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Obodo Benin

Shí Wikipedia, njikotá édémédé nke onyobulạ
Kazaure
ama ukwu
Oge/afọ mmalite1899 Dezie
mba/obodoNaijiria Dezie
isi obodo nkeȮra Edo Dezie
dị na ngalaba nhazi mpagharaȮra Edo Dezie
dị na mpaghara ogeUTC+01:00 Dezie
nhazi ọnọdụ6°19′3″N 5°36′52″E Dezie
Map

Obodo Benin bụ isi obodo na obodo kachasị ukwuu na Edo Steeti, Nigeria. Ọ bụ obodo nke anọ kachasị ukwuu na Naịjirịa dịka ọnụ ọgụgụ afọ 2006 si dị, mgbe Lagos, Kano, na Ibadan gasịrị, na atụmatụ ndị bi na ya dị ihe dị ka 1,500,000 ka ọ na-erule afọ 2016.[1] Ọ dị ihe dị ka kilomita 40 (25mi ) n'ebe ugwu nke Osimiri Benin na kilomita 320 (200 mi) site n'okporo ụzọ n'ebe ọwụwa anyanwụ Lagos. Benin City bụ etiti ụlọ ọrụ rọba nke Naịjirịa, mmepụta mmanụ bụkwa ọrụ dị mkpa na obodo Benin.[2]

Obodo a bụ ebe obibi kachasị mkpa nke alaeze Edo nke Benin, nke nwere ọganihu n'oge narị afọ nke 13 ruo 19. Ọ nwere mmekọrịta azụmahịa dị mkpa na Portugal n'ime narị afọ ndị gara aga tupu e jide ha, chụpụ ha ma kpọọ ya ọkụ na 1897 site na njem ntaramahụhụ nke Britain. Ọtụtụ ihe akpụrụ akpụ nke di ka ọla nchara di na Obodo Benin, nke a na-akpọ Benin Bronzes na Bekee, bụ ndị Britain ndị sochiri mmeri ha site n'iji nwayọọ nwayọọ na-achịkwa mpaghara ahụ zuru ya, n'ikpeazụ na-etinye mpaghara ahụ n'ime Naịjirịa.[3]

Akụkọ ihe mere eme[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Ndị Edo[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Dị ka ọdịnala si kwuo, ndị mbụ na ndị guzobere Alaeze Ukwu Ẹdo na ndị Ẹdo na mbụ bụ ndị ọchịchị Oyo (Oduduwa nwa Oranmiya) bụ ndị kpọrọ ala ha Igodomigodo. [Tinye edensibịa]Igodo, Ogiso mbụ, nwere mmetụta dị ukwuu ma nweta iwu ewu dị ka ezigbo onye ọchịchị. Ọ nwụrụ ọ chịchara ogologo oge ma Ere, nwa ya nwoke nke okenye, nọchiri ya. Agha maka ike malitere n'oge na-adịghị anya n'etiti nwunye Ogiso ikpeazụ na nwa eze Ekaladerhan si Ife, nwa Ogiso ikpeazụ. Nwunye nna ya megidere Prince Ekaladerhan ma maa ya ikpe ọnwụ. Otú ọ dị, ndị ikom ahụ e zigara igbu ya tọhapụrụ ya na Ughoton. Nwa eze a chụgara n'ala ọzọ gara ebe ọ gbanwere aha ya ka ọ bụrụ Izoduwa, nke pụtara "Enwetara m ọganihu". Ọ bụ n'oge a nke ọgba aghara na Benin ka ndị okenye, nke Chief Oliha du, malitere ịchọ Prince Ekaladerhan a chụpụrụ achụpụ nke ndị Ife na-akpọ Oduduwa ugbu a.[4]

Climate data for Benin City
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 34.4
(93.9)
36.1
(97.0)
36.1
(97.0)
35.6
(96.1)
35.0
(95.0)
33.3
(91.9)
31.7
(89.1)
31.1
(88.0)
32.8
(91.0)
32.8
(91.0)
34.4
(93.9)
34.4
(93.9)
36.1
(97.0)
Average high °C (°F) 31.9
(89.4)
33.3
(91.9)
33.0
(91.4)
32.4
(90.3)
31.6
(88.9)
29.9
(85.8)
27.9
(82.2)
27.9
(82.2)
28.8
(83.8)
30.3
(86.5)
31.8
(89.2)
32.0
(89.6)
30.9
(87.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) 25.8
(78.4)
26.7
(80.1)
26.7
(80.1)
26.4
(79.5)
25.9
(78.6)
24.9
(76.8)
23.8
(74.8)
23.7
(74.7)
24.3
(75.7)
25.0
(77.0)
25.9
(78.6)
25.7
(78.3)
25.4
(77.7)
Average low °C (°F) 21.4
(70.5)
22.1
(71.8)
22.6
(72.7)
22.6
(72.7)
22.6
(72.7)
21.9
(71.4)
21.6
(70.9)
21.2
(70.2)
21.8
(71.2)
21.8
(71.2)
22.1
(71.8)
21.2
(70.2)
21.9
(71.4)
Record low °C (°F) 12.8
(55.0)
13.3
(55.9)
18.3
(64.9)
19.4
(66.9)
19.4
(66.9)
18.3
(64.9)
16.7
(62.1)
16.1
(61.0)
18.9
(66.0)
18.9
(66.0)
15.6
(60.1)
14.4
(57.9)
12.8
(55.0)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 18
(0.7)
33
(1.3)
97
(3.8)
168
(6.6)
213
(8.4)
302
(11.9)
320
(12.6)
211
(8.3)
318
(12.5)
241
(9.5)
76
(3.0)
15
(0.6)
2,012
(79.2)
Average rainy days (≥ 0.3 mm) 2 4 9 12 16 20 23 19 25 21 7 2 160
Average relative humidity (%) 84 81 84 85 87 90 93 92 91 89 86 84 87
Mean monthly sunshine hours 179.8 178.0 173.6 177.0 176.7 144.0 99.2 89.9 81.0 148.8 192.0 213.9 1,853.9
Mean daily sunshine hours 5.8 6.3 5.6 5.9 5.7 4.8 3.2 2.9 2.7 4.8 6.4 6.9 5.1
Source: Deutscher Wetterdienst[5]

