site n'aka ndị omeiwu Sweden abụọ. A họpụtara ya na 2021.[217][218] Again in 2020 by two Swedish lawmakers.[219] Nominated in 2021.[12]
  • Swedish Woman of the Year (Årets Svenska Kvinna), March 2019, nke Swedish Women's Educational Association nyere "nwaanyị Sweden nke, site na ihe ọ rụzuru, nọchitere anya ma mee ka a mara Sweden nke taa n'ụwa ka ukwuu".[220]
  • Rachel Carson Prize, Machị 2019, nke enyere nwanyị nke gosipụtara onwe ya na ọrụ pụrụ iche maka gburugburu ebe obibi na Norway ma ọ bụ mba ụwa.[221][222]
  • Goldene Kamera ihe nkiri na ihe nrite telivishọn, March 2019, ihe nrite Climate Action pụrụ iche. Thunberg raara ihe nrite ahụ nye ndị na-eme ngagharị iwe megide mbibi nke Hambach Forest, nke igwu ala lignite na-eyi egwu.[223]
  • Fritt Ord Award, Eprel 2019, ya na Natur og Ungdom, nke "na-eme emume nnwere onwe ikwu okwu". Thunberg nyere òkè ya n'ime ego mmeri ahụ maka ikpe na-achọ ịkwụsị nchọpụta mmanụ Norwegian na Arctic.[224]
  • Time 100, Eprel 2019, site na magazin Time, ndepụta kwa afọ nke mmadụ otu nari kachasị emetụta n'ụwa maka afọ ahụ.[225]
  • Laudato si' Prize, Eprel 2019, nke Milarepa Foundation nke Chile nyere ma họrọ ya site n'aka ndị otu Laudato Si' Group n'okpuru akwụkwọ ozi nke abụọ nke Pope Francis, "na-elekọta ụlọ anyị".[226]
  • Degree nsọpụrụ nke Doctor honoris causa (dr.h.c.), May 2019, nke Belgian, Mahadum Mons (Mons, Belgium) nyere maka "onyinye ... iji mee ka a mara banyere mmepe na-adịgide adịgide".[214][227]
  • Ambassador of Conscience Award, June 2019, ihe nrite kachasị mma nke Amnesty International, maka idu ndú ya na mmegharị ihu igwe, ya na Fridays for Future.[228][229]
  • Geddes Environment Medal, July 2019, site na Royal Scottish Geographical Society, maka "onyinye dị ịrịba ama, nyocha ma ọ bụ nkwukọrịta maka nchekwa na ichebe gburugburu ebe obibi na mmepe nke nkwado".[230]
    • Honorary Fellowship nke Royal Scottish Geographical Society, July 2019, na-enye Geddes award na-akpaghị aka.[231]
  • Right Livelihood Award, Septemba 2019, site na Right Livelibility Foundation ma mara dị ka Swedish Nobel Prize, otu n'ime ndị mmeri anọ nke 2019, "maka ịkpali na ịkwalite ihe ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị chọrọ maka ime ihe ihu igwe ngwa ngwa na-egosipụta eziokwu sayensị. "[232]
  • Igodo nke obodo Montreal, Septemba 2019, site n'aka Onye isi obodo Montreal Valérie Plante.[69]
  • International Children's Peace Prize, October 2019, ya na Divina Maloum dị afọ iri na anọ si Cameroon, nke KidsRights Foundation nyere.[233]
  • Maphiyata echiyatan hin win (Nwanyị nke si n'eluigwe bịa), aha agbụrụ Lakota nyere, Ọktoba 2019, na Standing Rock Indian Reservation, na-eso nkwado maka mmegide pipeline Dakota Access, mgbe Tokata Iron Eyes, onye Lakota dị afọ iri na isii kpọrọ ya.[234][235]
  • Ihe nrite gburugburu ebe obibi nke Nordic Council, Ọktoba 2019. Thunberg jụrụ ịnabata onyinye ma ọ bụ ego nrite nke DKK 350,000 (€ 47,000 ka ọ na-erule Ọktoba 2019) na-ekwu na mba Nordic anaghị eme ihe zuru ezu iji belata ikuku.[236][237]
  • Time Person of the Year, December 2019, site na magazin Time, onye mbụ natara a mụrụ na senchiri nke iri abuo na otu na onye kachasị nta.[238][239] Maka ihe ịga nke ọma na "mepụta mgbanwe omume zuru ụwa ọnụ, na-agbanwe ọtụtụ nde nchegbu na-edoghị anya, nke etiti abalị n'ime ihe omume zuru ụwa iche na-akpọ maka mgbanwe ngwa ngwa".[240] Na: "N'ihi na ọ na-eme ka egwu banyere mmekọrịta mmadụ na ibe ya na naanị ụlọ anyị nwere, maka iwebata n'ụwa nke kewara ekewa olu nke gafere azụ na ókèala, maka igosi anyị ihe niile ọ nwere ike ịdị ka mgbe ọgbọ ọhụrụ na-eduga. "
  • Glamour Woman of the Year Award 2019, 12 Nọvemba 2019, site na magazin Glamour.[241] Jane Fonda nabatara ya, na-ehota Greta ka ọ na-ekwu "Ọ bụrụ na onye Sweden, onye nọ n'afọ iri na ụma, onye sayensị n'amaghị nke nwere ụlọ ahịa, jụrụ ife efe ma ọ dịghị mgbe ọ na-eyi ihe ntecha ma ọ bụ gaa onye na-edozi isi nwere ike ịhọrọ nwanyị nke Afọ site n'otu n'ime magazin ejiji kachasị ukwuu n'ụwa mgbe ahụ echere m na ọ fọrọ nke nta ka ọ bụrụ na ọ dịghị ihe na-agaghị ekwe omume".[242][243]
