Joyce Banda

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Joyce Banda
President of Malawi Joyce Banda (8985928177).jpg
Banda in 2013
4th President of Malawi
[[ Ambassador to Àtụ:CountryPrefixThe]]
In office
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Vice PresidentKhumbo Kachali
Preceded byBingu wa Mutharika
Succeeded byPeter Mutharika
Vice President of Malawi[1]
[[ Ambassador to Àtụ:CountryPrefixThe]]
In office
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PresidentBingu wa Mutharika
Preceded byCassim Chilumpha
Succeeded byKhumbo Kachali
Minister of Foreign Affairs
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In office
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PresidentBingu wa Mutharika
Preceded byGeorge Chaponda
Succeeded byEtta Banda
Minister of Gender, Child Welfare, and Community Service
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In office
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PresidentBingu wa Mutharika
Personal details
Born
Joyce Hilda Ntila

April 12 1950 (1950-04-12) (age 72)
Malemia, Nyasaland
(now Malawi)
Political partyUnited Democratic Front (Before 2004)
Democratic Progressive Party (2004–2010)
People's Party (2011–present)
Spouse(s)Roy Kachale (Before 1981)
Richard Banda
Children5
Alma materColumbus University
Atlantic International University
Royal Roads University

Joyce Hilda Banda (née Ntila ; amụrụ 12 Eprel 1950 [2] ) bụ onye ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị Malawi bụ onye isi ala Malawi site na 7 Eprel 2012 ruo 31 Mee 2014. Banda weghaara ọkwa dịka onye isi ala na-esochi ọnwụ mberede nke Onye isi ala Bingu wa Mutharika . Ọ bụ onye hiwere ma bụrụ onye ndu nke People's Party, otu ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị nke e kere n'afọ 2011. [3] Onye nkuzi na onye na-akwado ikike ụmụ nwanyị, ọ bụ onye minista nke mba ofesi site na 2006 ruo 2009 na osote onye isi ala Malawi site na Mee 2009 ruo Eprel 2012. [4] Ọ rụrụ ọrụ dị iche iche dị ka onye otu nzuko omeiwu na onye minista na-ahụ maka ọdịmma nwoke na nwanyị na ọdịmma ụmụaka tupu ọ ghọọ onye isi ala nke mba Malawi. [5]

Tupu ya arụọ ọrụ na ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị, ọ bụ onye hiwere Joyce Banda Foundation, ọ bụkwa onye tọrọ ntọala National Association of Business Women (NABW), Young Women Leaders Network nakwa Hunger Project.

Banda bụ onye isi ala nke anọ nke Malawi [6] na onye isi ala nwanyị mbụ ya na nwanyị nke abụọ bụrụ onye isi mgbe Elizabeth II gasịrị . Ọ bụ nwanyị nke abụọ ghọrọ onye isi ala na kọntinent Africa, [5] ka Ellen Johnson Sirleaf nke Liberia gasịrị. Ọ bụkwa osote onye isi ala nwanyị mbụ nke mba ahụ. [7] Na June 2014, Forbes kpọrọ President Banda dị ka nwanyị nke iri anọ kachasị ike n'ụwa na nwanyị kachasị ike na Africa. [8] N'October 2014, etinyere ya na ụmụ nwanyị otu narị nke ụlọọrụ BBC . [9]

Ndụ onwe na ezinụlọ[mezie | dezie ebe o si]

A mụrụ Joyce Hilda Ntila [10] na 12 Eprel 1950 na Malemia, obodo dị na mpaghara Zomba nke Nyasaland (ugbu a Malawi). [11] [12] Nna ya bụ onye uwe ojii na-gu egwu brass. Ọ malitere ọrụ ya dị ka odeakwụkwọ ma ghọọ onye a ma ama n'oge ọchịchị aka ike nke Hastings Banda (ha enweghị njikọ). [13]

O nwere asambodo nke ụlọ akwụkwọ Cambridge, nzere bachelọ nke Arts na nkuzi nwata sitere na Mahadum Columbus (ụlọ akwụkwọ agụmakwụkwọ dị anya nke a na-akwadoghị), [7] na nzere bachelọ nke Social Studies na Gender Studies sitere na Mahadum Atlantic International (nke a bụkwa ụlọakwụkwọ mmụta dị anya) na Diploma na Management nke NGO sitere na International Labour Organisation (ILO) Center na Turin, Italy. Ugbu a, ọ na-agụ akwụkwọ maka Master of Arts Degree in Leadership na Royal Roads University na Canada . [14] Ọ nwetara nzere doctorate na 2013 site na Mahadum Jeonju . [15]

