Augusta Savage

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Augusta Savage
Mmádu
ụdịekerenwanyị Dezie
mba o sịNjikota Obodo Amerika Dezie
aha n'asụsụ obodoAugusta Savage Dezie
Aha enyereAugusta, Christine Dezie
aha ezinụlọ yaSavage Dezie
ụbọchị ọmụmụ ya29 Febụwarị 1892 Dezie
Ebe ọmụmụGreen Cove Springs Dezie
Ụbọchị ọnwụ ya26 Maachị 1962, 1962 Dezie
Ebe ọ nwụrụNew York City Dezie
Dị/nwunyeRobert Lincoln Poston Dezie
asụsụ ọ na-asụ, na-ede ma ọ bụ were na-ebinye akaBekee Dezie
Ọrụ ọ na-arụonye na-akpụ ihe ọkpụkpụ, onye na-akwado ikike mmadụ, omenkà Dezie
ebe agụmakwụkwọAcadémie de la Grande Chaumière, Cooper Union Dezie
Ebe obibiHarlem Dezie
Ebe ọrụNew York City, Paris, Saugerties Dezie
agbụrụNdi Afrika nke Amerika Dezie
IjeHarlem Renaissance Dezie
Onye òtù nkeNational Association of Women Artists Dezie
ụdịportrait Dezie
Ihe nriteFlorida Artists Hall of Fame Dezie
ikike nwebiisinka dị ka onye okikeỌrụ nwebiisinka chekwara Dezie
omenkà faịlụ naSmithsonian American Art and Portrait Gallery Library, Frick Art Reference Library, Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture Dezie
Augusta Savage, H-HNR - 20 - 87. jpg

Augusta Savage (amụrụ Augusta Christine Fells; n'ọnwa Febụwarị 29, afọ 1892 - Maachị 27, 1962) bụ onye Amerịka na-akpụ ihe na Harlem Renaissance.[1] Ọ bụkwa onye nkuzi nke ụlọ ọrụ ya dị mkpa maka ọrụ nke ọgbọ ndị na-ese ihe ga-abụ ndị ama ama na mba. Ọ rụrụ ọrụ maka ikike nhata maka ndị Afrịka Amerịka na nka.[2]

Mmalite Ndụ[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

A mụrụ Augusta Christine Fells na Green Cove Springs (n'akụkụ Jacksonville), Florida n'ọnwa Febụwarị 29, n'afọ 1892, nyere Edward Fells, onye ozi Methodist, na Cornelia Murphy.[3] Augusta malitere ime ihe oyiyi mgbe ọ bụ nwata, ọtụtụ n'ime obere anụmanụ site na ụrọ uhie nke obodo ya, Green Cove Springs, Florida.[1] Nna ya bụ onye ozi Methodist dara ogbenye nke megidere mmasị nwa ya nwanyị na nka. "Nna m na-aracha m ugboro anọ ma ọ bụ ise n'izu," Savage chetara n'otu oge, "ma ọ fọrọ nke nta ka ọ bụrụ na ọ pịa pụrụ m nka niile. "[4] Nke a bụ n'ihi na o kwenyere na ihe ọkpụkpụ ya bụ omume mmehie, n'ihi nkọwa ya nke akụkụ "ihe oyiyi a pịrị apị" nke Bible.[5] Ọ nọgidesiri ike, onye isi ụlọ akwụkwọ sekọndrị ọhụrụ ya na West Palm Beach, ebe ezinụlọ ya kwagara na 1915, gbara ya ume ma nye ya ohere ịkụzi klas ụrọ.[6] Nke a malitere nkwa ndụ ya niile maka izi ihe yana ịmepụta nka.