  • Nature's 10, 2019, December 2019, ndepụta kwa afọ nke iri "ndị dị mkpa" na sayensị, nke akwụkwọ sayensị Nature mepụtara, kpọmkwem, maka ịbụ "ihe na-akpali ihu igwe: Onye Sweden nọ n'afọ iri na ụma [onye] butere sayensị ihu igwe n'ihu ka ọ na-ebute iwe nke ọgbọ ya".[213]
  • Ndepụta Forbes nke 100 ụmụ nwanyị kachasị ike n'ụwa, 2019
  • Forbes 30 n'okpuru 30 Europe 2020 - Ndị Ọchụnta ego Ọha[244]
  • Human Act Award, na Earth Day, 22 Eprel 2020, site na Human Act Foundation, maka "mgbalị ya na-enweghị egwu na mkpebi siri ike iji mee ka ọtụtụ nde mmadụ gburugburu ụwa lụso mgbanwe ihu igwe ọgụ". E nyere ego mmeri USD100,000 na UNICEF ma jiri okpukpu abụọ mee ka Foundation ahụ gbasaa.[245]
  • Best in Activism (site na Tech & Innovation category) na 12th Shorty Awards, na 3 Mee 2020.[246]
  • Gulbenkian Prize for Humanity, na July 2020, onye mbụ natara onyinye a. Site na ntọala ya, Thunberg nyere ego mmeri otu nde pound "maka ọrụ ebere na-alụso nsogbu ihu igwe na gburugburu ebe obibi ọgụ na ịkwado ndị na-eche mmetụta kachasị njọ ihu, ọkachasị na Global South. "[247]
  • Onyinye Women in Youth Activism na 2021 Women of Europe Awards na 2 Disemba 2021. Ọ natara onyinye ahụ maka "nchịkwa obi ike ya na nkwado maka ikpe ziri ezi nke ihu igwe, mgbanwe mmekọrịta mmadụ na ibe ya na nhazi obodo ndị ntorobịa".[248]
  • Honorary Doctor of Laws (LLD), 31 Mee 2021, nke Mahadum nke British Columbia, Okanagan Campus, nyere maka "nkwado mba ụwa ya maka ịma ndị isi ụwa aka ime ihe ozugbo megide mgbanwe ihu igwe".[249][250][251]

Ụdị ihe ekere eke ndị a kpọrọ aha iji sọpụrụ Thunberg[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

A kọwaala ụdị ndị a ma nye ha aha Greta Thunberg:

  • Nelloptodes gretae, by Michael Darby, Natural History Museum, UK, December 2019, a new species of beetle from Kenya in the family Ptiliidae.[252] Its long antennae bear a passing resemblance to her braided pigtails.[253][254][255]
  • Craspedotropis gretathunbergae, by Schilthuizen et al., 2020, a new species of land snail from Borneo in the family Cyclophoridae.[256]
  • Thunberga greta, in a new genus Thunberga gen nov, both by Peter Jäger, June 2020, a new species of huntsman spider in the family Sparassidae . [257] By 2021 the new Thunberga genus contained twenty-five newly described spiders, all from Madagascar and Mayotte, many in honour of other inspirational young people.[258]young people.
  • Opacuincola gretathunbergae, by Verhaege & Haase, 2021, a new freshwater snail from New Zealand in the family Tateidae.[259]

Ọrụ[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Hụkwa[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

  • Juliana v. United States, ikpe nke ndị ntorobịa 21 megide United States maka imebi ikike ndụ na nnwere onwe ha nke ukwuu, ma na-achọ ịmanye gọọmentị ịnakwere usoro iji belata gas na-ekpo ọkụ.
  • Licypriya Kangujam bụ onye India na-ahụ maka gburugburu ebe obibi ụmụaka
  • Severn Cullis-Suzuki dị ka onye na-eto eto bụkwa onye a ma ama na-ahụ maka gburugburu ebe obibi na 1992

Ọgụgụ ọzọ[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Ebensidee[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

  1. "It's an existential crisis. Listen to scientists", BBC, 23 April 2019.
  2. "'Is my English OK?': Greta Thunberg's blunt speech to UK MPs", SBS News, 25 April 2019.
  3. Nordstrom, Louise. "The Swedish teen holding world leaders accountable for climate change", France 24, 25 January 2019.
  4. Haynes, Suyin. "Students From 1,600 Cities Just Walked Out of School to Protest Climate Change. It Could Be Greta Thunberg's Biggest Strike Yet", 24 May 2019.
  5. Weise, Elizabeth. "'How dare you?' Read Greta Thunberg's emotional climate change speech to UN and world leaders", USA TODAY.
  6. Clark, Roy Peter (15 October 2019). What I learned about writing from reading Greta Thunberg's speech to the U.N.. An analysis of the effectiveness of Thunberg's "How Dare You" speech.
  7. Wallace-Wells, David. "It's Greta's World", Intelligencer, 17 September 2019.
  8. "Greta Thunberg Joins Climate March on Her Last Day in Davos", The New York Times, 24 January 2020.