Ọ lụrụ Roy Kachale, bụ́ onye ya na ya mụrụ ụmụ atọ. Mgbe ọ dị afọ iri abụọ na ise, ọ biri na Nairobi, Kenya . [16]

Na 1975, otu òtù ụmụ nwanyị na-eto eto na Kenya kpaliri Banda ịkpọrọ ụmụ ya atọ hapụ ihe ọ kọwara dị ka alụmdi na nwunye mkparị. [17] Alụmdi na nwunye ya na Roy Kachele biri na 1981. Ọ lụrụ Richard Banda, onye ọka ikpe Malawi lara ezumike nká, onye ya na ya nwere ụmụ abụọ. [18] [19]

N'agbata 1985 na 1997 Banda jisiri ma guzobe azụmaahịa na otu dị iche iche gụnyere Ndekani Garments (1985), Akajuwe Enterprises (1992), na Kaligidza Bakery (1995). Ihe ịga nke ọma ya kpaliri ya inyere ụmụ nwanyị ndị ọzọ aka inweta nnwere onwe n'ego ma mebie usoro mmegbu na ịda ogbenye.

Ọ bụ nwanne Anjimile Oponyo, onye bụbu onye isi oche nke [20] Raising Malawi Academy for Girls, nke Madonna kwadoro. [21]

Ndụ ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị[mezie | dezie ebe o si]

Ọkwa ọha (1999-2009)[mezie | dezie ebe o si]

Joyce Banda banyere ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị na 1999. Ọ meriri oche ndị omeiwu na ntuli aka onye kwuo uche ya nke atọ nke Malawi dịka onye so na pati President Bakili Muluzi a kpọrọ United Democratic Front . Ọ nọchitere anya mpaghara Zomba Malosa . Muluzi họpụtara ya ka ọ bụrụ onye minista na-ahụ maka okike na ọrụ obodo. [13] Dị ka onye jị ọkwa Minista, ọ lụrụ ọgụ iji wepụta Iwu Ime Ihe Ike n'Ụlọ, nke dara afọ asaa. Ọ haziri National Platform for Action on Orphans and vulnerable children na Zero Tolerance Campaign Against Child Abuse. [22]

N'afọ 2004, a họpụtara ya ọzọ dịka onye otu Muluzi's Party. Bingu wa Mutharika ghọrọ Onye isi ala . N'agbanyeghị na Banda abụghị onye otu ya, Mutharika họpụtara ya ka ọ bụrụ onye minista na-ahụ maka mba ofesi na 2006. Banda kwagara ịgbanwe nnabata Malawi maka ọchịchị ziri ezi nke China site na Republic of China (na Taiwan) gaa na Republic of China na ala; o kwuru na ngbanwe ahụ ga-ewetara Malawi uru akụ na ụba. [13] Na 2010, China rụchara ụlọ omeiwu ọhụrụ na Lilongwe. [23]

Osote onye isi ala (2009-2012)[mezie | dezie ebe o si]

Banda zọrọ ọkwa nke onye osote onye isi dika onye otu nke Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) na ntuli aka onye isi ala nke 2009, na-eso Mutharika, onye ndoro-ndoro ochichi DPP. [24] Ọ rụrụ ọrụ dịka osote onye isi ala nwanyị mbụ Malawi. N'ụzọ dị ịtụnanya nke DPP, a chụrụ Joyce Banda na osote onye isi oche nke abụọ Khumbo Kachali n'ọrụ dị ka osote onye isi oche nke DPP na 12 Disemba 2010 maka mmemme 'megidere Patị ahụ' nke na-enweghị nkọwa. [25] N'ịgbalị ịchụpụ ya, Onye isi ala gara n'ihu na-enye Callista Mutharika ọrụ ndị ọ na-arụbu, bụ onye a gụnyere n'ụlọ ọrụ na September 2011. [26] Ụlọ ikpe gbochiri mbọ Mutharika ịchụ ya dị ka osote onye isi ala n'ihi usoro iwu. Nke a gụnyere ịgbalị ijide ụgbọ ala gọọmentị ya na igbochi ya idebanye aha pati ọhụrụ ya. [27] [28] Na 8 Septemba 2011, a hapụrụ ọrụ osote onye isi ala na ngbanwe nke ụlọ ọrụ. N'agbanyeghị nke a, ọ ka bụ osote onye isi ala nke iwu kwadoro n'ihi na ọ bụ iwu nyere ọkwa ahụ. [26] Onye na-ekwuchitere DPP bụ Hetherwick Ntaba gbara ya ume ka ọ gbaa arụkwaghịm dịka osote onye isi ala.