Nsogbu gburugburu ebe obibi[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Mgbanwe ihu igwe[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Obodo a enweela mmetụta nke mgbanwe ihu igwe, na mmụba nke okpomọkụ, iru mmiri na mmiri ozuzo n'etiti afọ 1981 na 2015.[6]

Nchịkwa idei mmiri[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Obodo Benin na-enwe idei mmiri mgbe niile.[7] Nnyocha emeela ka nsogbu ahụ pụta ìhè kemgbe ọ dịkarịa ala afọ 1993.[8] Ndị ọkachamara atụwo aro ọtụtụ ụzọ iji melite njikwa idei mmiri a, gụnyere njikwa ka mma nke iji ala eme ihe, iwu na mmepe, mmemme ndị dị mma nke obodo iji melite mgbanwe obodo na njikwa ọdachi, yana mmelite na nkwadebe nke onye ọ bụla.[8][7][9]

Omenala[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Ihe na-adọrọ mmasị n'obodo Benin gụnyere National Museum, Oba Palace, Igun Street (nke a ma ama maka ịkpụ ọla nchara na ọrụ ígwè ndị ọzọ). Ihe ndị ọzọ na-adọrọ mmasị gụnyere ememme dị iche iche na Benin Moats (nke na-atụle ihe dị ka 20 ruo 40 ft), King's Square (nke a maara dị ka Ring Road) na ahịa ọdịnala ya.

Ememme[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Obodo Benin nwere emume a ma ama a na-akpọ emume Igue. Emume a bụ ihe omume a na-eme kwa afọ na Benin iji webata afọ ọhụrụ. Emume a bụ akụkụ dị mkpa nke ọdịbendị nke ndị mmadụ nọ na obodo Benin (nke a na-akpọbu Benin Kingdom ma ọ bụ Kingdom of Benin). E kwenyere na emume a na-eme ka ike anwansi Oba Ewuare dị ọhụrụ ma emume ya na-abịa n'etiti emume Krismas na emume Afọ Ọhụrụ. Emume a gụnyere ngọzi Oba maka ala na ndị ya.[10][11][12][13]

Ụgbọ njem[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Ọdụ ụgbọ elu Benin na-ejere obodo ahụ ozi na ụlọ ọrụ ụgbọ elu azụmahịa atọ na-efega na ya, gụnyere Arik Air, Air Peace na Azman.[14]

Ihe ngosi[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Ndị ama ama[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

Suleiman Braimoh
Modupe Ozolua

 