  9. 9.0 9.1 Watts, Jonathan. "The Greta Thunberg effect: at last, MPs focus on climate change", The Guardian, 23 April 2019.
  10. World's Most Powerful Women. Forbes.
  11. Solsvik, Terje. "Climate activist Thunberg heads growing field of Nobel Peace Prize candidates", Reuters, 26 February 2020.
  12. 12.0 12.1 Read, Rupert. "Opinion: This year's Nobel Peace Prize should've gone to Greta Thunberg", 9 October 2021.
  13. "Greta Thunberg's climate campaign", Arctic Portal, 21 February 2019.
  14. "À 15 ans, elle remet les dirigeants mondiaux à leur place!", Sympatico, 13 December 2018. (in fr)
  15. 15.0 15.1 15.2 15.3 15.4 Àtụ:Cite interview
  16. 16.0 16.1 16.2 16.3 Hattenstone, Simon (25 September 2021). Greta Thunberg: 'I really see the value of friendship. Apart from the climate, almost nothing else matters'.
  17. 17.0 17.1 17.2 Àtụ:Cite AV media
  18. Queally, Jon (19 December 2018). Depressed and Then Diagnosed With Autism, Greta Thunberg Explains Why Hope Cannot Save Planet But Bold Climate Action Still Can. Common Dreams.
  19. "Greta Thunberg's father: 'She is happy, but I worry'", BBC News, 30 December 2019.
  20. 20.0 20.1 20.2 20.3 Crouch, David. "The Swedish 15-year-old who's cutting class to fight the climate crisis", 1 September 2018.
  21. Olsson, Christer. "Det har varit ett helvetiskt år", Expressen, 20 May 2015.
  22. "Greta Thunberg responds to Asperger's critics: 'It's a superpower'", The Guardian, 2 September 2019.
  23. 23.0 23.1 23.2 23.3 23.4 Hattenstone, Simon. "Interview: The transformation of Greta Thunberg", 25 September 2021. “I really see the value of friendship. Apart from the climate, almost nothing else matters”
  24. "Climate crusading schoolgirl Greta Thunberg pleads next generation's case", 5 December 2018.
  25. Watts, Jonathan. "Greta Thunberg, schoolgirl climate change warrior: 'Some people can let things go. I can't'", The Guardian, 11 March 2019. “Her parents were the guinea pigs. She discovered she had remarkable powers of persuasion, and her mother gave up flying, which had a severe impact on her career. Her father became a vegetarian.”
  26. Chiorando, Maria (29 April 2019). Environmentalist Greta Thunberg Made Her Parents Feel Guilty For Eating Meat And Dairy. Archived from the original on 27 September 2019. Retrieved on 25 August 2022.
  27. McGrath, Dominic. "'We thought it was a bad idea': Greta Thunberg's dad says he was worried about her climate activism.", Thejournal.ie, 31 December 2019.
  28. Lambeck, Petra (6 May 2019). 'Scenes From the Heart': Backstory of 16-Year-Old Climate Activist Greta Thunberg.
  29. Thunberg, Greta (2019). Our house is on fire: Greta Thunberg, 16, urges Davos leaders to act on climate. The Guardian. “Our house is on fire. I am here to say, our house is on fire. According to the IPCC we are less than twelve years away from not being able to undo our mistakes”
  30. Pedagogiska priset 2015 – Franska Skolan (sv-SE).
  31. "Läraren Anita fanns där under Gretas tuffa år - och strejkar nu med sin elev", Expressen. (in sv)
  32. Greta's teacher – about the activist's difficult years. Archived from the original on 12 March 2021. Retrieved on 25 August 2022.
  33. Àtụ:Cite interview
  34. "The Guardian view on teenage activists: protesters not puppets", 7 February 2019.
  35. 35.0 35.1 "Greta Thunberg: How one teenager became the voice of the planet", 6 June 2019. “'I want to feel safe', she wrote. 'How can I feel safe when I know we are in the greatest crisis in human history?'”
  36. Lindeque, Brent (5 May 2019). Greta Thunberg: School strike for climate and to save the world!.
  37. Gessen, Masha. "The Fifteen-Year-Old Climate Activist Who Is Demanding a New Kind of Politics", 2 October 2018.
  38. "Time Person Of The Year Is Greta Thunberg", 12 December 2019.
  39. Tait, Amelia. "Greta Thunberg: How one teenager became the voice of the planet", 6 June 2019.
  40. 40.0 40.1 "Start-up used teen climate activist to raise millions: Swedish paper", The Local, 9 February 2019.
  41. Oroschakoff, Kalina. "Teen climate icon used for fundraising without her knowledge", Politico Europe, 11 February 2019.
  42. Thunberg, Greta (2 February 2019). Recently I've seen many rumors….
  43. Carrington, Damian. "'Our leaders are like children', school strike founder tells climate summit", 4 December 2018.
  44. "Deeply unfair to students: Now activist Greta Thunberg seeks postponement of JEE, NEET exams", India Today.
  45. We stand in solidarity with the #FarmersProtest in India..
  46. "Greta Thunberg effigies burned in Delhi after tweets on farmers' protests", The Guardian, 4 February 2021.
  47. "Greta Thunberg faces backlash after 'toolkit' tweet: Key things to know", Deccan Herald, 5 February 2021.