Banda na 2012

Akụkụ dị na DPP[mezie | dezie ebe o si]

Mmekọrịta dị n'etiti Banda na Onye isi ala Bingu wa Mutharika abụrụla nke na-esiwanye ike n'ihi mgbalị Mutharika gbalịsiri ike idowe nwanne ya nwoke, Peter Mutharika, dị ka onye ga-anọchi ya. [25] N'agbanyeghị na a chụrụ ya n'ọrụ dị ka osote onye isi oche nke DPP yana osote onye isi ala nke abụọ Khumbo Kachali, ọ gara n'ihu na-eje ozi dị ka osote onye isi ala Malawi dị ka e depụtara n'akwụkwọ iwu. [25] Nkwagharị a mere ka arụkwaghịm nke ukwuu dị na DPP, ebe e nwere nguzobe nke netwọk ndị kwadoro nkwado ya ka ọ bụrụ onye isi ala Malawi na nhoputa ndi ochichi nke 2014. [29] Ndị DPP gọrọ agọ na e nwere arụkwaghịm ọtụtụ mmadụ ma kwusie ike na ọ bụ naanị mmadụ ole na ole gbara arụkwaghịm. [29]

People's Party[mezie | dezie ebe o si]

Joyce Banda bụ onye hiwere na onye ndu nke People's Party, nke e guzobere na 2011 mgbe a chụpụrụ Banda na DPP na-achị achị mgbe ọ jụrụ ịkwado nwanne nwanne President Mutharika Peter Mutharika dịka onye ga-anọchi anya onyeisi oche maka ntuli aka 2014. [30] [31]

Onye isi ala (2012 - Mee 2014)[mezie | dezie ebe o si]

Mgbanwe nke ike[mezie | dezie ebe o si]

Na 5 Eprel 2012, Onye isi ala Mutharika nwụrụ. [32] Mgbe ọ nwụsịrị, gọọmentị emeghị ka ọha mara na onye isi ala anwụọla n'oge. Nke a butere egwu nke nsogbu iwu na Malawi . [33] [34] [35]

Agence France-Presse kọrọ akụkọ na onye bụbu onye isi ala Malawi bu Bakili Muluzi na-ekwusi ike na "usoro iwu kwadoro", na-ekwu na osote onye isi ala ga-ewere ikike ozugbo dịka iwu si kwado. “A na m akpọ oku ka e nwee usoro iwu kwadoro, maka udo na ịdị n'otu na-aga n'ihu. Iwu Malawi doro anya na osote onye isi ala na-eweghara ọchịchị" mgbe onye isi oche na-enweghị ike ịchịisi ọzọ. Anyị aghaghị izere ọnọdụ ebe enwere ọgba aghara. Ka anyi soro ihe iwu kwadoro. Anyị enweghị nhọrọ ọzọ ma ọ bụghị ịgbaso ihe dị n'iwu. Ọ dị ezigbo mkpa na udo na ịdị jụụ ga-adịrịrị.” [36] Ndị ọrụ nchekwa Malawi chọkwara ka usoro iwu na-achị. [37] Malawi Law Society kwadoro na n'okpuru ngalaba 83(4) nke akwụkwọ iwu Malawi, ọ bụ ya bụ onye ga-anọchi anya onyeisi ala ahụ.