Edensibịa[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

  1. Benin City | History & Facts (en). Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved on 2020-05-31.
  2. International Rubber Study Group - Nigeria. www.rubberstudy.com. Retrieved on 2020-05-31.
  3. Benin Bronzes (en). The British Museum. Retrieved on 2023-01-24.
  4. Edo People – Edo Nigeria Association of Western Australia (en-AU). Retrieved on 2021-07-09.
  5. Klimatafel von Benin City / Nigeria (de). Baseline climate means (1961-1990) from stations all over the world. Deutscher Wetterdienst.
  6. Floyd (2016). "An Assessment of Climate Change in Benin City, Edo State, Nigeria" (in en). FUTY Journal of the Environment 10 (1): 87–94. DOI:10.4314/fje.v10i1. ISSN 1597-8826. 
  7. 7.0 7.1 Butu (March 2019). "Effects of Seasonal Flooding in Benin City and the need for a Community-Based Adaptation Model in Disaster Management in Nigeria" (in en). Nigerian Journal of Environmental Sciences and Technology 3 (1): 112–128. DOI:10.36263/nijest.2019.01.0108. ISSN 2616-0501. 
  8. 8.0 8.1 Odemerho (1993-04-01). "Flood control failures in a Third World City: Benin City, Nigeria — some environmental factors and policy issues" (in en). GeoJournal 29 (4): 371–376. DOI:10.1007/BF00807539. ISSN 1572-9893. 
  9. Ezemonye (2014-01-01). "Flooding and Household Preparedness in Benin City, Nigeria". Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences. DOI:10.5901/mjss.2014.v5n1p547. 
  10. Igue Festival, Festivals And Carnivals In Edo State :: Nigeria Information & Guide. www.nigeriagalleria.com. Retrieved on 2021-06-23.
  11. Igue Festival – Visit Edo (en-US). Archived from the original on 2021-06-24. Retrieved on 2021-06-23.
  12. History of Igue Festival in Benin-City. edofolks.com. Archived from the original on 2021-06-24. Retrieved on 2021-06-23.
  13. Igue Festival | Hometown.ng™ (en-US) (2017-09-05). Retrieved on 2021-06-23.
  14. AZMAN, Max Air return Benin Airport to life (en-US). Vanguard News (2019-12-29). Retrieved on 2022-03-30.
  15. Obaseki celebrates with Godwin Abbe at 70 (en-US) (2019-01-10).
  16. Irene, Oseremen Felix (2000). Footpaths: a life of service : tribute to prof. Ambrose Folorunsho Alli : a compendium of achievements (in English). Ibadan, Nigeria: National Association of Edo State Students. OCLC 53015677. 
  17. Prof. Ambrose Folorunsho Alli.
  18. Eghosa Asemota Agbonifo speak on what inspired him to join Edo State politics, as campaign kicks off (en-US) (2019-01-21).
  19. How Late Chief Tony Anenih Became "Mr. Fix It" (en-US) (2018-11-03).
  20. Proballers. Suleiman Braimoh, Basketball Player (en).
  21. Politics and Legacies- Arch-Bishop John Enoyogiere Edokpolo and the verdict of history- a text presented at Edokpolo Grammar School Old Boys 50th Anniversary Ceremony- 4thDecember 2010 by Comrade Aiyamenkhue Edokpolo- SSA to the Gov of Edo State..
  22. Eisenhofer, Stefan (January 1995). "The Origins of the Benin Kingship in the Works of Jacob Egharevba" (in en). History in Africa 22: 141–163. DOI:10.2307/3171912. ISSN 0361-5413. 
  23. Chief Anthony Enahoro obituary (en) (2011-02-08).
  24. Abel Guobadia.
  25. Abel Guobadia, ex-INEC chairman dies at 78 (en-US) (2011-02-04).
  26. Archbishop Idahosa told me about his death – Oyakhilome (en-US) (2020-03-15).
  27. The hunt for Marianne is being led by Bonhams' Nigeria representative, Neil Coventry (en-US) (2019-09-22). Archived from the original on 2021-07-16. Retrieved on 2023-03-13.
  28. My father's lifestyle affected my childhood —Felix Liberty's daughter (en-US) (2018-02-12).
  29. Esama of Benin, Igbinedion, glows at 86 (en-US) (2020-09-13).
  30. Driver who caused death of Professor Festus Iyayi jailed seven years | Premium Times Nigeria (en-GB) (2018-02-23).
  31. Apostle Suleman Warns Buhari, Threatens Him With God Over IPOB Treatment (2021-06-11).
  32. Nwachukwu, John Owen (2021-06-13). You can't cheat nature - Apostle Suleman reacts to T.B Joshua's death (en-US).
  33. Godwin Obaseki Archives (en-US).
  34. Former Governor Samuel Ogbemudia is dead | Premium Times Nigeria (en-GB) (2017-03-10).
  35. Samuel Osaigbovo Ogbemudia (1932 - 2017) (en-US) (2017-03-24).
  36. The Death That Brings Life: Stella Okosun Saving Lives Through Sonny Okosun Colon Cancer Foundation By Bayo Oluwasanmi (2015-05-26).
  37. Suyi Davies Okungbowa (en-us).
  38. UNIBEN to graduate 19, 472 students as 118 bag First Class (en-US) (2014-11-11).
  39. Business Service News | Guardian Newspaper (en-US). Archived from the original on 2017-01-26. Retrieved on 2023-03-13.
  40. Brady, Tara. "Demi Isaac Oviawe of Young Offenders: 'I naturally have a resting bitch face'". (in en)
  41. Chris Oyakhilome (en-us).
  42. Modupe Ozolua (en-US) (2018-07-07). Archived from the original on 2021-10-27. Retrieved on 2023-03-13.
  43. UNIBEN VC Laments Over Ravaging Gully Erosion (en-US) (2021-12-04).
  44. Victor Uwaifo and I were street hawkers in Benin, says Igbinedion (en-US) (2021-07-11).

Akwụkwọ[dezie | dezie ebe o si]

  • Bondarenko D. M. A Homoarchic Alternative to the Homoarchic State: Benin Alaeze nke Iri na Atọ - Iri na itoolu narị afọ. Social Evolution & History. 2005. Mpịakọta nke 4, Nke 2. peeji nke 18á88.

Njikọ mpụga[dezie | dezie ebe o si]