  48. Here's an updated toolkit by people on the ground in India if you want to help.
  49. Farmers Protest In India.
  50. "Greta Thunberg tweets, deletes and then updates farm protest 'toolkit'", 4 February 2021.
  51. Bhasin, Swati. "Greta Thunberg Tweets Toolkit On Farmers' Protest, Deletes, Shares Update", 4 February 2021.
  52. "India's arrest of activist tied to Greta Thunberg's movement sparks outrage", 15 February 2021.
  53. "Greta Thunberg: Are We Running Out Of Time To Save Our Planet?", 7 January 2019.
  54. "Teen tells climate negotiators they aren't mature enough", CNN, 16 December 2018.
  55. Baschuk, Bryce. "Trump to attend Davos as impeachment and Iran concerns loom", Al Jazeera, 14 January 2020.
  56. "French MPs boycott 'apocalypse guru' Thunberg", BBC News, 23 July 2019.
  57. "Greta Thunberg speaks at British parliament", 25 April 2019.
  58. Die Alcolea, Rosa (17 April 2019). Pope Thanks and Encourages Greta Thunberg in Her Commitment to Defend the Environment.
  59. Watts, Jonathan. "Greta Thunberg, schoolgirl climate change warrior: 'Some people can let things go. I can't'", 11 March 2019.
  60. Bershidsky, Leonid. "Greta Thunberg's Other Lesson Is About School", 18 June 2019.
  61. Haynes, Suyin. "Climate Activist Greta Thunberg to Set Sail for the Americas", 29 July 2019.
  62. "Greta Thunberg's yacht due in New York on Tuesday", 26 August 2019.
  63. Thunberg, Greta (18 September 2019). Voices Leading the Next Generation on the Global Climate Crisis.
  64. Àtụ:Cite press release
  65. Countries violate rights over climate change, argue youth activists in landmark UN complaint (24 September 2019).
  66. Information Pack about the Optional Protocol to the Convention on theRights of the Child on a Communications Procedure (OP3 CRC).
  67. Kahn, Brian. "It's Kids vs. the World in a Landmark New Climate Lawsuit", Gizmodo, 23 September 2019.
  68. Lee, Stephen. "Greta Thunberg Leads Young People in Climate Complaint to UN", Bloomberg, 23 September 2019.
  69. 69.0 69.1 "Greta Thunberg "incredibly honoured" to receive key to city of Montreal", Daily Hive, 28 September 2019.
  70. "How big was the global climate strike? 4 million people, activists estimate.", Vox, 22 September 2019.
  71. "'We will not be bystanders': Greta Thunberg tells hundreds of thousands at Montreal climate march", Global News, 27 September 2019.
  72. "Greta Thunberg took a Tesla to Iowa. Here's what she had to say.", 26 November 2019.
  73. Georgiou, Aristos. "Greta Thunberg says Friday climate strike will go on for "as long as it takes" to stir world leaders into action", 12 October 2019.
  74. "Chile cancels global climate summit amid unrest", BBC News, 30 October 2019.
  75. Sengupta, Somini. "Greta Thunberg Sets Sail, Again, After Climate Talks Relocate", The New York Times, 12 November 2019.
  76. "Australian sailing couple and their son come to Greta Thunberg's rescue", 13 November 2019.
  77. Holden, Emily. "Greta Thunberg leaves US with simple climate crisis message: vote", The Guardian, 12 November 2019.
  78. "Greta Thunberg to sail into Lisbon on Tuesday", 2 December 2019.
  79. Corkery, Claire. "Greta Thunberg to arrive in Madrid in time for climate summit", 3 December 2019.
  80. Harvey, Fiona. "Greta Thunberg says school strikes have achieved nothing", The Guardian, 6 December 2019.
  81. Kaminski, Isabella. "'We have achieved nothing': Greta Thunberg urges 'concrete action' during Madrid climate conference", The Independent, 7 December 2019.
  82. Samuel Osborne. "Greta Thunberg to interview David Attenborough in special 'Today' show edition", The Independent, ESI Media, 28 December 2019.
  83. BBC Radio 4 – Best of Today, Today guest edits: Greta Thunberg. BBC Radio 4.
  84. "Bau Australien: Greta Thunberg fordert Siemens zur Aufgabe von Kohle-Projekt auf". (in de)
  85. Readfearn, Graham. "Adani coalmine: Siemens CEO has 'empathy' for environment but refuses to quit contract", The Guardian, 13 January 2020.
  86. Sengupta, Somini. "Greta Thunberg's Message at Davos Forum: 'Our House Is Still on Fire'", The New York Times, 21 January 2020.
  87. Elliott, Larry. "Greta Thunberg tells leaders at Davos to heed global heating science", The Guardian, 21 January 2020.
  88. Àtụ:Cite magazine
  89. "Greta Thunberg meets Malala Yousafzai at Oxford University", 25 February 2020.
  90. Àtụ:Cite press release
  91. "Greta Thunberg regresa a la escuela después de un año", Associated Press, 25 August 2020. (in es)
  92. "What Greta Thunberg did with her year off school", BBC News, 25 August 2020.
  93. Thunberg, Greta (13 March 2020). School strike week 82.
  94. Lawal, Shola. "Coronavirus Halts Street Protests, but Climate Activists Have a Plan", The New York Times, 19 March 2020.
  95. Chan, Emily (21 April 2020). Climate activists are holding virtual protests — here's how you can join in from home.
  96. Tidey, Alice. "Watch: Greta Thunberg calls for climate leaders after Merkel meeting", Euronews, 20 August 2020.
  97. "Thunberg, fellow activists press Merkel over climate action", ABC News.