Na 7 Eprel, ndị otu Malawi chọrọ ka ụlọ ikpe gbochie Banda ịbụ onye isi ala. N'aka nke ya, ọ kpọrọ onyeisi ndị agha, bụ́ General Henry Odillo, na ekwentị ma jụọ ma ọ̀ ga-akwado ya. O kwetara wee mee ka ndị agha guzoro n’ụlọ ya. [38]

Joyce Banda weghaara ọchịchị na 7 Eprel 2012 dị ka Onye isi ala Malawi, nwanyị mbụ na-ejide ọkwa ahụ. [39] Onye ọka ikpe Lovemore Munlo nọrọ dika onye isi oche nke emume a mere na ụlọ omebe iwu dị na Lilongwe . [32] Mgbe ọ ṅụsịrị iyi, Banda rịọrọ maka ịdị n'otu mba. "Achọrọ m ka anyị niile jiri olileanya na mmụọ nke ịdị n'otu wee gaa n'ọdịnihu. . . Enwere m olileanya na anyị ga-eguzo n'otu n'otu, enwere m olileanya na dị ka mba na-atụ egwu Chineke, anyị na-ekwe ka Chineke bịa n'ihu anyị, n'ihi na ọ bụrụ na anyị emeghị otú ahụ, anyị dara ada." [39]

Ndị mgbasa ozi Malawi na mba ụwa kọrọ banyere nraranye Joyce Banda nke ọma. Ha kpọrọ ya mmeri maka ọchịchị onye kwuo uche ya. Akwụkwọ akụkọ Malawi Sunday Times kwuru na nraranye onye isi ala ọhụrụ enyela aka n'ịkwado omenala onye kwuo uche ya na mba ahụ. [6]

Nhọpụta ndị minista na mfu nke ntuli aka onye isi ala 2014[mezie | dezie ebe o si]

Na 26 Eprel 2012, Onye isi ala Banda họpụtara ụlọ ọrụ ya, nke mejupụtara ndị ozi iri abụọ na atọ na ndị osote onye ozi itoolu. O nyere onwe ya ọtụtụ nnukwu ọrụ iji wee jigidesie ike ya dịka onye ndu obodo. [40]

Na 10 Ọktoba 2013, ụbọchị ole na ole ka o si na njem ọ gara na UN lọta, Onye isi ala Joyce Banda chụrụ ụlọ ọrụ ya na-esochi akụkọkasịrị ne Capital Hill Cashgate . [41] [42] Na 15 Ọktọba, ahọpụtara ọkwa ọhụrụ ydịoiche iche ebe nye minista na-ahụ maka ego Ken Lipenga na Mịnịsta na-ahụ maka ikpe ziri ezi Ralph Kasambara ka ewepụrụ na'ọkwa minista ha.

Na May 2014, e meriri Joyce Banda nke ukwuu na ntuli aka nke onye isi ala. Ọ dara na mbọ ọ na-eme imebi ntuli aka ahụ. Ọ gaghị ememe ndọnye n'oche nke onye meriri, Peter Mutharika, mana ọ kelere ya. [43] Ọ biri na mpụga Malawi malite na 2014. Ekwuputara akwụkwọ ikike maka ijide ya n'ihe metụtara nrụrụ aka n'oge ọ na-arụ ọrụ dịka onye isi ala na 31 Julaị 2017, n'agbanyeghị na ọ nọgidere na mpụga obodo ahụ. [44] Ọ gọrọ agọ maka ebubo ahụ ma kwuo na ya ga-alọghachi izara ọnụ ya. [45]

Mmekọrịta mba ụwa[mezie | dezie ebe o si]

N'oge ọchịchị Mutharika, Malawi batara n'ọnọdụ akụ na ụba dara ogbenye n'ihi ọnọdụ mmekọrịta mba ọzọ n'okpuru ọchịchị Mutharika . N'ime afọ ikpeazụ nke ọchịchị Mutharika, Britain, United States, Germany, Norway, European Union, World Bank, na African Development Bank kwụsịrị enyemaka ego. Ha ekwupụtala nchegbu gbasara mbuso agha Mutharika busoro ọchịchị onye kwuo uche ya n'ime mba ahụ yana atumatu ya na-esiwanye ike. Na March 2012, Mutharika gwara ndị mba ọzọ na-enye onyinye ka ha "gaa hell." O boro ha ebubo na ha na-akpa nkata iwetu ọchịchị ya. [46] Otu n'ime ihe ịma aka Banda dị ka onye isi ala bụ iweghachi mmekọrịta mba ụwa na ndị na-enye onyinye. O nwekwara ihe ịma aka nke iweghachi mmekọrịta Malawi na mba ndị gbara ha gburugburu dị ka Mozambique, na mpaghara mba ndị ọzọ dịka Botswana .