Augusta Savage na ihe ọkpụkpụ, 1938

N'afọ 19


1907, mgbe ọ dị afọ iri na ise, Augusta Fells lụrụ John T. Moore; ha abụọ nwere nwa nwanyị, Irene Connie Moore, onye amụrụ n'afọ sochirinụ.[7] John nwụrụ obere oge mgbe nke ahụ gasịrị.[6] Na 1915, mgbe ọ kwagara West Palm Beach, ọ zutere ma lụọ James Savage; ọ nọgidere na-enwe aha Savage n'oge ndụ ya niile ọbụna mgbe ha abụọ gbara alụkwaghịm na mbido 1920s.[8][9][6][7] Na 1923 Savage lụrụ Robert Lincoln Poston, onye na-akwado Garvey.[10] Poston nwụrụ n'ihi ọrịa oyi n'ahụ n'ime ụgbọ mmiri mgbe ọ na-alọta Liberia dịka akụkụ nke Universal Negro Improvement Association na ndị nnọchi anya African Communities League na 1924.

Agụmakwụkwọ na mmalite ọrụ[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

AugustaSavage.jpg

Savage gara n'ihu na-eme ihe ngosi ụrọ, na 1919 e nyere ya ụlọ ntu na Palm Beach County Fair ebe e nyere ya ihe nrite $ 25 na akwa maka ihe ngosi mbụ.[6] N'ịgbaso ihe ịga nke ọma a, ọ chọrọ ọrụ maka ọrụ na Jacksonville, Florida, tupu ọ gawa New York City na 1921.[6] O ji akwụkwọ ozi ndụmọdụ sitere n'aka onye ọrụ Palm Beach County Fair George Graham Currie maka onye na-akpụ ihe Solon Borglum na $ 4.60. Mgbe Borglum chọpụtara na ọ pụghị ịkwụ ụgwọ akwụkwọ na School of American Sculpture, ọ gbara ya ume itinye akwụkwọ na Cooper Union, ụlọ akwụkwọ na-ahụ maka agụmakwụkwọ, na New York City ebe a nabatara ya na Ọktoba 1921.[1] A họpụtara ya n'ihu ụmụ nwoke 142 ndị ọzọ nọ na ndepụta ichere.[11] Ikike ya na ikike ya masịrị Cooper Union Advisory Council ma nye ya ego ndị ọzọ maka ụlọ na osisi mgbe ọ tụfuru nkwado ego nke ọrụ ya dị ka onye na-elekọta ụlọ.[6] Site na 1921 ruo 1923, ọ gụrụ akwụkwọ n'okpuru onye na-akpụ ihe George Brewster . Ọ gụsịrị akwụkwọ ogo afọ anọ n'ime afọ atọ.[3]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Farrington (2005). Creating Their Own Image: The History of African-American Women Artists. New York: Oxford University Press, Inc., 100. ISBN 0-19-516721-X. 
  2. Frederick (2016-01-14). Black Women Artists: Augusta Savage. The New York Public Library. Retrieved on 2018-03-24.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Augusta Savage.
  4. Augusta Savage | Smithsonian American Art Museum (en). americanart.si.edu. Retrieved on 2017-03-11.
  5. Heller (1995). North American Women Artists of the Twentieth Century. New York: Garland, 490. ISBN 0-8240-6049-0. 
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5 Kalfatovic (2000). Savage, Augusta (1892–1962), sculptor (in en). DOI:10.1093/anb/9780198606697.article.1700783. ISBN 978-0-19-860669-7. Retrieved on 23 May 2021. 
  7. 7.0 7.1 (2002) Black stars of the Harlem Renaissance, James Haskins, New York: Wiley. ISBN 0-471-46263-2. OCLC 52323492. 
  8. Florida State Division of Cultural Affairs http://dos.myflorida.com/cultural/programs/florida-artists-hall-of-fame/augusta-savage/
  9. 1920 US Census, taken January 17–19, for 916 Banyan Street, West Palm Beach, Florida: James Savage, 25, born Florida, occupation Chauffeur for Private Family; Augusta Savage, 27, born Florida, occupation Laundress for Private Family; Irene Moore, 12.
  10. Ancestry.com shows Florida Divorce Index dated 1941 for James Savage from Augusta, in Palm Beach County.
  11. Palmer (2006). Encyclopedia of African-American Culture and History, 2nd, Detroit: illian Reference, USA. ISBN 978-0-02-865816-2.