  98. "'Nothing unique': Greta Thunberg hits out at NZ over climate emergency", Newstalk ZB, 14 December 2020.
  99. 99.0 99.1 "Ardern and Thunberg in spat over climate emergency declaration", Sydney Morning Herald, 14 December 2020.
  100. "James Shaw responds after Greta Thunberg calls out NZ over lack of climate change action", The New Zealand Herald, 14 December 2020.
  101. 'We cannot make it without science': Greta Thunberg says climate experts are being ignored Àtụ:Webarchive, the Guardian, 30 December 2020
  102. "Climate activist Greta Thunberg takes on food industry", Deutsche Welle, 23 May 2021.
  103. Àtụ:Cite tweet
  104. Pattinson, Tom (8 August 2021). Read Greta Thunberg's Vogue Scandinavia cover interview: Greta on activism, Trump and becoming the voice of a generation.
  105. "Greta Thunberg criticizes fast fashion in Vogue Scandinavia", Deutsche Welle, 9 August 2021.
  106. Àtụ:Cite tweet
  107. "Thunberg calls out climate impact of fashion brands in Vogue interview", BBC News, 9 August 2021.
  108. "Greta Thunberg Under Fire for Wearing Wool in 'Vogue' Cover Article – PETA Says Hang Tight!", PETA UK, 17 August 2021.
  109. "'Build back better, blah blah blah': Greta Thunberg mocks Joe Biden and Boris Johnson in climate speech", The Independent, 28 September 2021.
  110. Swedish Climate Activist Greta Thunberg Criticizes World Leaders at Youth Climate Summit - September 29, 2021 (29 September 2021).
  111. 111.0 111.1 111.2 "Greta Thunberg: Activist calls on banks to stop funding climate 'destruction'", BBC News, 29 October 2021.
  112. Bryan, Anna. "COP26: Harry Potter actress Emma Watson hosts panel event, attended by Greta Thunberg, at Glasgow climate change summit", The Scotsman, 4 November 2021.
  113. "Youth activists petition UN to declare 'systemwide climate emergency'", 10 November 2021.
  114. Greta Thunberg hits out at Biden, says it's 'strange' he's considered a leader on climate (29 December 2021).
  115. "Permanent Negative Impact": Activist Greta Thunberg Protests Sweden Mine.
  116. Oroschakoff, Kalina. "Climate icon Greta Thunberg finds that political change is 'complicated'", Politico, 16 April 2019.
  117. Àtụ:Cite interview
  118. Hertsgaard, Mark. "The Climate Kids Are Coming", The Nation, 28 January 2019.
  119. Germanos, Andrea (31 October 2018). 'This Is Our Darkest Hour': With Declaration of Rebellion, New Group Vows Mass Civil Disobedience to Save Planet.
  120. 120.0 120.1 Thunberg, Greta. "'You did not act in time': Greta Thunberg's full speech to MPs", 23 April 2019.
  121. Johnson, Jake (7 June 2019). For 'Challenging Us All to Confront the Realities of the Climate Crisis,' Greta Thunberg and Fridays for Future Movement Win Amnesty's Top Human Rights Award.
  122. "Too much of a Greta thing? Activist urges focus on others", Associated Press, 9 December 2019.
  123. Thunberg, Greta (25 January 2019). I want you to panic: 16-year-old issues climate warning at Davos. Guardian News.
  124. 124.0 124.1 Thunberg, Greta. "'Our house is on fire': Greta Thunberg, 16, urges leaders to act on climate", The Guardian, 25 January 2019.
  125. Caldwell, Christopher. "Opinion | The Problem With Greta Thunberg's Climate Activism", The New York Times, 2 August 2019.
  126. "'It's an existential crisis. Listen to scientists'", BBC News.
  127. (2020) "Don't Call it Climate Populism: on Greta Thunberg's Technocratic Ecocentrism". The Political Quarterly 91 (3): 623–631. DOI:10.1111/1467-923X.12858. 
  128. Germanos, Andrea (29 July 2019). To Deliver 'Fundamental Message' for 'Survival of Future Generations,' Greta Thunberg to Sail Atlantic for Americas.
  129. Carmichael, Lachlan. "Climate activist Thunberg urges EU to double carbon reduction targets", 22 February 2019.
  130. Rankin, Jennifer. "Greta Thunberg tells EU: your climate targets need doubling", 21 February 2019.
  131. "'Hypocrites and greenwash': Greta Thunberg blasts leaders over climate crisis", The Guardian, 9 November 2020.
  132. "Greta Thunberg says EU recovery plan fails to tackle climate crisis", The Guardian, 21 July 2020.
  133. "Thunberg dubs new EU climate law 'a surrender'", EUobserver i, 5 March 2020.
  134. "Greta Thunberg: I'm open to meeting Biden at Cop26 but don't expect much", The Guardian, 12 October 2021.
  135. "Greta Thunberg to march at Glasgow climate protest", 26 October 2021.
  136. 'Cop26 is a failure': Greta Thunberg rallies climate activists in Glasgow. The Guardian (5 November 2021). Link to video of Thunberg's speech
  137. Multiple sources:
  138. "School climate strike children's brave stand has our support", 13 February 2019.