N'ime izu mbụ nke onye isi ala ya, Banda malitere mbuso agha ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị iji mezie mmekọrịta mba ụwa nke Malawi. [47] Ọ gwara Henry Bellingham nke Ọfịs Ofesi nke United Kingdom okwu. O mesiri ya obi ike na a ga-eziga onye nnọchi anya Britain ọhụrụ "n'ime obere oge enwere ike." Ọ gwara odeakwụkwọ mba Amerịka bụ Hillary Clinton okwu. Clinton kwere nkwa ịmaliteghachi mkparịta ụka na onyinye nke nde dọla narị atọ na iri ise ozugbo enwere ike. Banda kwuputara atụmatụ ya ịgwa Baroness Ashton nke ụlọ ọrụ mba ofesi nke European Union na onye nnọchi anya IMF nke Malawi, Ruby Randall. Ya na onye isi ala Zambia Michael Sata enyekwara aka maka ịmaliteghachi mmekọrịta chiri anya. [47] Opekempe n'otu akụkụ iji mee ka ndị na-enye onyinye nwee obi ụtọ, nchịkwa Banda jụkwara na June 2012 ịnabata nzukọ ndị Africa Union nke July n'ihi na AU siri ọnwụ na a ga-enye onye isi ala Sudan Omar al-Bashir mmesi obi ike na Malawi ga-ajụ inye ya akwụkwọ ikike ijide nke ụlọ ikpe mpụ mba ụwa dere megide ya; ndị Cabinet kpebiri na ha agaghị anabata ọnọdụ ndị dị otú ahụ. [48] Onye isi ala Banda bu onye Forbes kpọrọ dịka nwanyị nke iri anọ kachasị ike n'ụwa, aha Africa kachasị elu na ndepụta ahụ. [8]

Amụma ụlọ[mezie | dezie ebe o si]

Emebere ọkọlọtọ Malawi na 1964 ma ndị omeiwu gụgharịrị ya na 2012.
Ọkọlọtọ 2010–2012 na-ewughi ewu nke Malawi

Na 18 Mee 2012, Banda kwupụtara ebumnuche ya ịkagbu mmachibido iwu Malawi nke nwoke idina nwoke. Ekwuru na okwu a nwere nkwado nke ọtụtụ ndị omeiwu. Ọ bụrụ na ọ gaa nke ọma, ọ ga-eme Malawi mba Africa nke abụọ kwadoro mmekọ nwoke na nwoke nakwa mmekọ nwanyị na nwanyị n'iwu kemgbe 1994. [49] Amnesty International kọrọ na mbido Nọvemba 2012 na Malawi akwụsịla iwu ndị na-emegide nwoke idina nwoke na-echere ntuli aka. [50]

Na ndụmọdụ nke International Monetary Fund, na May 2012 Banda wedara Malawi kwacha, ihe Mutharika jụrụ ime. Nkwuwapụta nke mbelata kwacha site na pasent iri atọ na atọ megide dọla nke mba United Steeti, mgbalị iji nweta ego ndị nyere onyinye, kpalitere "ịzụta ihe nke ụjọ" na obodo Malawi, BBC News kọrọ. [51]

Mgbe ọ ghọrọ Onye isi ala, Banda kpebiri ire ụgbọ elu onye isi ala ma nye onyinye nke pasent iri atọ nke ụgwọ ọnwa ya iji wee mee ka kansul Malawi maka Ndị Nkwarụ rite uru ahụ. [5] Otú ọ dị, ego e nwetara n'ahịa ụgbọ elu ahụ bu nke edetughi. Nkọwa nke Joyce Banda nyere bụ na e resịrị ụgbọ elu ahụ nye ụlọ ọrụ ngwá agha dị na South Africa bụ ndị Gọọmenti Malawi ji ụgwọ dị ukwuu na ya mere eji ụgbọ elu ahụ kwụọ ụgwọ a. Ọnweghị akwụkwọ ma ọ bụ ihe akaebe ewepụtara iji kwado nzọrọ ahụ. [52] Na 17 Jenụwarị 2013, ọtụtụ puku ndị Malawi mere mkpesa na Blantyre megide ịrị elu nke ihe a na-ere n'ahia mgbe Banda na onye isi IMF Christine Lagarde, gbachitere ọnụ ahịa kwacha ma kwuo na ọ gaghị atụgharị mkpebi ahụ. [53] [54]

Atụmatụ nke onye isi ala[mezie | dezie ebe o si]

Onye isi ala Banda egosila nkwụsi ike na ahụike nne na ikike ịmụ nwa, ọkachasị site na nkwado ya maka ịbụ nne nwere nchekwa na Malawi. O gosiputara nkwado ya site na iguzobe atụmatụ Presidential Initiative on Health Maternal and Safe Motherhood. N'ime naanị afọ abụọ, atụmatụ a gosipụtara mbelata nke ọnụọgụ ọnwụ nke nne site na ọnwụ narị isii na ịrị asaa na ise n'ime otu narị puku dị ndụ ruo ọnwụ narị anọ na ịrị isii n'ime otu narị puku ọmụmụ dị ndụ. [5]

Ọkọlọtọ[mezie | dezie ebe o si]

Mgbe gọọmentị Mutharika gbanwere ọkọlọtọ na 2010, enwere mmegide ọha. Ọtụtụ otu na-agbagha izi ezi nke ọkọlọtọ ahụ. Na 28 Mee 2012, Banda duuru ndị omeiwu nke mba ahụ ịtụ vootu ka eweghachi ọkọlọtọ ahụ n'ọkọlọtọ nnwere onwe ya, nke ewepụtara na 1964. Ndị otu niile, ma ewezuga DPP, kwadoro ịlaghachi na ọkọlọtọ nnwere onwe. [55]

Ndụ ya mgbe o rituru n'ọkwa onye isi ala[mezie | dezie ebe o si]

Banda nọrọ na mmapu nke onwe ya na mba United Steeti dị ka onye ama ama na Woodrow Wilson Center na Center for Global Development ruo afọ atọ, tupu ịlaghachi na Malawi na 2018. [56] Ka ọ dị ugbu a, ọ nweghị ebubo e boro Banda n'ihu ọha.

Banda banyere nhoputa ndi ochichi nke 2019 dika onye ndoro-ndoro ochichi ndi mmadu, ma wepu onwe ya n'ịzọ ọkwa ahụ onwa abuo tupu ntuli aka; [57] o mechara kwado onye ndoro-ndoro ochichi mmegide Lazarus Chakwera. [58] [59] Ka a kagburu ntuli aka onye isi ala nke 2019, ọ kwadoro Chakwera ọzọ na mmeghari nke afọ 2020 . Akpọrọ nwa Banda Roy Kahele-Banda ka ọ bụrụ onye minista nke ụlọ ọrụ na ọchịchị Chakwera.

Joyce Banda Foundation[mezie | dezie ebe o si]

Tupu ọ bụrụ osote onye isi ala, ọ bụ onye hiwere ma bụrụkwa onye isi oche nke Joyce Banda Foundation . [60] maka agụmakwụkwọ ka mma, ntọala ọrụ ebere na-enyere ụmụaka Malawi na ụmụ mgbei aka site na agụmakwụkwọ. Ọ bụ nchịkọta nke ụlọ akwụkwọ praịmarị na nke sekọndrị na mpaghara Chimwankhunda nke Blantyre . Ọ gụnyere ebe nlekọta ụmụ mgbei nke nwere ebe isii na ụmụaka narị isii. Ọ na-enyere obodo ndị gbara ya gburugburu aka site n'inye ụmụ nwanyị iri anọ na otu ndị ntorobịa iri obere kredit. O nyere ihe karịrị ndị ọrụ ugbo pụkụ iri mkpụrụ maka ọkụkọ ugbo ma nyekwa onyinye ndị ọzọ. Ntọala ahụ arụọla ụlọọgwụ anọ n'ime obodo anọ n'ime obodo narị abụọ ndi ọ na-enyere aka. Ntọala ahụ na-enyekwa aka na mmepe ime obodo. O nwere mmekorita ya na Jack Brewer Foundation, ntọala mmepe zuru ụwa ọnụ nke NFL star, Jack Brewer hiwere.