  139. Guterres, António. "The climate strikers should inspire us all to act at the next UN summit", 15 March 2019.
  140. Walls, Jason. "UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres says his generation should have done more on climate change", 13 May 2019.
  141. Bonn, Tess. "Climate change activist: Thunberg 'being the face of this issue terrifies so many people'", The Hill, 24 September 2019.
  142. "Merkel says Greta Thunberg 'drove us' to move on climate change", France 24, 19 July 2019.
  143. Crowe, David. "Morrison warns against 'needless anxiety' after Thunberg climate speech", The Sydney Morning Herald, 25 September 2019.
  144. Moody, Oliver. "World's leaders turn on Greta Thunberg after legal move over carbon emissions", The Times, 26 September 2019.
  145. "French President Emmanuel Macron says Greta Thunberg will 'antagonize societies' after she filed a lawsuit accusing France of inaction on global warming", Business Insider, 24 September 2019.
  146. "Putin: I don't share excitement about Greta Thunberg's U.N. speech", Reuters, 2 October 2019.
  147. "Climate campaigners 'greatest threat' to oil sector: OPEC", 2 July 2019.
  148. Multiple sources:
  149. Àtụ:Cite tweet
  150. Taylor, Derrick Bryson. "Trump Mocks Greta Thunberg on Twitter, and She Jabs Back", The New York Times, 12 December 2019.
  151. "Greta Thunberg mocks Trump over election fraud claims", Deutsche Welle.
  152. "Greta Thunberg mocks Trump's election rage: 'Chill, Donald, chill!'", Global News.
  153. Multiple sources:
  154. "Ativista Greta Thunberg muda descrição no Twitter para 'pirralha' após declaração de Bolsonaro", G1, 10 December 2019. (in pt)
  155. Phillips, Tom (10 December 2019). Greta Thunberg labelled a 'brat' by Brazil's far-right leader Jair Bolsonaro.
  156. 156.0 156.1 Haynes, Suyin. "'Now I Am Speaking to the Whole World.' How Teen Climate Activist Greta Thunberg Got Everyone to Listen", 16 May 2019.
  157. Stracqualursi, Veronica. "Trump again mocks teen climate activist Greta Thunberg", CNN, 13 December 2019.
  158. "Greta Thunberg: Timmermans not doing enough to green EU farm policy", Politico, 30 March 2021.
  159. Waldman, Scott. "Climate Deniers Launch Personal Attacks on Teen Activist", 9 August 2019.
  160. Chakrabortty, Aditya. "The hounding of Greta Thunberg is proof that the right has run out of ideas", 1 May 2019.
  161. Percival, Ash. "Piers Morgan Mocks Greta Thunberg As He Launches Attack On 'Shameless Extinction Rebellion Hypocrites'", Huffington Post, 8 October 2019.
  162. Connolly, Kate. "Germany's AfD turns on Greta Thunberg as it embraces climate denial", 14 May 2019.
  163. Busby, Mattha. "Arron Banks jokes about Greta Thunberg and 'freak yachting accidents'", The Guardian, 15 August 2019.
  164. Hinsliff, Gaby. "How Greta Thunberg became the new front in the Brexit culture war", The Guardian, 17 August 2019.
  165. Gillespie, Nick (2019-09-24). Think Globally, Shame Constantly: The Rise of Greta Thunberg Environmentalism (en-US).
  166. Serhan, Yasmeen. "When the Far Right Picks Fights With a Teen", The Atlantic, 14 August 2021.
  167. Nevett, Joshua. "The Greta effect? Meet the schoolgirl climate warriors", BBC News, 3 May 2019.
  168. Roth, Clare. "Swedish student leader wins EU pledge to spend billions on climate", Reuters, 21 February 2019.
  169. Huggler, Justin. "The Greta effect? Climate takes centre stage in European elections", 19 May 2019.
  170. 170.0 170.1 Henley, Jon. "Five things we have learned from election results across Europe", 27 May 2019.
  171. 2019 European election results – Comparative tool. European Parliament.
  172. Todd, Matthew. "Extinction Rebellion's tactics are working. It has pierced the bubble of denial", 10 June 2019.
  173. Ferguson, Donna. "'Greta effect' leads to boom in children's environmental books", The Guardian, 11 August 2019.
  174. 174.0 174.1 Taylor, Matthew. "US philanthropists vow to raise millions for climate activists", The Guardian, 12 July 2019.
  175. ClimateEmergencyFund.org.
  176. Roberts, David. ""Our bet is paying off": why philanthropists are raising money for climate activists", Vox, 8 October 2019.
  177. Firozi, Paulina. "The Energy 202: Cash, banners and bullhorns: Big philanthropists throw weight behind disruptive climate activists", 12 July 2019.
  178. Vaughan, Adam. "The Year the World Woke up to Climate Change", New Scientist, 18 December 2019, pp. 20–21.
  179. (2021) "The Greta Thunberg Effect: Familiarity with Greta Thunberg predicts intentions to engage in climate activism in the United States". Journal of Applied Social Psychology 51 (4): 321–333. DOI:10.1111/jasp.12737. ISSN 1559-1816. 
  180. "How Greta Thunberg and 'flygskam' are forcing aviation industry to act on climate change", The Local, 9 June 2019.
  181. Henley, Jon. "#stayontheground: Swedes turn to trains amid climate 'flight shame'", 4 June 2019.
  182. Orange, Richard. "Greta Thunberg's train journey through Europe highlights no-fly movement", The Guardian, 26 April 2019.