Òtù Ụmụ nwanyị Azụmahịa Mba[mezie | dezie ebe o si]

Banda bụ onye guzobere National Association of Business Women na Malawi nke e hiwere n'afọ 1990. Ọ bụ ntọala anaghị akwụ ụgwọ edebanyere aha ya na Malawi. [61] Otu a bu n'obi ibupụ ụmụ nwanyị n'ime ịda ogbenye site n'ịkwalite ikike ha na inye ha ike n'ụzọ akụ na ụba. [62] Nke a bụ njikọ mmekọrịta nke ụmụ nwanyị pụkụ ịrị atọ, nke raara onwe ya nye ịkwado azụmahịa ụmụ nwanyị na ịkwado ụmụ nwanyị chọrọ isonye na azụmahịa. Ihe omume ya gụnyere ọzụzụ azụmaahịa, ọzụzụ teknụzụ, idekọ ndekọ na nka njikwa. [62] Ha na-arụ ọrụ n'ịmepụta mkparịta ụka na ndị na-eme iwu iji mee ka atumatu dị mma nye ndị inyom na-azụ ahịa. [63] Onye isi ya ugbu a bụ Mary Malunga. [63] Ntọala ahụ enweela mmekorita ya na ụlọọrụ di na mba Netherlands a kpọrọ Humanist Institute for Development Cooperation ( Hivos ) na Hague kemgbe 2003. [62]

Atụmatụ ọdịmma mmadụ na mmepe[mezie | dezie ebe o si]

Banda etinyela aka n'ọtụtụ ọrụ ntọala ya na ụmụ nwanyị kemgbe ọ dị afọ iri abụọ na ise iji weta mgbanwe amụma, ọkachasị na agụmakwụkwọ. Ọ tọrọ ntọala Joyce Banda Foundation for Better Education. Ọ tọrọ ntọala Network Young Women Leaders Network, National Association of Business Women nakwa amụma Hunger Project na Malawi. Enyere ya (ya na Onye isi ala Joaquim Chissano nke Mozambique) ihe nrite n'afọ 1997 nke Africa Prize for Leadership for the Sustainable End of Hunger n'ihi Hunger Project, otu na-abụghị nke gọọmentị di na New York. O ji ego nrite nyere aka wuo ntọala Joyce Banda maka ụmụaka. N'afọ 2006, ọ natara ihe nrite mba ụwa maka ahụike na ugwu ụmụ nwanyị maka nraranye ya n'ikike ụmụ nwanyị Malawi sitere n'aka ndị Americans for United Nations Population Fund.

Ọ jere ozi dị ka onye kọmishọna maka "Ịmekọrịta Ụwa e Kewara" n'akụkụ ndị mmadụ dị ka Bishop Desmond Tutu, nakwa onye komishona nke United Nations Commissioner Human Rights, Mary Robinson. Banda bụkwa onye so na bọọdụ ndụmọdụ maka agụmakwụkwọ na Washington DC, yana na bọọdụ ndụmọdụ maka Federation of World Peace and Love in Taiwan (China). [64]

Dịka akụkụ nke mmegharị gọọmentị na Ọktoba 2012, Banda belatara pasent iri atọ n'ụgwọ ọnwa ya. O kwuputakwara na a ga-ere ụgbọ elu onyeisiala.

Kansụl ndị isi ụwa maka ahụike ịmụ nwa[mezie | dezie ebe o si]

Na 2010, Banda ghọrọ onye otu Global Leaders Council for Reproductive Health, [65] otu ndị nọ ọdụ iri na isii na ndị bụbu ndị isi ala, ndị na-eme iwu dị elu na ndị isi ndị ọzọ kwadoro ịkwalite ahụike ọmụmụ maka mmepe na ọganihu na-adịgide adịgide. [65] Onye isi oche nke otu a bụ onye bụbụ onye isi ala nke Ireland Mary Robinson, ndị isi a na-achọ ịchịkọta ọchịchọ ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị na ego dị mkpa iji nweta ohere zuru ụwa ọnụ maka ahụike ọmụmụ site na 2015 - isi ihe mgbaru ọsọ UN Millennium Development Goals. [65]

Otuto[mezie | dezie ebe o si]

Ihe nrite mba[mezie | dezie ebe o si]

  • Nwanyị nke Afọ, Malawi, 1997
  • Nwanyị nke Afọ, Malawi, 1998 [64]
  • Nyasa Times Multimedia 'Onye nke Afọ', 2010 [66]

Ihe nrite mba ụwa[mezie | dezie ebe o si]

  • Martin Luther King Drum Major Award, 2012, Washington DC[67]
  • Legends Award for Leadership, 2012, Greater African Methodist Episcopal Church[68]
  • Women of Substance Award, 2010, African Women Development Fund[69]
  • Africa Prize for Leadership for the Sustainable End of Hunger, 1997, Hunger Project of NY[64]
  • International award for entrepreneurship development, 1998, Africa Federation of Woman Entrepreneurs and Economic Commission for Africa (ECA)[64]
  • 100 Heroines award, 1998, Rochester, New York[64]
  • Certificate of Honors, 2001, Federation of World Peace and Love, Taiwan, Republic of China[64]

Nkwanye ugwu[mezie | dezie ebe o si]

  • Nwanyị kachasị ike n'ụwa 2014, Magazin Forbes - ọkwa onye nke iri anọ [8]
  • Nwanyị kachasị ike n'ụwa 2013, Magazin Forbes - ọkwa onye nke iri anọ na asaa.
  • Nwanyị kachasị ike n'ụwa 2012, Magazin Forbes - ọkwa onyeotu.e iri asaa na otu
  • Nwanyị kachasị ike na Africa 2012, Magazin Forbes - ọkwa onye nke mbu.
  • Nwanyị kachasị ike na Africa 2011, Magazin Forbes - ọkwa onye nke atọ.

Hụkwa[mezie | dezie ebe o si]

  • Nsogbu n'usoro iwu Malawi 2012
  • Ndepụta nke ndị otu National Assembly nke Malawi ugbu a

Ọgụgụ ọzọ[mezie | dezie ebe o si]

  • Kim Yi Dionne, Boniface Dulani (January 2013). "Constitutional provisions and executive succession: Malawi's 2012 transition in comparative perspective". African Affairs 112 (446): 111–137. DOI:10.1093/afraf/ads067. 

Ebensidee[mezie | dezie ebe o si]

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  9. Who are the 100 Women 2014?. BBC (26 October 2014).
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  13. 13.0 13.1 13.2 Mponda (6 April 2012). Joyce Banda poised for Malawi presidency. Google hosted news: AFP. Retrieved on 20 April 2012.
  14. The President's Profile. Archived from the original on 12 November 2012.
  15. Korean University honour Malawi President: Now Dr. Joyce Banda.
  16. Sigei (15 April 2012). "How Nairobi shaped future president". Sunday Nation. Retrieved on 15 April 2012. 
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  21. Fekadu (13 April 2012). "Madonna: I'm happy Joyce Banda is Malawi's leader". Boston Globe. Retrieved on 17 April 2012. 
  22. Kpọpụta njehie: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named unfpa
  23. China hands over new parliament building to Malawi. People's Daily Online, English. Xinhua (22 May 2010). Retrieved on 22 April 2012.
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  27. Archived copy. www.maravipost.com. Archived from the original on 31 May 2020. Retrieved on 13 January 2022.
  28. Archived copy. Archived from the original on 7 June 2014. Retrieved on 11 September 2011.
  29. 29.0 29.1 Error on call to Template:cite web: Parameters url and title must be specified. Archived from the original on 20 December 2010. Retrieved on 18 December 2010.
  30. Jomo, Frank. (13 December 2010) Malawi’s Vice President Joyce Banda Expelled From Ruling Party. Bloomberg. Retrieved 10 April 2012.
  31. Error on call to Template:cite web: Parameters url and title must be specified. Archived from the original on 15 May 2011. Retrieved on 22 July 2011.
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Njikọ mpụga[mezie | dezie ebe o si]

Àtụ:S-start Àtụ:S-off Àtụ:S-bef Àtụ:S-ttl Àtụ:S-aft |- Àtụ:S-bef Àtụ:S-ttl Àtụ:S-aft |- Àtụ:S-bef Àtụ:S-ttl Àtụ:S-aft Àtụ:S-end