  183. "What is flygskam? Greta speaks up about 'flight-shaming' - CBBC Newsround".
  184. Timperley, Jocelyn. "Why 'flight shame' is making people swap planes for trains", BBC Future, 10 September 2019.
  185. Sweden Is Shaming People Into Not Travelling By Plane. 10 Daily.
  186. Henley, Jon Henley. "#stayontheground: Swedes turn to trains amid climate 'flight shame'", The Guardian, 4 June 2019.
  187. Morin, Brandi. "Is resource extraction killing Indigenous women?". (in en)"...the company’s logo appeared to depict the rape of teenage climate activist Greta Thunberg."
  188. Beattie, Samantha. "Greta Thunberg Responds To Graphic Sticker Linked To Canadian Oil Company", HuffPost, 1 March 2020.
  189. Local oil and gas company denies responsibility for controversial 'Greta' decal (27 February 2020). “Doug Sparrow tells rdnewsNOW the decal was not made or endorsed by either himself or any employee of his company. He alleges that an unknown third party has posted it to Facebook. Sparrow says he has sent multiple requests to Facebook to have images of the decal removed, but that so far they have not responded.”
  190. Antoneshyn, Alex. "'We will do better': X-Site Energy apologizes for 'Greta' decal", 2 March 2020.
  191. 191.0 191.1 Grozdanic, Sanja (16 December 2019). 5 popular artistic depictions of Greta Thunberg.
  192. "Huge Greta Thunberg mural painted on Bristol wall", BBC News, 31 May 2019.
  193. Gilliver, Liam (16 May 2019). Greta Thunberg on the Cover of Time: 'Now I Am Speaking to the Whole World'. Archived from the original on 30 June 2019. Retrieved on 5 September 2022.
  194. "Meghan Markle puts Sinéad Burke on the cover of Vogue's September issue", The Irish Times, 29 July 2019.
  195. Snapes, Laura. "'Time to rebel': Greta Thunberg adds voice to new song by the 1975", The Guardian, 25 July 2019.
  196. Chuck, Elizabeth. "Greta Thunberg's U.N. speech set to death metal music goes viral", NBC News.
  197. Clear, Source: Crystal. "Greta Thunberg's 'how dare you' speech performed by Megan Washington and Robert Davidson – video", The Guardian, 9 December 2019.
  198. Eede, Christian (10 October 2019). Fatboy Slim plays Greta Thunberg 'Right Here, Right Now' mash-up: Watch.
  199. Make the world Greta again (27 May 2019).
  200. Make The World Greta Again. Vice.
  201. Voices for the Future: climate activism lights up the UN – in pictures (20 September 2019).
  202. Staff (9 January 2020). Climate change activist Greta Thunberg applies to trademark her name. NBC News.
  203. "Greta Thunberg seeks trademarks to prevent commercial misuse", Associated Press, 29 January 2020.
  204. "Pearl Jam, Greta Thunberg paint grim picture of environment's future in 'Retrograde' video", USA TODAY, 14 May 2020.
  205. Bradshaw, Peter. "I Am Greta review – slick yet shallow Thunberg documentary", 16 September 2020.
  206. Ravindran, Manori. "'I Am Greta' Director on Why Greta Thunberg Can Get Audiences Back to Cinemas", SFGate, 6 September 2020.
  207. 207.0 207.1 Ravindran, Manori (4 September 2020). Greta Thunberg Hulu Doc Gets European, North American Theatrical Release (EXCLUSIVE).
  208. Powers, Thom (September 2020). I Am Greta.
  209. I Am Greta movie times near Fairfax, VA (25 October 2020).
  210. "Greta Thunberg statue at Winchester university sparks anger", BBC News, 30 March 2021.
  211. Kanter, Jake. "BBC/PBS Board BBC Studios' Greta Thunberg Documentary Series", Deadline, 15 February 2021.
  212. Climate activist Greta Thunberg wins children's award (4 October 2019).
  213. 213.0 213.1 (2019) "Nature's 10: Ten people who mattered in science in 2019". Nature 576 (7787): 361–372. DOI:10.1038/d41586-019-03749-0. ISSN 0028-0836. PMID 31848484. 
  214. 214.0 214.1 "Belgian university will honour young climate-activist Greta Thunberg", The Belgian Times, 16 May 2019.
  215. "Time's 25 Most Influential Teens of 2018", 7 December 2018.
  216. Greta Thunberg blir Årets unga förebild (sv) (22 November 2018). Archived from the original on 24 November 2018. Retrieved on 5 September 2022.
  217. "16-Year-Old Climate Activist Greta Thunberg Nominated For Nobel Peace Prize", 14 March 2019.
  218. hermesauto. "Nobel Peace Prize nomination for student climate campaigner Greta Thunberg", The Straits Times, 15 March 2019.
  219. Moore, Mark. "Greta Thunberg nominated for Nobel Peace Prize", New York Post, 3 February 2020.
  220. Årets Svenska Kvinna 2019 (sv). Swedish Women's Educational Association (30 March 2019). Archived from the original on 26 September 2019. Retrieved on 5 September 2022.
  221. Torgersen, Hilde. "Greta Thunberg is honored with an environmental award", NRK (TV/Radio/Internet) News Agency, 22 March 2019.
  222. Rachel Carson prisen. Archived from the original on 20 April 2019. Retrieved on 5 September 2022.
  223. dpa, AFP. "Greta Thunberg wins German Golden Camera award", Deutsche Welle, 31 March 2019.
  224. "Swedish Climate Activist Will Use Prize Money from Norway to Sue Norway", The Nordic Page, 24 April 2019.
  225. Àtụ:Cite magazine
  226. Greta Thunberg Winner of the Laudato Si' Prize 2019!. Fundacion Milarepa Chile (19 April 2019).
  227. Saintghislain, Valery (2 September 2019). La rentrée académique de l'UMONS du 10/10/2019 placée sous le signe du développement durable et des 10 ans de la fusion.
  228. Climate activists Greta Thunberg and the Fridays for Future movement honoured with top Amnesty International award. Amnesty International (7 June 2019).
  229. Greta Thunberg and Fridays for Future receive Amnesty International's top honour (16 September 2019).
  230. "Greta wins prestigious Scottish award", The Herald, 12 July 2019.
  231. Honorary Fellowship. Royal Scottish Geographical Society.
  232. Ahlander, Johan. "Climate activist Greta Thunberg wins 'alternative Nobel Prize'", Reuters, 25 September 2019.
  233. Àtụ:Cite press release
  234. "Greta Thunberg, favourite to win Nobel peace prize, honoured at Standing Rock", The Guardian, 9 October 2019.
  235. Hurtado, Daniela. "Swedish climate activist Greta Thunberg visits Standing Rock", KFYR-TV, 8 October 2019.
  236. "Greta Thunberg declined a climate award because the world needs more action, fewer awards", CNN, 29 October 2019.
  237. Agence France-Presse. "'The climate doesn't need awards': Greta Thunberg declines environmental prize", The Guardian, 29 October 2019.
  238. Ali, Safia Samee. "Greta Thunberg is Time's 2019 Person of the Year", NBC News, 11 December 2019.
  239. Knowles, Hannah. "Time 2019 Person of the Year is Greta Thunberg", 11 December 2019.
  240. "Greta Thunberg: Time's Person of the Year 2019", 11 December 2019.
  241. Glamour Women of the Year Awards 2019: The Best Moments (12 November 2019).
  242. Becca Tucker (10 October 2019). Greta Thunberg and 'Shop Stop'. “in her private life Greta practices what she calls "shop stop". It means you don't buy new things unless you absolutely have to. She wears what she already has, or borrows clothes”
  243. Jane Fonda Accepts Award on Greta Thunberg's Behalf.
  244. Greta Thunberg (en).
  245. Gregersen, Jonas (29 April 2020). Human Act Award 2020. Archived from the original on 13 May 2020. Retrieved on 5 September 2022.
  246. BEST IN ACTIVISM (3 May 2020).
  247. Greta Thunberg is the winner of the first Gulbenkian Prize for Humanity (20 July 2020).
  248. Euronews. Greta Thunberg and Angela Merkel triumph at the Women of Europe Awards.
  249. Dr. Bonnie Henry, Greta Thunberg to receive respective honorary degrees from UBC, UBCO. Global News. Archived from the original on 17 July 2022. Retrieved 17 July 2022.
  250. Greta Thunberg, Dr. Bonnie Henry to receive honorary degrees from UBC. University of British Columbia. Archived from the original on 17 July 2022. Retrieved 17 July 2022.
  251. 2021 Honorary Degree Recipients. University of British Columbia. Archived from the original on 17 July 2022. Retrieved 17 July 2022.
  252. Museum scientists described 412 new species this year.
  253. "Greta Thunberg: New beetle named after climate activist", BBC News, 25 October 2019.
  254. (2019) "Studies of Ptiliidae (Coleoptera) in the spirit collection of the Natural History Museum, London, 6: New species and records collected by W.C. Block in Kenya and Uganda, 1964–1965". Entomologist's Monthly Magazine 155 (4): 239–257. DOI:10.31184/M00138908.1554.3999. 
  255. (2019) "Studies of Ptiliidae (Coleoptera) in the Spirit Collection of the Natural History Museum, London, 6: New species and records collected by W.C. Block in Kenya and Uganda, 1964–1965". Entomologist's Monthly Magazine 155 (4): 239–257. DOI:10.31184/M00138908.1554.3999. 
  256. (20 February 2020) "Craspedotropis gretathunbergae, a new species of Cyclophoridae (Gastropoda: Caenogastropoda), discovered and described on a field course to Kuala Belalong rainforest, Brunei". Biodiversity Data Journal 8: e47484. DOI:10.3897/BDJ.8.e47484. PMID 32132859. 
  257. "New spider species named after Greta", France 24, 12 June 2020.
  258. "Greta spiders", BBC Wildlife, May 2021, p. 27.
  259. (18 January 2021) "All-inclusive descriptions of new freshwater snail taxa of the hyperdiverse family Tateidae (Gastropoda, Caenogastropoda) from the South Island of New Zealand". European Journal of Taxonomy (731): 71–96. DOI:10.5852/ejt.2021.731.1205. 
  260. No One Is Too Small to Make a Difference. Penguin Books UK.
  261. "Send us your questions for climate activist Greta Thunberg", 24 May 2019.

Njikọ mpụga[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Find more information on Greta Thunberg by searching Wikipedia's sister projects
Dictionary definitions from Wiktionary
Textbooks from Wikibooks
Quotations from Wikiquote
Source texts from Wikisource
Images and media from Commons
News stories from Wikinews
Learning resources from Wikiversity